Abbey Road Studios ( once EMI Recording Studios ) is a commemorate studio apartment at 3 Abbey Road, St John ‘s Wood, City of Westminster, London, England. [ 3 ] It was established in November 1931 by the Gramophone Company, a harbinger of british music company EMI, which owned it until Universal Music took control of separate of EMI in 2013. The studio apartment ‘s most noteworthy client was the Beatles, who used the studio – particularly its Studio Two room – as the venue for many of the advanced recording techniques that they adopted throughout the 1960s. In the 1970s, the studio apartment was renamed from EMI in honor of the group ‘s 1969 album Abbey Road.
Reading: Abbey Road Studios – Wikipedia
In 2009, Abbey Road came under menace of sale to property developers. In response, the british Government protected the site, granting it english Heritage Grade II listed condition in 2010, thereby preserving the construction from any major alterations. [ 4 ]
history [edit ]
primitively a nine-bedroom georgian townhouse built in 1831 on the pathway leading to Kilburn Abbey, the build was later converted to flats where the best-known resident was Maundy Gregory, who was celebrated ( or ill-famed ) for selling political honours. In 1929, the Gramophone Company acquired the premises and converted it into studios. The property benefited from a big garden behind the townhouse, which permitted a much larger build to be constructed to the rear ; frankincense, the Georgian façade belies the true property of the building. Pathé filmed the open of the studios in November 1931 when Edward Elgar conducted the London Symphony Orchestra in recording sessions of his music. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] In 1934, the inventor of stereo sound, Alan Blumlein, recorded Mozart ‘s Jupiter Symphony which was conducted by Thomas Beecham at the studios. [ 7 ] The neighbor house is besides owned by the studio and used to accommodate musicians. During the mid-20th hundred, the studio was extensively used by british conductor Sir Malcolm Sargent, whose house was located near the studio build. [ 8 ] The Gramophone Company merged with Columbia Graphophone Company to form Electric and Musical Industries ( EMI ) in 1931, and the studios late became known as EMI Recording Studios. [ 9 ] In 1936 cellist Pablo Casals became the first to record Johann Sebastian Bach ‘s Cello Suites No. 1 & 2 at the command of EMI drumhead Fred Gaisberg. The recordings went on to spur a rotation among Bach aficionado and cellists alike. [ 10 ] “ Fats ” Waller played the Compton organ there. Glenn Miller recorded at the Abbey Road studios during the war, when he was based in the United Kingdom. [ 11 ]
Pianos used by many recording artists over the years in Studio Two of Abbey Road Studios. In 1958, Studio Two at EMI became a kernel for rock and roll music when Cliff Richard and the Drifters ( by and by Cliff Richard and the Shadows ) recorded “ Move It “ there, [ 12 ] and late pop music material. EMI is close associated with the Beatles, who recorded about all of their albums and hits there between 1962 and 1970 using the four-track REDD shuffle cabinet designed by Peter K. Burkowitz. [ 13 ] The Beatles named their 1969 album Abbey Road, after the street where the studio is located, following which the studio was renamed as Abbey Road Studios. [ 14 ] [ 15 ] [ 16 ] Iain Macmillan took the album ‘s blanket photograph outside the studios, with the resultant role that the nearby zebra crossing has become a place of pilgrimage for Beatles fans. It has been a custom for visitors to pay court to the band by writing on the wall in front of the building even though it is painted over every three months. [ 17 ] In December 2010, the zebra crossing at Abbey Road was given a Grade II listed condition. [ 18 ] noteworthy producers and sound engineers who have worked at Abbey Road include Walter Legge, George Martin, Geoff Emerick, Norman “ Hurricane ” Smith, Ken Scott, Mike Stone, Alan Parsons, Peter Vince, Malcolm Addey, Peter Bown, Richard Langham, Phil McDonald, John Kurlander, Richard Lush and Ken Townsend, who invented the studio effect known as automatic pistol double traverse ( ADT ). The head master engineer at Abbey Road was Chris “ Vinyl ” Blair, who started his career as a record deck hustler. In 1979, EMI commissioned the british jazz fusion band Morrissey-Mullen to record Britain ‘s first digitally recorded single record at Abbey Road Studios. [ 19 ] [ 20 ]
Abbey Road has become a London tourist attraction, with the studio apartment erecting Beatles lyric-themed signs encouraging fans to keep graffito to the studio apartment ‘s property.
