Bury ( locally ; or besides ) is a bombastic market town in Greater Manchester, England, [ 1 ] on the River Irwell 5.5 miles ( 8.9 kilometer ) east of Bolton, 5.9 miles ( 9.5 kilometer ) southwest of Rochdale and 7.9 miles ( 12.7 kilometer ) northwest of Manchester. Bury is the administrative center of the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, and had a population of 78,723 in 2015 ; [ 2 ] the borough had a population of 187,474 in 2011. Within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire, Bury emerged in the Industrial Revolution as a mill township fabricate textiles.
Reading: Bury, Greater Manchester – Wikipedia
Bury is known for its alfresco Bury Market and the traditional local serve, black pudding. The Manchester Metrolink tramway system has a destination in the town. Bury-born Sir Robert Peel was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and founded the Metropolitan Police and the Conservative Party. The Peel Memorial stands external Bury parish church and the Peel Monument on Holcombe Hill, Ramsbottom, overlooking the borough .
history [edit ]
toponymy [edit ]
The name Bury ( besides early known as Buri and Byri ) comes from an Old English parole, meaning castle, stronghold or fort, an early shape of modern English borough [ 3 ] ( german burg ) .
early history [edit ]
Bury was formed around the ancient grocery store place but there is attest of bodily process dating back to the time period of Roman occupation. Bury Museum has a Roman urn containing a number of belittled tan coins dated for AD 253–282 and found north of what is immediately the town concentrate. [ 4 ] Under Agricola the road–building plan included a path from the fortify at Manchester ( Mamucium ) to the fortify at Ribchester ( Bremetennacum ) which ran through Radcliffe and Affetside. The mod Watling Street, which serves the Seddons Farm estate on the west slope of town, follows the estimate line of the Roman road. Before the River Irwell was diverted to its stage course it flowed by the foot of the rock ‘n’ roll from which the road ‘The Rock ‘ takes its name, which provided the platform for the fortify manor family, parish church and a few houses nestling around the village square. [ citation needed ] The most distinguished build in the early town would have been Bury Castle, [ 5 ] [ 6 ] a medieval manor house built in 1469. It sat in a beneficial defensive place on senior high school ground overlooking the Irwell Valley. [ 6 ]
Bury Parish Church and War Memorial The Pilkington syndicate [ who? ] suffered badly in the Wars of the Roses when, despite geography, they supported the House of York. When Richard III was killed at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, Thomas Pilkington was captured and belated executed. The result of the conflict was the lancastrian Duke of Richmond being crowned Henry VII by Sir William Stanley. As a reward for the support of his family, Thomas Stanley was created Earl of Derby and, amongst other lands, the impound Pilkington estate in Bury was presented to him. [ 4 ] The ancestral home of the Earls of Derby is Knowsley Hall on the outskirts of Liverpool. The family maintains a joining with Bury in assorted ways—the Derby High School is named after them. When the school opened in 1959 the 18th Earl of Derby was patron and the school ‘s badge is based on the Earl ‘s coat of arms. The 15th and 16th Earls were both supporters of Bury Grammar School, both financially and in terms of country, and one of the school houses is named Derby in their honor. [ 7 ] The town was once home to the Derby Hall and the Derby Hotel. The castle remains were buried beneath the streets outside the Castle Armoury until by rights excavated for the first time in the 1970s. [ 6 ] between 1801 and 1830, the population of the town more than doubled from 7,072 to 15,086. This was the time when the factories, mines and foundries, with their spin machines and steam engines, began to dominate the landscape. In 1822 Bury Savings Bank [ 8 ] opened on Silver Street established under government restraint and belated became TSB .
