Drum and bass

Drum and bass
Stylistic origins: Breakbeat hardcore, Techno, Hip hop, Reggae/ Ragga, Dancehall/ Dub, Funk, Breakbeat, Jazz
Cultural origins: early/mid-1990s, London, Bristol
Typical instruments: Synthesizer – Drum machine – Sequencer – Keyboard – Sampler – Laptop
Mainstream popularity: Small, largely based in UK at first, now global
Darkstep – Drumfunk – Hardstep – Intelligent drum and bass – Jazzstep – Jump-Up – Liquid funk – Neurofunk – Ragga jungle – Sambass – Techstep
Fusion genres
Breakcore – Breakstep – Darkcore – Dubstep – Hipstep – Techbreaks – Raggacore
Other topics
Drum and bass artists, Drum and bass record labels

Drum and bass ( normally abbreviated to DnB or drum n bass ) is a character of electronic dance music besides known as jungle. Emerging in the early 1990s, the music genre is characterised by fast tempo broken beat drums ( broadly between 160 & 180 beats per minute ) with heavy, frequently intricate basslines. today, drum and bass is still considered an metro melodious style, but its currents of influence run throughout popular music and culture. Drum and bass began as an outgrowth of the United Kingdom breakbeat hard-core and rave fit of the late 1980s ; and over the first gear ten of its universe there have been many permutations in its style, incorporating elements from dancehall, electro, funk, hiphop, house, sleep together, metallic element, popular, reggae, rock, techno and trance .


For the history of drum and sea bass music, please refer to the history article which details the origins of this music genre in UK rave culture alongside the lineage of the list jungle, the appearance of junglist subculture, the change in name and musical evolution to drum and freshwater bass and its development through its ephemeral mainstream popularity, subsequent crisis and post-millennial conversion.

Reading: Drum and bass


The late 1980 ‘s and early 1990 ‘s saw the exploitation of a musical dash and scene ( referring to the social aspects around the music ) known as acidic house in the UK. The music of acidic house combined even beats aboard broken, syncopated, beats and strong basslines and debauched tempo ( faster than house music tempo ). As time string by, melodious tracks containing only break beats began to be known as “ hobo camp ” and began to constitute a divide and recognizable musical genre ( circa 1991-1992 ) popular at raves and on pirate radio in urban Britain. These tracks much combined ragga song tracks, broken beats and basslines. By 1994 hobo camp began to gain mainstream popularity and junglists as fans of the music began calling themselves became a recognizable part of British youth subculture. At this meter hobo camp began to be associated with condemnable natural process and possibly as a chemical reaction or possibly independently of this, producers began to draw away from the ragga style and create what they labelled drum and bass. There is no clear compass point at which jungle became drum and sea bass, though most jungle producers continue nowadays to produce what they call drum and bass. As the music style became more polish and twist, it began to shift from pirate to commercial radio and profit far-flung adoption ( circa 1995-1997 ). It besides began to split into recognizable subgenres such as jump-up. As a lighter sound of drum and bass began to win over the musical mainstream, many producers continued to work on the other end of the spectrum, resulting in a series of releases which highlighted a dark, technical sound which drew more influence from techno music and the soundscapes of science fabrication and anime films, this sub-genre became know as techstep ( circa 1997-1998 ). Whilst evolving musically, cram and bass found itself suddenly upstarted by the garage/2step musical vogue, which drew region of its inspiration from drum and bass. This genre quickly eclipsed cram and bass in popularity and nearing the turn of the millennium, predictions and statement were being made that “ drum and bass is dead ”. Drum and bass however survived this event and the sour of the millennium has seen a revival in its popularity and continuing growth, i.e. the appearance of the liquid flinch subgenre which draws its inspiration from theater and disco aboard a new wave of artists, joining the “ jungle ” pioneers. It remains a reasonably nameless musical style but makes frequent unrecognized appearance in the mainstream ampere well as being highly influential on other musical styles and some of its artists are widely known, possibly none more so than Goldie. It remains most popular in its birthplace in the UK but has spread global over the inadequate period of its being .

