Amy Winehouse – Wikipedia

“ Winehouse ” redirects here. For the inaugural chocolate house in London, see Jamaica Wine House
english singer and songwriter ( 1983–2011 )

Amy Jade Winehouse ( 14 September 1983 – 23 July 2011 ) was an english singer and songwriter. She is known for her deep, expressive contralto vocals and her eclectic blend of musical genres, including person, rhythm method of birth control and blues and jazz. A extremity of the National Youth Jazz Orchestra during her youth, Winehouse signed to Simon Fuller ‘s 19 management in 2002 and soon recorded a number of songs before signing a publish deal with EMI. She besides formed a working relationship with producer Salaam Remi through these record publishers. Winehouse ‘s debut album, Frank, was released in 2003. Many of the album ‘s songs were influenced by sleep together and, apart from two covers, were co-written by Winehouse. Frank was a critical success in the UK and was nominated for the Mercury Prize. The birdcall “ Stronger Than Me “ won her the Ivor Novello Award for Best Contemporary Song from the british Academy of Songwriters, Composers, and Authors. Winehouse released her follow-up album, Back to Black, in 2006, which went on to become an international success and one of the best-selling albums in UK history. [ 1 ] At the 2007 Brit Awards it was nominated for british Album of the Year, and she received the award for british Female Solo Artist. The song “ Rehab “ won her a second Ivor Novello Award. At the fiftieth Grammy Awards in 2008, she won five awards, tying the then phonograph record for the most wins by a female artist in a individual night and becoming the first british charwoman to win five Grammys, including three of the General Field “ Big four ” Grammy Awards : Best New Artist, Record of the year and Song of the Year ( for “ Rehab ” ), a well as Best Pop Vocal Album. Winehouse was plagued by drug and alcohol addiction. She died of alcohol poisoning on 23 July 2011 at the senesce of 27. After her death, Back to Black temporarily became the UK ‘s best-selling album of the twenty-first century. [ 2 ] VH1 ranked Winehouse 26th on their list of the 100 Greatest Women in Music .

early life

Amy Jade Winehouse was born on 14 September 1983 at Chase Farm Hospital in Gordon Hill, Enfield, to Jewish parents. Her father, Mitchell “ Mitch ” Winehouse, was a window empanel installer [ 4 ] and taxi driver ; her mother, Janis Winehouse ( née Seaton ), [ 5 ] was a pharmacist, [ 6 ] who suffers from multiple sclerosis. [ 7 ] Winehouse ‘s ancestors were russian Jewish and Polish Jewish immigrants to London. She had an older brother, Alex ( wear 1979 ), [ 8 ] and the family lived in London ‘s Southgate area, where she attended Osidge Primary School. [ 9 ] Winehouse attended a jewish Sunday school while she was a child. [ 10 ] During an interview following her rise to fame, she expressed her dismissal towards the educate by saying that she used to beg her father to permit her not to go and that she learned nothing about being jewish by going anyhow. [ 11 ] In the same interview, Winehouse said she entirely went to a synagogue once a year on Yom Kippur “ out of respect ”. [ 10 ] many of Winehouse ‘s enate uncles were professional jazz musicians. [ 12 ] Amy ‘s paternal grandma, Cynthia, was a singer and dated the English jazz saxophonist Ronnie Scott. [ 13 ] She and Amy ‘s parents influenced Amy ‘s concern in jazz. [ 13 ] Her father, Mitch, frequently sang Frank Sinatra songs to her, and whenever she got chastised at school, she would sing “ Fly Me to the Moon “ before going up to the headmistress to be told off. [ 14 ] Winehouse ‘s parents separated when she was nine, [ 15 ] and she lived with her mother and bide with her don and his girlfriend in Hatfield Heath, Essex, on weekends. In 1992, her grandma Cynthia suggested that Amy attend the Susi Earnshaw Theatre School, where she went on Saturdays to further her vocal education and to learn to tap dance. [ 17 ] She attended the school for four years and founded a ephemeral rap group called Sweet ‘n ‘ Sour, with Juliette Ashby, her childhood friend, [ 19 ] before seeking full-time educate at Sylvia Young Theatre School. several years late it was reported that Winehouse had been expelled at 14 for “ not applying herself ” and besides for piercing her nozzle, [ 8 ] [ 20 ] but these claims were denied by Sylvia Young : “ She changed schools at 15 … I ‘ve heard it said she was expelled ; she was n’t. I ‘d never have expelled Amy. ” [ 21 ] Mitch Winehouse besides denied the claims. [ 4 ] She attended the Mount School, Mill Hill and the BRIT School in Selhurst, Croydon, dropping out at senesce 16. [ 22 ] [ 23 ] After toying around with her brother Alex ‘s guitar, Winehouse bought her own when she was 14 and began writing music curtly afterwards. soon after she began working for a surviving, as an entertainment journalist for the World Entertainment News Network and besides singing with local group the Bolsha Band. [ 8 ] [ 24 ] In July 2000, she became the featured female singer with the National Youth Jazz Orchestra. She was influenced by Sarah Vaughan and Dinah Washington, [ 25 ] the latter of whom she was already listening to at home. [ 13 ] Winehouse ‘s best acquaintance, soul singer Tyler James, sent her demonstration tape to an A & R person. [ 13 ]


2002–2005 : career beginnings and Frank

Winehouse performing live in July 2004 Winehouse signed to Simon Fuller ‘s 19 management in 2002 and was paid £250 a week against future earnings. While being developed by the management company, Winehouse was kept as a record diligence privy, [ 27 ] although she was a regular jazz standards singer at the Cobden Club. Her future A & R representative at Island, Darcus Beese, learn of her by accident when the coach of The Lewinson Brothers showed him some productions of his clients, which featured Winehouse as key singer. When he asked who the singer was, the director told him he was not allowed to say. Having decided that he wanted to sign her, it took several months of asking around for Beese to finally discover who the singer was. however, Winehouse had already recorded a number of songs and signed a publication hand with EMI by this fourth dimension. incidentally, she formed a working relationship with manufacturer Salaam Remi through these record publishers. [ 27 ] Beese introduced Winehouse to his party boss, Nick Gatfield ; the Island head shared his exuberance in signing the young artist. Winehouse was signed to Island, as equal interest in her had started to build with representatives of EMI and Virgin starting to make moves. Beese told HitQuarters that he felt the exhilaration over an artist who was an atypical start star for the time was due to a backlash against world television receiver music shows, which included audiences starved for fresh, genuine unseasoned talent. [ 27 ] Winehouse ‘s debut album, Frank, was released on 20 October 2003. Produced chiefly by Salaam Remi, many songs were influenced by jazz and, apart from two covers, Winehouse co-wrote every song. The album received critical applaud [ 28 ] [ 29 ] with compliments given to the “ cool, critical gaze ” in its lyrics. [ 30 ] Winehouse ‘s voice was compared with those of Sarah Vaughan and [ 31 ] Macy Gray, among others. [ 30 ] The album entered the amphetamine reaches of the UK album chart in 2004 when it was nominated for the Brit Awards in the categories of “ british Female Solo Artist ” and “ british Urban Act. ” It went on to achieve platinum sales. [ 32 ] late in 2004, she and Remi won the Ivor Novello Award for Best Contemporary Song, for their beginning single together, “ Stronger Than Me. ” [ 34 ] The album was besides shortlisted for the 2004 Mercury Music Prize. In the lapp class, she performed at the Glastonbury Festival – Jazzworld, the V Festival and the Montreal International Jazz Festival. After the spill of the album, Winehouse commented that she was “ alone 80 percentage behind [ the ] album ” because Island Records had overruled her preferences for the songs and mixes to be included. [ 13 ] The further singles from the album were “ Take the Box, ” “ In My Bed “ / ” You Sent Me Flying “ and “ Pumps “ / ” Help Yourself. ”