Industrial Revolution [edit ]
Probate evidence from the seventeenth century and the remains of eighteenth hundred weavers ‘ cottages in Elton, on the west side of Bury, indicate that domestic fabric product was an crucial factor in the local economy at a time when Bury ‘s fabric industry was dominated by woollens, and based upon the domestic production of yarn and fabric, angstrom well as water-powered wax mills. [ 9 ] [ 10 ] Development was swift in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The establishment in 1773 by the family of Sir Robert Peel of Brooksbottom Mill in Summerseat, union of the town, as a motley printing works marked the begin of the cotton industry in Bury. By the early nineteenth hundred, cotton was the prevailing textile industry, with the Rivers Roch and Irwell providing exponent for spinning mills and process body of water for the finish up trades. Development was foster promoted when the town was linked to the home canal network by the Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal, amply opened in 1808. The canal was provided with water from Elton Reservoir, fed by aqueducts from a weir on the Irwell, north of what is immediately the Burrs Country Park. The Burrs is besides the web site of another mill developed by the Peel family, beginning founded in 1790. The remains are displayed for the populace. There were seven cotton mills in Bury by 1818 and the population grew from 9,152 in 1801, to 20,710 in 1841, and then to 58,029 in 1901. Following this, railways were opened, linking the town from Bury Bolton Street railroad track station to Manchester ( via Prestwich and Radcliffe, to Rawtenstall and to Accrington. From the Knowsley Street railway station there were connections to the neighbor mill towns of Bolton, Heywood and Rochdale. a well as the many cotton mills, other industries which thrived included paper–making, calico printing and some light technology. The township expanded to incorporate the former townships of Elton, Walmersley and Heap, and rows of terrace houses encircled the town center by the turn of the nineteenth century. Districts such as Freetown, Fishpool and Pimhole were transformed from farmers ‘ fields to rows of terraces beside the factories and mills. The houses were of the most limited kind, without basic facilities, sewers or proper streets. The result was the rapid go around of disease and gamey mortality rates in push areas. In 1838, out of 1,058 working class houses in Bury investigated by the Manchester Statistical Society, 733 had 3–4 people in each bed, 207 had 4–5, and 76 had 5–6. [ 11 ] Social reformers locally and nationally were concerned about such issues, including Edwin Chadwick. One report that prepared the flat coat for the reform of public health matters, commissioned by the then Prime Minister, Sir Robert Peel, asked local anesthetic doctors for information. King Street, Bury, was highlighted. It had 10 houses, each with one bedroom, and a population of 69. The average historic period of end in Bury was 13.8 years. Towns like Bury were likened to ‘camps ‘ [ 12 ] where newcomers sought knead in mill, mine or forge. many, often from Ireland, found protection in lodging houses. 38 in Bury were surveyed. [ 13 ] 73 % had men and women sharing beds promiscuously, 81 % were cruddy and the average was 5.5 persons to a layer. Although Bury had few of the classic late nineteenth century spinning mills that were such a feature of other Lancashire towns, a group known as Peel Mills are even in use at Castlecroft Road. Immediately north of the township centre, their name is another reminder of the link with the Peel class .
lancashire Fusiliers [edit ]
According to writer Geoffrey Moorhouse, no history of Bury is complete without character to its role as the regimental town of the Lancashire Fusiliers. [ 14 ] In 1688 Prince William of Orange ( later King William III ) landed at Brixham, Devon. He asked Colonel Sir Robert Peyton to raise a regiment containing six independent companies in the Exeter sphere. This regiment absorbed the previously enscripted men housed at the Wellington Barracks. These men would have been any man at the age of 21 These men became the Lancashire Fusiliers once they joined William ‘s of Orange Men, following successful recruiting a regimental terminal was established at Wellington Barracks in 1881. [ 15 ] This barracks were in the first place built as a reception to the Chartist motion, who were a mass movement of propertyless men who protested via prayer signatures. The People ‘s Charter called for six reforms to make the political system more democratic :
- A vote for every man aged twenty-one years and above, of sound mind, and not undergoing punishment for a crime.
- The secret ballot to protect the elector in the exercise of his vote.
- No property qualification for Members of Parliament to allow the constituencies to return the man of their choice.
- Payment of Members, enabling tradesmen, working men, or other persons of modest means to leave or interrupt their livelihood to attend to the interests of the nation.
