Hardline (subculture) – Wikipedia

subculture that advocates a biocentric worldview
This article is about the subculture. For the political epithet, see hard-line. For the hard rock ring, see Hardline ( ring ) Hardline is a deep ecology subculture that has its roots in the vegan straight edge hard-core hood scene. [ 1 ] It is normally seen as a more extreme version of directly edge. From an initial establish statement the campaign attempted a break with the straight edge and hard-core scenes. The establish instruction and subsequent literature pushed a biocentric watch of the populace, anti-abortion stance and much more extreme version of directly edge. many hard-line bands existed, the most well known of which were Vegan Reich [ 2 ] and Raid. [ 3 ]

Beliefs [edit ]

The hard-line philosophy forbids its adherents from smoking or chewing any form of tobacco, drinking alcoholic beverages, and using illegitimate drugs or employing medicate. Hardliners ( as they are called ) are expected to follow a rigid dietary regimen based on the above-mentioned pillars of respect for innocent animation and the “ natural order ”. Hardliners eat only foods that are vegan and relatively natural ( e.g. brown rice over white, melt cane juice over white sugar, organic grow over conventional, natural oils over hydrogenated ). Human rights issues are besides factored into the movement ‘s food politics, and followers are urged to shun third-world cash crops such as coffee, cocoa, boodle, and most tropical fruits. Hardliners include caffeine in their position on mind-altering drugs so the first two items are by and large abstained from, but pulmonary tuberculosis of the last two is often given more leeway. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] In keeping with its Abrahamic view of the natural order, [ citation needed ] the intimate politics of the hard-line movement are very bourgeois. sexual activity is not allowed except for the rationality of reproduction ; thus homosexuality is seen as anathema, [ citation needed ] pornography and masturbation is abjured, birth control condition is avoided, [ citation needed ] and miscarriage is militantly opposed. Although the official hard-line stance on sexual activity is that its natural purpose is strictly generative, many hardliners justify recreational arouse within the context of commit relationships as potentially generative by opting not to use parturition dominance. Hardline has constantly been highly syncretic ( over time absorbing influences from Islam and a server of other schools of think ) and initially claimed a Taoist [ 6 ] foundation for their intimate morals. This appeal to the orientation course of the hood and hard-core scenes met with little success, and the topics of miscarriage and homosexuality have constantly been sources of tension between hardliners and their subcultural cousins. [ 4 ] [ 5 ]

history [edit ]

The hard-line subculture grew out of the hard-core punk scenery in the 1990s. Although one of the basic tenets of hard-line is that it has existed in versatile forms since the begin of prison term, the ideology was largely formulated by Sean Muttaqi of the band Vegan Reich. The hard-line doctrine is said to be rooted in one ethic ( the sacredness of innocent life ), but in world the ethos rested on that base and on an estimate of an immutable natural order. Hardline can be described as a deduction of deep ecology, straight edge, veganism and the animal rights campaign. Hardline began to attract followers shortly after the 1990 release of Vegan Reich ‘s Hardline EP and the official establish of the subculture. other bands soon formed ; the most celebrated of them being Raid from Tennessee. Sean Muttaqi, as editor program of the zine Vanguard ( hard-line ‘s official press electric organ ), was able to exert ideological charm on the movement, and caused the center of its activities to become shift to Tennessee. Many in the Memphis hard-core setting adopted Hardline stances and started editing magazines, organizing protests, engaging in direct action against industries that exploited animals, and differently acting on their new beliefs. Some of the most noteworthy achievements of Memphis Hardline were organizing the movement ‘s first annual gather and founding the long-standing Coalition to Abolish the Fur Trade ( CAFT ). Things began to fade in Memphis. Muttaqi left for Jamaica to explore Rastafari and decided to leave the hard-core scene along with hard-line altogether. Editing was transferred of Vanguard.

Hardliners were implemental in CAFT, the Animal Defense League, and Vegans For Life. Some were besides involved in Earth First !, anti-imperialist organizations, and other collectivist causes and groups. Some Hardliners from Massachusetts set out to establish an designed community in Hawaii. The feat cursorily failed due to personality conflicts ( specially the ongoing argue among group members as to whether or not cooked food was natural adequate ) and a distinct miss of necessitate agrarian and technology skills. [ citation needed ] This self-defeating discharge reflects tensions in similarly ideal communes of the 1960s and 1970s during the hippie movement and the back-to-the-land drift. Hardline grew out of straightaway boundary. The original logo of the drift was an draft of a boastfully “ ten ” ( a sign associated with straightedge ) with two thwart M16 rifles inside it. Muttaqi has said that he was foremost exposed to the estimate of fusing veganism and abstinence from drugs by an english punk named Rat. Rat had allegedly coined the term “ vegan straight border ” by the mid-1980s. [ 7 ] however, Rat was doing short to spread his ideology while Muttaqi was transforming and propagating it. Vegan Reich was for many in the hard-core scene their first photograph to ideas about militant animal dismissal, and the controversy they aroused draw considerable attention to their positions. Those in the subculture who gravitated toward animal-related causes but disagreed with some of hard-line ‘s fine points found themselves becoming vegan straightedge. Vegan straightedge band Earth Crisis initially wanted Muttaqi to release their debut EP, All Out War on his record label, Uprising Records. As hard-line came into its own, many hardliners decided that their philosophy was then beyond the constrict scenery politics of straightedge that the two were wholly unlike things. The “ ten ” was removed from the intersect rifles logo, straightedge was gratingly criticized, and hardliners were encouraged to leave the hard-core setting. much of this spring from the momentum being gained by the more activist-oriented elements within the subculture. finally hardliners came to consider their network wholly divorced from the hard-core scene. however, the nature of information dissemination in a by and large pre-Internet media environment made recruiting from outside the hard-core subculture next to impossible. Although hard-line served to involve people heavily in political activity, the consuming bulk of new members were straight-edgers who would with time come to identify primarily as activists rather of hard-core kids. In mid-1998 the subculture experienced a massive home turbulence as Indianapolis Hardline member David Agranoff ‘s attempts to weaken Hardline were sidelined by Boston Hardline. Vanguard phone number eight announced the reorganization of the drift under the authority of the newly created Hardline Central Committee ( HCC ) and castigated Agranoff and his comrades for softening the network ‘s political orientation through their nuance and development of it. This proved a fresh decision as Agranoff by and by became a police informer. Chapters were instructed to report to the Committee for evaluation and were told in no changeable terms that they would not be recognized as cells until they submitted to this review. besides in the issue was a document about the stages through which the Hardline revolution would progress which was presented as being from 1990, but had never earlier been seen and was suspiciously contemporary feel. Some chapters opted to leave hard-line wholly and rather established a newly activist network called department of education For A sustainable Future ( ESF ). ESF differed from its harbinger in that it took no stances. [ 6 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ note 1 ] [ eminence 2 ] [ note 3 ] [ notice 4 ]

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