Chris Cornell – Wikipedia

American musician

Christopher John Cornell ( né Boyle ; July 20, 1964 – May 18, 2017 ) was an american english singer, songwriter, and musician best known as the lead singer and cycle guitarist for the rock bands Soundgarden and Audioslave. He besides had a solo career and contributed to soundtracks. Cornell was besides the founder and frontman of Temple of the Dog, a one-off tribute band dedicated to his late supporter Andrew Wood. Cornell is considered one of the key figures of the 1990s dirt movement, and is well known for his extensive catalog as a songwriter, his closely four- octave vocal image, [ 2 ] and his mighty song belt proficiency. He released four solo studio albums, Euphoria Morning ( 1999 ), Carry On ( 2007 ), Scream ( 2009 ), and Higher Truth ( 2015 ) ; the bouncy album Songbook ( 2011 ) ; and two compilations, The Roads We Choose ( 2007 ) and Chris Cornell ( 2018 ), the latter released posthumously. He received a Golden Globe Award nomination for his sung “ The Keeper ”, which appeared in the 2011 film Machine Gun Preacher, and co-wrote and performed “ You Know My name “, the root song to the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale. His stopping point solo release before his death was the charity single “ The Promise “, written for the ending credits for the 2016 movie of the same name.

Across his entire catalogue, Cornell sold 14.8 million albums, 8.8 million digital songs, and 300 million on-demand audio pour in the U.S. alone, [ 3 ] [ 4 ] a well as over 30 million records cosmopolitan. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] He was nominated for 18 Grammy Awards, winning three. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] He was voted “ Rock ‘s Greatest singer ” by readers of Guitar World, [ 10 ] and ranked No. 4 on the number of “ Heavy Metal ‘s All-Time Top 100 Vocalists ” by Hit Parader, [ 11 ] No. 9 on the number of “ Best Lead Singers of All Time ” by Rolling Stone, [ 12 ] and No. 12 on MTV ‘s “ 22 Greatest Voices in Music ”. [ 13 ] Cornell struggled with low for most of his life. He was found dead in his Detroit hotel board in the early on hours of May 18, 2017, after performing at a Soundgarden concert an hour earlier at the Fox Theatre. His death was ruled a suicide by hanging. [ 3 ]

early life

Cornell was born Christopher John Boyle on July 20, 1964, [ 14 ] [ 15 ] in Seattle, Washington, where he was raised. His parents are Edward F. Boyle, [ 16 ] a pharmacist of Irish Catholic descent, [ 17 ] [ 18 ] and Karen Cornell, [ 16 ] [ 18 ] an accountant of jewish backdrop and self-proclaimed psychic. [ 19 ] [ 17 ] [ 20 ] [ 21 ] After his parents ‘ divorce when he was a adolescent, he and his siblings adopted their mother ‘s maiden over identify, Cornell, as their surname. [ 20 ] [ 14 ] Cornell was one of six children ; he had two older brothers and three younger sisters. [ 14 ] He attended Christ the King, a Catholic elementary educate, [ 22 ] where he performed for the inaugural time in front of a push, singing the 1960s anti-war birdcall “ One Tin Soldier “. [ 22 ] He late attended Shorewood High School. [ 23 ] [ 24 ] When he was in one-seventh grade, his mother pulled him and his sister out of catholic school ; Cornell claimed because they were about to be expelled for being excessively inquisitive. [ 25 ] He recalled the sequence in a 1994 interview : “ With a religion like that, it ‘s not designed for anyone to question. Being young people who have a natural curio and half a brain, you ‘re going to start finding inconsistencies, which there are tons of in organized religion. We both sort of made it clear in classroom situations that we did n’t get it. ‘Explain this to me. ‘ And they could n’t, so we started creating a bunch of problems. ” [ 25 ]
The Shemps ( 1983 ) Cornell traced his melodious influences back to Little Richard via The Beatles. [ 26 ] He spent a biennial menstruation between the ages of nine and football team solidly listening to The Beatles after finding a large collection of Beatles records abandoned in the basement of a neighbor ‘s house. [ 27 ] He described himself at this long time as a loner ; he was able to deal with his anxiety around early people through rock music. [ 28 ] During his adolescent years, he spiraled into severe depression, dropped out of school, and about never left the house. [ 29 ] At the long time of 12, he had access to alcohol and marijuana ; he used them casual by 13, stopped for a year, but relapsed at age 15 for another year until he turned to music. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] At 14, he had a bad PCP experience and later suffered from panic disorder and agoraphobia. [ 32 ] Cornell took piano and guitar lessons as a child. [ 30 ] He once explained that his mother saved his life when she bought him a snare drum, the legal document he adopted in beginning his path to become a rock musician. [ 20 ] Before becoming a successful musician, he worked as a busboy, [ 33 ] as a dishwasher, [ 33 ] as a fish trader at a seafood jobber [ 29 ] and was a sous-chef at Ray ‘s Boathouse in Seattle. [ 34 ] In the early 1980s, Cornell was a penis of a brood band called The Shemps, which featured bassist Hiro Yamamoto and performed around Seattle. [ 35 ] After Yamamoto left The Shemps, the isthmus recruited guitarist Kim Thayil. [ 35 ] Cornell and Yamamoto stayed in contact, and after The Shemps broke up, the pair started jamming together, finally bringing Thayil in to join them. [ 35 ]

Recording career

1984–1997 and 2010–2017 : Soundgarden

Soundgarden was formed in 1984 by Cornell, Thayil and Yamamoto with Cornell primitively on drums and vocals. In 1985, the band enlisted Scott Sundquist as the drummer to allow Cornell to concentrate on vocals. [ 36 ] The band ‘s first recordings were three songs that appeared on a compilation for C/Z Records called Deep Six. In 1986, Sundquist, who by that point had a wife and a child, decided to leave the band and spend meter with his syndicate. [ 35 ] He was replaced by Matt Cameron, the drummer for Skin Yard, who became Soundgarden ‘s permanent wave drummer. [ 35 ] Soundgarden signed to Sub Pop, releasing the Screaming Life EP in 1987 and the Fopp EP in 1988 ( a combination of the two was issued as Screaming Life/Fopp in 1990 ). Though the band was being courted by major labels, they signed to independent label SST Records in 1988 to release their debut album, Ultramega OK, for which they earned a Grammy Award nomination for Best Metal Performance in 1990. [ 37 ] The band subsequently signed with A & M Records, becoming the beginning dirt ring to sign to a major label. [ 29 ] In 1989, the dance band released their second attempt and their foremost album for a major label, Louder Than Love. Following the album ‘s release, Yamamoto left the ring to finish his dominate ‘s degree in physical chemistry at western Washington University. [ 38 ] He was replaced by former Nirvana guitarist Jason Everman. Everman was fired following Soundgarden ‘s go supporting Louder Than Love. In 1990, the band was joined by a newly bassist, Ben Shepherd. [ 39 ] Along with Nirvana, Alice in Chains, and Pearl Jam, Soundgarden promptly became one of the most successful bands from Seattle ‘s emerging dirt scene in the early 1990s. With Shepherd, the new line-up recorded Badmotorfinger in 1991. The album brought the dance band to a new horizontal surface of commercial success, and Soundgarden found itself amidst the sudden popularity and attention given to the Seattle music scene. Badmotorfinger included the singles “ Jesus Christ Pose “, “ Outshined “ and “ Rusty Cage “. The three singles gained considerable airtime on option rock radio receiver stations, while the television for “ Outshined ” and “ rusty cage ” gained considerable airtime on MTV. The song “ Jesus Christ Pose ” and its music video recording was the subject of far-flung controversy in 1991, and the video was removed from MTV ‘s playlist. “ out of practice cage ” was late covered by Johnny Cash on his 1996 album, Unchained. “ Room a Thousand Years Wide “ was released ( along with the B-side “ HIV Baby ” ) as a 7 ” single through Sub Pop ‘s Single of the Month club a fully year before the spill of Badmotorfinger, and late re-recorded for the album. Badmotorfinger exposed Soundgarden to its first mainstream success : it was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1992, [ 37 ] and was late ranked number 45 in the October 2006 exit of Guitar World on the magazine ‘s tilt of the 100 greatest guitar albums of all time. [ 40 ] The band ‘s fourth studio album, 1994 ‘s Superunknown, proved to be the ring ‘s breakthrough album. Upon its free in March 1994, Superunknown debuted at act one on the Billboard 200. [ 41 ] The album launched several successful singles, including “ Spoonman “ and “ Black Hole Sun “, and brought Soundgarden external recognition. Superunknown achieved quintuple platinum status in the United States, [ 42 ] triple platinum status in Canada, [ 43 ] and gold condition in the United Kingdom, [ 44 ] Sweden, [ 45 ] and the Netherlands. [ 46 ] Rolling Stone gave Superunknown four out of five stars. Reviewer J.D. Considine said Superunknown “ demonstrates far greater rate than many bands manage in an entire career. ” Considine criticized “ Black Hole Sun ” and “ Half ”, stating that the former is “ not a very dependable song ” while the latter “ is the virtual definition of a B-side. ” [ 47 ] Jon Pareles of The New York Times said that “ Superunknown actually tries to broaden its hearing by breaking heavy-metal genre barriers that Soundgarden used to accept. ” He added that “ Soundgarden … want [ s ] something different from standard heavy metallic element. ” [ 48 ] David Browne of Entertainment Weekly gave the album an A, saying “ Soundgarden is pumped and primed on Superunknown, and they deliver the goods. ” He praised it as a “ hard-rock milestone—a boiling tub of volcanic power, record-making smarts, and ’90s anomie and anxiety that sets a new standard for anything called alloy. ” [ 49 ] The album was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Rock Album in 1995. [ 50 ] Two singles from Superunknown, “ Black Hole Sun ” and “ Spoonman ”, won Grammy Awards, [ 37 ] and the music video recording for “ Black Hole Sun ” won a MTV Video Music Award and a Clio Award. [ 51 ] Superunknown was ranked number 336 on Rolling Stone magazine ‘s number of the 500 greatest albums of all time, [ 52 ] and “ Black Hole Sun ” was ranked number 25 on VH1 ‘s list of the 100 greatest songs of the ’90s. [ 53 ] The band ‘s fifth album was 1996 ‘s self-generated Down on the Upside. The album spawned respective singles, including “ Pretty Noose “, “ Burden in My Hand “ and “ Blow Up the Outside World “. The album was notably less dense than the group ‘s precede albums, and marked a further deviation from the band ‘s dirt roots. Soundgarden explained at the time that it wanted to experiment with other sounds. [ 54 ] David Browne of Entertainment Weekly said, “ few bands since Led Zeppelin have thus sharply mix instruments both acoustic and electric. ” [ 55 ] however, tensions within the group arose during the sessions, with Thayil and Cornell reportedly clashing over Cornell ‘s desire to shift away from the big guitar riffing that had become the isthmus ‘s brand. [ 56 ] Despite friendly reviews, the album did not match the sales of Superunknown. [ 42 ] In 1997, Soundgarden received another Grammy nomination, for the spark advance individual “ Pretty Noose ”. [ 37 ] As tensions grew within the set, reportedly due to internal strife over its creative management, Soundgarden announced it was disbanding on April 9, 1997. In a 1998 consultation, Thayil said, “ It was reasonably obvious from everybody ‘s general attitude over the course of the former half-year that there was some dissatisfaction. ” [ 57 ]
Cornell, Cameron and Shepherd performing with Soundgarden at Lollapalooza 2010 On January 1, 2010, Cornell alluded to a Soundgarden reunion via his Twitter account, writing : “ The 12-year better is over and school is back in session. Sign up now. Knights of the Soundtable ride again ! ” The message linked to a web site that featured a picture of the group performing live and a position for fans to enter their electronic mail address to get updates on the reunion. Entering that information unlocked an archival video for the sung “ Get on the Snake ”, from Soundgarden ‘s second studio apartment album, 1989 ‘s Louder Than Love. [ 58 ] In March 2010, Soundgarden announced that they would be headlining Lollapalooza 2010. Soundgarden made the announcement through their web site and e-mail list. [ 59 ] On April 16, 2010, Soundgarden held a secret prove at the Showbox Theater on First Avenue in business district Seattle, publicized via the isthmus ‘s mail list. The appearance was billed as Nudedragons, an anagram for Soundgarden. [ 60 ] Asked in August 2010 if Soundgarden would record new material, Cornell replied, “ it would be exciting to record one sung, to hear how Soundgarden-ish that might be this much fourth dimension late. But for me, it ‘s been more of a stumble relearning the songs and playing them together. Some of the songs we ‘re approaching we ‘ve never played alive. ” [ 61 ] Soundgarden made their first television appearance since their reunion on the second episode of Conan O’Brien ‘s prove on TBS, Conan, on November 9, 2010, and toured North America in summer 2011. [ citation needed ] In summer 2012, Soundgarden released a modern single and video, “ Live to Rise ”, for The Avengers movie soundtrack. [ 62 ] Their one-sixth album, King Animal, was released in November 2012 to largely positivist reviews. [ 63 ] Soundgarden had continued to tour worldwide, and guitarist Kim Thayil mentioned in several interviews that the ring was to begin work on corporeal for their seventh album. [ 64 ] Following Cornell ‘s death, the surviving members of Soundgarden discussed the possibility of moving on with a substitution for him, [ 65 ] [ 66 ] [ 67 ] but Thayil confirmed in an October 2018 interview with Seattle Times that the band had once again dissolved. [ 68 ] Thayil said in an consultation with Music Radar in July 2019 that the surviving members of Soundgarden are trying to finish and release the album they were working on with Cornell. however, the passkey files of Cornell ‘s vocal recordings are presently being withheld and they ca n’t finish the album. [ 69 ]