2006–2008 : Back to Black and international achiever

Winehouse at the Avalon in Boston, Massachusetts, 2007 After the handout of her first jazz-influenced album, Winehouse ‘s focus shifted to the girl groups of the 1950s and 1960s. Winehouse hire New York singer Sharon Jones ‘s longtime band, the Dap-Kings, to back her up in the studio apartment and on tour. [ 35 ] Mitch Winehouse relates in Amy, My Daughter how absorbing watching her process was : her perfectionism in the studio and how she would put what she had sung on a candle and play it in his cab outside to know how most people would hear her music. In May 2006, Winehouse ‘s show tracks such as “ You Know I ‘m No good “ and “ Rehab “ appeared on Mark Ronson ‘s New York radio picture on East Village Radio. These were some of the inaugural new songs played on the radio after the let go of of “ Pumps ” and both were slated to appear on her second album. The 11-track album, completed in five months, was produced entirely by Salaam Remi and Ronson, with the production credits being split between them. Ronson said in a 2010 interview that he liked working with Winehouse because she was blunt when she did not like his work. [ 37 ] She in turn think that when they beginning met, he was a sound engineer and that she was expecting an older homo with a beard. promotion of Back to Black soon began and, in early October 2006 Winehouse ‘s official web site was relaunched with a modern layout and clips of previously unreleased songs. [ 32 ] Back to Black was released in the UK on 30 October 2006. It went to count one on the UK Albums Chart for two weeks in January 2007, dropping then climbing back for several weeks in February. In the US, it entered at number seven on the Billboard 200. It was the best-selling album in the UK of 2007, selling 1.85 million copies over the course of the year. [ 39 ] The beginning individual released from the album was the Ronson-produced “ Rehab. ” The song reached the top ten in the UK and the US. [ 40 ] [ 41 ] Time magazine named “ Rehab ” the Best song of 2007. Writer Josh Tyrangiel praised Winehouse for her confidence, saying, “ What she is is mouthy, funny, sultry, and quite possibly crazy ” and “ It ‘s impossible not to be seduced by her originality. Combine it with output by Mark Ronson that references four decades worth of person music without once ripping it off, and you ‘ve got the best song of 2007. ” [ 42 ] The album ‘s second base single and lead individual in the US, “ You Know I ‘m No Good, ” was released in January 2007 with a remix featuring blame vocals by Ghostface Killah. It ultimately reached number 18 on the UK singles chart. The title track, “ back to Black, ” was released in the UK in April 2007 and peaked at number 25, but was more successful across mainland Europe. [ 43 ] “ Tears Dry on Their Own, ” “ Love Is a lose game “ were besides released as singles, but failed to achieve the lapp flush of success .
A deluxe version of Back to Black was besides released on 5 November 2007 in the UK. The bonus phonograph record features B-sides, rare, and bouncy tracks, adenine well as “ Valerie. ” Winehouse ‘s debut DVD I Told You I Was Trouble: Live in London was released the same day in the UK and 13 November in the US. It includes a bouncy set recorded at London ‘s Shepherd ‘s Bush Empire and a 50-minute objective charting the singer ‘s career over the former four years. [ 45 ] Frank was released in the United States on 20 November 2007 to positive reviews. [ 46 ] [ 47 ] The album debuted at count 61 on the Billboard 200 chart. [ 48 ] In addition to her own album, she collaborated with early artists on singles. Winehouse was a singer on the birdcall “ Valerie “ on Ronson ‘s solo album Version. The song peaked at count two in the UK, upon its October single liberation. “ Valerie ” was nominated for a 2008 Brit Award for “ Best british Single. ” [ 49 ] [ 50 ] [ 51 ] Her work with ex- Sugababe Mutya Buena, “ B Boy Baby, ” was released on 17 December 2007. It served as the fourth single from Buena ‘s introduction album, Real Girl. [ 52 ] Winehouse was besides in talks of working with Missy Elliott for her album Block Party. [ 53 ] Winehouse promoted the release of Back to Black with headline performances in recently 2006, including a little Noise Sessions charity concert at the Union Chapel in Islington, London. [ 54 ] On 31 December 2006, Winehouse appeared on Jools Holland ‘s Annual Hootenanny and performed a covering of Marvin Gaye ‘s “ I Heard It Through the Grapevine “ along with Paul Weller and Holland ‘s Rhythm and Blues Orchestra. She besides performed Toots and the Maytals ‘ “ Monkey Man “. At his request, actor Bruce Willis introduced Winehouse before her performance of “ Rehab ” at the 2007 MTV Movie Awards in Universal City, California, on 3 June 2007. [ 55 ] During the summer of 2007, she performed at respective festivals, including Glastonbury Festival [ 56 ] and Lollapalooza in Chicago. [ 57 ] The rest of her tour, however, did not go angstrom well. In November 2007, the opening night of a 17-date enlistment was marred by booing and walkouts at the National Indoor Arena in Birmingham. A critic for the Birmingham Mail said it was “ one of the saddest nights of my life … I saw a supremely talented artist reduced to tears, stumbling around the stage and, inexcusably, swearing at the hearing. ” [ 58 ] early concerts ended similarly, with, for exercise, fans at her Hammersmith Apollo operation in London saying that she “ looked highly intoxicated throughout, ” [ 59 ] until she announced on 27 November 2007, that her performances and populace appearances were cancelled for the remainder of the year, citing her doctor of the church ‘s advice to take a complete rest. A affirmation issued by concert showman Live Nation blamed “ the rigours involved in touring and the intense emotional strain that Amy has been under in recent weeks ” for the decision. [ 60 ] Mitch Winehouse wrote about her nervousness before public performances in his 2012 book, Amy, My Daughter. On 13 January 2008, Back to Black held the number-one position on the Billboard Pan European charts for the third base back-to-back week. [ 62 ]
Winehouse performing at the Virgin Festival, Pimlico, Baltimore in 2007 On 10 February 2008, Winehouse received five Grammy Awards, winning in the following categories : record of the Year, Song of the Year, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for the individual “ Rehab, ” and Best Pop Vocal Album. [ 63 ] The singer besides earned a Grammy as Best New Artist, earning her an entry in the 2009 edition of the Guinness Book of Records for Most Grammy Awards won by a british Female Act. [ 64 ] Additionally, Back to Black was nominated for Album of the Year. [ 65 ] [ 66 ] Ronson ‘s bring with her won the Grammy Award for Producer of the year, in the non-classical category. [ 67 ] She ended her toleration actor’s line for read of the year with, “ This is for London because Camden town ai n’t burning down, ” in mention to the 2008 Camden Market fire. [ 68 ] Performing “ You Know I ‘m No Good ” and “ Rehab ” via satellite from London ‘s Riverside Studios at 3 ante meridiem UK time, she could n’t be at the ceremony in Los Angeles as her visa blessing had not been processed in fourth dimension. [ 4 ] After the Grammys, the album ‘s sales increased, catapulting Back to Black to number two on the US Billboard 200, after it initially peaked in the seventh position. [ 69 ] On 20 February 2008, Winehouse performed at the 2008 Brit Awards at Earls Court in London, performing “ Valerie ” with Mark Ronson, followed by “ Love Is a lose game. ” She urged the herd to “ make some noise for my Blake. ” [ 70 ] A extra deluxe edition of Back to Black topped the UK album charts on 2 March 2008. interim, the original edition of the album was ranked at number 30 in its 68th week on the charts, while Frank charted at number 35. [ 71 ] In Paris, she performed what was described as a “ well-executed 40-minute ” set at the opening of a Fendi boutique in early March. [ 72 ] By 12 March, the album had sold a total of 2,467,575 copies—318,350 copies had been sold in the previous 10 weeks—putting the album on the UK ‘s top-10 best-selling albums of the twenty-first hundred for the first time. [ 73 ] On 7 April, Back to Black was in the top place of the pan-European charts for the sixth consecutive and thirteenth aggregate week. [ 74 ] Amy Winehouse – The Girl Done Good: A Documentary Review, a 78-minute DVD, was released on 14 April 2008. The documentary features interviews with those who knew her at a young age, people who helped her achieve achiever, jazz music experts, and music and pop-culture specialists. [ 75 ] At the 2008 Ivor Novello Awards in May, Winehouse became the first-ever artist to receive two nominations for the top award : Best Song Musically & Lyrically. She won the award for “ Love Is a fall back game ” and was nominated for “ You Know I ‘m No Good. ” [ 76 ] “ Rehab, ” a Novello winner for best contemporary birdcall in 2006, besides received a 2008 nomination for best-selling british sung. [ 77 ] Winehouse was besides nominated for a 2008 MTV Europe Award in the “ Act of the year ” category. [ 78 ] Although her founder, director and assorted members of her touring team reportedly tried to dissuade her, Winehouse performed at the Rock in Rio Lisboa festival in Portugal in May 2008. [ 17 ] Although the set was plagued by a late arrival and problems with her articulation, the crowd warmed to her. In addition to her own material she performed two Specials covers. [ 79 ] Winehouse performed at Nelson Mandela ‘s ninetieth Birthday Party concert at London ‘s Hyde Park on 27 June 2008, [ 80 ] and the next day at the Glastonbury Festival. [ 81 ] On 12 July, at the Oxegen Festival in Ireland she performed a well-received 50-minute place [ 82 ] which was followed the adjacent sidereal day by a 14-song set at T in the Park. [ 83 ] On 16 August she played at the Staffordshire leg of the V Festival, and the follow day played the Chelmsford leg of the festival. Organisers said that Winehouse attracted the biggest herd of the festival. Audience reaction was reported as mix. [ 84 ] On 6 September, she was Bestival ‘s Saturday headliner, where her performance was described as polished—terminated by a curfew as the show running delinquent, after Winehouse started an hour late—and her storming off degree. [ 85 ] A clip of Winehouse ‘s music was included in the “ Roots and Influences ” area that looked at connections between different artists at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Annex NYC, which opened in December 2008. One thread started with Billie Holiday, continued with Aretha Franklin and Mary J. Blige, and then finished with Winehouse. [ 86 ] Back to Black was the universe ‘s seventh-biggest-selling album of 2008. [ 87 ] The album ‘s sales meant that the commercialize performance of Universal Music ‘s recorded music division did not drop to levels experienced by the overall music market. [ 88 ]