Musicology of barrel and bass

Goldie, one of the most recognizable drum and bass artists.Enlarge Goldie, one of the most recognizable drum and bass artists. There are many views of what constitutes “ real ” barrel and bass as it has many scenes and styles within it, from heavy paranoid vocal free techstep beats to the relax singing vibes of fluent funk. It has been compared with wind where the hearer can get very different sounding music all coming under the same music music genre, because like cram and freshwater bass, it is more of an approach, or a custom, than a style. The sounds of drum and freshwater bass are highly vary – and to a person unfamiliar to them, there may seem to be little joining between the subgenres. Drum and bass could at one fourth dimension been defined as a strictly electronic musical genre with the only ‘live ‘ element being the DJ ‘s excerpt and mix of records during a determined. however, the appearance and growth of live acts using acoustic and electrically overstate instruments – in finical those employing populate drum by a drummer – pushes the music genre outdoor of the sometimes pin down definition of electronic music. For the already mentioned reasons, the musicology of drum and bass is unmanageable to precisely define ; however, the following key characteristics may be observed :

Defining characteristics

importance of drum and bassline elements

The appoint “ cram and bass ” should not lead to the presumption that tracks are constructed entirely from these elements. however, they are by far and aside the most critical features, and normally dominate the mix of a track. Despite the apparent ease of drum and sea bass productions to the untrained ear, an excessive sum of time is spent on preparing tracks by the more experienced producers. The genre places capital importance on deep sub-bass which is felt physically equally much as it is heard, the “ bassline ”. There has besides been considerable exploration of different timbres in the bassline region, peculiarly within techstep. Basslines exist in many forms, but most notably they originate from sampled sources or synthesizers. Live played basslines are rare. Sampled basslines are frequently taken from double freshwater bass recordings or from publicly available loops. Synthesized basslines are however barely as common. In drum and bass productions, the basslines are subjected to many and change sound effects, including standard techniques such as echo, flanger, chorus, over-drive, equalization, etc. and drum and freshwater bass specific techniques such as the “ Reese Bass ”, in fact not a technique per southeast, but the degrees of process, distortion and percolate placed upon a widely-used sample of Kevin Saunderson ‘s most ill-famed ‘Reese ‘ bassline sample – from 1988 ‘s authoritative “ just Another opportunity ”. Of adequate importance is the ill-famed 808 bass, actually an elongated kick brake drum derived from Roland ‘s classic TR-808 drum machine, a reasoned which has been subject to an enormous amount of experiment over the years. These techniques are fully appreciated in a club or rave environment as alone high grade freshwater bass speakers can amply reproduce the sounds of the eponymous bassline, whose frequencies are sometimes lower than audible ( they can however be felt on the body ). This has led to the universe of identical big and intensely forte soundsystems by producers wishing to show off their tracks in a true high gear fidelity environment, such as Dillinja ‘s Valve Sound System. This however does not mean that the music can not be appreciated on personal equipment. The drum element, that is the syncopate breakbeat, is another that producers spend a identical large sum of meter on. A brake drum shard lasting seconds may often take a sidereal day or more to prepare, depending on the dedication of the producer. The Amen break is by and large acknowledged to have been the most-used ( and often considered the most potent ) break in drum and bass. It would not be excessively much of an exaggeration to say that drum and bass ( at least in its early days ) was a expressive style built around a single broken beatnik element which was a unmarried sample, the Amen, but other samples have had a meaning impact, including the Apache break, the Funky Drummer, and others. The Funky Drummer has possibly superseded the Amen in modern productions but the Amen is accepted to continue to be an extremely brawny ( in a melodious sense ) crack. A normally used break is the Tramen, a combined pulsate that is possibly the ultimate instruction on the fusion of musical styles in drum and bass as it combines the Amen, a James Brown flinch breakbeat ( “ Tighten Up ” or “ Samurai ” break ) and an Alex Reece drum and bass breakbeat. The identical debauched ( objectively ) drum beat forms a poll on which a producer can create tracks to appeal to about any taste and much will form only a background to the early elements of the music. however, without a fast & broken beat, a drum and bass traverse would not be a drum and bass track but could be classified as a gabber, techno, breaks or house music track .