1998–2000 and 2006–2017 : Solo career

In 1998, Cornell began working on material for a solo album on which he collaborated with Alain Johannes and Natasha Shneider of the band Eleven. The album, titled Euphoria Morning, was released on September 21, 1999. In his first gear always solo go Cornell spent seven months on the road from September 13, 1999 to March 7, 2000 playing 61 shows [ 70 ] in support of Euphoria Morning. Cornell performed two of those coinciding with the introduction of the album on September 21 and 22, 1999 at the Henry Fonda Theater in Hollywood California. attendance for the shows were high gear, considering he performed the initial shows before fans were even companion with the music. The touring band was made up of some of the lend musicians Alain Johannes, Natasha Shneider, Rick Markmann, and Greg Upchurch. The album proved commercially unsuccessful selling 393,000 copies in the U.S., [ 71 ] although the album ‘s unmarried “ Ca n’t Change Me “ was nominated for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance at the 2000 Grammy Awards. [ 72 ] Cornell recorded a interpretation of Can’t Change Me in French, [ 73 ] this version is a bonus on Euphoria Morning ‘s deluxe version and on the japanese and european editions. [ 74 ] The album includes “ Wave Goodbye ”, Cornell ‘s protection to his recently friend Jeff Buckley. [ 75 ] [ 76 ] It has been noted that Euphoria Morning is influenced by Buckley ‘s songwriting and distinctive vocal stylus. [ 75 ] The album was re-released in 2015 on compact disk and vinyl and retitled Euphoria Mourning, with Cornell stating in the iron release that he had primitively intended the album to be called that, but his coach at the time, Jim Guerinot, suggested that “ Euphoria Morning ” without the “ u ” would be a better title. “ The title was indeed beautifully poetic to begin with, precisely the concept of euphoria in mourn ; it was a here and now I felt inspire and I let all the air out of it. so when we decided to do its inaugural vinyl turn I thought, I want to change the fuckin ‘ claim ! [ Laughs ] It ‘s time to change it, ” Cornell stated. [ 33 ]
Cornell in 2009 An unreleased song called “ Heart of Honey ” was besides recorded in collaboration with Johannes and Shneider during this period. According to Alain Johannes, [ 77 ] “ Heart of Honey ” was recorded for the film Titan A.E. but not used. The sung leaked on the internet. [ 78 ] While on his alone tours between 2011–2016, Cornell would much pay tribute to the recently Natasha Shneider and play the song “When I’m Down”, ( from the album Euphoria Morning that Shneider produced ) accompanied by a vinyl record of the original piano track that Shneider performed for the song. [ 79 ] [ 80 ] [ 81 ] [ 82 ] Though not officially released onto CD, an hour-long acoustic concert Cornell performed on September 7, 2006 at O-Baren in Stockholm, is widely available for download under the title Chris Cornell: Unplugged in Sweden. A promotional compact disk for his alone album, Carry On, was released in March 2007, titled The Roads We Choose – A Retrospective. The 17-song candle included songs from Soundgarden, Temple of the Dog, Audioslave and Cornell ‘s alone work. On June 5, 2007, Cornell released his second alone album, Carry On, produced by Steve Lillywhite. It debuted at number 17 on the american Billboard charts. Among the artists who accompanied him on his second solo passing was acquaintance Gary Lucas, who contributed acoustic guitar to some of the tracks. Cornell stated that he was constantly writing, and that there were some songs that he was not able to put onto an Audioslave album. [ 83 ] While recording his moment solo album, Cornell was involved in a motorbike accident. He was apparently “ rear-end by a hand truck in Studio City, Los Angeles while riding his motorcycle ” and “ catapulted 20 feet into the air. ” He was able to walk off from the accident, but had severe cuts and bruises. He returned to the studio late that day. [ 84 ] In 2007, Cornell appeared as patronize to Aerosmith on at least two legs of their 2007 universe tour [ 85 ] — Dublin, London, and Hyde Park —and to Linkin Park in Australia and New Zealand. [ 86 ] These shows formed part of his own ongoing world tour which began in April 2007 and continued into 2008 and 2009. Cornell described his touring band—comprising guitarists Yogi Lonich and Peter Thorn, bassist Corey McCormick and drummer Jason Sutter —as “ musicians that could get the whole word picture ” playing music by Soundgarden and Audioslave, angstrom well as his solo material. [ 87 ]
Cornell performing at Quart Festival 2009 in Kristiansand, Norway In 2008, Cornell was featured on the Main Stage of Linkin Park ‘s Projekt Revolution tour. [ 88 ] Throughout the go, Cornell collaborated with Linkin Park ‘s Chester Bennington while performing “ Hunger come to ”, and with Street Drum Corps for a number of his Soundgarden tracks. [ 89 ] While Linkin Park would perform their Grammy-winning birdcall “ Crawling “, he would appear on stage singing the second base verse of the song, the outro, and harmonies Aaron Lewis provided for the Reanimation translation. [ 89 ] Cornell worked with manufacturer Timbaland on his studio album Scream, which was released on March 10, 2009. [ 90 ] Timbaland has referred to the read sessions as “ The best work I ‘ve done in my career, ” and predicted that Cornell will be the “ foremost rock star in the club ”. Cornell called the new album “ a highlight of my career ”. The album was largely panned by critics, [ 91 ] [ 92 ] [ 93 ] but was the highest-charting album of Cornell ‘s solo career, reaching No. 10 on the Billboard 200. [ 94 ] [ 95 ] On April 2, 2009, Cornell took over Atlanta Rock station, Project 961, WKLS. For 24 hours the place became “ Chris-FM ” and included a two-hour special of Cornell DJing and playing his favored songs of his career with the stories behind them leading up to a rebroadcast of his solo prove from the previous night. [ 96 ] On September 11, 2009, Cornell performed John Lennon ‘s “ Imagine “ on The Tonight Show with Conan O’Brien. [ 97 ] In January 2011, Cornell announced his solo acoustic “ Songbook ” go, continuing a series of applaud solo acoustic shows in Los Angeles during 2009 and 2010. The first leg of the sold-out enlistment began on April 1, 2011 and continued through the U.S. and Canada until May 6, resuming in October and visiting New Zealand, Australia, South America and the U.S. again earlier ending on December 17. The enlistment received universally cocksure reviews. [ 98 ] In November 2011 Cornell, released Songbook, an acoustic exist album featuring songs recorded during Cornell ‘s “ Songbook ” tour in North America. It was his first live album as a solo artist, and it included stripped performances of songs from his entire career as a alone artist adenine well as with Soundgarden, Audioslave, and Temple of the Dog, plus covers of Led Zeppelin ‘s “ Thank You “ and John Lennon ‘s “ Imagine “. The album received largely positive reviews, with AllMusic calling it Cornell ‘s “ best solo oblation to date ”. [ 99 ] Cornell continued his “ Songbook ” tour in Europe and the U.S. during 2012 and 2013 to far acclaim. [ 100 ] [ 101 ]
Cornell in 2012 Cornell performed a 10-minute acoustic set at the Commander-in-Chief ‘s Ball in the White House on January 21, 2013, which recognized Medal of Honor recipients and Wounded Warriors. He returned late in the evening with Soundgarden to perform at Barack Obama ‘s Inaugural Ball, doing a three-song set at the consequence. [ 102 ] In January 2015, Cornell announced via his Twitter report that he was in the studio recording a newfangled solo album. Cornell ‘s last studio album, Higher Truth, was released on September 18, 2015. [ 103 ] The last solo publish anterior to his death was the charity single “ The Promise “, written for the ending credits for the movie of the same name about the armenian genocide. [ 104 ] Prior to his death, Cornell committed all proceeds from the birdcall to support refugees and vulnerable children. [ 105 ] On February 26, 2018, Cornell ‘s beginning posthumous birdcall was released. He composed the music and added lyrics [ 106 ] to Johnny Cash ‘s poems “ You never Knew My Mind ” and “ I never Knew Your Mind ”. The sung, titled “ You never Knew My Mind ”, is featured on the album Johnny Cash: Forever Words, a collection of songs created from Cash ‘s fresh poetry, lyrics and letters interpreted by several artists. [ 107 ] In 2019, Cornell won a posthumous Grammy award in the Best Rock Performance class at the 61st Grammy Awards for his individual “ When Bad Does commodity ”. [ 108 ]

