Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest – Wikipedia

overview of the role of Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest

Germany has officially participated in every Eurovision Song Contest since its beginning in 1956, except in 1996 when its introduction did not qualify past the audio-only pre‐selection beat, and consequently was not seen in the broadcast final and does not count as one of Germany ‘s 64 appearances. No early nation has been represented as many times. Along with France, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom, Germany is one of the “ Big Five “ countries that are automatically prequalified for the final, due to being the largest fiscal contributors to the European Broadcasting Union ( EBU ). The final is broadcast in Germany on ARD flagship distribution channel, Das Erste. Germany has won the contest twice, in 1982 and 2010. Germany first won the contest at the 27th undertake in 1982 in Harrogate, when Nicole won with the song “ Ein bißchen Frieden “ ( A Little Peace ). The second german victory came 28 years subsequently at the 2010 contest in Oslo, when Lena won with “ Satellite “. Katja Ebstein, who finished third in 1970 and 1971, then second in 1980, is the only performer to have made the crown three on three occasions. Germany has a sum of 11 top three placements, besides finishing second with Lena Valaitis ( 1981 ) and doubly with the group Wind ( 1985 and 1987 ), and finishing third gear with Mary Roos ( 1972 ), Mekado ( 1994 ) and Surpriz ( 1999 ). Germany has finished last on seven occasions, receiving nul points in 1964, 1965 and 2015.

Having not reached the top-ten in 12 of the final 17 contests ( 2005–21 ), Michael Schulte achieved Germany ‘s second-best result of the twenty-first hundred, by finishing fourth at the 2018 contest. Although german contestants have had varied levels of success, populace sake remains high and the contest is one of the most-watched events each year .

arrangement [edit ]

Since 1996, ARD consortium extremity Norddeutscher Rundfunk ( NDR ) has been responsible for Germany ‘s engagement in the contest. The Eurovision Song Contest semi-final is broadcast on NDR Fernsehen ( One and Phoenix in recent years ), and the concluding is broadcast on Das Erste, the flagship distribution channel of ARD. The german representative in the contest is normally chosen during a national survival, broadcast on public television receiver channel Das Erste, which is organized by one of the nine regional populace broadcast medium organizations of the ARD ; from 1956 to 1978, Hessischer Rundfunk ( HR ) ; from 1979 to 1991 Bayerischer Rundfunk ( BR ) ; from 1992 to 1995, by Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk ( MDR ) and since 1996, by Norddeutscher Rundfunk ( NDR ). between 2010 and 2012, secret broadcaster ProSieben worked in partnership with NDR. radio receiver coverage has been provided, although not every class, by Deutschlandfunk ( DLF ) and Bayern 2 from 1970 to 1979, hr3 from 1980 to 1985, 1991–94, 2007 and 2011 ( both stations in 1983 ), NDR Radio 2 from 1986 to 1990, 1995 to 2006 and 2008–13, and WDR1LIVE in 2011. Since 2010 production party Brainpool, which besides co-produced the 2011 Eurovision Song Contest in Düsseldorf and the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest in Baku, have worked with NDR to co-produce the german national finals. Germany has often changed the choice process used in order to find the nation ‘s entrance for the contest, either a national final or home choice ( occasionally a combination of both formats ) has been held by the broadcaster at the time .

history [edit ]

The Federal Republic of Germany has participated in the contest since its origin in 1956. Germany participated in the first version in 1956, but their placement in the contest is not recorded because entirely the achiever, Switzerland, was announced. [ 1 ] Prior to the german reunion, the country was occasionally presented as “ West Germany “. The german democratic Republic ( East Germany ) did not participate in the Eurovision Song Contest but rather took share in the Intervision Song Contest. The 1991 contest marked the first fourth dimension that the former East Germany participated in the contest following the german reunion on 3 October 1990. With one succeed ( 1982 ) and four second-place results ( 1980, 1981, 1985 and 1987 ), Germany is the second most successful state in the contest in the 1980s, behind Ireland, who had two wins in the ten .