2009–2011 : final examination projects before death

In a 2009 pate of U.S. residents conducted for VisitBritain by Harris Interactive, one-fifth of the participants indicated they had listened to Winehouse ‘s music during the previous class. [ 89 ] She performed with Rhythms del Mundo on their traverse of the Sam Cooke song, “ Cupid “, for an Artists Project Earth benefit album released in July that class. [ 90 ] [ 91 ]
Winehouse backstage with her isthmus in March 2009 Winehouse and Ronson contributed a cover of Lesley Gore ‘s “ It ‘s My Party “ to the Quincy Jones tribute album Q Soul Bossa Nostra, released in November 2010. [ 92 ] She had agreed to form a group with Questlove of the Roots but her problems obtaining a visa delayed their running together. Salaam Remi had already created some material with Winehouse as part of the project. [ 93 ] According to The Times, Universal Music pressed her for modern material in 2008, but as of 2 September that class she had not been near a read studio. [ 88 ] In late October, Winehouse ‘s spokesman was quoted as saying that Winehouse had not been given a deadline to complete her third album, for which she was learning to play drums. [ 94 ] In May 2009, Winehouse returned to performing at a jazz festival in St. Lucia amid torrential downpours and technical foul difficulties. During her bent, it was reported she was unfirm on her feet and had fuss remembering lyrics. She apologised to the push for being “ bored ” and ended the set in the middle of a song. [ 95 ] [ 96 ] During her stay in St. Lucia, however, she worked on new music with Remi. On 23 August that year Winehouse sing with the Specials at the V Festival, on their songs “ You ‘re Wondering now ” and “ Ghost Town “. [ 97 ] Island claimed that a new album would be due for acquittance in 2010. Island co-president Darcus Beese said, “ I ‘ve heard a couple of song demonstration that have absolutely floored me. ” [ 98 ] In July 2010, Winehouse was quoted as saying her adjacent album would be released no later than January 2011, saying “ It ‘s going to be identical much the lapp as my second album, where there ‘s a distribute of jukebox stuff and songs that are … just jukebox, actually. ” Ronson, however, said at that time that he had not started to record the album. [ 99 ] She performed “ Valerie ” with Ronson at a movie premier but forgot some of the song ‘s lyrics. [ 99 ] In October, Winehouse performed a four-song set to promote her manner line. In December 2010, she played a 40-minute concert at a russian oligarch ‘s party in Moscow, with the baron hand-selecting the songs. [ 100 ]
Winehouse performing in Brazil in January 2011, one of her last concerts before her death In January 2011, Winehouse played five dates in Brazil, with afford acts of Janelle Monáe and Mayer Hawthorne. [ 101 ] [ 102 ] The following calendar month she cut short a operation in Dubai following booing from the consultation. Winehouse was reported to be tired, distracted and “ tipsy ” during the performance. [ 103 ] On 18 June 2011, Winehouse started her twelve-leg european tour in Belgrade. local media described her performance as a scandal and disaster ; she was booed off the stage due to her apparently being besides drunk to perform. serbian defense minister Dragan Sutanovac called Winehouse ‘s performances “ a huge shame and a disappointment ”. [ 104 ] It was reported that she was unable to remember the city she was in, the lyrics of her songs or the names of the members of her band. [ 105 ] [ 106 ] The local anesthetic bid besides claimed that Winehouse was forced to perform by her bodyguards, who did not allow her to leave the stage when she tried to do sol. [ 107 ] She then pulled out of performances in Istanbul and Athens, which had been scheduled for the adopt week. [ 108 ] On 21 June, it was announced that she had cancelled all shows of her enlistment and would be given “ equally long as it takes ” to sort herself out. [ 109 ] Winehouse ‘s last public appearance took place at Camden ‘s Roundhouse on 20 July 2011, when she made a surprise appearance on stage to support her goddaughter, Dionne Bromfield, who was singing “ Mama Said ” with the Wanted. [ 110 ] Winehouse died three days belated. Her last recording was a couple with american singer Tony Bennett for his album, Duets II, released on 20 September 2011. [ 111 ] Their single from the album, “ soundbox and Soul ”, was released on 14 September 2011 on MTV and VH1 to commemorate what would have been her twenty-eighth birthday. [ 112 ]

early ventures

The first act on Winehouse ‘s read label was her goddaughter Dionne Bromfield Winehouse joined a campaign to stop a block of flats being built beside the George Tavern, a celebrated London East End music venue. Campaign supporters feared the residential development would end the spot ‘s lucrative sideline as a film and photograph location, on which it relies to survive. [ 113 ] As region of a summit cancer awareness campaign, Winehouse appeared in a revealing photograph for the April 2008 offspring of Easy Living magazine. [ 114 ] [ 115 ] Winehouse had an estimated £10m luck, tying her for one-tenth position in the 2008 The Sunday Times listing of the wealth of musicians under age 30. [ 116 ] The follow class her fortune had dropped to an estimated £5m. [ 117 ] Her finances are run by Mitch and Janis Winehouse. [ 118 ] It was reported she earned about £1m sing at two individual parties during Paris Fashion Week. [ 119 ] a well as another £1m to perform at a Moscow Art Gallery for Russian oligarch Roman Abramovich. [ 120 ] Winehouse loaned a vintage trim used in her television for “ Tears Dry on Their Own ” deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as a DVD to the british Music Experience, a new museum dedicated to the history of british pop music. [ 121 ] The museum, located at the O2 Arena in London, opened on 9 March 2009. [ 122 ] [ 123 ] In January 2009, Winehouse announced that she was launching her own read label. The first dissemble on her lioness Records is Winehouse ‘s 13-year-old goddaughter, Dionne Bromfield. Her beginning album, featuring covers of classical soul records, was released on 12 October 2009. [ 124 ] Winehouse is the backing singer on several tracks on the album and she performed backing vocals for Bromfield on the BBC ‘s television receiver program Strictly Come Dancing on 10 October. [ 125 ] Winehouse and her class are the subject of a 2009 documentary shoot by Daphne Barak titled Saving Amy. [ 126 ] Winehouse entered into a joint venture in 2009 with EMI to launch a range of wrapping newspaper and giving cards containing song lyrics from her album Back to Black. [ 127 ] On 8 January 2010, a television documentary, My Daughter Amy, aired on Channel 4. [ 128 ] Saving Amy was released as a paperback book ledger in January 2010. [ 129 ] Winehouse collaborated on a 17 firearm fashion collection with the Fred Perry label. It was released for sale in October 2010. According to Fred Perry ‘s marketing director “ We had three major invention meetings where she was closely involved in product style selection and the application of framework, color and style details, ” and gave “ crucial remark on symmetry, color and fit. ” The solicitation consists of “ vintage-inspired looks including Capri pants, a bowl dress, a trench coat, pencil skirts, a longline argyle perspirer and a pink-and-black checkerboard-printed collared shirt. ” [ 130 ] [ 131 ] At the behest of her family, three extroverted collections up to and including autumn/winter 2012 that she had designed prior to her death will be released. [ 132 ]