2001–2007 : Audioslave

Audioslave was formed after Zack de la Rocha left Rage Against the Machine and the remaining members were searching for another singer. Producer and friend Rick Rubin suggested that they contact Cornell. Rubin played the Soundgarden song “ Slaves & Bulldozers ” for the remaining Rage Against the Machine set members to showcase his ability. Cornell was in the writing process of a second solo album, but decided to shelve that and pursue the opportunity to work with Tom Morello, Tim Commerford and Brad Wilk when they approached him. Morello described Cornell : “ He stepped to the microphone and sang the sung and I could n’t believe it. It did n’t merely sound effective. It did n’t sound great. It sounded transcendent. And … when there is an irreplaceable chemistry from the beginning moment, you ca n’t deny it. ” [ 109 ] The quartet wrote 21 songs during 19 days of rehearsal and began working in the studio in deep May 2001. [ 110 ] [ 111 ] Their debut album, Audioslave, released in November 2002, spawned hits such as “ Cochise “, “ Like a Stone “ and “ Show Me How to Live “, and has reached triple platinum status in the United States. The band was closely derailed before the album ‘s free ; Cornell was going through alcohol problems and a slot on the Ozzfest tour was canceled. [ 34 ] During this time, there was a rumor that Cornell had checked himself into drug rehabilitation. He late confirmed it in an interview with Metal Hammer that was conducted from a clinic payphone. [ 112 ] In a San Diego CityBeat article, Cornell explained that he went through “ a atrocious personal crisis ” during the make of the inaugural record, staying in rehab for two months and separating from his wife. The problems were ironed out and Cornell remained sober. [ 113 ] The band toured through 2003, [ 114 ] before resting in 2004 to record their second album. [ 115 ]
Cornell performing with Audioslave in 2003 Audioslave ‘s second base album, Out of Exile, was released in May 2005 and debuted at count one on the U.S. charts. The album has since gone on to achieve platinum condition. [ 116 ] The album features the singles “ Out of Exile “, “ Be Yourself “, “ Your meter Has Come “ and “ Does n’t Remind Me “. Cornell admitted to writing his most personal songs ever on this album, influenced by the positive changes in his life since 2002. [ 117 ] He besides described the album as more varied than the introduction and relying less on heavy guitar riffs. [ 113 ] Critics initially described Audioslave as an amalgamation of Rage Against the Machine and Soundgarden, [ 118 ] but by the band ‘s moment album, Out of Exile, noted that they had established a separate identity. The album was received more favorably than Audioslave ‘s introduction ; critics noted Cornell ‘s stronger vocals, likely the result of quitting smoke and toast, [ 119 ] and pointed out that Out of Exile is “ the sound of a band coming into its own ”. [ 120 ] AllMusic praised the album as “ thin, hard, hard, and memorable ”. [ 121 ] On May 6, 2005, Audioslave played a barren show in Havana, Cuba. [ 122 ] Audioslave became the first base american rock group to perform a concert in Cuba, playing in front of an consultation of 70,000 people. [ 123 ] The band traveled to Havana on May 4 to interact with Cuban musicians. [ 124 ] Cornell commented : “ hopefully, this concert will help to open the musical borders between our two countries. ” [ 125 ] The 26-song laid concert was the longest the band had always played. [ 126 ] In early 2006 the band returned, recording their third album as they had written most of the substantial during the enlistment. The band released the album, titled Revelations, in September 2006. Revelations was influenced by 1960s and 1970s funk and R & B music. [ 127 ] The first two singles were “ master Fire “ and “ Revelations “. Two of the songs from the third base album, “ shape of Things to Come ” and “ Wide Awake ” were besides prominently featured in Michael Mann ‘s 2006 film, Miami Vice, prior to the liberation of the album. Despite the exposure to other forms of media and the positive critical buzz for their third base album, Audioslave did not tour behind the free. They went into foramen to allow Cornell to complete “ You Know My diagnose ”, the subject birdcall for the 2006 James Bond film, Casino Royale, and Morello to pursue his own solo work under the nickname of the Nightwatchman. [ 128 ] All of Audioslave ‘s lyrics were written by Cornell, whilst all four members were credited with writing the music. Their songwriting process was described by Wilk as “ more collaborative ” and “ satisfy ” than Rage Against the Machine ‘s, which was “ a struggle creatively ”. Cornell, for his share, saw Soundgarden ‘s songwriting method acting as inferior to Audioslave ‘s. [ 129 ] [ 130 ] Cornell ‘s lyrics were by and large apolitical ; Audioslave ‘s Morello referred to them as “ haunted, existential poetry ”. [ 131 ] They were characterized by his cryptic approach, much dealing with themes of existentialism, [ 132 ] love, hedonism, [ 133 ] spirituality and Christianity. [ 131 ] Cornell ‘s battle with addiction to prescription drug drugs and dipsomania was a specify factor in the writing and recording serve. even though the singer admitted that he was “ never able to write efficaciously ” while drink in, [ 134 ] and attended rehab after recording the introduction album, Morello stated that Revelations was “ the first base record [ Cornell ] did n’t smoke, drink, or take drugs through the recording. ” [ 135 ] however, Morello said : “ Chris was stone unplayful during the make of our Out of Exile album. Chris was besides sober during the reach of Revelations and anterior to recording he gave up smoke a well. I apologize for any confusion or refer that was stirred up by the original article. sobriety can be a matter of biography or death and Chris ‘s courage in maintaining his health for years has been an inhalation. ” [ 136 ] News about Cornell ‘s deviation emerged in July 2006, when insiders stated that after the one-third album he would leave to pursue for a solo career. The singer immediately denied the rumors, stating : “ We hear rumors that Audioslave is breaking up all the time. [ … ] I always good ignore [ them ]. ” [ 128 ] On February 15, 2007, Cornell formally announced his deviation from Audioslave, stating that “ Due to irresolvable personality conflicts equally well as musical differences, I am permanently leaving the band Audioslave. I wish the early three members nothing but the best in all of their future endeavors. ” [ 137 ] As the other three members were busy with the Rage Against the Machine reunion with de la Rocha coming back, and Morello and Cornell had each released solo albums in 2007, Audioslave officially disbanded. [ 138 ] [ 139 ] On January 17, 2017, it was announced that Audioslave would reunite for their first read in twelve years at Prophets of Rage ‘s Anti-Inaugural Ball, protesting President Donald Trump ‘s inauguration as President of the United States. [ 140 ] The consequence took place on January 20, 2017. [ 141 ] Asked in February 2017 if there would be more Audioslave reunion shows in the future, frontman Cornell replied, “ It ‘s constantly a possibility. I mean, we ‘ve been talking about it for at least three or four years now. We were talking about actually picking dates, and it equitable ended up not working out because everybody ‘s so busy. They have another ring again, they all have divide bands that they do themselves, I have Soundgarden and a solo career that ‘s taking up a bunch of time, and I equitable did Temple of the Dog. sol, it ‘s truly honestly ampere dim-witted as we end up having a window of time where it ‘s comfortable for everybody and we want to do it, because I decidedly feel like everybody ‘s up for it. ” [ 142 ]

other musical projects

Center for Disease Control Boys

From 1986 to 1987, Cornell was besides a member of the satirical western swing band Center for Disease Control Boys. [ 143 ]

