2006 single by Beyoncé featuring Jay-Z
“ Déjà Vu “ is a song recorded by american singer Beyoncé, featuring vocals by rapper Jay-Z. It was produced by Rodney “ Darkchild ” Jerkins and Beyoncé for her moment solo album, B’Day ( 2006 ). “ Déjà Vu ” is an R & B song, which incorporates elements of the 1970s funk and soul music. Its music is largely based on live instrumentation, including bass guitar, hi-hat, horns, except Roland TR-808 cram machine, which is a non-live musical instrument. The song ‘s championship and lyrics refer to a charwoman being constantly reminded of a by lover. “ Déjà Vu ” was released as the album ‘s lead single to US radio stations on June 24, 2006. The birdcall received by and large mix critical reviews. many critics noted the similarities of “ Déjà Vu ” with Beyoncé ‘s own 2003 song “ Crazy in Love “. Critics commended the assertiveness and the sensuality with which Beyoncé sings the lyrics and compared her vocal delivery to that of Tina Turner in the former 1980s. “ Déjà Vu ” and its Freemasons club remix version received three nominations at the 2007 Grammy Awards. It was recognized as the Best song of 2006 at the Music of Black Origin ( MOBO ) Awards.
Reading: Déjà Vu (Beyoncé song) – Wikipedia
commercially, “ Déjà Vu ” peaked at number four on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart. It topped the Hot Dance Club Play chart, the Hot Dance Singles Sales chart, and the Hot R & B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. The song was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America ( RIAA ). “ Déjà Vu ” peaked at numeral one on the UK Singles Chart and by and large reached the top 20 in Europe. The song ‘s accompanying music video was directed by Sophie Muller. About 5,000 fans petitioned online for a re-shoot of the video recording, complaining about, amongst other factors, the lack of theme, the wardrobe choice, and the apparently sexual interactions between Beyoncé and Jay-Z .
background and production [edit ]
pictured) joined the production at a late stage Jay-Z ( ) joined the production at a recently stagecoach In 2005, American record producer Rodney “ Darkchild ” Jerkins and producer Jon Jon Traxx “ came up with the concept of doing an old-school cut, a atavist with real freshwater bass and horns ”, to which the sung ‘s title is partially attributed. [ 1 ] Traxx with Jerkins, first base recorded the freshwater bass sections, onto which the percussion, horns and vocals were layered. [ 1 ] Production took rate in Jerkins ‘ New Jersey -based studio, and Sony Music Studios in New York City. [ 1 ] Jerkins recorded a demonstration version of the sung with vocals by american songwriter Makeba Riddick, who is credited as co-writer. [ 2 ] They presented the show to Beyoncé, who subsequently approved of it. “ Déjà Vu ” besides has lyric contributions from songwriters Delisha Thomas and Keli Nicole Price, and Beyoncé ‘s conserve ( then-boyfriend ) Jay-Z. [ 1 ] He became involved at a former stage, when Beyoncé saw him trying to sing along to a record version of the track, and asked him to contribute. Jay-Z recorded rap verses for the birdcall and hence appears as a featured guest. [ 3 ] Concerning the production of “ Déjà Vu ”, Beyoncé told MTV News :
When I recorded ‘Deja Vu ‘ … I knew that even before I started working on my album, I wanted to add alive instruments to all of my songs. It ‘s such a libra [ of music on the song ] [ … ] It ‘s silent young, still new and newly, but it has the old soul groove. The energy is incredible. It ‘s the summer hymn, I pray. I feel it. Rodney Jerkins is incredible, Jay of course is on it, he blessed the song, I ‘m glad with it. [ 4 ]
Music and lyrics [edit ]