Stone cold sober up, how can I ? I ca n’t go to work today. Lord oh Lord what have I done ? I wan sodium dance to the beat of a different drum. – London Elektricity “ Different Drum ” ( Hospital ) 2003


Drum and freshwater bass is normally between 160-180 BPM, in contrast to other forms of breakbeat such as nu skool breaks which maintain a slower yard at around 130-140 BPM. A general up swerve in tempo has been observed during the evolution of drum and bass. The earliest previous skool rave was around 125 / 135 beats per minute in 1989 / 1991, early ( former 1992 – 1993 ) hobo camp / breakbeat hard-core was around 155-165 BPM. Since around 1996, drum’n’bass tempo have predominantly stayed in the 173 to 180 image. recently some producers have started to once again produce tracks with slower tempo ( i.e. in the 150 ‘s and 160 ‘s ), but the mid-170 tempo is still the authentication of the drum and bass voice. A racetrack combining the lapp elements ( break beatnik, bass, production techniques ) as a drum and bass racetrack, but with a slower pulsate ( say 140 BPM ), would not be brake drum and sea bass but a brake drum and sea bass influenced breakbeat track. The focal ratio of brake drum and bass is not however lone characterised by that of the broken pulse. Drum and freshwater bass has a bassline, which will typically play at half the speed of the drums, bringing its focal ratio down to that of, for exemplify, a laid binding rap track. A hearer or dancer can concentrate on this element quite than the quicker drum. It should be noted that the accelerate of music is subjective. A aggressively produced track with a complicated beat and synthesizer sounds may ‘sound faster ‘ than one with a sampled doubly bass bassline, guitar riffs and simple beat, however the second base racetrack may be in nonindulgent BPM terms faster. Radio friendly tracks like Shy FX ‘s “ Shake Ur Body ” often have higher BPMs than ill techstep productions which might eject the unitiated very promptly from a dancefloor. It is interesting to note that the faster a path is in BPM terms, the less complex its drum patterns can be because at higher tone the elements discontinue to be heard individually, turning them into a wall of sound. A faster drum and bass traverse will therefore by and large have a less complex barrel blueprint than a slower one. hot performances of drum and bass music on electric and acoustic instruments will much entail a spend in proportional BPM ( though not necessarily ), unsurprising in light of the complexity of drum patterns and the high effort required of a drummer .


Pendulum playing the Valve Sound System with MC IC3 at the Sheffield Octagon 05/03/06Enlarge Pendulum playing the Valve Sound System with MC IC3 at the Sheffield Octagon 05/03/06 For the most partially, brake drum and sea bass is a form of dance music, largely designed to be heard in clubs. It exhibits a fully frequency reaction and animalism which much simply can not be in full appreciated on home plate heed equipment. As befits its diagnose, the bass element of the music is peculiarly pronounced, with the relatively sparse arrangements of barrel and bass tracks allowing room for basslines that are deeper than most early forms of dance music. consequently, brake drum and bass parties are much advertise as featuring uncommonly brassy and bass-heavy legal systems. There are however many albums specifically designed for personal listening. The blend four hundred is a particularly popular shape of exhaust, with a large diagnose dj/producer mixing live, or on a calculator, a assortment of tracks for personal listen. additionally, there are many albums containing uncompounded tracks, suited for home or cable car listening .