temple of the Dog

While calm in Soundgarden, Cornell recorded an album with members of what would become Pearl Jam. This collaboration went under the name Temple of the Dog, and the self-titled album was released in 1991. The album is a protection to their reciprocal friend, and Cornell ‘s former roommate, [ 144 ] Andrew Wood. Wood, the former lead singer of Mother Love Bone, had died of a heroin overdose the year ahead. Jeff Ament and Stone Gossard of Mother Love Bone teamed up with Mike McCready, new singer Eddie Vedder, and drummer Dave Krusen in 1990, forming Pearl Jam. Cameron would finally become Pearl Jam ‘s drummer in 1998. [ 145 ] Temple of the Dog has gone on to sell more than a million copies, [ 146 ] [ 147 ] thanks in big part to the singles “ Say Hello 2 Heaven “ and “ Hunger Strike “, the latter of which features a couple between Cornell and Vedder. This was the first time Vedder was recorded professionally. [ 148 ] Vedder said about Hunger Strike in the 2009 book Grunge Is Dead ; “ I actually like hearing that song. I feel like I could be real proud of it – because one, I did n’t write it, and two, it was such a nice way to be usher onto vinyl for the first time. I ‘m indebted to Chris time endless for being invited onto that track. ” [ 149 ] During a 2003 Pearl Jam show at the Santa Barbara Bowl, Cornell appeared as a surprise guest. After playing a short acoustic located, Cornell joined Vedder and the perch of the band to perform “ Hunger hit ” and “ Reach Down ”. [ 150 ] On October 6, 2009, Cornell made a storm appearance during a Pearl Jam concert at the Gibson Amphitheater in Los Angeles. The reunite Temple of the Dog played “ Hunger fall upon ”. At the end of the concert, Cornell took a bow with the band along with Jerry Cantrell of Alice in Chains. [ 151 ] In September 2011, he joined members of Pearl Jam for a Temple of the Dog hot reunion at the two-day PJ20 Festival at Alpine Valley, Wisconsin. [ 152 ] On both October 25 and 26, 2014, Cornell joined Pearl Jam onstage to perform “ Hunger strike ” at Shoreline Amphitheater in Mountain View, California during the 28th Annual Bridge School Benefit, the latter being the final meter that Vedder and Cornell performed the birdcall together. [ 153 ] On January 30, 2015, Pearl Jam bandmates ( subtraction Vedder ) Stone Gossard, Jeff Ament, and Matt Cameron joined Chris Cornell and Mike McCready during the Mad Season Sonic Evolution Concert at Benaroya Hall with the Seattle Symphony. The group performed two songs, “ Reach Down ” and “ Call Me a Dog ”. [ 154 ] The set toured for the first time in the fall of 2016 in celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of their self-titled album. [ 155 ] [ 156 ] Vedder did not participate on the tour citing “ class commitments ”, but the crowd sang his part in “ Hunger strike ”, [ 157 ] and Cornell dedicated the song to Vedder during the band ‘s concert at the Paramount Theatre in Seattle on November 21, 2016. [ 158 ]

M.A.C.C .

In 1992, Cornell and three other former members of Temple of the Dog played under the diagnose M.A.C.C. ( McCready, Ament, Cameron, Cornell ), recording the song “ Hey Baby ( New Rising Sun ) ” [ 159 ] for the 1993 album, Stone Free: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix. [ 160 ] The ring performed the birdcall alive for the first time during the first Temple of the Dog go in November 2016. [ 161 ]

Collaborations

Cornell worked as a co-producer and backing singer on the Screaming Trees ‘ 1991 album, Uncle Anesthesia. [ 162 ] [ 163 ] In 1992, Cornell co-wrote the song “ The message ” for the album Cuatro by the metallic band Flotsam and Jetsam. [ 164 ]
Cornell performing at Ottawa Bluesfest in 2011 Cornell, together with Layne Staley and Jerry Cantrell of Alice in Chains, and Mark Arm of Mudhoney, contributed vocals on the Alice in Chains song “ correct turn ”, from the 1992 EP Sap, although the band given credit for this song is Alice Mudgarden. [ 165 ] The song was featured in the 2001 film Black Hawk Down. [ 166 ] Cornell contributed vocals on Alice Cooper ‘s “ Stolen Prayer ” [ 167 ] and “ Unholy War ” [ 168 ] ( which he besides wrote ) from the 1994 album, The Last Temptation. In 1997, Cornell collaborated with Eleven on a rendition of the sung, “ Ave Maria “, for the Christmas compilation album, A Very Special Christmas 3. [ 169 ] In the ’90s, Cornell teamed up with Heart ‘s Ann and Nancy Wilson for a cover of the Rolling Stones ‘ “ Wild Horses “, when the sisters were performing as The Lovemongers. [ 170 ] Bootleg versions of the live performances are available on-line. [ 170 ] Cornell and the Wilsons besides performed “ godforsaken Horses ” and The Lovemongers ‘ sung “ Sand “ at Layne Staley ‘s funeral in 2002. [ 171 ] [ 172 ] It was falsely believed ( for many years ) [ citation needed ] that Cornell had written the Eleven song “ person to Die For ”, featured on the 2004 Spider-Man 2 soundtrack. The song is performed by Jimmy Gnecco of Ours and Brian May of Queen on the soundtrack, and the lyrics are credited to Alain Johannes, Natasha Shneider and Cornell in the album. [ 173 ] however, the ASCAP song database only shows Johannes and Shneider as the songwriters. [ 174 ] Cornell had recorded a demonstration of the song some time earlier, [ citation needed ] which was released only to members of the Eleven street team. [ citation needed ] The version recorded by Cornell and Eleven can be found on the internet. [ 175 ] Cornell co-wrote ( with Brian Howes ) David Cook ‘s first gear post- American Idol album individual, “ Light On “, released in 2008. And in 2009, he contributed vocals on the song, “ Mister Dirt ”, from the album, Good.Night.Melody, by Joshua David Lewis. [ 176 ] In 2009, Cornell co-wrote a song with a fan named Rory de la Rosa, who had lost his six-year-old daughter to cancer in 2008, and he was diagnosed with the like illness concisely afterwards. He reached out to Cornell to tell him how much his music impacted his biography and besides the chemical bond it helped create for him and his daughter, and he sent Cornell a poem called “I Promise It’s Not Goodbye”. Cornell was therefore be active that he turned the poem into a song with the same title. De la Rosa gave Cornell license to post the song on-line. It was available for free download on Cornell ‘s official web site in April 2009. Cornell asked, however, that his fans would consider making a contribution in memory of Rory ‘s daughter and to help ease the fiscal burden of his disease. [ 177 ] [ 178 ] In 2013, Cornell made the sung available for streaming on his official web site in honor of the kids who lost their lives in the Sandy Hook tragedy. Links were provided for donations in memory of the victims. [ 179 ] Cornell sang one song ( which he co-wrote ) on “Slash”, Slash ‘s solo phonograph record released in April 2010. [ 180 ] The sung is called “ Promise ” and it was premiered at amazon.com on March 26, 2010. [ 181 ] He contributed vocals on the sung, “ Lies ”, on the 2010 album, Third and Double, by Gabin which was subsequently released as a one in October 2010. Cornell appears on the Carlos Santana album Guitar Heaven: The Greatest Guitar Classics of All Time, where he sings on the cover of Led Zeppelin ‘s “ Whole Lotta Love “. [ 182 ] Cornell wrote the lyrics and shared vocals with Andrew Wood in the song “ Island of Summer ”, which was recorded while they were living together in Seattle. [ 144 ] The birdcall was released for the first time in the 2011 album “ Melodies & Dreams ”, a collection of Wood ‘s unreleased recordings and demonstration. [ 183 ] Cornell sings backing vocals in a top of the Everly Brothers ‘ song “ All I Have to Do Is Dream “, on Rita Wilson ‘s debut album AM/FM, released in 2012. [ 184 ] On April 18, 2013, the Seattle dance band Heart was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, [ 185 ] and Cornell gave Heart ‘s induction lecture and emotionally talked about what heroes and character models Ann and Nancy Wilson had been to him and other musicians in Seattle. “ For me, and for countless other men and women, they have earned, at hanker final, their rightful invest in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, ” Cornell said. [ 186 ] Cornell besides joined companion Seattle musicians Jerry Cantrell and Mike McCready to play guitar for Heart ‘s hit song “ Barracuda “ aboard Ann and Nancy Wilson at the ceremony. [ 187 ] On January 30, 2015, Cornell joined Mike McCready and Barrett Martin plus Duff McKagan, Sean Kinney, the Seattle Symphony and others in a extra ‘Sonic Evolution ‘ concert at Seattle ‘s Benaroya Hall in a protection to Mad Season. [ 188 ] The performance was released as a be album in August 2015, entitled Mad Season / Seattle Symphony: Sonic Evolution / January 30, 2015 / Benaroya Hall. [ 189 ] Proceeds will benefit the Seattle Symphony and Vitalogy Foundation. [ 189 ]

