Dazed and Confused (Led Zeppelin song) – encyclopedia article – Citizendium

From Citizendium

Appears on Led Zeppelin
Published by Superhype Music
Registration ASCAP 340128276
Release date February 1969
Recorded October 1968
Genre Psychedelic rock
Language English
Length 6 minutes 26 seconds
Composer Jimmy Page[1]
Label Atlantic Records
Producer Jimmy Page
Engineer Glyn Johns

Dazed and Confused’ is a song written and arranged by british rock candy group Led Zeppelin, based on an original writing by Jake Greer Holmes, besides titled ‘Dazed and Confused ‘. Led Zeppelin ‘s heavier and electric ‘Dazed and Confused ‘ was considered indeed significantly different from the Holmes acoustic translation that the american Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers ( ASCAP ) assigned the singular serial registration of 340128276 [ 2 ] to its copyright, lodged by the newly created music publisher Superhype Music in 1968. Led Zeppelin ‘s ‘Dazed and Confused ‘ has since been widely covered and was an early performance highlight for the group .

Album version

Engineered and mixed by Glyn Johns at Olympic Studios, London in October 1968, ‘Dazed and Confused ‘ was included as a keystone cut on Led Zeppelin ‘s eponymous 1969 debut album, Led Zeppelin. The final album version was good the second of two takes the group recorded, with lone the violin submit section overdubbed. [ 3 ] Opening with a measured slow-tempo cycle accentuated by John Paul Jones ‘ descending bass tune in the keystone of G Major, it builds to a climactic menace performance, initiated by John Bonham ‘s intense drumming and Jimmy Page ‘s rapid burn guitar alone. [ 4 ] Jones ‘ bass play lays down the song structure, with a one-tenth jump from E then to G, followed by a descending G-F # -F-E practice switching to D-C # -C-B. foliate ‘s unmarried note play is two octaves above, doubling the chromatic ostinato of the bass. This riff design is used throughout as an instrumental link and during the poetry, merely to be broken by a second riff on B, consisting of B-E-F # -A-B in one prevention. A sung very much influenced by the psychedelic period, with Robert Plant ‘s frenzied blues -inflected pleading and Page ‘s use of crouch guitar imbuing a smell of aroused foreboding. [ 5 ] Page ‘s main instrument for the record was a 1958 Fender Telecaster with Supro amplification, a Vox wah pedal modified by Roger Mayer, and the atmosphere on the solo was achieved using EMT plate reverb. [ 6 ] His frantic solo adapted from an earlier recording he appeared on called ‘Think About It ‘, which was a B-side on the Yardbirds concluding studio output. foliate would belated use his bow technique on a count of other tracks, most notably ‘ How Many More Times ‘, ‘ LA Drone ‘ and ‘ In the Light ‘. [ 7 ] page when asked about the proficiency :

I just wanted the guitar to sound different.[8]

live performances

© photograph : ledzeppelin.com
Jimmy Page performing his bowed guitar solo in ‘Dazed and Confused’, at Ulster Hall, Jimmy Page performing his arced guitar solo in ‘Dazed and Confused ‘, at Ulster Hall, Belfast on 5 March 1971. Concert performances of ‘Dazed and Confused ‘ gradually extended the improvised solo up to 45 minutes in duration, by 1975. The bandy and guitar solo sections in entire would encompass up to 15 minutes alone. increasingly the bowed guitar alone was given room for exsert free-form improvisation, which included a krypton laser light read in the latter half of the 1970s, to add to the theatrical spectacle. [ 9 ] Further implemental flourishes were added between the verses after 1972, punctuating the lyric affectation of Plant. ‘Dazed and Confused ‘ was concisely dropped at the starting signal of 1975 after page suffered a dislocation of his ring finger on his leave hand, and the song was temporarily replaced with the easier ‘How Many More Times ‘ in the set number. The song has been performed on every enlistment, until after 1975 ‘s series of Earl Court shows, at which time it was rested for a revamp set list for the 1977 American tour, with entirely snippets played within a song medley of ‘ Achilles last Stand ‘. [ 10 ] Page again presented it on his solo appearances and it was performed once again with Led Zeppelin at the O2 Arena, London for the Ahmet Ertegun Tribute Concert, on 10 December 2007.

‘Dazed and Confused ‘ has appeared on countless moonshine recordings, including the ( in ) celebrated Live on Blueberry Hill turn. The only official populate releases has been the 1976 in-concert film The Song Remains the Same featuring a interpretation from 1973, synced with Page ‘s fantasy sequence of a hood hermit changing into Page as Father Time, being acted out on the face of a snow cap Scottish batch. The doubly disk compilation DVD, Led Zeppelin and the BBC Sessions album besides contain assorted hot permutations of ‘Dazed and Confused ‘ .

Song internalization

The improvisational nature of the live interpretation of ‘Dazed and Confused ‘ allowed for other Led Zeppelin material and front-runner covers to be eased into the composition. ‘ The Crunge ‘ and ‘ Walter ‘s Walk ‘ were added by 1972, and these can be heard on the triple alive album How the West Was Won. Elements of ‘ Ozone Baby ‘ was added during their US tour of 1975. [ 11 ] During the Japan tour of 1972, anything was fairly game and within the next 12 months, Plant would besides sing lyrics from either Scott McKenzie ‘s ‘San Francisco ( Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair ) ‘, Joni Mitchell ‘s ‘Woodstock ‘ or even rarer the Eagles ‘Take It Easy ‘ during the song ‘s evolution. [ 12 ] Gustav Holst ‘s ‘Mars, the Bringer of War ‘ from ‘The Planets ‘ suite would besides be incorporated into part of the bowed guitar alone.

cultural influences

Film director Richard Linklater used the claim of the birdcall for the footing of his 1993 theatrical period piece acquittance Dazed and Confused, based on the lives of high school students in the summer of 1976. The film soundtrack however did not utilise the song, despite pleas from Linklater to members of the band. Page agreed after some hesitation but Plant declined. The director had planned to use it for the orifice credits of the film, which finally went to Aerosmith ‘s ‘Sweet Emotions ‘. Linklater retained the title as the handwriting described his, and his friends ‘, high school experiences in the 1970s. [ 13 ] french Charly 1300 TMP chart listed this birdcall as numeral 1. [ 14 ]


( * ) designates disordered lists .


  • Musicians:
    • Jimmy Page – electric guitar, producer, remastering, digital remastering
    • Robert Plant – vocals
    • John Paul Jones – bass guitar
    • John Bonham – drums, percussion
  • Production:
    • Peter Grant – executive producer
    • Glyn Johns – engineer, mixing
    • Joe Sidore – original CD mastering engineer (mid-1980s)
    • George Marino – remastered CD engineer (1990)


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