importance of the DJ and MC

‎Drum and bass is frequently hear via a DJ. Because most tracks are designed to be mixed by a DJ, their structure typically reflects this, with presentation and outro sections designed for a DJ to use while beat-matching, quite than being designed to be heard in entirety by the hearer. The DJ typically mixes between records so as not to lose the continuous beat. In summation, the DJ may employ hep hop manner “ rub ”, “ double-drops ” ( where two tracks are synchronized such that both tracks drop at the same time ), and “ rewinds. ”Goldie with Mc LowQuiEnlarge Goldie with Mc LowQui many mixing points begin or end with the “ devolve ”. The drop is the point in a track where a switch of rhythm or bassline occurs and normally follows a recognizable build section and “ dislocation ”. Sometimes the drop is used to switch between tracks, layering components of unlike tracks, though as the two records may be just ambient breakdowns at this decimal point, this could be considered lazier than blending the music where breakbeats play together. Some drops are therefore popular that the DJ will “ rewind ” or “ recharge ” by spinning the record back and restarting it at the build. This is a proficiency which can easily be overused as it breaks the continuity of a set. “ The neglect ” is frequently a samara point from the point of opinion of the dancefloor, since the drumbreaks often fade out to leave an ambient intro play. When the beats re-commence they are much more complex and accompanied by a heavier bassline, encouraging the herd to dance. “ Jump up ” initially referred to the urge for those seated to dance at this point, though it came late to refer more specifically to a style of the music. Dj documentation ( that is playing a track ) in a club standard atmosphere or on radio is critical in track success, even if the track manufacturer is well known. To this end, disk jockey will receive dubplates a long fourth dimension before a general unblock of a path, sometimes many months before, in order to spark sake in it adenine well as benefit the disk-jockey ( exclusive and early entree to tracks is a hallmark of disk jockey success, i.e. the character of Andy C ). sometimes a DJ will receive versions of tracks that are not planned for general release, these are alleged VIP mixes. DJs are much accompanied by one or more MCs, drawing on the music genre ‘s roots in pelvis hop and reggae / ragga. The function of MCs in the music can not be underestimated but they do not by and large receive the like level of recognition as producer/djs. There are relatively few well-know drum and bass MC ‘s, with Dynamite MC, MC Fats and Stevie Hyper D ( deceased ) as examples .

“ You and me – me and you ! We haffi brock a smile and preceptor go tantalum school. This one dedicated to all junglist gang, we haffi get bouncy inna de venue ! We bawl … Where ‘s the noise ? I want you jump up and golf stroke, and move your body with no delay. Hyper on the microphone, I ‘ve nuff to say, nuff to say, nuff to say. ” – Congo Natty “ Stevie Hyper D Tribute ” ( Congo Natty ) 2005


recently, smaller scenes within the barrel and bass residential district have developed and the scene as a unharmed has become much more fracture into specific sub-genres. The broadly accepted and major sub-genres of drum and bass include :

  • Darkstep (or “Darkside” or “Dark”)
  • Drumfunk (or “Choppage”, “Edits”)
  • Hardstep
  • Intelligent drum and bass (or “Atmospheric” or “Ambient”)
  • Jazzstep (or “Jazz and Bass”)
  • Jump-Up
  • Liquid funk
  • Neurofunk
  • Sambass (or “Brazilian Drum and Bass”)
  • Techstep

The following are to a lesser and great degree, arguable subgenres, they would by and large be described as separate genres by their proponents :

  • Breakcore (arguably a different genre, not a subgenre with many differences)
  • Darkcore (both a precursor and a descendant of drum and bass since modern darkcore productions share much with darkstep)
  • Raggacore (arguably a different genre, not a subgenre with many differences)
  • Ragga jungle (arguably a different genre, not a subgenre – a modern sound which shares most if not all characteristics with early jungle music – difficult to differentiate – perhaps through frequent mention of Haile Selassie and rastafarian themes)
  • Techmospheric (arguably not a recognized subgenre)

As with all attempts to classify and categorize music, the above should not be treated as authoritative. many producers release albums and tracks which touch into many of the above styles and there are significant arguments as to the classification of tracks arsenic well as the basic defining characteristics of subgenres. The list of arguable subgenres in particular should not be treated as definitive. The modern classifiable ragga jungle style ( arguably subgenre or even branch writing style ) is a direct atavistic to the 1994-1995 expressive style of cram and bass output. however, many advanced drum and bass mainstream productions contain ragga, dancehall and regga elements, they are precisely not deoxyadenosine monophosphate dominant as previously. Clownstep is a absurd term for varieties of cram and bass not appreciated by certain listeners ( in especial the jump-up diverseness ) and is prevailing on the internet, whilst not being a subgenre as such. Most producers would feel insulted by the tag of their music as “ clownstep ”. “ Dubwise ” is more of a stylistic approach path than subgenre.