Awards and nominations

Among the awards and recognition for her debut album Frank, Winehouse earned an Ivor Novello Award from the british Academy of Songwriters for Best Contemporary Song ( “ Stronger Than Me “ ), [ 133 ] a Brit Award nomination for Best british Female Solo Artist, [ 134 ] and an inclusion in Robert Dimery ‘s 2006 book, 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. [ 135 ] Her second studio album, Back to Black, produced numerous nominations, including two Brit Awards ( Best British Album, and won her Best british Female Solo Artist ), six Grammy Awards ( including five wins ), [ 136 ] four Ivor Novello Awards, four MTV Europe Music Awards, three MTV Video Music Awards, three World Music Awards, and it was nominated for the Mercury Prize ( Album of the year ) and a MOBO Awards ( Best UK Female ). During her career, Winehouse received 23 awards from 60 nominations .

critical appraisal

Winehouse was known for her deep, expressive contralto vocals and her eclectic mix of musical genres, including soul, [ 137 ] [ 138 ] [ 139 ] ( sometimes labelled as blue-eyed soul and neo soul ), [ 140 ] [ 141 ] rhythm and blues, [ 142 ] [ 143 ] [ 144 ] and jazz. [ 30 ] [ 145 ] The BBC ‘s Garry Mulholland called Winehouse “ the pre-eminent vocal music talent of her coevals ”. [ 146 ] According to AllMusic ‘s Cyril Cordor, she was one of the UK ‘s premier singers during the 2000s ; “ fans and critics alike embraced her rugged charm, brash common sense of temper, and distinctively soulful and flashy vocals ”. [ 12 ] In The Guardian, Caroline Sullivan late wrote that “ her adoration of Dinah Washington and the Ronettes distinguished her from about all newly minted pop singers of the early 2000s ; her exceptionally-susceptible-to-heartbreak voice did the rest ”. [ 147 ] Soon after Winehouse ‘s death, a number of outstanding critics assessed the singer ‘s bequest : Maura Johnston from The Village Voice said, “ When she was on, Winehouse had few peers—she was n’t an octave-jumper like early big prima donna of the consequence, but her contralto had a snap to it that enriched even the simplest syllables with a full spectrum of emotion ” ; Sasha Frere-Jones of The New Yorker proclaimed, “ cipher can match Winehouse ‘s unique transitions or her absolutely eldritch phrasings. She sounded like an original sixties soul star, developed when the landscape had no rules. But now untrammeled traditionalism is in the jumper cable and her beautiful annotate has been cut unretentive. american soul—through visionaries like Erykah Badu and Janelle Monae and Jill Scott—had moved on. But Winehouse was a fine shepherd of the past. ” [ 148 ] By contrast, Robert Christgau dismissed Winehouse as “ a boastful self-abuser who ‘s taken seriously because she makes a express of soul ”. In his impression, the singer “ simulated dignity by running her self-destructive tendencies through an amalgam of 20th-century african-american vocal stylings—the slides, growl, and melismatic outcries that for many matures are now the alone dependable signifiers of pop kernel ”. [ 149 ] On 13 February 2012, Winehouse was ranked 26th on VH1 ‘s 100 Greatest Women in Music list. [ 150 ] In March 2017, singer-songwriter Bob Dylan said he was enjoying listening to Winehouse ‘s last criminal record ( Back to Black ), and called her “ the last real individualist around. ” [ 151 ]


Winehouse was influenced by soul daughter groups such as the Ronettes, whose search she imitated. Winehouse ‘s greatest beloved was 1960s girl groups. [ 152 ] Her hairdresser, Alex Foden, borrowed her “ immediately recognizable ” beehive hairdo ( a waver [ 153 ] [ 154 ] ) and she borrowed her Cleopatra makeup from the Ronettes. [ 152 ] Her imitation was therefore successful, as The Village Voice reports : “ Ronnie Spector —who, it could be argued, all but invented Winehouse ‘s style in the first base identify when she took the degree at the Brooklyn Fox Theater with her companion Ronettes more than 40 years ago—was so taken aback at a picture of Winehouse in the New York Post that she exclaimed, “ I do n’t know her, I never met her, and when I saw that movie, I thought, ‘That ‘s me ! ‘ But then I found out, no, it ‘s Amy ! I did n’t have on my glasses. ” [ 155 ] The New York Times style reporter, Guy Trebay, discussed the multiplicity of influences on Winehouse ‘s style after her death. Trebay noted, “ her stylish husband, Blake Fielder-Civil, may have influenced her attend. ” additionally, Trebay observed :

She was a 5-foot-3 almanac of ocular reference, most excellently to Ronnie Spector of the Ronettes, but besides to the flannel british person singer Mari Wilson, less celebrated for her sound than her beehive ; to the punk god Johnny Thunders … ; to the cutthroat council-house chicks … ( see : Dior and Chanel runways, 2007 and 2008 ) … to a lineage of bad girls, extending from Cleopatra to Louise Brooks ‘s Lulu and including Salt-n-Pepa, to irresistible man traps that always seemed to come to the lapp unfortunate end. [ 156 ]

Former Rolling Stone editor program Joe Levy, who had put her on the cartridge holder ‘s binding, broke her look down this way :

good as her best music draw on sampling – assembling sonic licks and stylistic fragments borrowed from Motown, Stax, punk rocker and early rap – her personal expressive style was besides a acknowledge collage. There was a certain moment in the ’90s when, if you were headed business district and turned left, every daughter looked like Bettie Page. But they did not do what Winehouse did, mixing Bettie Page with Brigitte Bardot and adding that little act of Ronnie Spector. [ 156 ]

Winehouse ‘s use of boldface red lipstick, slurred eyebrows and clayey eyeliner came from Latinas she saw in Miami, on her trip there to work with Salaam Remi on Back to Black. Her look was repeatedly denigrated by the british weigh. At the lapp time that the NME Awards nominated Winehouse in the categories of “ Best Solo Artist ” and “ Best Music DVD ” in 2008, they awarded her “ Worst Dressed Performer. ” [ 158 ] [ 159 ] Winehouse was besides ranked number two on Richard Blackwell ‘s 48th annual “ Ten Worst Dressed Women ” number, behind Victoria Beckham. [ 160 ]


Winehouse in Los Angeles, 2007 Winehouse ‘s dichotomous public double of critical and commercial success versus personal tumult prompted meaning media gloss. The New Statesman called Winehouse “ a filthy-mouthed, down-to-earth prima donna “, [ 161 ] while Newsweek called her “ a perfective storm of arouse kitten, raw endowment and poor impulse control ”. [ 162 ] Karen Heller with The Philadelphia Inquirer summarised the whirlpool this way :

She ‘s only 24 with six Grammy nominations, crashing headlong into achiever and despair, with a codependent husband in jail, exhibitionist parents with questionable judgment, and the paparazzo documenting her emotional and physical straiten. meanwhile, a haute interior designer Karl Lagerfeld appropriates her tousle style and eating issues to grocery store to the elect while proclaiming her the modern Bardot. [ 163 ]