“ Déjà Vu ” is a contemporary R & B song, performed in a centrist pelvis hop groove. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] It is besides influenced by late-1970s funk music, [ 8 ] and it contains elements of soul music american samoa well as dance-pop music. [ 9 ] According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by EMI Music Publishing, the song is composed in the cardinal of G minor with a fourth dimension key signature in coarse time, and a chasten groove of 106 beats per minute. Beyoncé ‘s vocals range from the note of D♯4 to F5. [ 5 ] The music is largely based on live orchestration, [ 10 ] including a bass guitar, conga, hi-hat, and horns. [ 4 ] A non-live instrument, the Roland TR-808 barrel machine, provides the song ‘s fleshy and energetic disco beat. [ 4 ] [ 11 ] Spence D. of IGN Music commented that Beyoncé ‘s vocals on the sung are “ satiny smooth ” and that her outspoken image leans toward the eminent end, hence contrasting to the song ‘s low-end construction. [ 12 ] Mike Joseph of PopMatters noted that “ Déjà Vu ” is evocative of Michael Jackson ‘s “ Off the Wall “ ( 1980 ). [ 6 ]
The title refers to the déjà vu phenomenon. The lyrics to “ Déjà Vu ” follow the verse – pre-chorus – chorus convention, and sport two knock verses. [ 5 ] It is hook -laden, like in this deference to “ Crazy in Love ”. [ 18 ] The lyrics detail a charwoman being constantly reminded of a past lover, [ 1 ] shown in the lines, “ Is it because I ‘m missing you that I ‘m having déjà vu ? ” [ 19 ] As the song opens, Beyoncé introduces the bass, hi-hat and Roland TR-808 by mention. The sounds of the instruments blend as they are being mentioned one after the early ; the horns are only audible in the pre-chorus and hook sections, and a short section in the second rap. The bass guitar, which is the beginning legal document to enter, slides into the chief two-bar ostinato. [ 1 ] Following the repeat sea bass slides, the hi-hat and the Roland TR-808 begin playing. [ 1 ] After that Beyoncé mentions Jay-Z, the sea bass glides up for a vibrato -rich fill, giving way to the first knock. [ 1 ] Backgrounded with a repeating rut, Beyoncé starts the first verse. The pre-chorus follows, for which the freshwater bass changes to a more melodic tone “ to play something more cantabile ”, in the words of Jon Jon Webb, the sea bass player on the track. [ 1 ] The tune returns to the main groove during the repeated hook. This form repeats and leads to the second tap verse. The third pre-chorus “ comes from Jerkins ‘ idea to have the part changes on top, with Webb ‘s main groove on the buttocks ”. [ 1 ] It is followed by the main pre-chorus, then the hook is repeated four times. After that, the tattle stops and the instruments fill up in the space of the pre-chorus. The hi-hat and Roland TR-808 besides stop ; the song ends with the plucked bass and blasts of horns from the very first line of the choir. [ 1 ]
unblock [edit ]
“ Déjà Vu ” was leaked to the internet on June 13, 2006. [ 20 ] On June 24, 2006, it was released to radio stations in the United States, [ 21 ] four weeks after Beyoncé informed Columbia, her read label, that B’Day was completed. Over one calendar month belated, it was released to physical formats ; the racetrack was released as a four hundred single on July 31, 2006 in the United States. [ 22 ] An enhance certificate of deposit was released on September 12, containing five tracks and an extra “ Déjà Vu ” multimedia track. [ 23 ] [ 24 ] In the United Kingdom, the digital download became available on August 15, 2006. [ 25 ] A four hundred maxi and a 12 ” single were released on August 21, 2006. [ 26 ] Beyoncé ‘s coach approached English production team Freemasons to remix “ Déjà Vu ” after hearing a remix they made for a song by singer Heather Headley. [ 27 ] A club-oriented adaptation was produced and appeared on a “ green Light “ Freemasons EP, released on July 31, 2007. [ 28 ] A maxi single, featuring the album adaptation of the lead and Freemasons club shuffle, was released on August 5, 2006 in european countries. [ 29 ] The UK hits compilation album immediately That ‘s What I Call music ! 65, released in 2006, features an alternative adaptation of the individual, omitting Jay-Z ‘s parts and running to 3 minutes and 25 seconds .