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Abbey Road Studios got its beginning in the film scoring business in 1980 when Anvil Post Production formed a partnership with the studio apartment, called Anvil-Abbey Road Screen Sound. The partnership started when Anvil was left without a seduce stage when Denham Studios were demolished. It ended in 1984 when EMI merged with Thorn Electrical Industries to become Thorn EMI. Abbey Road ‘s success in the score occupation continued after the partnership ended. [ citation needed ] From 18 July to 11 September 1983, the public had a rare opportunity to see inside the Studio Two room, where the Beatles made most of their records. While a new shuffle cabinet was being installed in the dominance room, the studio apartment was used to host a television presentation called The Beatles at Abbey Road. The soundtrack to the video had a phone number of recordings that were not made commercially available until the secrete of The Beatles Anthology project over a decade belated. [ 21 ] In September 2005, American hip-hop artist Kanye West, backed by a 17-piece female string orchestra, performed songs derived from his first two studio albums at Abbey Road Studios. Recordings of these live renditions formed his live album Late Orchestration, which was released in April 2006. The report artwork for the album makes use of the celebrated zebra crossing with West ‘s trademark ‘Dropout Bear ‘ seen walking across it. In June 2011, South Korean boy set Shinee performed at the studio as part of its japanese debut showcase in partnership with EMI and the group ‘s local record label SM Entertainment, becoming the first-ever asian artist to perform in the studio apartment. [ 22 ] In November 2011, australian recording artist Kylie Minogue recorded some of her most celebrated songs with a broad orchestra at Abbey Road Studios. The album called The Abbey Road Sessions was released October 2012. In September 2012, with the coup d’etat of EMI, the studio became the property of Universal Music. It was not one of the entities that were sold to Warner Music as region of Parlophone and alternatively the dominance of Abbey Road Studios Ltd was transferred to Virgin Records .
controversy over sale [edit ]
On 17 February 2010, it was reported that EMI had put the studios up for sale because of increasing debts. There was reported matter to by property developers in redeveloping the locate into luxury flats. [ 23 ] It had besides been reported there was a possibility the studios could be purchased by the National Trust [ 24 ] to preserve what was in effect a diachronic build. A Save Abbey Road Studios crusade attempted to ensure the premises remained a working studio. [ 25 ] On 21 February 2010, EMI stated it planned to keep the studio and was looking for an investor to help finance a “ revival ” stick out. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] meanwhile, the british politics declared Abbey Road Studios a Grade II listed construction which protected it from major change. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] The following December, the pedestrian crossing at Abbey Road was listed on the National Heritage List. [ 29 ] Paul McCartney, speaking to BBC Newsnight on 16 February 2010, said there had been efforts to save Abbey Road by “ a few people who have been associated with the studio for a long clock, ” although he did not name them or include himself among them. “ I have so many memories there with the Beatles, ” McCartney said, “ It still is a great studio. So it would be cover girl for person to get a thing together to save it. ” [ 30 ]
Abbey Road Institute [edit ]
In March 2015, Abbey Road Institute was founded as a school for music production and sound recording technology. [ 31 ] In addition to the London localization, Abbey Road Institute offers education globally with schools in Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Johannesburg, Miami, Paris and Sydney. [ 32 ] All of the campuses offer the same run, the Advanced Diploma in Music Production and Sound Engineering which has been developed in collaboration with industry leaders and the team at Abbey Road Studios. Some campuses offer extra short courses, including Portfolio Preparation, Song Production Masterclass, Music theory Fundamentals for Producers amongst others. In April 2021, Abbey Road Institute London announced it would be expanding and moving into the presently closed Angel Recording Studios in the summer of 2021 .
Notes [edit ]
far reading [edit ]
- Lawrence, Alistair (2012). Abbey Road: The Best Studio in the World. New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-60819-999-0.