- Equal constituencies, securing the same amount of representation for the same number of electors, instead of allowing less populous constituencies to have as much or more weight than larger ones.
- Annual Parliamentary elections, thus presenting the most effectual check to bribery and intimidation, since no purse could buy a constituency under a system of universal manhood suffrage in every twelve months.
Chartists saw themselves fighting against political corruption and for democracy in an industrial company, but attracted digest beyond the extremist political groups for economic reasons, such as opposing engage cuts and unemployment. [ 16 ]
holocene history [edit ]
Terraced caparison in Bury 1958 The post-war period saw a major decline in the cotton industry and, in common with many neighbouring towns, Bury ‘s horizon was soon very different, with countless factory chimneys being pulled down and the consort mills closing their doors for ever. The previous shopping sphere around Princess Street and Union Square was demolished in the former 1960s, and a concrete precinct emerged to replace it. This development was replaced by the Mill Gate Shopping Centre in 1995. On 23 November 1981, an F0/T1 crack formed over Whitefield and subsequently moved through Bury township kernel and surrounding areas. [ 17 ] In 2010 a £350m large shopping area opened up around the Rock. The main street is populated chiefly by independent shops and food outlets. At the top end of the street, though, is a shopping area with a multi screen film, bowling alley, and department stores including Marks & Spencer, Primark, H & M, Boots, Clarks, Poundland, Body Shop and Warren James Jewellers. Bury besides benefited from other facilities in the early 2010s including a new aesculapian center and function accommodation close to Bury Town Hall. A decision by Marks and Spencer to vacate its store in the Mill Gate Shopping Centre and move into a new larger one on The Rock emphasised a transfer of clientele in the town. The town kernel is celebrated for the traditional market, with its “ world celebrated ” black pudding stalls. Bury Market was besides once celebrated for its folderol, although this has declined in late decades. The Bury Black Pudding Co, owned by the Chadwick syndicate, [ 18 ] provides black pudding to retailers such as Harrods, and to major supermarkets, and the grocery store is a address for people from all over Greater Manchester and beyond. The last 30 years have seen the town develop into an authoritative commuter town for neighbouring Manchester. Large scale housing growth has taken place around Unsworth, Redvales, Sunnybank, Brandlesholme, Limefield, Chesham and Elton. The old railroad track lineage to Manchester Victoria closed in 1990 and was replaced by the light rapid transit arrangement Metrolink in 1992. The town was besides linked to the expressway network with the unfold of the M66, accessed from the east side of the town, in 1978 .
administration [edit ]
The highest polling party in each cellblock the survive time there was an election there. The township was initially a parish, then a select vestry with a board of guardians for the poor. improvement commissioners were added before the borough lease was granted in 1876. In 1889, the town ‘s condition was raised to that of a county borough of Lancashire. The coating of arms was granted in 1877 and its symbols represent local anesthetic diligence. In the quarters are representations of the incus ( for forging ), the golden fleece ( the wool diligence ), a couple of cross shuttles ( the cotton industry ) and a papyrus establish ( the newspaper industry ). Above them are a closed visor capped by a mayfly and two loss roses. The Latin motto “ Vincit Omnia Industria “ translates as “ work conquers all “. With the passage of the local anesthetic Government Act 1972, Bury merged with the neighbouring municipal boroughs of Radcliffe and Prestwich, together with the urban districts of Whitefield, Tottington and Ramsbottom in 1974 to become the Metropolitan Borough of Bury. The borough is depart of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester. On 3 July 2008, a referendum was held in the borough to decide whether it should be ruled by a directly elected mayor. The marriage proposal was rejected by the voters. [ 19 ]
geography [edit ]
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Bury [ 21 ] is located on the edge of the western Pennines in North West England, in the northern part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area. Its side on the River Irwell has proved important in its history and exploitation. Flowing from north to south, the river divides the town into two parts on the east and west sides of the valley respectively. The town centre sits close to, and above, the river on the east side. Bury Bridge is a key bridge point, linking the east slope of town and the town center with the western suburbs and Bolton beyond. early bridges across the river are few—there is one at Radcliffe Road to the south and one at Summerseat to the north. There is a bridge at the Burrs, but it serves a cul-de-sac and does not allow full east–west access. To the south, the main tributary ( the River Roch, flowing from the east ) joins the Irwell close to another significant bridge point, Blackford Bridge. This carries the main road south ( the A56 ) towards Manchester. Bury experiences a ardent temperate climate with warm summers and cool winters owing to the shielding effect of the western Pennine Moors. Summer is the dry clock time of the year with low rain. Bury rarely experiences temperatures over 30 °C ( 86 °F ), due to oceanic north easterly winds. In summer, the temperature is warm and Bury experiences much sun. Winters are cool ; temperatures can drop below freezing between December and March. There is not much extreme weather in Bury ; floods are rare since the town is on higher anchor, although deluge is occasionally seen in Ramsbottom. early summer thunderstorms bring high rain. For purposes of the Office for National Statistics, Bury is function of the Greater Manchester Urban Area .