critical reception [edit ]
“ Déjà Vu ” debuted to interracial and positive reviews among critics. Mike Joseph of the international webzine PopMatters ‘ believed that it was “ fantastic to hear Beyoncé singing her lungs out over a full-bodied groove featuring live instruments ”. [ 6 ] Spence D. of IGN Music, a multimedia news program and reviews web site, complimented Jerkins ‘ bass-laden rut, writing that it brought the track to perfection. [ 12 ] Describing “ Déjà Vu ” as a brilliant song, Caroline Sullivan of The Guardian complimented Beyoncé and Jay-Z collaboration calling it “ feverish as pre-watershed pop gets ”. [ 15 ] She added that flush though when Jay-Z is not physically give, he manages to bring out something formidable in Beyoncé that evokes “ the young, feral Tina Turner “. [ 15 ] Bernard Zuel The Sydney Morning Herald praised the assertiveness with which Beyoncé delivers her lines and considered buy “ Déjà Vu ” as worthwhile. [ 18 ] several other music critics have compared “ Déjà Vu ” to Beyoncé ‘s 2003 single, “ Crazy in Love “, the star single of her debut album. According to Gail Mitchell of Billboard magazine, the song is viewed by many as a sequel to “ Crazy in Love ”. [ 30 ] Jason King of the Vibe magazine deemed the song as “ cloned from the deoxyribonucleic acid of the raucous ‘Crazy in Love ‘ ” [ 31 ] while Thomas Inskeep of Stylus Magazine referred to it as “ ‘Crazy in Love ‘ light ”. [ 32 ] Some reviewers, however, were negative to the parallels drawn between the two songs. Andy Kellman of AllMusic, an on-line music database, wrote that “ [ ‘Déjà Vu ‘ ] “ had the audacity to not be equally monstrous as ‘Crazy in Love ‘ ”, [ 8 ] referring to the commercial success the latter experienced in 2003. The internet-based publication Pitchfork ‘s writer Ryan Dombal claimed that “ this time [ Beyoncé ] out-bolds the beat ”. [ 33 ] Sasha Frere-Jones of The New Yorker deemed the lyrics as a “ confusing see of memory ”, [ 19 ] while Chris Richards of The Washington Post characterized Beyoncé as a “ love-dazed girlfriend ” in the sung. [ 34 ] Jody Rosen of the Entertainment Weekly referred to “ Déjà Vu ” as an “ curiously flat ” choice as a head unmarried. [ 35 ] Jaime Gill of Yahoo ! Music regarded “ Déjà Vu ” as a good choice for a one but concluded that it does lack “ the kind of killer chorus ” to suggest that Beyoncé would take one far step “ to outright global domination ”. [ 36 ] On the other hired hand, Jon Pareles of The New York Times wrote that Jay-Z shows up “ as sedately boastful as ever ” in the song but he only makes Beyoncé ‘s “ strait more insecure ”. [ 37 ] Kelefa Sanneh of the same publication noted that “ the abstain does n’t give Beyoncé a prospect in truth to show off ” and further described the birdcall as a “ fair-to-middling single from a singer who is the diametric of despairing ”. [ 11 ]
Accolades [edit ]
“ Déjà Vu ” was nominated for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration and Best R & B Song while the Freemasons club remix adaptation was nominated for Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical at the 2007 Grammy Awards. [ 38 ] It was besides nominated for Best Collaboration alongside Beyoncé ‘s other sung “ Upgrade U “ featuring Jay-Z, at the Black Entertainment Television ( BET ) Awards. [ 39 ] “ Déjà Vu ” won Best birdcall at the 2006 MOBO Awards in the UK. [ 40 ] The follow year, it besides received two nominations for the Best R & B/Urban Dance Track and Best Pop Dance Track at the 22nd Annual International Dance Music Awards in 2007. [ 41 ] The writers of Rap-Up magazine put the song at count ten on their list of the ten best singles of 2006. [ 42 ] In 2013, John Boone and Jennifer Cady of E ! on-line placed the song at number six on their number of ten best Beyoncé ‘s songs. [ 43 ] In a 2013 list of Jay-Z ‘s 20 Biggest Billboard Hits, “ Déjà Vu ” was ranked at number 19. [ 44 ]
commercial performance [edit ]