Jungle vs. drum and bass

present the dispute between jungle ( or oldschool jungle ) and drum and bass is a common debate within the “ junglist ” community. There is no universally accepted semantic differentiation between the terms “ hobo camp ” and “ drum and bass ”. Some consort “ jungle ” with older material from the first gear half of the 1990s ( sometimes referred to as “ jungle techno ” ), and see drum and bass as basically succeeding jungle. Others use jungle as a shorthand for ragga hobo camp, a specific sub-genre within the broader kingdom of drum and freshwater bass. In the U.S., the combined term “ jungle drum and bass ” ( JDB ) has some popularity, but is not far-flung elsewhere. credibly the widest hold point of view is that the terms are plainly synonymous and interchangeable : drum and bass is jungle, and jungle is drum and freshwater bass. “ At the end of the day I am an ambassador for Drum and Bass the world over and have been playing for 16 years under the name Hype … To most of you out there Drum and Bass will be an important partially of your lives, but for me Drum and Bass/Jungle is my life and always has been … We all have a separate to play and believe me when I say I am no fucking bandwagon jumper, just a intemperate working Hackney man doing this thing called Drum and Bass/Jungle. ” DJ Hype


Influences on drum and bass

Drum and sea bass music, born in samplers, has been and is heavily influenced by other music genres, though this charm has possibly been lessened in the stir from jungle to drum and bass and the intelligent brake drum and sea bass and techstep rotation. It still remains a fusion music style. It could be stated that Miles Davis is one the most significant influences. Blues artists like Leadbelly, Robert Johnson, Charlie Patton, Muddy Waters & B.B King have besides been cited by producers as inspirations. As a musical style built around a funk or rock & roll beat ( syncopated ) Al Green, Marvin Gaye, Ella Fitzgerald, Gladys Knight & the Pips, Temptations, Jackson 5, Billie Holiday, Aretha Franklin, Otis Redding, Smokey Robinson, Diana Ross, the Supremes, the Commodores, George Clinton, Ray Charles, Jerry Lee Lewis, Herbie Hancock, James Brownand evening Michael Jackson, are funky influences on the music. A very obvious and potent influence on jungle and drum and bass is the original dub and reggae healthy out of Jamaica, with pioneers like King Tubby, Pete Tosh, Sly & Robbie, Bill Laswell, Lee Perry, Mad Professor, Roots Radics, Bob Marley and Buju Banton heavily influencing the music. This influence has lessened with clock time but is still discernible with many tracks containing ragga vocals. early rap is an highly crucial influence on drum and freshwater bass, with the genres sharing the same break exhaust. Drum and bass shares many musically characteristics with hip-hop though it is nowadays largely stripped of lyrics. Grandmaster Flash, Afrika Bambaata, De La Soul, 2 Live Crew, Jungle Brothers, Kool Keith, Run DMC, Public Enemy, Schooly D, NWA, Wu-Tang Clan, Dr Dre, Mos Def, Beastie Boys and the Pharcyde are very much directly sampled, regardless of their general influence. even modern avant-garde composers such as Henryk Gorecki have influenced drum and freshwater bass. many tracks belonging to other genres are ‘remixed ‘ into drum and bass versions. The quality of these remixes varies from the simple and primitive adding of break beats to a vocal track or to complete reworkings that may exceed the original in quality and attempt put into them. original artists will much ask for drum and bass remixes of their tracks to be made in order to spark foster interest in their tracks ( i.e. Aphrodite ‘s remix of Jungle Brothers ‘ “ Jungle Brother ” ). On the other hand, some tracks are ( illegally ) remixed and released on white label ( technically bootleg ), much to acclaim ( i.e. Dj Zinc ‘s remix of the Fugees “ Ready Or not ”, finally legally released ). White labels along with dubplates play an important separate in cram and sea bass musical culture .

direct influence

In mentioning drum & bass influences, special mention needs to be given to a few scenes and individuals. The first gear is the US breakbeat scene which emerged in the 1980s, the most celebrated artist being NYC ‘s Frankie Bones whose ill-famed ‘Bones Breaks ‘ series from the late ’80 ‘s onwards helped push the house-tempoed breakbeat sound ( specially in the UK ) and can be said to be a direct precursor to the UK breakbeat / hard-core scene. The second is Kevin Saunderson, who released a series of bass-heavy, minimal techno cuts as Reese / The Reese Project in the deep ’80s which were enormously influential in drum and bass terms. One of his more ill-famed basslines was indeed sampled on Renegade ‘s ‘Terrorist ‘ and countless others since, being known simply as the ‘Reese ‘ bassline. He followed these up with equally influential ( and bassline heavy ) tracks in the UK hard-core style as Tronik House in 1991 / 1992. Another Detroit artist who was crucial for the scene is Carl Craig. The sampled up wind break on Carl Craig ‘s “ Bug in the Bassbin ” was besides influential on the newly emerging sound, DJs at the Rage clubhouse used to play it pitched up ( increase focal ratio ) vitamin a far as their Technics record decks would go. The third harbinger worth mentioning here is the Miami, USA Booty Bass / Miami Bass picture, inaugural popularised by 2 know Crew in the mid to late ’80 ‘s. There are net sonic parallels with drum bass here in the use of uptempo synths and brake drum machines in producing bass-heavy party music. however, this campaign had absolutely no association with either the US house picture or the UK acid house / rave scene, and to that extent is not classifiable as ‘rave ‘ music in the lapp way as the above examples possibly are .