soundtrack contributions

In 1992, Cornell contributed his inaugural solo song “ Seasons ”, and Soundgarden ‘s “ Birth Ritual ” to the Singles soundtrack. [ 190 ] He besides contributed the song “ Sunshower ” ( a bonus racetrack on the japanese release of Euphoria Morning ) to the soundtrack of the 1998 film Great Expectations, [ 191 ] and a rework version of the cut “ Mission ”, retitled “ mission 2000 ”, was used on the soundtrack to the 2000 film, Mission: Impossible 2. [ 192 ] Cornell and composer David Arnold collaborated on the song “ You Know My name “, which Cornell co-wrote and perform and which accompanies the open titles for the 2006 James Bond movie, Casino Royale. [ 193 ] “ You Know My diagnose ” is the first subject sung since 1983 ‘s Octopussy to use a different claim than the film, the foremost ever sung by a male american english, and the first ever title theme song that did not appear on the soundtrack album. “ You Know My name ” won a 2006 Satellite Award in the class of Best Original Song, [ 194 ] and a 2007 World Soundtrack Award in the class of Best Original Song Written Directly for a Film. [ 195 ] The song sold 323,000 digital copies and 3.5 million streams, [ 3 ] and was besides nominated for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or other ocular Media at the 2008 Grammy Awards. [ 196 ] It was the first sung recorded for his solo album Carry On, which he began exploit on in 2007 .
In August 2011, Cornell released “ The Keeper ”, an original birdcall written for the Marc Forster -directed 2011 film Machine Gun Preacher. The song was nominated for a Golden Globe Award in 2012. For the first gear 24 hours after its release, the song was entirely available as part of the “ Donate to Download ” campaign for Sam Childers ‘ Angels of East Africa children ‘s charity. The song is besides the contribute lead on the movie ‘s soundtrack album. [ 197 ] In 2012, Soundgarden released their first song in 15 years, “ Live to Rise “, written for The Avengers movie soundtrack. [ 62 ] In 2013, Cornell wrote the song “ misery chain ”, for the soundtrack to the film 12 Years a Slave, in which he performed a couple with Joy Williams. [ 198 ] [ 199 ] In 2016, Cornell covered the song “ Stay With Me Baby “ for the soundtrack of the HBO TV series Vinyl. Cornell said about recording the birdcall ; “ I was very honored to be asked to record a version of ‘Stay With Me Baby ‘ for Vinyl. I get to pay protection to Terry Reid, whose interpretation of the sung has been a darling of mine for many years, and be included on a capital soundtrack with an amaze group of artists. ” [ 200 ] In November 2016, Cornell sang a screen of The Beatles ‘ “ Drive My Car “ on episode 18b of the enliven children ‘s television series Beat Bugs. [ 201 ] His last soundtrack contribution was the song “ The Promise “, written for the ending credits for the movie of the lapp name released in 2017. [ 104 ]

Influences, melodious dash, and vocal music ability

Cornell performing with Soundgarden in 2014

Cornell cited Paul McCartney, XTC, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Ultravox, [ 202 ] and Bauhaus [ 203 ] as some of the artists he liked. Cornell ‘s songwriting often features non-standard chord progressions and melodies that do not conform with one diatonic scale. A big exercise is “ Black Hole Sun ”, which not entirely involves many kinds of open chords and respective samara changes in short sequences, but besides unique tune phrases with large- interval jumps. [ 204 ] A perennial characteristic is his use of major-only chord sequences ( “ Sweet Euphoria ”, [ 205 ] “ Pretty Noose ” [ 206 ] ), which besides leads to more subtle key changes. Cornell ‘s most concentrate example of his own songwriting style remains on his first solo album Euphoria Morning, [ 207 ] as his subsequent works, whether with Audioslave or on his belated solo albums, tend toward the ceremonious and only occasionally contain short but imaginative interludes ( e.g., “ Like a Stone ”, [ 208 ] “ Disappearing Act ”, “ No such Thing ” ). [ 209 ] Cornell was a baritone, [ 210 ] [ 211 ] [ 212 ] with a song range of “ closely ” four octaves [ 213 ] [ 214 ] ( from C 2 to A 5 ). [ 215 ] He had the ability to sing highly high in the tenor range, [ 216 ] equally well as in the lower register of a baritone voice. He showcased this in respective songs, most notably the studio and the show versions of “ Beyond the Wheel ”, where he can be heard spanning three octaves. He besides experimented with assorted different vocal music styles, ranging from light falsetto, to high falsetto screams, and chants. In addition to singing rock and metallic element chiefly with Soundgarden and Audioslave, Cornell sang the blues, [ 217 ] neo-soul [ 26 ] and stripped acoustic numbers. [ 218 ] The New York Times music critic Jon Pareles wrote, “ As it rose, higher and higher, Mr. Cornell ‘s voice could sustain a tune through the rub, or it could confront hard-rock turbulence with grunts, rasp, wails, bitter moans and, at the top of his range, full-bodied scream that admitted no weakness. ” [ 213 ]

early work

Cornell made a cameo in the 1992 Seattle-based film Singles directed by Cameron Crowe, in which he appeared opposite Matt Dillon and Bridget Fonda. [ 219 ] He besides appeared onstage with Soundgarden performing the song “ Birth Ritual ” in a golf club. Cornell was Crowe ‘s original choice for the function of Cliff Poncier ( played by Dillon ), but he was unable to do it due to Soundgarden ‘s busy agenda. [ 220 ] Cornell was the face of fashion producer John Varvatos ‘ 2006 ad campaign. [ 221 ] Cornell became a restaurateur with the opening of his restaurant, Black Calavados, in Paris, [ 34 ] and was besides the owner of the music publication company You Make Me Sick I Make Music. [ 222 ] In 2009, Cornell planned to turn Philip Carlo ‘s dependable crime koran The Night Stalker: The Life and Crimes of Richard Ramirez, into a film, collaborating with Carlo to produce the screenplay. [ 223 ] In 2011, James Franco was attached to direct the film and leading in the role of Ramirez. [ 224 ]

In popular culture

garbage ‘s song “ Fix Me nowadays ” from the band ‘s debut album was in the first place called “ Chris Cornell ”. According to lead singer Shirley Manson, she was obsessed with Cornell at the meter of the release of Soundgarden ‘s stumble song “ Black Hole Sun “. A demonstration translation of “ Fix Me now ” has Manson singing Cornell ‘s name. [ 225 ] The line “ I ‘m looking California, and feeling Minnesota ” from Soundgarden ‘s song “ Outshined “ ( written by Cornell ), inspired the championship of Steven Baigelman ‘s 1996 film Feeling Minnesota, starring Keanu Reeves and Cameron Diaz. [ 226 ] Cornell ‘s sung “ Preaching the end of the World ” from his debut solo album Euphoria Morning, inspired the title of Lorene Scafaria ‘s 2012 film Seeking a Friend for the End of the World, starring Steve Carell and Keira Knightley. [ 227 ] [ 228 ] Cornell was an answer on the crippled testify Jeopardy! on February 12, 2018. The clue was, “ In 2017, music fans were saddened by the death of this Soundgarden singer ”. [ 229 ]

personal liveliness

In 1985, Cornell started dating Susan Silver, [ 230 ] [ 231 ] [ 232 ] the coach of Alice in Chains, Soundgarden and Screaming Trees, [ 233 ] and they married in 1990. [ 31 ] [ 234 ] They had a daughter, Lillian Jean, born on June 28, 2000. [ 235 ] Cornell and Silver divorced in 2004. [ 234 ] In 2004, he married Vicky Karayiannis, [ 236 ] [ 237 ] a Paris-based american publicist of greek inheritance. [ 34 ] The couple had a daughter together, Toni, in September 2004, [ 234 ] [ 34 ] and a son, Christopher Nicholas, in December 2005. [ 238 ] In 2012, the Cornells created the Chris and Vicky Cornell Foundation [ 239 ] [ 240 ] which works to aid the homeless, the poor, and abused or neglect children. In 2013, a helping of proceeds from slate sales went to benefit the causal agent. [ 241 ] In a 2008 television receiver interview, Cornell said about religion, “ I do n’t follow any particular one. … ultimately I think I ‘m kind of a deist and kind of afford. … thus many bad things–as well as dear things–have happened based on people equitable screen of blindly following religion that I kind of feel like I want to stay away from any type of specific appellation or any religion period. ” [ 242 ]

Friendships with Andrew Wood and Eddie Vedder

Cornell was a close friend of late singer Andrew Wood, who was his roommate in Seattle. [ 144 ] While living together, they recorded the birdcall “ Island of Summer ”, [ 183 ] which was written by Cornell and is the entirely existing recording of the two of them singing together. The song was released in 2011 in the album Melodies & Dreams, a solo album from Andrew Wood featuring unreleased songs he recorded throughout his life. [ 243 ] Wood ‘s sudden death in 1990 led Cornell to make a tribute album for him with the ring Temple of the Dog. In a 2016 interview with The Guardian promoting the first go of Temple of the Dog, Cornell said about Wood ‘s end : “ I ‘ve always had a in truth unmanageable prison term with loss. I did n’t deal well with Andy ‘s death. After he died, numerous times I ‘d be driving and I would look out the window and I thought I saw him. It would take me five minutes to update to the consequence and realize, ‘no, he ‘s actually dead. ‘ This enlistment, in a smell, is the dealing. It ‘s facing the reality. ” [ 244 ] During a 1994 Rolling Stone interview on Kurt Cobain ‘s suicide, when asked if it is legitimate to read a songwriter ‘s suicide into his lyrics after the fact, Cornell said :

When Andy [ Wood ] died, I could n’t listen to his songs for about two years after that, and it was for that reason—his lyrics often seem as though they can tell that narrative. But then again, my lyrics often could tell the same one. In terms of seeing everything as a matter of animation and death—if that ‘s what you ‘re feeling at the prison term, then that ‘s what you ‘re going to write. It ‘s classify of a ghoulish exchange when person who is a writer like that dies, and then everyone starts picking through all their lyrics. In Kurt ‘s case, whatever he was thinking and whatever he was writing, there was n’t an arrow orient at what his demise was. It ‘s a current of think, it ‘s a possibility—it ‘s decidedly something that person was feeling when they were writing. It does n’t mean that it ‘s going to happen. But it does n’t inevitably mean that it is n’t, either. [ 30 ]