demography [edit ]
At the 2001 census the town of Bury had a sum population of 77,211, whereas the across-the-board Metropolitan Borough had a population of 183,200. [ 22 ] [ 23 ]
|Population growth in Bury since 1801|
|Source: Vision of Britain|
Landmarks [edit ]
Attractions in Bury include :
Bury Bolton Street railroad track station at the East Lancashire Railway .
whitehead Clock Tower
From Northern Soul (Bury Neon) on display at Ron Silliman ‘s neon pieceon display at Bury Interchange Bury is home to several ticket sculptures and pieces of public art. Edward Hodges Baily ‘s 1851 statue of Sir Robert Peel stands in the center of township, [ 32 ] while Lutyens ‘ Lancashire Fusiliers War Memorial can be found outside the Fusilier Museum. [ 33 ] George Frampton ‘s ‘cheering fusilier ‘, a protection to those who died in the Boer War, stands in Whitehead Garden near the town hall. [ 34 ] The Kay Monument, a solid pavilion with a stone dome capped with a bronze Fame, commemorates John Kay, [ 35 ] the inventor of the flying shuttle which revolutionised the waver industry. Designed by William Venn Gough in 1908, it holds a phone number of sculpt bronze plaques by John Cassidy. [ 36 ] Contemporary works include Ron Silliman ‘s text firearm From Northern Soul (Bury Neon) at Bury Interchange. [ 37 ]
transportation [edit ]
Bury is connected to other settlements via bus services, Metrolink and the inheritance railway. between 1903 and 1949, the Bury Corporation Tramways network served the town. Bury Bolton Street railway place, first opened in 1846 and substantially rebuilt in the 1880s and again in the 1950s, is immediately home to the East Lancashire Railway, a inheritance railroad track which serves Heywood, Ramsbottom and Rawtenstall, but which does not provide a regular commuter service. The post is the original railway post of Bury, and it was a mainline station until 1980, although after December 1966 passenger services were reduced to a commuter service to Manchester only ( once there were services to Ramsbottom, Rawtenstall and Bacup to the north of Bury besides from Bolton Street station ). Bury was served by two major railroad track stations between 1848 and 1970, when Bury Knowsley Street railroad track station was closed. Bury Knowsley Street station had passenger services travelling east–west through Bury, connecting the town immediately to both Bolton and Heywood. After October 1970 services to and from Manchester were the merely passenger rail services connecting Bury to the national railing net. forget to Manchester Victoria rail services were provided by Class 504 units, which were third-rail operate, in the 1970s and 1980s. Bury Interchange, opened in March 1980 stopping point to the locate of the former Knowsley Street place ( which was demolished in the early-1970s ) ; it was the substitution for the Bolton Street railway station ( which was subsequently taken over the East Lancashire Railway heritage course in 1987 ), and initially incorporated a railway station, with services to Manchester Victoria, and a bus station. Third-rail powered fleshy rail passenger services integrated with the national rail network ceased in 1991, with Metrolink taking over the credit line and tram operating the cable since April 1992. Bury has consequently not had a conventional heavy rail link to the national network since 1991. Diamond North West and Rosso operate most busbar services around Bury, connecting with destinations within Greater Manchester, Rossendale, Accrington and Burnley. The busbar station is connected to the Bury Interchange Metrolink tram discontinue, to provide a huge building complex of inter-modal transportation. There is besides a exempt car park at the rear of the building complex and a bicycle hub for parking bikes during the day. The station is located in the center of Bury, close to Bury Market, the Millgate Shopping Centre, the Rock and the independent squarely. Manchester Metrolink operates trams to Manchester, Altrincham, Eccles, Rochdale Town Centre, Ashton-under-Lyne, East Didsbury, MediaCityUK in Salford and Manchester Airport. There is by and large a service every 6 minutes from Bury to Manchester city center, with every other streetcar continuing to Altrincham. Trams to Eccles are provided from Piccadilly Gardens .