“ Déjà Vu ” debuted on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart at number 44, less than a month before its physical release. After the acquittance of the digital and physical components, the birdcall sold 75,000 downloads in its first gear workweek. [ 45 ] It finally peaked at number four on the Hot 100 chart. [ 46 ] [ 47 ] The track ‘s Freemasons/M. Joshua remix topped the US Hot Dance Club Play chart, while the album version peaked at total 18 on the lapp part chart. [ 48 ] “ Déjà Vu ” besides reached the top spot of the Hot Dance Singles Sales and Hot R & B/Hip-Hop Songs charts, act nine on the Rhythmic Top 40 chart, and count 14 on the top 40 Mainstream chart. [ 49 ] “ Déjà Vu ” reached the top 10 in eight european countries. [ 50 ] Having sold 29,365 units on its first week, [ 51 ] the single made its debut at number one on the UK Singles Chart, becoming both Beyoncé and Jay-Z ‘s second gear number-one individual in the UK. [ 52 ] The single reached the top five in Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Norway, and Switzerland and entered the top 10 in Belgium, Finland, and Germany. In Oceania, “ Déjà Vu ” peaked on the australian Singles Chart at number 12, and on the New Zealand Singles Chart at number 15. [ 50 ] “ Déjà Vu ” emerged as the 98th best-selling one in Australia in 2006. [ 53 ]
music video [edit ]
Background and outline [edit ]
The music video for “ Déjà Vu ” was filmed by British conductor Sophie Muller in New Orleans, Louisiana on June 21, 2006, with parts of the video shot at the Maple Leaf Bar and the Oak Alley Plantation in Carrollton, Louisiana and Vacherie, Louisiana respectively. [ 54 ] [ 55 ] The footage features couture-inspired outfits, [ 10 ] vigorous footwork and sexually-themed routines. The video simultaneously premiered on July 12, 2006 on MTV ‘s show TRL, and Overdrive, MTV ‘s on-line video recording channel. [ 56 ] It reached the exceed spot on the TRL, Yahoo !, and MTV countdowns. [ 57 ] The “ Deja Vu ” video topped the UK television receiver airplay chart in deep July 2006. [ 58 ]
 The press deemed the themes between Beyoncé and Jay-Z ‘s interactions as sexually implicative. A petition by fans objected to “ unacceptable interactions ” between Beyoncé and Jay-Z in the music video. The video begins with showing Beyoncé against a green wall and Jay-Z sitting on a chair inside a dark room. Beyoncé and Jay-Z then start to simultaneously play complex number instruments, mimicking the song ‘s tune. Scenes of Beyoncé are then shown in several unlike rooms wearing different outfits. As the refrain begins, she is shown running about and dancing out in a large sugarcane field. At the end of the refrain, she dances in a red dress in front man of a pond and in a large bolshevik dress out in front of a sign of the zodiac. When Jay-Z ‘s verse begins, the two are shown alone inside a room, Beyoncé is now barefooted and bare-legged, she dances seductively around Jay-Z, and leads to the controversial oral arouse view. Beyoncé is then shown wearing a green surround and bedazzled brassiere while dancing about in sandpaper. As the song progresses, she is shown dancing alone in a blue afforest wearing a spark black snip as fireflies circle around her drumhead. The song ends with Beyoncé leaning back in a model as fireflies race away .
reception [edit ]
Reactions to the video recording were assorted. Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine commented it is “ more thematic and thought provoking than the video for ‘ Baby Boy ‘ and ‘ Naughty Girl ‘ ”, Beyoncé ‘s songs from her debut album, Dangerously in Love. [ 16 ] Allhiphop ‘s Eb Haynes described the video “ visually fresh ” and “ couture motivated ”. [ 10 ] A newsworthiness article published by Hindustan Times reported that a particular view in the video is suggestive of oral sex. [ 60 ] Natalie Y. Moore of In These Times magazine echoed the latter ‘s comment, writing that the video recording showcases Beyoncé “ strutting her sex ”, and that in Jay-Z ‘s scenes it “ looks as if any minute now she ‘ll give him fellatio “. [ 61 ] The video former appeared on a list of yahoo ! music News ‘ Worst Videos of All Time, which pointed to the veto fan reaction and stated, “ It ‘s probably the least awful video listed … but a far as Beyoncé videos go, it is [ sic ] a lemon. ” [ 62 ] According to an MTV News staff report, as of July 2006, more than two thousand people had signed an on-line prayer addressed to Beyoncé ‘s record pronounce, Columbia, demanding a reshoot for the television. [ 59 ] By the end of August 2006, 5000 extra fans had signed it. [ 16 ] The petition requested the clip to be taped again because it was considered to be “ an underwhelming representation of the endowment and quality of former music-video projects of Ms. Beyoncé ”. [ 59 ] Included in the laundry list of offenses were “ a miss of composition, dizzying edit, extraordinary wardrobe choices, and unacceptable interactions ” between Beyoncé and her now-husband, Jay-Z. Beyoncé ‘s dance moves were besides called into question by the petition, qualifying them as “ erratic, jumble and alarming at times ”. [ 59 ] Additionally, fans complained about the intimate theme depicted in the video recording, describing that some scenes as “ unacceptable interactions [ between Beyoncé and Jay-Z ] ” while besides complaining of a “ non-existent intimate chemistry ” between the two. [ 62 ] The music video was awarded Best television at the 2006 MOBO Awards. [ 40 ] It besides received two nominations for Sexiest Video and Best Hook-Up at the 2007 MTV Australia Video Music Awards. [ 63 ]