Drum and bass tracks frequently contain many directly samples from other tracks, some examples are listed below :

  • Afrika Bambaataa’s eponymous “Planet Rock” – the beat is sampled in Hypnotist’s “Pioneers Of The Warped Groove” (Rising High)
  • A-Ha’s pop megahit “Take On Me” – the synths are sampled in Yolk’s “Bish Bosh” (Ruffbeat)
  • Beastie Boys’s highly influential “The New Style” – the word “drop” is sampled in Lemon D’s “Break It Down” (Reinforced)
  • Cypress Hill’s searing “I Wanna Get High” – the horn loop beat is sampled in Shy FX Feat. UK Apachi’s “Original Nuttah” (Sound Of Underground Recordings)
  • De La Soul’s “The Game Show” – the vocal “now, here’s what we’ll do” is sampled in DJ Krust’s “Guess” (V)

Drum and bass besides samples other media, including film and television :

  • Apocalypse Now – The phrase “And for my sins they gave me one” is sampled in Hyper On Experience’s “Ouiji Awakening” (Moving Shadow)
  • Blade Runner – The phrase “Angels fell” is sampled in Dillinja’s “Angels Fell” (Metalheadz)
  • Goodfellas – The intro “One day the neighbourhood kids…” is sampled in Shy Fx Feat. UK Apachi’s “Original Nuttah” (Sound Of Underground Recordings)
  • Robocop – The phrase “You’re gonna be a bad muthafucker” in A Guy Called Gerald’s “Cyber Jazz”
  • Scarface – The phrase “All I have in this world are my balls and my word… and I break them for nobody” in Dj Hype’s “True Playaz Anthem” (Parousia)

Influenced by drum and bass

Jungle/drum and bass has and continues to influence many other melodious genres, thanks to its variety, experiment and producer ( borderline obsessive ) professionalism. speed garage and 2step in the UK were born at the height of the popularity of hobo camp, copying the bass-lines, fast tempo ( though much slowed down ), ragga vocals ( with frequent MC accompaniment ) and production techniques. They may be referred to as descendants of barrel and freshwater bass and at one prison term drove barrel and bass into proportional obscurity. It is possibly dry, that dirty and dubstep, their descendants have driven these genres underground whilst drum and freshwater bass has survived and evolved. Dubstep combines sounds of 2step with the deep basslines and reggae vibration of early hobo camp. Born at the conclusion of the millennium, breakcore shares many of the elements of drum and freshwater bass and to the unitiated, tracks from the extreme end of drum and freshwater bass, may sound identical to breakcore thanks to speed, complexity, shock and maximum sonic concentration combined with musical experiment. Raggacore resembles a faster version of the ragga influenced jungle music of the 1990 ‘s, exchangeable to breakcore but with more friendly dancehall beats ( dancehall itself being a identical important influence on cram and bass ). Darkcore a send influence on drum and bass, is itself heavily influenced by cram and bass, particularly darkstep. There is considerable crossing from the extreme edges of cram and sea bass, breakcore, darkcore and raggacore with fluid boundaries. Drill and bass, a sub-genre of intelligent dance music ( besides known as “ IDM ” ), popularized by Aphex Twin, features many of the like types of rhythm used in drum and bass and is by and large focused on complexity in scheduling and orchestration. Its main proponents include Squarepusher and Venetian Snares, amongst others. IDM itself has been heavily influenced by brake drum and bass. Despite never gaining the mainstream popularity of speed garage and 2step, drum and sea bass ‘ impact in musical terms has been very meaning and the genre has influenced many other genres like wind, alloy, hiphop, big beat, house music, trip hop, ambient music, techno, hard-core and pop, with artists such as Bill Laswell, Slipknot, Timbaland, Missy Elliot, Pharell, Fat Boy Slim, Lamb, Underworld, The Streets, The Freestylers, Nine Inch Nails and David Bowie ( the end two both using elements of Goldie ‘s “ Timeless ” ) and others quoting drum and sea bass and using barrel and bass techniques and elements. This is only the tip off of the crisphead lettuce in terms of impact and charm .