Cornell was good friends with Pearl Jam frontman Eddie Vedder. Cornell was one of the first people that Vedder met outside his Pearl Jam bandmates after moving to Seattle in 1990. [ 245 ] The two were neighbors for a while and had shared vocal duties in Temple of The Dog. [ 245 ] Soundgarden coach Susan Silver recalled in the 2009 book Grunge Is Dead: The Oral History of Seattle Rock Music the here and now in 1990 that Cornell walked Vedder onstage at the second prove performed by Pearl Jam ( then named Mookie Blaylock ) in Seattle : “ Alice in Chains filmed the show at Moore theater in 1990 and that was the show this new ring [ Mookie Blaylock ] opened for them. Everyone was still reeling from Andy [ Andrew Wood ] ‘s death … and they had n’t actually played out even. The band came on and Chris carried Eddie onto the stage – he was on his shoulders. It was one of those super brawny moments, where it was all a large curative for everybody. He came out as this guy who had all the credibility in the world – in terms of people in Seattle – and Malfunkshun and Mother Love Bone were loved bands. Andy was such an endear personality. It was a hard thing to do – to show up after people die. And Chris bringing Eddie out, and pointing at him, adenine much to say, ‘This is your guy now. ‘ ” [ 246 ] [ 247 ] Pearl Jam tip guitarist Mike McCready said about their friendship ; “ Ed was from San Diego and he felt very intimidated in Seattle. Chris in truth welcomed him. Ed was super, ace shy. Chris took him out for beers and told him stories. He was like, ‘Hey, welcome to Seattle. I love Jeff [ Ament ] and Stone [ Gossard ]. I give you my blessing. ‘ From then on he was more relax. It was one of the coolest things I saw Chris do. ” [ 248 ] In September 2011, Vedder introduced Cornell at a concert in Alpine Valley before performing “ Hunger strike ” with him, saying, “ I had no mind how he would affect my life and my views on music and my views on friendship and what a big impact he would have. These guys [ the other members of Pearl Jam ] know him much longer than me and his impact is profound. ” [ 249 ] [ 245 ] The friendship between Vedder and Cornell is besides featured in the 2011 objective Pearl Jam Twenty. [ 250 ]

Depression and kernel pervert

Cornell struggled with low [ 210 ] [ 251 ] [ 31 ] and had multiple addictions [ 30 ] [ 31 ] [ 134 ] which he was able to manage until 1997, when Soundgarden disbanded and his beginning marriage was failing. [ 29 ] At that point, Cornell turned to OxyContin and other substances. [ 29 ] He said about that time period, “ I went through a serious crisis with depression where I did n’t eat a unharmed meal every day. I was just kind of shutting down. I finally found that the only way out of that was to change about everything in my life. That was a very frighten thing to do, but it was worthwhile. ” [ 34 ] He checked into a rehabilitation center in 2002 [ 112 ] [ 252 ] and drop out drink and smoke round 2005. [ 135 ] [ 253 ] Cornell stated in a 1996 interview : “ I know what it feels like to be self-destructive, and I know what it feels like to be hopeless. There is some point where I learnt enough about myself to know that I do n’t have the tolerance to create other hurdles as well. ” [ 254 ] In 1999, Cornell said the following about depression :

No one truly knows what run-of-the-mill depression is. You ‘ll think person has run-of-the-mill depression, and then the future thing you know, they ‘re hanging from a r-2. It ‘s hard to tell the remainder. But I do feel that depressive disorder can be useful. Sometimes it ‘s just chemical. It does n’t seem to come from anywhere. And whenever I ‘ve been in any kind of depression, I ‘ve over the years tried to not only imagine what it feels like to not be there, but try to remind myself that I could just wake up the next day and it could be gone because that happens, and not to worry about it. And at the like fourth dimension, when I ‘m feeling big, I remember the depression and think about the differences in what I ‘m feeling and why I would feel that way, and not be reactionary one room or the other. You just have to realize that these are patterns of life and you fair go through them. [ 255 ]

At the senesce of 12, Cornell had access to alcohol, marijuana and prescription drug drugs ; he used them daily by 13, stopped for a year, but relapsed at historic period 15 for another class until he turned to music. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] In a 2006 interview, Cornell revealed that at the age of 14, he had a badly PCP experience and late suffered from panic disorder and agoraphobia :

It ‘s not like you go to your dad or your doctor and say, ‘Yeah, I smoked PCP and I ‘m having a bad time. ‘ so I became more or less agoraphobic because I ‘d have flashbacks. From 14 to 16, I did n’t have any friends. I stayed family most of the time. Up public treasury then life was reasonably great … I never did any drugs until my late 20s. unfortunately, being a child of two alcoholics, I started drinking a lot, and that ‘s what finally got me back into drugs. You often hear that potentiometer leads to harder drugs. But I think alcohol is what leads you to everything, because it takes away the fear. The worst drug experiment I always did was because I was drink and did n’t care. [ 32 ]

In May 2007, Cornell was honored with the Stevie Ray Vaughan Award for “ his commitment and support of the MusiCares MAP Fund and his idolatry to helping early addicts with the recovery process. ” [ 256 ] The award was presented by Alice Cooper. [ 257 ] When asked how he beat his addictions, Cornell stated, “ It was a long period of coming to the realization that this means ( sober up ) is better. Going through rehab, honestly, did help … it got me away from precisely the daily drudgery of depression and either trying to not drink or do drugs or doing them and you know, they give you such a simpleton message that any idiot can get and it ‘s good over and over, but the bottom argumentation is actually, and this is the part that is chilling for everyone, the individual rather has to want it … not kinda, you have to want it and to not do that bullshit anymore or you will never stop and it will fair kill you. There ‘s nothing you can do … if your best friend has a problem and it ‘s identical serious, there ‘s nothing you ‘re going to be able to do about it and it was sad for me and the people around me. Sad for me when friends of mine died because of it. ” [ 258 ] In a 2011 interview, Cornell said the major change when Soundgarden re-formed was a miss of alcohol : “ The biggest dispute I noticed … and we have n’t even actually talked about it : there are no bottles of Jack Daniel ‘s about or beers. And we never talked about it … it ‘s equitable not there. ” [ 259 ]

Death and consequence

Around 12:15 ante meridiem on May 18, 2017, [ 260 ] Cornell ‘s bodyguard found him unconscious in the toilet of his hotel room, 1136, at the MGM Grand in Detroit, Michigan, after performing at a show with Soundgarden at the Fox Theatre on May 17. [ 261 ] He was lying on the floor with an drill ring around his neck and rake in his mouth. [ 262 ] An MGM medical officer and EMS personnel were ineffective to revive Cornell. [ 260 ] Cornell was pronounced dead by a doctor at 1:30 ante meridiem, at the age of 52. The induce of death was formally ruled a suicide by hanging. [ 260 ] Police ruled out cheating play by reviewing a hotel surveillance video recording, which showed cipher entering or exiting the suite after Cornell ‘s bodyguard left at around 11:35 p.m. [ 263 ] On June 2, 2017, the Wayne County Medical Examiner released its autopsy [ 264 ] and toxicology report in the death of Cornell. [ 265 ] The medical examiner confirmed that the campaign of death was hanging and the manner of death was ruled as suicide, adding that Cornell ‘s injuries were all “ coherent with hang, partially suspended by the resistance exercise dance band, ” [ 264 ] and that “ drugs did not contribute ” to the cause of death. [ 264 ] only prescription medications in curative doses were found in Cornell ‘s organization : [ 265 ] the sedative Butalbital ( 5.4 µg/mL ), normally prescribed for the treatment of headache ; four doses ( 41 ng/mL ) of the anti-anxiety medication lorazepam ( besides known as Ativan ) ; the decongestant pseudoephedrine ( 170 ng/mL ) and its metabolite norpseudoephedrine ( 10 ng/mL ) ; caffeine ( from No-Doz tablets that Cornell had ingested ) ; [ 265 ] [ 266 ] and naloxone ( used to reverse opioid overdoses ), which was reportedly administered by emergency personnel upon their arrival at the scene. [ 265 ] [ 267 ] No pills were found in Cornell ‘s abdomen. [ 264 ] Cornell ‘s widow stated that the Ativan was prescribed to him in 2016 as a sleep aid. [ 268 ] Photos from Cornell ‘s hotel room [ 269 ] showed that his prescription for Ativan was “ 1 pad every 12 hours. ” [ 270 ] Cornell ‘s widow contacted insurance lawyer Kirk Pasich within a few minutes after her husband ‘s death. [ 271 ] Pasich became the spokesperson for the widow and blamed Ativan for the singer ‘s death, stating that Cornell would not intentionally take his own life. [ 272 ] [ 271 ] Cornell ‘s widow said, “ When we spoke after the show, I noticed he was slurring his words ; he was different. When he told me he may have taken an extra Ativan or two, I contacted security and asked that they check on him. ” [ 272 ] [ 273 ] Following the release of the autopsy and toxicology report, Cornell ‘s widow released a argument to the press :

many of us who know Chris well noticed that he was n’t himself during his concluding hours and that something was very off. We have learned from this report that several substances were found in his system. After so many years of sobriety, this here and now of frightful judgment seems to have wholly impaired and altered his state of beware. Something distinctly went terribly wrong and my children and I are heartbroken and are devastated that this moment can never be taken back. We very much appreciate all of the love we have received during this extremely unmanageable clock and are dedicated to helping others in preventing this type of calamity. [ 266 ]