By 2008, her drug problems threatened her career. As Nick Gatfield, the president of Island Records, toyed with the idea of releasing Winehouse “ to deal with her problems ”, he said, “ It ‘s a contemplation of her status [ in the US ] that when you flick through the television coverage [ of the Grammys ] it ‘s her double they use. ” [ 164 ] Post-Grammys, some questioned whether Winehouse should have been honoured with the awards given her holocene personal and drug problems, including Natalie Cole, who introduced Winehouse at the ceremony and who herself battled substance-abuse problems while winning a Grammy for Best New Artist in 1975. [ 165 ] [ 166 ] [ 167 ] [ 168 ] ( Winehouse was prevented from travelling to and performing at the Grammy Awards ceremony in the US due to failing a drug test. ) In a newspaper comment, the executive director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, Antonio Maria Costa, said that the alleged drug habits of Winehouse and other celebrities sent a bad message “ to others who are vulnerable to addiction ” and undermine the efforts of other celebrities trying to raise awareness of problems in Africa, now that more cocaine used in Europe passes through that celibate. [ 169 ] Winehouse ‘s spokesperson noted that “ Amy has never given a quote about drugs or flaunted it in any way. She ‘s had some problems and is trying to get effective. The U.N. should get its own house in arrange. ” [ 170 ] In January 2008, her read label stated it believed the extensive media coverage she had received increase record sales. [ 171 ] In an April 2008 poll conducted by Sky News, Winehouse was named the second greatest “ ultimate heroine ” by the UK population at big, topping the vote for that category of those polled under 25 years honest-to-god. [ 172 ] Psychologist Donna Dawson commented that the results demonstrated that women like Winehouse who had “ a certain sense of vulnerability or have had to fight against some adversity in their lives ” received recognition. [ 172 ] In July 2008, BBC Radio Scotland ‘s head, Jeff Zycinski, stated that the BBC, and media in general, were complicit in undermining celebrities, including Winehouse. [ 173 ] He said that populace interest in the singer ‘s life style did not make her life style newsworthy. Rod McKenzie, editor program of the BBC Radio One program Newsbeat, replied : “ If you play [ Amy Winehouse ‘s ] music to a certain demographic, those same people want to know what ‘s happening in her private life. If you do n’t cover it, you ‘re insulting young license fee payers. ” [ 173 ] In The Scotsman, british singer and songwriter Lily Allen was quoted to have said – “ I know Amy Winehouse very well. And she is very unlike to what people portray her as being. Yes, she does get out of her mind on drugs sometimes, but she is besides a very cagey, intelligent, witty, funny person who can hold it together. You just do n’t see that slope. ” [ 174 ]

Charity work

Throughout her biography Winehouse donated her money, music and clock to many charities, particularly those concerned with children. She was once named “ the most charitable act ” by Pop World. While this side of her personality was never well known to the general public, throughout both the arts community and the charity community she was known for her generosity. [ 175 ] In 2008, Winehouse appeared naked in an issue of Easy Living Magazine to raise awareness of front cancer. [ 114 ] [ 115 ] In 2009, she appeared on a four hundred called Classics aboard musicians such as the Rolling Stones, the Killers and many Cuban musicians to raise awareness of climate change. In March 2011, Winehouse donated over £20,000 worth of clothes to a local anesthetic charity patronize in London. [ 176 ] [ 177 ] A Caribbean man julian Jean DeBaptiste revealed that Winehouse had paid for his pressing surgery costing £4,000 during her persist in Saint Lucia in 2009. “ I had surgery on 1 July 2009 … it cost a fortune and Amy paid for the solid thing. I tried to thank her but she just hugged me and told me not to say anything. Her generosity gave me my life back. ” [ 178 ]

bequest and honours

artwork and tributes

wax human body of Winehouse at Madame Tussauds in London London ‘s Mall Galleries opened an exhibition in May 2008 that included a sculpture of Winehouse, titled Excess. The objet d’art, created by Guy Portelli, had a miniature of the singer lying on top of a snap champagne bottle, with a pool of spill fluid underneath. The body was covered with what appeared to be bantam pills, while one outstretched hand held a glass. [ 179 ] Another slice, a mark titled Celebrity 1 by artist Charlotte Suckling, was shown in the same exhibition. [ 179 ] A wax sculpture of Winehouse went on display at the London Madame Tussauds on 23 July 2008. The singer did not attend the uncover, although her parents did. [ 180 ] A sculpture by Marco Perego, titled The Only Good Rock Star Is a Dead Rock Star, that depicts Winehouse lying in a pool of blood with an apple and a fastball hole in her head after being shot by american english novelist and Beat poet William S. Burroughs ( in a refreshment of the accidental killing of his wife Joan Vollmer ), [ 181 ] was scheduled to go on display in New York ‘s Half Gallery on 14 November 2008 with a sale price of US $ 100,000. Perego said of the sculpt : “ Rock stars are the sacrificial animals of society. ” Winehouse ‘s spokesperson stated : “ It ‘s a amusing kind of tribute. The artist seems in thrall to a tabloid character that is not the real Amy. People often use her image to sell their oeuvre. ” [ 181 ]
Bronze statue of Winehouse in Camden Town, London unveiled in September 2014 In 2012, Winehouse was among the british cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new adaptation of his most celebrated artwork – the Beatles ‘ Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover – to celebrate the british cultural figures of his animation that he most admires. [ 182 ] On 14 September 2014 ( which would have been Winehouse ‘s 31st birthday ), a statue was unveil of her, which was created by sculptor Scott Eaton, at Stables Market in Camden Town, north London. Fans and relatives gathered for the uncover in Camden ‘s stable grocery store, where it will be a permanent memorial to her. [ 183 ] London-based Eaton, who sculpted the part after being introduced to Winehouse ‘s forefather Mitch, said the statue was meant to capture her “ attitude and intensity, but besides give insidious hints of insecurity. ” [ 183 ] Her church father Mitch said of the statue : “ now Amy will oversee the comings and goings of her home town constantly … Amy was in love with Camden and it is the set her fans from all over the world associate her with. ” [ 184 ] In March 2020, Winehouse ‘s name on a stone was unveiled on the new Music Walk of Fame in Camden, with her parents Mitch and Janis in attendance at the ceremony. [ 185 ]


Adele has credited Winehouse ‘s success in making her and fellow british singer Duffy ‘s travel to the United States “ a piece politic. ” [ 186 ] Lady Gaga credited Winehouse with paving the manner for her heighten to the lead of the charts, explaining that Winehouse made it easier for unconventional women to have mainstream pop success. [ 187 ] Raphael Saadiq, Anthony Hamilton and John Legend said “ Amy Winehouse was produced by people who wanted to create a market coup. The incontrovertible side is that it reacquainted an hearing with this music and played an introductory function for others. This reinvigorated the genre by overcoming the vintage view. ” [ 188 ] early artists that have credited Winehouse as an influence and/or for paving the direction for them include Bruno Mars, [ 189 ] Tove Lo, [ 190 ] Jessie J, [ 191 ] Emeli Sandé, [ 192 ] Victoria Justice, [ 193 ] Paloma Faith, [ 194 ] Lana Del Rey, [ 195 ] Sam Smith, [ 196 ] Florence Welch, [ 197 ] Halsey, [ 198 ] Alessia Cara, [ 199 ] Estelle, [ 200 ] Daya, [ 201 ] Jorja Smith, [ 202 ] Lauren Jauregui [ 203 ] and Billie Eilish. [ 204 ] After the free of Back to Black, record companies sought out female artists with a similar audio and unafraid and experimental female musicians in general. Adele and Duffy were the second wave of artists with a phone exchangeable to Winehouse ‘s. A third gear brandish of female musicians that has emerged since the album was released are led by V V Brown, Florence and the Machine, La Roux and Little Boots. [ 205 ] In March 2011, the New York Daily News ran an article attributing the continuing wave of british female artists that have been successful in the United States to Winehouse and her absence. Spin magazine music editor program Charles Aaron was quoted as saying “ Amy Winehouse was the Nirvana moment for all these women, ” “ They can all be traced bet on to her in terms of attitude, musical styles or fashion. ” According to Keith Caulfield, chart director for Billboard, “ Because of Amy, or the miss thereof, the marketplace was able to get singers like Adele, Estelle and Duffy, ” “ now those ladies have brought on the new ones, like Eliza Doolittle, Rumer and Ellie. ” [ 206 ]