education [edit ]
- High schools located in the town include
sport [edit ]
Bury F.C. was the township ‘s local football golf club. Bury played in League One, the one-third tier of English football, when it was expelled from the Football League in August 2019 ascribable to unpaid debts and hapless possession. The Lancashire Spinners are a basketball team based in Bury. They compete in the second base tier English Basketball League Division 1, and have done therefore since promotion from Division 2 in 2015. The club have close ties with nearby Myerscough College. Bury Broncos are a Rugby League team based in the Prestwich area. Formed in 2008, they play in the North West Men ‘s League and will compete in Division 1 in the 2021 season .
polish [edit ]
Performing arts [edit ]
The Met arts center, based in the Derby Hall on Market Street, is a humble perform arts venue promoting a course of study of dramaturgy, music and drollery events. [ 41 ] The Met has hosted celebrated comedy acts such as Peter Kay, Jason Manford, Steve Coogan and Eddie Izzard in their days before fame .
Museums and galleries [edit ]
Bury Art Museum on Moss Street, home to a fine solicitation of victorian and 20th-century art, including works by Turner, Constable, and Landseer. The Fusilier Museum, home to the collection of the Lancashire Fusiliers, commemorating over three hundred years of the regiment ‘s history. The museum occupies the erstwhile School of Arts and Crafts on Broad Street. The award-winning Bury Transport Museum, part of the East Lancashire Railway, holds a fine collection of vintage vehicles and synergistic displays. It is housed in the Grade II listed, beautifully restored, 1848 Castlecroft Goods Shed. In 2011 Bury Transport Museum won a National Railway Heritage Award .
music [edit ]
The 2008 Mercury Music Prize winning group Elbow, fronted by Guy Garvey, hails from Bury and in 2009 the group was awarded the Freedom of the Borough after their 2008 classic album Seldom Seen Kid won respective accolades including a Brit Award and Mercury Prize. [ 42 ] Bury hosts respective music festivals annual, including the ‘Glaston-Bury ‘ festival on the August bank vacation weekend, and the Ramsbottom Music Festival, closing the festival season in mid September. While Glaston-Bury hosts chiefly local/upcoming bands, Ramsbottom Music Festival hosts a broad image of talent, including bands such as Soul 2 Soul and The Proclaimers. The festival besides has a democratic silent disco, where DJs struggle for the larger hearing. For the by two years, this battle has largely been dominated by the DJ team BABs, a brother and sister partnership from the local anesthetic village of Edenfield .
food [edit ]
Bury is known for its black puddings [ 43 ] therefore a lot so, that it is not uncommon to see it marketed as “ Bury Black Pudding “ on a menu. Bury simnel coat is a version of the cake originating in Bury. The town was besides celebrated for tripe, though there is little requirement for this in modern times .
celebrated people [edit ]
frolic [edit ]
Writers [edit ]
Actors [edit ]
music [edit ]
Members of Parliament [edit ]
Twin towns [edit ]
Bury is twinned with :
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]