alive performances [edit ]
“ Déjà Vu ” was performed by Beyoncé at the 2006 BET Awards on June 27 at the Shrine Auditorium. The testify was opened with a performance of the song and Jay-Z joined Beyoncé onstage during the second base half of the sung. William Keck of USA Today commented that Beyoncé “ sizzled in a reveal silver ensemble ” as she performed the song. [ 64 ] She besides performed “ Déjà Vu ” at the Fashion Rocks on September 8, 2006. [ 65 ] According to Farrah Weinstein of MTV News, Beyoncé ‘s operation of the song was billed as a tribute to Josephine Baker, and both her stage set and equip were in court to the singer and dancer. [ 65 ] The jell was designed like an old cabaret club, complete with male dancers bearing saxophones, and both Beyoncé and her female dancers wore Baker ‘s trademark mini-hula annulus embellished with fake bananas. [ 65 ] She performed the sung on the american good morning news and talk prove, Good Morning America during an episode which aired on September 8, 2006. [ 66 ] [ 67 ] Beyoncé besides performed the song at The Ellen DeGeneres Show on September 9, 2006, [ 68 ] and at The Tyra Banks Show on September 15, 2006. [ 69 ] At the 2006 World Music Awards on November 15, 2006, Beyoncé opened the show with a operation of “ Déjà Vu ”. [ 70 ] In addition to her live performances of “ Déjà Vu ” in awards ceremonies and televised shows, the sung was included on the set list for her tours The Beyoncé Experience and I Am … World Tour. [ 71 ] During Beyoncé ‘s performance of “ Déjà Vu ” at a concert in Toronto on August 25, 2007, she had a wardrobe malfunction as her dress flew over her headway and was speculated to reveal her breast. however, a spokesperson for the singer denied speculations saying, “ She ‘s wearing a flesh-tone brassiere ! Do you actually think Beyoncé would go onstage like that ? ”. The video which was uploaded to YouTube went viral. [ 72 ] Ann Powers of Los Angeles Times discussed about the malfunction, saying : “ As a pop queen, Beyoncé is about besides arrant … [ a ] ‘wardrobe malfunction ‘ in Toronto garnered far more attention than was warranted partially because these mistakes contradicted her ferociously athletic dash. ” [ 73 ] During the I Am … World Tour, Beyoncé sang depart of the first gear poetry a capella after entering the degree before leading into “ Crazy in Love “. [ 74 ] During the revue I Am … Yours which was a part of the tour, Beyoncé performed a jazz medley of “ Déjà Vu ”, “ It Do n’t Mean a Thing ( If It Ai n’t Got That Swing ) “ and “ Bootylicious “ and continued with a full translation of the first song. [ 75 ] Concert performances of “ Déjà Vu ” were included on her live albums The Beyoncé Experience Live ( 2007 ), [ 76 ] I Am… Yours: An Intimate Performance at Wynn Las Vegas ( 2009 ) [ 77 ] and I Am… World Tour ( 2010 ). [ 78 ] Beyoncé performed Déjà Vu during her 2018 Coachella Performances on April 14 and April 21, 2018 with a guest appearance by Jay Z, along with a live orchrestra. It had been more than 8 years since she final performed the song .
Cover versions [edit ]
On January 31, 2009 Jade Ewen performed the birdcall during the Eurovision: Your Country Needs You appearance. During the stopping point of the tenth season of American Idol on May 25, 2011, the dame contestants joined together onstage to perform “ Déjà Vu ” along with a medley of Beyoncé ‘s early hit singles. [ 79 ]
traverse listings [edit ]
Credits and personnel [edit ]
Adapted from B’Day’s lining notes. [ 80 ]
- Vocals: Beyoncé Knowles, Jay-Z (raps)
- Guitar, programming, keyboards, production: Rodney Jerkins
- Bass guitar: Jon Jon
- Brass: Ronald Judge, Allen “Al Geez” Arthur, Aaron “Goody” Goode.
- Recording: Jeff Villanueva, Jim Caruana
- Assisted by: Rob Kinelski, Jun Ishizeki
- Mix engineers: Jason Goldstein, Rodney Jerkins
Charts [edit ]
Certifications [edit ]
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||200,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||500,000^|
|^ Shipments figures based on certificate alone .|