1996 absence [edit ]

ARD had selected an artist and song to represent them at the 1996 contest, to be held in Oslo, Norway. Due to the large number of countries wanting to compete at Eurovision, the EBU determined that alone 23 of the 30 countries could compete. Hosts Norway qualified automatically, the early 29 songs went into an audio-only pre-qualification round, with the top 22 going on to compete aboard Norway in Oslo. unfortunately for Germany, its entry, Leon with “ Planet of Blue ”, failed to earn enough points to progress to the final, finishing 24th. ARD and the EBU were not glad with this, as Germany was the biggest fiscal subscriber at the time. This is the only clock that Germany has been absent from the contest .

2000s [edit ]

In the 2000s, Germany has been celebrated for their adoption of musical styles which are not typical of Eurovision, such as country and western ( Texas Lightning – “ No No Never “ in 2006 ) and swing ( Roger Cicero – “ Frauen regier’n die Welt “ in 2007 and Alex Swings Oscar Sings – “ Miss Kiss Kiss Bang “ in 2009 ). Germany had some successes throughout the ten, Lou – “ Let ‘s Get Happy “ came in 11th place out of 26 in 2003. Germany tied for death in 2008 for points, but was awarded 23rd of 25 places when the results were posted. In 2009, ARD held an home excerpt for the first gear time since 1995 due to lack of interest and viewing figures of the german national finals. [ 2 ] Alex Christensen and Oscar Loya were selected to represent Germany at the 2009 contest, where they performed on stagecoach with burlesque artist Dita von Teese. however they alone managed to receive 35 points, placing 20th of 25 competing countries .

2010s [edit ]

In 2010, ARD approached former newcomer and songwriter Stefan Raab and private network ProSieben to co-operate in finding a succeed entrance for the country. It has been said that Raab was approached due to his good read at the contest, finishing 5th in 2000 a well as writing entries in 1998 and 2004, which finished 7th and 8th, respectively. Raab agreed and conducted a television receiver project show called Unser Star für Oslo ( Our star for Oslo ) which was broadcast on ARD and ProSieben. A winner arise in Lena Meyer-Landrut with “ Satellite “, who went on to win the contest. Two far collaborations with ProSieben provided the second base and third top ten-spot consequence in a rowing respectively in 2011 ( Lena, who returned to defend her title with “ Taken by a Stranger “ ) and 2012 ( Roman Lob with “ Standing still “ ). The streak of top 10 finishes was broken in the 2013 contest, when Cascada ‘s song “ glorious “ finished 21st with 18 points. The group Elaiza in 2014, Ann Sophie in 2015, Jamie-Lee in 2016 and Levina in 2017 finished in 18th, 27th ( last ), 26th ( end ) and 25th ( moment to last ) locate respectively. Ann Sophie became the state ‘s third submission to finish with nul points, after Nora Nova in 1964 and Ulla Wiesner in 1965, and the first since the introduction of the current score system in 1975. Germany ‘s luck changed in 2018, when Michael Schulte brought them back to the top 5 for the first time since 2010 with “ You Let Me Walk Alone, ” finishing in fourth place. This is the first base time since 2012 that more than one state from the Big 5 has made the top ten-spot ( with Italy finishing fifth ) and the second time ( after 2002 ) that two big 5 countries have made the top five since the establishment of the rule. The year after, the couple S ! sters with the birdcall “ Sister “ was not able to replicate the lapp success, receiving nul points from the televote to finish in 25th invest overall with 24 points .