Drum and freshwater bass globally

Despite its roots in the UK, which can still be treated as the “ home ” of brake drum and freshwater bass, drum and bass has hard established itself around the global. There are strong scenes in other english-speaking countries including the Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa and the already mentioned United States. It is democratic in Europe, in countries ranging from Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and the Netherlands. It is besides democratic in South America. São Paulo is sometimes called the barrel and sea bass Ibiza. brazilian brake drum and bass is sometimes referred to as “ samba ”, with its specific style and sound. In Venezuela, artists have created their own forms of barrel and bass combining it with experimental musical forms. Asia besides has a drum and bass scenery in countries and cities like Indonesia, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, Shanghai and Singapore .

Appearances in the mainstream

“ I ‘ll keep you in safety, for always protect you. I ‘ll hide you away from, the worldly concern you rejected. I ‘ll hide you, I ’ ll hide you. ” – Kosheen “ Hide U ” ( Moksha ) 1999

“ Shotter, hitter, serial killer whale ! Go a your funeral and all drink out your liquor, when you are bury, we stand adjacent to the vicar. Fling on some dirt and make your bury a little quick, should n’t test the youths, them in the Tommy Hilfiger. ” – Pendulum & Fresh & Tenor Fly “ Tarantula ” ( Breakbeat Kaos ) 2005

Certain barrel and bass releases have found mainstream popularity in their own correctly, about constantly material prominently featuring vocals. possibly the earliest exemplar was Goldie ‘s “ Timeless ” album of 1995, along with Reprazent ‘s “ New Forms ” in 1997 and Pendulum ‘s “ Hold Your Colour ” in 2005. Tracks such as Shy FX and T-Power ‘s “ Shake UR Body ” gained a UK Top 40 Chart identify in 2005. Hive ‘s “ Ultrasonic Sound ” was besides used in The Matrix soundtrack. More recently, television crippled tracks, specifically Rockstar Games releases, have contained many cram and freshwater bass tracks, i.e. the MSX/ MSX 98 radio station in Grand Theft Auto III and Grand Theft Auto : Liberty City Stories. Drum and bass much makes an appearance as background music, specially in top Gear and television receiver commercials thanks its aggressive and energetic beats. Due to drum and bass ‘ relative obscurity, most listeners would not recognise the music as drum and bass .

record labels

Drum and sea bass is dominated by a few boastfully drum and bass specific record labels ( run by veteran drum and bass producers and disk jockey, i.e. Dillinja ‘s Valve pronounce ) but there exist many bantam read labels frequently run from bedrooms. Drum and bass labels are generally run for joy and profit by its artists. The major international music labels such as Sony Music, Universal and such are broadly not concern in drum and bass artists due to their relatively first gear sales figures .

Accessing drum and bass


Drum and bass is largely sold in 12-inch vinyl one format, although some albums, compilations and disk-jockey mixes are sold on cds. Purchasing barrel and bass can involve searching speciate read shops or using one of many on-line vinyl, cadmium and mp3 retailers. Drum and bass can besides be purchased in the form of “ tape packs ”. These are a collection of recordings recorded at a selected rave or party. Each tape contains the set by one DJ at that particular rave/party including the MC ‘s. Most tape packs contain 8 tapes with sets from unlike DJ ‘s. More recently tape packs have become available on cadmium as magnetic tape cassettes are being phased out and recordable compact disk media is more available, although the cadmium packs still retain their traditional name of “ magnetic tape packs ”. Most of these packs contain 6 CDs.

Distributors ( Wholesale )

The bulge of drum and bass vinyl records and CDs are distributed globally and regionally by a relatively belittled number of companies .

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