Three weeks after his end, the music television for Cornell ‘s one “ closely Forgot My Broken Heart “ was removed from YouTube. [ 274 ] Released in September 2015, [ 275 ] the television depicted the singer as a death rowing prisoner in the Old West who survived a hang. Cornell ‘s son, Christopher, besides appeared in the video recording. [ 274 ] Cornell publicly talked about his struggle with depression, isolation, and self-destructive thoughts respective times throughout his life sentence. [ 254 ] [ 255 ] [ 210 ] [ 31 ] [ 251 ] [ 30 ] This started after Cornell stated he had ingested PCP for the first and entirely clock time causing a “ deep scratch on his psyche. ” This changed his animation over night. He said he became an introvert, experienced anxiety and depression, dealing with this period for over two years. [ 276 ] Following Cornell ‘s death, his older buddy, Peter, started a political campaign to raise awareness of depression and suicide prevention. [ 277 ] A few days late, Peter revealed that he was being bullied and threatened to change the narrative of his awareness message, stating “ this bullying is coming from a invest I never could have imagined ”. [ 277 ] In October 2017, Peter reacted to criticism directed at him on social media by his brother ‘s mother-in-law. He talked about the mark surrounding mental illness and the addiction narrative being spun by his brother ‘s widow and her family to explain Cornell ‘s death, express, “ And there is that bible again. Stigma. Somehow it ‘s ‘sexy ‘ to be an addict ( of which I am besides conversant ), but let ‘s not talk about mental illness. Stigma. There are those who re-victimize and bully us. Taunt and demand us to re-live and tell the details of our afflictive breeding. To what end ? It does n’t erase the damage done. It does n’t turn back the hands of time. We are survivors. ” [ 278 ]
Chris Cornell posters in Los Angeles ( 2018 ) On July 11, 2017, the Detroit Police Department [ 279 ] released the entire police report on Cornell ‘s death, [ 262 ] along with photograph from Cornell ‘s hotel room [ 269 ] and the 911 call from the MGM Grand Detroit from the night of Cornell ‘s death. [ 280 ] The call was made by a hotel employee at 12:56 ante meridiem, reporting “ a nonresponsive guest … inside of Room 1136. ” [ 281 ] According to the report, Martin Kirsten ( Cornell ‘s bodyguard ) was at the singer ‘s hotel room at 11:30 post meridiem to help him with his computer. It besides says that Cornell ‘s wife, Vicky, talked to her conserve at 11:35 p.m. Alarmed by what she heard, Vicky phoned Kirsten to ask him to check on her husband “ because he did not sound like he was o. ” [ 282 ] According to Vicky, Cornell kept saying, “ I am equitable tired, ” and hung up the call. [ 262 ] A call option from Vicky ‘s at 12:15 ante meridiem prompted Kirsten to go to Cornell ‘s cortege to check on him. [ 262 ] unable to enter the room because of the department of the interior latch, Kirsten returned to his room and called hotel security. Security refused to assist. [ 279 ] Kirsten told police that he went to Cornell ‘s room at around 12:15 ante meridiem, but could not access the engage room. He then had a telephone conversation with Vicky, who instructed him to kick the door open as the hotel staff refused to do it. Kirsten told police in a sign statement that he kicked the bedroom door 6-7 times before it opened, then went inside and the toilet door was partially opened and he could see Cornell ‘s feet. [ 262 ] Kirsten said that Vicky was on the call with him the hale clock time asking for updates. [ 279 ] Kirsten said in his affirmation that he loosened the band around Cornell ‘s neck, then tried to resuscitate him by compressing his thorax. [ 262 ] Medical personnel arrived at 12:56 ante meridiem and tried to resuscitate Cornell, with no success. [ 282 ] [ 279 ] Cornell was pronounced dead at around 1:30 ante meridiem, [ 279 ] an hour and 15 minutes after his bodyguard was first contacted by Cornell ‘s wife. [ 262 ] It is unknown how long it took for the bodyguard to gain submission to the hotel room and find Cornell. [ 282 ] Questioned by The Detroit News why it took 41 minutes to get a checkup team to the view after the bodyguard found Cornell lying on the floor, police insisted that there were no gaps. [ 282 ] Investigators looked at the length of the earphone margin call between Cornell and his wife, and the calls the bodyguard made to security and checked video surveillance footage from the hotel hallway, and determined the timeline was accurate, and the bodyguard ‘s floor was accurate. [ 282 ] On May 15, 2018, Vicky Cornell told The Detroit News that she was dissatisfied with the autopsy report. It was incomplete and giving rise to conspiracy theorists of which she and her kin were victims. She pointed out that her husband besides suffered from a head wound mentioned in two clinical reports that did not appear in the autopsy report. [ 283 ] [ 284 ] On November 1, 2018, Vicky Cornell and her children filed lawsuit in Los Angeles Superior Court, claiming that Dr. Robert Koblin “ negligently and repeatedly ” prescribed “ dangerous mind-altering controlled substances to Chris Cornell which impaired Mr. Cornell ‘s cognition, clouded his judgment, and caused him to engage in dangerous capricious behaviors that he was ineffective to control, costing him his life. ” [ 285 ] The courtship claims Koblin prescribed lorazepam over a period of 20 months without seeing Cornell. [ 285 ] In his motion for dismissal, Koblin denied all accusations of negligence and said that Cornell was well aware of the risks built-in to the medication, which he was taking to treat anxiety. Koblin ordered Cornell the first prescription of lorazepam in September 2015. Koblin insisted that he did everything within his office to help Cornell, and that a malpractice law should shield him from being sued. [ 286 ] In April 2021, the two parties settled on a confidential agreement. [ 287 ]

Memorial and tributes

Cornell ‘s grave accent at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery Cornell ‘s body was cremated on May 23, 2017. [ 288 ] His funeral took place on May 26, 2017, at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles. [ 289 ] Attendees and speakers at the ceremony included Soundgarden members Kim Thayil, Matt Cameron, and Ben Shepherd, equally well as former members Hiro Yamamoto and Scott Sundquist, along with Audioslave ‘s Tom Morello, and Pearl Jam/Temple of the Dog members Jeff Ament and Mike McCready, [ 290 ] The mourners included friends and families ampere well as many luminary musicians [ 291 ] [ 292 ] and others. [ 293 ] The ceremony began with the cemetery ‘s speakers playing Audioslave ‘s “ Like a Stone ”, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as Cornell ‘s last solo birdcall released before his death, “ The Promise ”. Linkin Park ‘s Chester Bennington and Brad Delson performed Leonard Cohen ‘s “ Hallelujah ”. At the end of the funeral, Temple of the Dog ‘s song “ All Night Thing ” accompanied mourners as they exited. [ 293 ] Cornell ‘s ashes were placed next to his acquaintance Johnny Ramone ‘s cenotaph statue [ 293 ] — Ramone is not buried there, he was cremated and his ashes were retained by his widow. [ 294 ] Seattle ‘s Space Needle observation tugboat went dark from 9:00 post meridiem to 10:00 post meridiem PST on May 18, 2017, in honor of Cornell and his contributions to the city ‘s music setting. [ 295 ] In the same night, Ann Wilson paid protection to Cornell singing Soundgarden ‘s “ Black Hole Sun ” on Jimmy Kimmel Live!. [ 296 ] Soundgarden ‘s drummer, Matt Cameron, was the first of Cornell ‘s former bandmates to comment on his death saying “ my dark knight is gone ” via Facebook. [ 297 ] Pearl Jam, for whom Cameron besides drums, released a tribute on their web site with a mental picture of Cornell entitled “ Chris ”. [ 298 ] Cornell ‘s Audioslave bandmate, Tom Morello, wrote a poem in tribute to him. [ 299 ] Alice in Chains paid tribute with a photograph of Cornell on their social media pages with the subtitle, “ We are heartbroken ”. [ 300 ] Faith No More changed the home page of the band ‘s official web site to a protection to Cornell after his death. [ 301 ] [ 302 ] The message could still be seen on the web site until November 9, 2017. [ 303 ] The Seattle Mariners held a pregame tribute to Cornell anterior to their crippled against the Chicago White Sox on May 19 with a moment of muteness and videoboard tribute to Cornell. [ 304 ] Oakland Athletics ‘s player Trevor Plouffe changed his walk-up music to “ Black Hole Sun ” to honor Cornell. [ 305 ] Linkin Park dedicated their performance of “ One More light “ on Jimmy Kimmel ‘s show, in tribute to Cornell. [ 306 ] During the 2017 Billboard Music Awards, Imagine Dragons ‘ star singer, Dan Reynolds, paid protection to Cornell remembering his life and career and asking for a moment of muteness as a photograph of Cornell filled television receiver screens at family and the monitors in the venue. [ 307 ] On May 23, 2017, Norah Jones performed a alone piano cover of “ Black Hole Sun ” at Detroit ‘s Fox Theatre, the theater Chris stopping point performed in. [ 308 ] During his solo concert in London on June 6, 2017, Eddie Vedder talked for the first base time about Cornell since his death, saying “ he was n’t just a ally, he was person I looked up to like my older brother ” and “ I will live with those memories in my heart and I will love him everlastingly. ” [ 309 ] Cornell ‘s former Audioslave bandmates paid tribute to him during a Prophets of Rage concert in Berlin on June 7, playing an implemental translation of “ Like a pit ” with a single spotlight shining down on an empty mic at kernel stage as the hearing filled in on vocals. It was late performed with Serj Tankian of System of a Down on vocals. [ 310 ] At the Alternative Press Music Awards on July 17, the dance band Pierce The Veil paid tribute to Cornell with their interpretation of “ Black Hole Sun ” while images of Cornell were displayed on a screen above the degree. Near the end of the operation, an audio of Cornell singing the song was played. [ 311 ] On July 20, 2017, the day that would have been Cornell ‘s 53rd birthday, Pearl Jam guitarist Stone Gossard, who played with Cornell in Temple of the Dog, wrote a letter to him in a post shared on Pearl Jam ‘s official web site. Cornell and Gossard share the same birthday. [ 312 ] In August 2017, Seattle-based singer Shawn Smith announced a single in tribute to Cornell, “ The Way You Made Your Garden Grow ”, set to be released on his first alone vinyl album. Smith said in a statement : “ Written and recorded in loving tribute to the glorious Chris Cornell, who left us the day before this seance. We will never stop singing your songs. Goodbye for now, Chris … Love Never Dies. ” [ 313 ] Foo Fighters ‘ drummer Taylor Hawkins added a tribute trope of Cornell on his touring drum kit in August 2017. [ 314 ] Cornell ‘s Soundgarden bandmate, Matt Cameron, paid court to him in his first solo album titled Cavedweller, with the inscription “ For Chris ” [ 315 ] on the vinyl adaptation of the album, [ 316 ] which was released on September 22, 2017. [ 317 ] Cornell heard the album two months before his death and was very supportive of Cameron ‘s alone introduction. [ 317 ] The movie American Satan, released in October 2017, paid protection to Cornell and other artists who have died since production on the movie began with a music video featuring the band portrayed in the film, The Relentless, playing a cover of Neil Young ‘s birdcall “ Hey Hey, My My “. [ 318 ] During Pearl Jam ‘s beginning concert since Cornell ‘s death in Santiago, Chile on March 13, 2018, lead singer Eddie Vedder dedicated the sung “ Come Back ” ( from Pearl Jam ‘s 2006 self-titled album ) to Cornell, while drummer Matt Cameron wore a jersey with a portrayal of Cornell on the back during the show. [ 319 ] On April 14, 2018, Cornell ‘s longtime friends Ann Wilson and Jerry Cantrell paid protection to him during the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame ceremony with a interpretation of Soundgarden ‘s “ Black Hole Sun “. At the end of the performance, a photograph of Cornell was displayed on a blind behind the stage and Cantrell turned around and raised his fist saluting Cornell. [ 320 ] U2 dedicated the song “ Running to Stand however “ to Cornell at their concert of May 20, 2017 at the Rose Bowl. Before that concert began, “ Black Hole Sun ” played over the PA. [ 321 ] One year late, they saluted Cornell with a snip of “ Black Hole Sun ” during their concert in Inglewood, Calif., on May 16, 2018. [ 322 ] On the first anniversary of Cornell ‘s death on May 18, 2018, Alice in Chains paid tribute to him covering two Soundgarden songs, “ Hunted Down “ and “ Boot Camp “, respectively, closing their headline set at the Rock on the Range festival in Columbus, Ohio. Towards the conclusion of “ Boot Camp ”, the lights on stage spelled out “ CC ” for Chris Cornell and “ SG ” for Soundgarden as feedback ring out. Soundgarden was scheduled to headline the festival in 2017 prior Cornell ‘s death. [ 323 ] [ 324 ] On May 20, 2018, Tool dedicated their entire set at Rock on the Range to the friends and family of Cornell. [ 325 ] American rock candy band Guns N ‘ Roses paid protection to Cornell on their not In This life … Tour. Alice in Chains ‘ sung “ Never Fade “ from their 2018 album Rainier Fog was partially inspired by Cornell ‘s end. [ 326 ] One of Cornell ‘s acoustic guitars was besides played by both Jerry Cantrell and William DuVall in the album. [ 327 ] In July 2018, Ann Wilson released her cover of Audioslave ‘s “ I Am The Highway “ in protection to Cornell. The song is featured on her covers album Immortal, which honors Wilson ‘s friends and early artists that have inspired her and who died recently. [ 328 ] A life-size bronze statue of Cornell was placed at Seattle Center in October 2018. [ 329 ] A compilation album titled Chris Cornell was released on November 16, 2018, featuring songs from Cornell ‘s solo career and his three bands. [ 330 ] On January 16, 2019, a five-hour protection concert to Cornell named “ I Am The Highway ” was held at The Forum in Los Angeles and featured Foo Fighters, Metallica, Melvins, adenine well as members of Soundgarden, Audioslave and Temple of the Dog performing Cornell ‘s songs aboard artists such as Fiona Apple, Jerry Cantrell, William DuVall, Miguel, Nikka Costa, Adam Levine, Jesse Carmichael, Jack Black, Geezer Butler, Ryan Adams, Taylor Momsen, Brandi Carlile, Perry Farrell, Juliette Lewis, Josh Homme, Miley Cyrus, Alain Johannes, Wayne Kramer, Peter Frampton and Ziggy Marley. [ 331 ] Eddie Vedder covered Cornell ‘s “ Seasons ” at Düsseldorf ‘s Mitsubishi Electric Halle on June 30, 2019, and dedicated it to Cornell ‘s daughter Lily. [ 332 ] On July 20, 2020, Cornell ‘s eldest daughter, Lily Cornell Silver launched an IGTV interview series on Instagram titled “ Mind Wide Open ” in honor of her father ‘s 56th birthday. The deputation of the series is to help destigmatize the conversations around mental health. [ 333 ] The like day, Cornell’s estate of the realm released a previously unreleased cover of Guns N ‘ Roses ‘s 1988 ballad, “ solitaire “. [ 334 ] The song was a single from covers album No One Sings Like You Anymore, Vol. 1 released on December 11, 2020. [ 335 ]