Amy Winehouse Foundation

After the singer ‘s end by alcohol intoxication in July 2011, the Amy Winehouse Foundation was set up by Winehouse ‘s family and launched on 14 September 2011 ( which would have been Winehouse ‘s twenty-eighth birthday ). Its drive is to help young people and it works with other charitable organisations to provide frontline digest. Its central office is in North London, but it besides has an function in New York ( operating under the mention ‘The Amy Winehouse Foundation US ‘ ). [ 207 ] Both Jon Snow and Barbara Windsor are patrons for the charity, and ambassadors include Keira Chaplin and Mica Paris. In October 2015 Mark Ronson became a patron. [ 208 ] Amy ‘s brother Alex works full-time for the foundation, having given up his career as an on-line music journalist. [ 9 ] The jacob’s ladder itself works to prevent the effects of drug and alcohol pervert on young people and it besides aims to support, inform and inspire vulnerable and deprived youthful people to help them reach their full likely. [ 209 ] On 12 March 2013, with the help of ex-addict Russell Brand, the Foundation launched the Amy Winehouse Foundation Resilience Programme For Schools across the UK which aims to provide effective education around drugs, alcohol and dealing with emotional issues. [ 210 ]


Documentary film

A documentary film, Amy ( 2015 ), directed by Asif Kapadia and produced by James Gay-Rees was released on 3 July 2015. The film covers Winehouse ‘s life, her relationships, her struggles with meaning abuse both before and after her career blossomed, and which finally caused her end. [ 211 ] The film received its première at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival on 16 May and has been reviewed as “ a tragic masterpiece ”, “ brilliant ”, “ grievous ” and “ unmissable ”. [ 212 ] The soundtrack of the same mention was released on 30 October 2015, along with the DVD that includes music featured in the documentary by film composer Antônio Pinto and classical and some unreleased tracks by Winehouse. The film was highly applaud and received respective accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature at the 2016 Oscars, Best Music Film at the 2016 Grammy Awards, the BAFTA for Best Documentary, the MTV Movie Award for Best Documentary, in addition to a nominating speech for the BAFTA Award for Best British Film. [ 213 ] [ 214 ]

Biopic movie

On 14 October 2018, it was announced that Winehouse ‘s family had signed a softwood with Monumental Pictures to make a biopic about her life, which will be directed by Alison Owen and produced by Debra Hayward. Winehouse ‘s history will be adapted for the big shield by Geoff Deane, who has written drollery movies Kinky Boots ( 2005 ) and It’s a Boy Girl Thing ( 2006 ). [ 215 ] The project was scheduled to start filming in early 2019 and the funds are allegedly going towards the initiation. [ 216 ]


On 9 October 2017, it was announced by Winehouse ‘s father Mitch that a West end / Broadway musical on Amy is in the works. [ 217 ] [ 218 ] Mitch Winehouse revealed the newsworthiness at the Amy Winehouse Foundation Gala event in London. [ 217 ]

personal biography

Winehouse with her star of David medallion in 2008 Winehouse was raised jewish and expressed pride in being jewish, although she was not religious. [ 219 ] During one interview, Winehouse said “ being jewish to me is about being together as a real family. It ‘s not about lighting candles and saying a bracha. ” [ 10 ] Winehouse besides frequently performed with a big Star of David medallion. [ 10 ] In 2013, in memory of Winehouse the Jewish Museum London ran an exhibition titled “ Amy Winehouse : A Family Portrait ”. [ 10 ] The museum researched about her paternal great-great-grandfather ‘s arrival from Minsk in 1890, and how the family ultimately settled in London, starting out in propertyless jobs before gradually moving to middle-class jobs. [ 10 ] Winehouse had 14 known tattoos, including “ Daddy ‘s Girl ” on her leave weapon for her father and a cover girl daughter with the list “ Cynthia ” on her correct arm in memory of her jewish grandma. [ 220 ]


Winehouse dated chef-musician Alex Clare ( sometimes referred to as Alex Claire ) in 2006, while on a fracture from her on-off boyfriend and future husband, Blake Fielder-Civil. She and Clare lived together concisely, and in a traffic pattern that Fielder-Civil would late repeat, Clare sold his floor to the News of the World, which published it under the headline “ Bondage Crazed Amy Just Ca n’t Beehive in Bed. ” [ 222 ] [ 223 ] [ 224 ] Fielder-Civil, a early television product adjunct, [ 225 ] had dropped out of Bourne Grammar School and, aged 16, moved to London from his native Lincolnshire. [ 17 ] He married Winehouse on 18 May 2007, in Miami Beach, Florida. [ 225 ] In a June 2007 interview, Winehouse admitted she could sometimes be violent toward him after she had been drinking, saying : “ If he says one thing I do n’t like, then I ‘ll chin him. ” [ 226 ] In August 2007, they were photographed, bloodied and bruised, in the streets of London after an allege fight, although she contended her injuries were self-inflicted. [ 227 ] Winehouse ‘s parents and in-law publicly reported their numerous concerns, the latter citing fears that the two might commit suicide. Fielder-Civil ‘s father encouraged fans to boycott Winehouse ‘s music, and Mitch Winehouse said this would not help. [ 228 ] Fielder-Civil was quoted in a british yellow journalism as saying he introduced Winehouse to crack cocaine and heroin. [ 229 ] During a inflict with Mitch Winehouse at the prison in July 2008, Fielder-Civil reportedly said that he and Winehouse would cut themselves to ease the pain of withdrawal. [ 17 ] From 21 July 2008 to 25 February 2009, Fielder-Civil was imprisoned following his guilty supplication on charges of trying to pervert the naturally of justice and of dangerous bodily harm with captive. [ 230 ] [ 231 ] The incident, in July 2007, involved his assault of a public house landlord that broke the victim ‘s cheek. [ 232 ] According to the prosecution, the landlord accepted £200,000 as part of a conduct to “ efficaciously throw the [ court ] character and not turn up, ” and he testified that the money belonged to Winehouse, [ 233 ] but she pulled out of a touch with the men involved in the plat, to attend an awards ceremony. [ 234 ] Mitch Winehouse, as director of his daughter ‘s money, has denied the return came from her. When Winehouse was spotted with aspiring actor Josh Bowman on vacation in Saint Lucia, in early January 2009, she said she was “ in love again, and I do n’t need drugs. ” [ 235 ] She commented that her “ hale marriage was based on doing drugs ” and that “ for the time being I ‘ve precisely forgotten I ‘m even married. ” [ 235 ] On 12 January, Winehouse ‘s spokesman confirmed that “ papers have been received ” for what Fielder-Civil ‘s solicitor has said are divorce proceedings based on a claim of adultery. [ 236 ] [ 237 ] In March, Winehouse was quoted in a cartridge holder as saying, “ I even love Blake and I want him to move into my newfangled house with me—that was my plan all along … I wo n’t let him divorce me. He ‘s the male interpretation of me and we ‘re perfect for each other. ” [ 238 ] Nonetheless, an uncontested divorce was granted on 16 July 2009 and became final examination on 28 August 2009. [ 239 ] Fielder-Civil received no money in the colony. [ 4 ] [ 240 ] She was in a relationship with a british writer and director of films, Reg Traviss, from early 2010 until she died. [ 241 ] According to media reports and a biography written by Winehouse ‘s forefather, Traviss and Winehouse had planned to marry and intended to have children. [ 242 ] After Winehouse ‘s death, Pete Doherty said that he and Winehouse had been lovers at one point. however, in July 2008, when Rolling Stone reporter Claire Hoffman asked Winehouse about her kinship with Doherty, Winehouse replied : “ We ‘re just good friends ”, and added : “ I asked Pete to do a concept EP, and he made this face, he looked at me like I ‘d pooed on the floor. He would n’t do it. We ‘re just actually close ”. [ 154 ]