Germany and the “ big Five ” [edit ]

Since 1999, four countries – Germany, Spain, France and the United Kingdom – have mechanically qualified for the Eurovision final careless of their results in former contests. [ 3 ] These countries earned this status by being the four biggest fiscal contributors to the EBU, and ascribable to their untouchable condition, became known as the “ Big Four “. In 2009, it was reported that the Big Four could lose their condition and be forced to compete in the semi-finals ; [ 4 ] however, this never materialised, and the rule remained in stead. [ 5 ] When Italy returned to the contest in 2011, it was given the lapp untouchable status, frankincense upgrading the countries to members of a “ big Five ”. [ 6 ] [ 7 ] Germany was the first Big Five area to win the contest after the rule was introduced, courtesy of Lena in 2010. In terms of success, they are presently second behind Italy, who won in 2021 with Måneskin, and finished second in 2011 with Raphael Gualazzi and again in 2019 with Mahmood. however, taking into explanation Italy ’ s absence from the contest for the first football team years of the rule ’ south being, Germany remains the entirely area to have won out of the original “ boastful Four ” .

participation overview [edit ]

Table key
1 Winner
2 Second place
3 Third place
Last place
X Entry selected but did not compete

Upcoming

Congratulations : 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest [edit ]

Entrant Language Song At Congratulations At Eurovision
Final Points Semi Points Year Place Points
Nicole German “Ein bißchen Frieden” Failed to qualify 7 106 1982 1 161

Hostings [edit ]

Awards [edit ]

Barbara Dex Award [edit ]

relate affair [edit ]

Conductors [edit ]

additionally, several german conductors have conducted for other countries ( not counting instances where a german musical director had to step in for another area that did n’t bring their own conductor ), including :

Heads of delegating [edit ]

Year Head of delegation Ref.
1996–2005 Jürgen Meier-Beer [14]
2007–2008 Manfred Witt [15]
2015 Torsten Amarell [16]
2016–2017 Carola Conze [17]
2018–2019 Christoph Pellander [18]
2020 Alexandra Wolfslast [19]

Over the years ARD comment has been provided by respective experience radio and television presenters, including Ado Schlier, Thomas Gottschalk, Jan Hofer, Wolf Mittler, Fritz Egner and Werner Veigel. however Peter Urban provided ARD TV comment every year since 1997, however due to his health issues in 2009 he was forced to step down angstrom function as german observer with HR phonograph record jockey Tim Frühling filling in to commentate at Moscow. Urban returned to commentate for Germany in 2010. [ 20 ] In 2020, Michael Schulte was set to commentate the contest together with Urban. Both of them commentated the substitution show Eurovision : Europe Shine a Light alternatively, a well as the express “ Eurovision Song Contest 2020 – Das deutsche Finale ” from the Elbphilharmonie in Hamburg .

other shows [edit ]

Photogallery [edit ]

See besides [edit ]

Notes and references [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

  1. a b The fully results for the first contest in 1956 are unknown, as merely the winner was announced. The official Eurovision web site lists all the other songs as being placed moment .
  2. ^ Contained English, French, and Dutch words in the reprise .
  3. ^ In 1996, Germany failed to qualify for the contest from the pre-qualification turn. The official Eurovision site does not count 1996 in Germany ‘s entire list of appearances .
  4. ^ Spain in the first place gave its 12 points to Israel and 10 to Norway. After the air it was announced that spanish broadcaster incorrectly tallied the votes and Germany should have got the top mark – 12 points – rather of being snubbed, as it happened. The error was corrected and so Germany was placed 7th over Norway. Israel and Norway both received 2 points less than primitively and Croatia, Malta, Portugal, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Belgium, Estonia and Turkey all received one point less than indicated during the air .
  5. ^[8] While Austria and Germany both finished with no points, Austria is listed as finishing ahead of Germany due to the tiebreaker rule that favours the song performed earliest in the run orderliness .
  6. ^ The 2020 contest was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic
  7. ^ Contains two sentences in german
  8. ^ All conductors are of german nationality unless otherwise noted .
  9. ^ besides conducted for Belgium, Luxembourg, and Switzerland
  10. ^ Although the song did n’t actually feature the orchestra, Raab hush took the conductor ‘s bow as the song ‘s composer, writer, and organizer .
  11. ^ Broadcast on 16 May ( NDR and MDR Fernsehen ) and 22 May ( EinsFestival )
  12. ^ Broadcast on a one-hour delay .

References [edit ]

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