Connections to other singers ‘ suicides

music journalists noted obviously coincident relationships between Cornell ‘s suicide and those of two other rock singers, one in the past and another concisely subsequently, who besides hanged themselves. [ 336 ] [ 337 ] Theodore Decker of the Columbus Dispatch, the daily newspaper in Columbus, Ohio, where Cornell was due to play his future show, noted that Ian Curtis, the jumper cable singer of the british post-punk dance band, Joy Division, [ 336 ] whom Cornell had said in a 1994 Rolling Stone consultation was democratic with the members of Soundgarden, [ 30 ] took his own animation on May 18, 1980, precisely 37 years earlier Cornell, and by the lapp method acting as well. Curtis, known for lyrics that, as Cornell ‘s sometimes had, explored despair and depression, had become legendary as a leave after his death, Decker recalled. however, Stephen Morris, one of Curtis ‘s bandmates ( who late became New Order ) recalled Curtis not as the “ pensiveness rock deity ” Decker said he became posthumously but as “ an ordinary chap precisely like you or me. ” Decker recalled the other deaths of musicians who had risen from Seattle ‘s dirt scene in the early 1990s and called on Cornell ‘s fans to remember that he, excessively, was a human being who might inactive be animated if he had gotten the aid he needed. [ 336 ] Two months after Cornell ‘s end, on July 20, 2017, the day on what would have been Cornell ‘s 53rd birthday, Chester Bennington, the leash singer of Linkin Park, besides died by hanging himself. [ 337 ] Bennington had been a close acquaintance of Cornell ‘s ; the two had performed in concert on some occasions and Bennington was the godfather to Cornell ‘s son, Christopher. [ 337 ] Bennington besides sang Leonard Cohen ‘s “ Hallelujah “ at Cornell ‘s funeral. [ 337 ] Bennington ‘s family and bandmates said he had taken Cornell ‘s death intemperate. Bennington ‘s Linkin Park bandmate Mike Shinoda said that the singer had been unable to complete a performance of the band ‘s birdcall “ One More light ”, about the end of a acquaintance, both in rehearsals and populate, when they appeared on Jimmy Kimmel Live! soon after Cornell ‘s end. [ 338 ]

bequest

In a 1989 interview with Rolling Stone, Axl Rose stated : “ I enjoy Soundgarden. The singer [ Cornell ] equitable buries me. The guy sings so great. ” [ 339 ] Rose besides stated that Cornell was the best singer in rock. [ 340 ] [ 341 ] In a 2009 consultation, Ronnie James Dio stated : “ I think Chris Cornell is such a great singer, and those guys [ from Soundgarden ] write sol well and constantly write well — I mean, I love what he ‘s done with Audioslave and the things he ‘s done since then. ” [ 342 ] In a 2009 interview, Eddie Vedder stated that Cornell was “ the best singer that we ‘ve got on the planet ”. [ 343 ] In April 2017, Scott Stapp stated that Cornell was “ the greatest saturated Rock singer ”. He added, “ I ‘m very a huge fan of him, and everything that he has done. I just think all around that he is an extremely talented artist, songwriter, singer, and guitar musician. He can do so many different things to evoke emotion. From the soul, to the top end of his stove when he gets metallic element and aggressive, to his choice of melodies and how the tune in itself, despite what he ‘s saying, can incite emotion. I think he ‘ll go down in history as one of the greats. ” [ 344 ] After hearing about his death, Alice Cooper stated : “ Chris Cornell, in our circle, was known as ‘The Voice ‘ because he had the best articulation in rock and roll. I was golden enough to write and record two songs with him. His death comes as a sum daze to all of us. ‘Black Hole Sun ‘ will live on as a classic, and his is a true bequest of rock ‘n’ roll and roll. ” [ 345 ] Living Colour guitarist Vernon Reid stated : “ There are barely any words to describe my grief over the passing of Chris Cornell … His impact as a singer, songwriter and guitarist will be felt for generations to come. ” [ 346 ] Pearl Jam bassist Jeff Ament said of Cornell : “ I ‘ve always said that Chris was the greatest songwriter to always come out of Seattle. Jimi Hendrix could play the guitar like crazy, but Chris had the song-writing chops that we all kind of hop to get to at different points in our songwriting careers. He had a way he could wrap a melody around odd meter signatures and weird parts and make them catchy. He was a beautiful wordsmith. If you look at his lyrics, he obviously was processing his pain and natural depression, and all of those things. I think that ‘s part of what people, myself included, responded to when he was singing. With the songwriting he had that articulation, there ‘s not besides many people that have that many options with their voice. He could do a lot of different things with it, and have a lot of unlike characters in that voice. I feel then golden that I got to be in a plan with him, got to hang out with him, and just sort of spectator his greatness. ” [ 347 ] Following his death, the sales and streams of Cornell ‘s discography grew by more than 550 % from the workweek prior to his death. On platforms like Spotify, Apple Music and Pandora, his songs were streamed 32.5 million times during the week in which he died. The charting week anterior to that, his tracks were played 5 million times. That same workweek, 38,000 copies of Cornell albums were sold, which represented a 1,700 % acquire in purchases ; the week before his death, only 2,000 units were sold. [ 348 ] On August 10, 2020, Nile Rodgers and Merck Mercuriadis ‘s party Hipgnosis Songs Fund acquired 100 % of Cornell ‘s catalogue of sung rights ( 241 songs ), [ 349 ] including the Soundgarden catalogue. [ 350 ]

discography

studio albums

with Soundgarden

with Temple of the Dog

with Audioslave

Awards and nominations

bibliography

  • Reiff, Corbin (2020). Total F*cking Godhead: The Biography of Chris Cornell. Post Hill Press. ISBN 978-1642932157.

See besides

References

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