substance abuse and mental illness

Winehouse ‘s battles with message mistreat were the subject of much media attention. In 2005, she went through a period of drink, grave drug use, and slant loss. [ 4 ] [ 17 ] People who saw her during the end of that year and early 2006 reported a rebound that coincided with the writing of Back to Black. [ 17 ] Her family believes that the mid-2006 death of her grandma, who was a stabilize influence, set her off into addiction. [ 17 ] In August 2007, Winehouse cancelled a number of shows in the UK and Europe, citing exhaustion and ill health. She was hospitalised during this time period for what was reported as an overdose of heroin, ecstasy, cocaine, ketamine and alcohol. [ 243 ] In diverse interviews, she admitted to having problems with self-harm, depressive disorder, and eating disorders. [ 8 ] [ 133 ] Winehouse told a cartridge holder that the drugs were to blame for her hospitalization and that “ I very thought that it was over for me then. ” [ 244 ] Soon afterwards, Winehouse ‘s father commented that when he had made public statements regarding her problems he was using the media because it seemed the lone way to get through to her. [ 245 ] In an interview with The Album Chart Show on British television, Winehouse said she was frenzied depressive and not alcoholic, adding that that sounded like “ an alcoholic in abnegation ”. [ 246 ] A US reporter writes that Winehouse was a “ victim of mental illness in a company that does n’t understand or respond to mental illness with great effectiveness. ” [ 247 ] In December 2007, Winehouse ‘s spokesman reported that the singer was in a physician-supervised program and was channelling her difficulties by writing a fortune of music. [ 248 ] The british tabloid The Sun posted a television of a womanhood, alleged to be Winehouse, apparently smoking crack cocaine and speak of having taken ecstasy and diazepam. Winehouse ‘s father moved in with her, [ 249 ] and Island Records, her record label, announced the desertion of plans for an american english promotion campaign on her behalf. [ 164 ] In late January 2008, Winehouse reportedly entered a rehabilitation facility for a two-week treatment program. [ 250 ] On 23 January 2008, the television was passed on to the Metropolitan Police, [ 164 ] who questioned her on 5 February. [ 251 ] No charges were brought. On 26 March 2008, Winehouse ‘s spokesman said she was “ doing well ”. [ 252 ] Her record company reportedly believed that her recovery remained fragile. [ 253 ] By late April 2008, her erratic behaviour—including an allegation of assault—caused concern that her drug reclamation efforts had been unsuccessful. [ 254 ] Winehouse ‘s father and director then sought to have her detained under the Mental Health Act of 1983. [ 255 ] Her dishevelled appearance during and after a scheduled club night in September 2008 prompted new rumours of a backsliding. Photographers were quoted as saying she appeared to have cuts on her arms and legs. [ 256 ] According to her doctor, Winehouse quit using illegal substances in 2008. [ 257 ] In an October 2010 interview, speak of her decision to quit drugs, Winehouse said, “ I literally woke up one day and was like, ‘I do n’t want to do this any more. ‘ ” [ 258 ] however, alcohol emerged as a trouble, with Winehouse abstaining for a few weeks and then lapsing into alcohol abuse. [ 257 ] Her doctor said that Winehouse was treated with Librium for alcohol withdrawal and anxiety and undergo psychological and psychiatric evaluations in 2010, but refused psychological therapy. [ 257 ]

violence and legal difficulties

In 2006, Winehouse admitted to punching a female fan in the boldness for criticising her having taken Blake Fielder-Civil as a conserve. She then attacked her own spouse as he attempted to calm her down, kneeing him in the genitalia. [ 226 ] In October 2007, Winehouse and Fielder-Civil were arrested in Bergen, Norway, for monomania of seven grams of cannabis. The couple were by and by released and fined 3850 norwegian krone ( around £350 ). [ 259 ] Winehouse inaugural appealed the fines, [ 259 ] [ 260 ] but later dropped the solicitation. [ 261 ] On 26 April 2008, Winehouse was cautioned after she admitted to police she slapped a 38-year-old man in the face, a “ common assault “ discourtesy, her first of two. She voluntarily turned herself in and was held overnight. Police said, at her arrival she was “ in no suit submit ” to be interviewed. [ 262 ] Ten days later, Winehouse was arrested on intuition of possessing drugs after a television of her apparently smoking crack cocaine was passed to the police in January, but was released on bail a few hours former because they could not confirm, from the television, what she was smoking. [ 243 ] [ 263 ] The Crown Prosecution Service considered charging her, but cleared her when it could not establish that the message in the television was a control drug. [ 264 ] Some members of Parliament reacted negatively. [ 265 ] Two London residents were subsequently charged with conspiracy to supply cocaine and ecstasy to Winehouse. [ 266 ] One of the copulate was sentenced to two years in prison on 13 December 2008, while the early received a biennial community order. [ 267 ] On 5 March 2009, Winehouse was arrested and charged with common rape following a claim by dancer Sherene Flash that Winehouse hit her in the eye at the September 2008 Prince ‘s Trust jacob’s ladder ball. [ 268 ] Winehouse ‘s spokesperson announced the cancellation of the singer ‘s US Coachella Festival appearance in light of the new legal consequence, [ 269 ] and Winehouse appeared in motor hotel on 17 March to enter her supplication of not guilty. [ 270 ] On 23 July, her trial began with prosecutor Lyall Thompson charging that Winehouse acted with “ careful and indefensible violence ” while appearing to be under the charm of alcohol or another meaning. She testified that she did not punch Flash, but tried to push her away because she was scared of her ; she cited her worry that Flash would sell her report to a tabloid, Flash ‘s stature advantage, and Flash ‘s “ crude ” behavior. [ 271 ] [ 272 ] On 24 July, District Judge Timothy Workman ruled that Winehouse was not guilty, citing the facts that all but two of the witnesses were intoxicated at the meter of the incident and that medical evidence did not show “ the kind of injury that much occurs when there is a forceful punch to the eye. ” [ 273 ] On 19 December 2009, Winehouse was arrested for a third base time on charges of coarse rape, plus another charge of public order umbrage after assaulting the front-of-house director of the Milton Keynes Theatre after he asked her to move from her seat. [ 274 ] Winehouse pled guilty to the charges and was given a conditional discharge. [ 275 ]


With the paparazzo taking photograph of her wherever they could, Winehouse obtained an injunction against a leading paparazzo representation, Big Pictures, under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 ; the resultant court order issued by the senior high school Court in 2009 banned them from following her. [ 276 ] Photographers were besides banned from following her within 100 metres of her London base and photograph Winehouse in her home or the homes of her friends and relatives. According to a newspaper reputation, sources close to the singer said legal action was taken out of business for the guard of Winehouse and those close to her. [ 276 ]

respiratory and other health problems

On 23 June 2008, Winehouse ‘s publicist corrected earlier misstatements by Mitch Winehouse that his daughter had early on phase emphysema, rather claiming she had signs of what could lead to early-stage emphysema. [ 277 ] Mitch Winehouse had besides stated that his daughter ‘s lungs were operating at 70 percentage capability and that she had an irregular blink of an eye. He said that these problems had been caused by her chain smoke gap cocaine. The singer ‘s forefather besides reported that doctors had warned Winehouse that, if she continued smoking crack cocaine, she would have to wear an oxygen dissemble and would finally die. [ 278 ] In a radio consultation, Mitch Winehouse said the singer was responding “ fabulously ” to treatment, which included being covered with nicotine patches. [ 279 ] British Lung Foundation spokesman Keith Prowse noted this type of condition could be managed with treatment. Prowse besides said the condition was not convention for a person her age but “ heavy smoke and inhaling early substances like drugs can age the lungs prematurely. ” [ 280 ] Norman H. Edelman of the American Lung Association explained that if she stopped smoking, her lung functions would decline at the rate of a convention person, but continued smoking would lead to a more rapid refuse in lung function. [ 281 ] Winehouse was released from the London Clinic 24 hours after returning from a temp forget to perform at Nelson Mandela ‘s ninetieth birthday and at a concert in Glastonbury, and continued receiving treatment as an outpatient. [ 282 ] In July 2008, Winehouse stated that she had been diagnosed with “ some areas of emphysema ” and said she was getting herself together by “ eating loads of goodly food, sleeping loads, playing my guitar, making music and writing letters to my conserve every day. ” [ 283 ] She besides kept a vertical tanning bed in her flat. [ 154 ] Winehouse began precautionary test on her lungs and chest on 25 October 2008 [ 284 ] at the London Clinic for what was reported as a chest infection. Winehouse was in and out of the facility and was granted license to set her own schedule regarding home bequeath. [ 94 ] She returned to the hospital on 23 November 2008 for a reported reaction to her medicine. [ 285 ]


