etymology [edit ]
The son is derived from the Doric parole apella ( ἀπέλλα ), which in the first place meant wall, enclosure of stones, and late assembly of people within the limits of the straight. [ 2 ] It is derived from the Ancient Greek word pélla ( πέλλα ), “ rock ”, which appears in some place name in Greece like Pella ( Πέλλα ) and Pallini ( Παλλήνη ). [ 3 ] The explanation is given by Hesychius : apellai ( ἀπέλλαι ), sekoi ( σηκοί “ folds ” ), ecclesiai ( ἐκκλησίαι : democratic assemblies ). [ 4 ] [ 5 ] The festival apellai was surely dedicated to the idol Apollo ( Doric imprint : Ἀπέλλων ). Apellaios ( Ἀπελλαῖος ) was the month of these rites. The use of this month in assorted dorian states indicates that the festival was spread by the Dorians in cardinal Greece. [ 6 ] [ 7 ]
Reading: Apella – Wikipedia
social organization [edit ]
The meetings had in all probability taken place in the first place in the Agora but were former transferred to the neighbor build up, known as the Skias. [ 8 ] [ 1 ] According to Plutarch, a Great Rhetra [ 9 ] was given by Pythia to Lycurgus. The old aristocratic council was substituted by the gerousia ( thirty elders, including the two kings ). Meetings of the “ apella ” should take position from time to clock time, and citizens should have the power to debate and take decisions. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] That right of the citizens was very soon limit. Kings Theopompus and Polydorus, probably during the seventh century BC, added to the “ rhetra ” that the kings and the elders ( gerousia ) could set aside any “ hunched ” decision of the people. [ 12 ] [ 11 ] The presiding officers were at first the kings but in historic times the ephors, and the vote was conducted by assessing the volume of shouting in the crowd. If the president of the united states was doubtful as to the majority of voices, a division was taken, and the votes were counted. [ 1 ] vote by shouting could be seen as the first character of range vote. [ 13 ] The apella just accepted or rejected the proposals submitted to it. In late times, besides, the actual argument was about, if not wholly, confined to the kings, elders, ephors and possibly the other magistrates. The apella voted on peace and war, treaties and alien policy in general. It decided the baron who should conduct a campaign and settle questions of quarrel succession to the throne. It elected elders, ephors and other magistrates, emancipated helots and possibly voted on legal proposals. [ 1 ] There is a unmarried reference [ 14 ] to a “ small assembly ” ( ἡ μικρὰ καλουμένη ἐκκλησία ) at Sparta, but nothing is known as to its nature or competence. The term apella does not occur in extant Spartan inscriptions, but two decrees of Gythium belonging to the Roman period mention to the μεγάλαι ἀπέλλαι. [ 1 ] [ 5 ] [ 15 ]
The apella was responsible for electing men to the gerousia for life. Candidates were selected from the aristocrats and presented before the apella. The campaigner who received the loudest applause became a extremity of the gerousia. The apella besides elected the five ephors per annum. Ephors presided over meetings of the gerousia and the apella. They could not run for re-election.
The ephorate presented motions before the apella. The apella then voted on the motions. however, unlike the ecclesia in Athens, the apella did not argument ; it merely approved or disapproved of measures. furthermore, the gerousia always had the baron to veto the decisiveness of the apella .