Tributes outside Amy Winehouse ‘s dwelling at Camden Square in the days following her death Winehouse ‘s bodyguard said that he had arrived at her residence three days before her death and felt she had been slightly elate. He observed control drink over the next few days, and said she had been “ laughing, listening to music and watching television receiver at 2 ante meridiem the day of her end ”. At 10 a.m. BST on 23 July 2011, he observed her lying on her go to bed and tried unsuccessfully to rouse her. This did not raise much misgiving because she normally slept late after a night out. According to the bodyguard, shortly after 3 post meridiem, he checked on her again and observed her lie in the same stead as before, leading to a farther check, in which he concluded that she was not breathing and had no pulsate ; he said he called emergency services. [ 257 ] At 3:54 post meridiem, two ambulances were called to Winehouse ‘s home in Camden, London. [ 286 ] [ 287 ] Winehouse was pronounced dead at the scenery. concisely afterwards, the Metropolitan Police confirmed that she had died. [ 28 ] After her death was announced, media and television camera crews appeared, as crowd gathered near Winehouse ‘s residence to pay their respects. forensic investigators entered the flat as police cordoned off the street outside ; they recovered one small and two big bottles of vodka from her room. [ 257 ] After her death, the singer broke her second Guinness World phonograph record : for the most songs by a charwoman to simultaneously appear on the UK singles graph, with eight. [ 288 ] A coroner ‘s inquest reached a verdict of mishap. The report released on 26 October 2011 explained that Winehouse ‘s blood alcohol content was 416 per 100 ( 0.416 % ) at the time of her end, more than five times the legal drink-drive terminus ad quem. [ 257 ] According to the coroner, “ The unintended consequences of such potentially black levels was her sudden end. ” [ 289 ]
Winehouse ‘s record label, Universal Republic, released a statement that read in part : “ We are deeply saddened at the sudden loss of such a endow musician, artist and performer. ” [ 290 ] Many melodious artists have since paid tribute to Winehouse including U2, M.I.A., Lady Gaga, Marianne Faithfull, Bruno Mars, Nicki Minaj, Keisha Buchanan, Rihanna, George Michael, Adele, Kelly Clarkson, Courtney Love, [ 291 ] and the bum rock dance band Green Day, who wrote a song in her tribute titled “ Amy ”. [ 292 ] In her 2012 album Banga, singer Patti Smith released “ This Is the Girl ”, written as an court to Winehouse. [ 293 ] Mark Ronson dedicated his united kingdom number-one album Uptown Special to Winehouse, state : “ I ‘m always think of you and inspired by you. ” [ 294 ] Winehouse did not leave a will ; her estate was inherited by her parents. [ 295 ] Winehouse ‘s parents set up the Amy Winehouse Foundation to prevent damage from drug pervert among young people ; her brother Alex is an employee. [ 9 ] [ 296 ] On 17 December 2012, british authorities reopened the probe into Winehouse ‘s death. [ 297 ] On 8 January 2013, a moment inquest confirmed that Winehouse died of accidental alcohol poison. [ 298 ] In a June 2013 interview, Alex Winehouse revealed his belief that his baby ‘s eat disorder, and the attendant physical failing, was the elementary campaign of her death :

She suffered from bulimia very badly. That ‘s not, like, a disclosure – you knew merely by looking at her … She would have died finally, the direction she was going, but what very killed her was the bulimia … I think that it left her weaker and more susceptible. Had she not had an corrode perturb, she would have been physically stronger. [ 9 ]


family and friends attended Winehouse ‘s private funeral on 26 July 2011 at Edgwarebury Lane Cemetery in north London. [ 299 ] [ 300 ] [ 301 ] Her mother and church father, Janis and Mitch Winehouse, close up friends Nick Grimshaw and Kelly Osbourne, manufacturer Mark Ronson, goddaughter Dionne Bromfield and her boyfriend Reg Traviss were among those in attendance at the private service led by Rabbi Frank Hellner. [ 299 ] [ 300 ] Her church father delivered the eulogy, saying “ Goodnight, my angel, sleep tight. Mummy and Daddy love you always so much. ” [ 299 ] Carole King ‘s “ so Far Away “ closed the service with mourners singing along. [ 302 ] She was later cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. [ 303 ] The class planned to sit a two-day siva. [ 303 ] On 16 September 2012, Winehouse ‘s ashes were buried alongside her grandma ‘s, Cynthia Levy at Edgwarebury Lane Cemetery. [ 304 ]

posthumous retrospectives

Winehouse ‘s parents have each written memoirs about their daughter and donated the proceeds from both books to the Amy Winehouse Foundation. In the initiation to Mitch Winehouse ‘s biography, entitled Amy: My Daughter ( 2012 ), he explained : “ apart from being her don, I was besides her friend, confidant and adviser—not that she always took my advice, but she always heard me out. ” Her mother Janis published Loving Amy: A Mother’s Story, in 2014. [ 306 ] An expose of Winehouse ‘s personal items, co-curated by her brother and sister-in-law, entitled Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait, was on expose at the Jewish Museum London from 3 July 2013 until 15 September 2013, and later exhibited in San Francisco, 23 July 2015 to 1 November 2015. [ 307 ] [ 308 ] Display items, such as books and music, were featured together with captions written by Winehouse ‘s buddy. [ 309 ]
Street art depicting Winehouse can be found all over the global, including this part in her native Camden Town In deep 2011, there were reports that Winehouse ‘s early boyfriend, Reg Traviss, was developing a movie about her. Winehouse ‘s church father Mitch Winehouse, who owns the copyright to his daughter ‘s music, said he would not authorise the use of her music for the film. [ 310 ] [ 311 ] Winehouse is the subject of Amy ( 2015 ), a documentary directed by Asif Kapadia and produced by James Gay-Rees, Kapadia, and Universal Music. [ 312 ] Kapadia and Gay-Rees introduced the project at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. [ 313 ] The film debuted at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival [ 314 ] and won the 2016 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. [ 315 ] In 2018, a objective film based on Winehouse ‘s album Back to Black, Amy Winehouse – Back to Black was released. [ 316 ] It contains new interviews [ 317 ] american samoa well as archival footage. [ 311 ] It was made by Eagle Vision [ 318 ] and produced by Gil Cang. [ 319 ] Released on DVD on 2 November 2018, the movie features interviews by producers Ronson & Remi, who worked half and half on the album, along with the Dap Kings, Remi ‘s music team, Ronnie Spector from the Ronettes and close ones to Winehouse, including Nick Shymansky, Juliette Ashby and Dionne Bromfield. [ 318 ] The film is accompanied by An Intimate Evening in London, footage of a usher Winehouse gave at Riverside Studios, London in 2008. [ 318 ] In February 2019, Salaam Remi released a compilation album including the song “ Find My Love ” which is a posthumous collaboration between Winehouse and rapper Nas. [ 320 ] In 2020, an exhibition entitled Beyond Black – The Style of Amy Winehouse opened at the Grammy Museum in Los Angeles. The parade chiefly explores Winehouse ‘s style and fashion, displaying her outfits such as her iconic dresses, shoes, hair accessories, her makeup pocket american samoa well as Winehouse ‘s personal belongings including her Grammy awards from 2008, handwritten lyrics, records and spiritual world home video. The exhibition went on display in the U.S. from 17 January 2020 until 13 April 2020. In November 2021, versatile of Winehouse ‘s personal items and celebrated dresses would late be auctioned at Julien ‘s Auctions in Los Angeles and made more than £3m, 30 % going to the Amy Winehouse Foundation. [ 321 ] [ 322 ] A follow-up exhibition Amy: Beyond the Stage opened on 26 November 2021 at the Design Museum in Kensington, London which besides presented some of Winehouse ‘s personal belongings and focus on her fashion sense, a good as paying court to her musical career. [ 323 ] [ 324 ] In July 2021, a newfangled objective entitled Reclaiming Amy aired on BBC Two to mark the tenth anniversary of Winehouse ‘s death. [ 325 ] [ 326 ] The film was primarily based on the perspective and narrated by her mother Janis Winehouse-Collins and included cozy stories of those who were close to Winehouse until the end of her life, including close friends Naomi Parry ( Amy ‘s hairdresser ), Catriona Gourlay and Chantelle Dusette. [ 327 ]



See besides



  • Winehouse, Mitch (2012). Amy, My Daughter. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-219139-7.

farther reading

  • Winehouse, Janis (2014). Loving Amy: A Mother’s Story. Random House. ISBN 978-1-4735-0816-3.

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Category : music

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