Oak Lawn is a greenwich village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 56,690 at the 2010 census. [ 3 ] Oak Lawn is a suburb of Chicago, located southwest of the city. It shares borders with the city in two areas but is surrounded by and large by other suburbs .
geography [edit ]
Oak Lawn is located at ( 41.715082, −87.753401 ). [ 4 ] According to the 2010 census, Oak Lawn has a sum area of 8.59 square miles ( 22.25 km2 ), all bring. [ 5 ]
Reading: Oak Lawn, Illinois – Wikipedia
Demographics [edit ]
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,690 people living in the village. The racial constitution of the village was 85.2 % White, 5.2 % african American, 0.2 % native American, 2.2 % asian, 5.3 % from early races, and 1.9 % from two or more races. spanish american or latin american people of any raceway were 14.3 % of the population As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 55,245 people, 22,220 households, and 14,554 families living in the greenwich village. The population density was 6,427.3 people per square mile ( 2,480.3/km2 ). There were 22,846 housing units, at an average concentration of 2,657.9 per square nautical mile ( 1,025.7/km2 ). The racial makeup of the greenwich village was 93.35 % White, 1.22 % african American, 0.17 % native American, 1.73 % asian, 0.01 % Pacific Islander, 1.64 % from other races, and 1.90 % from two or more races. spanish american or latino people of any race were 5.33 % of the population, including 4.3 % of mexican descent. [ 7 ] The circus tent five ancestries reported in Oak Lawn as of the 2000 census were Irish ( 30.4 % ), German ( 19.5 % ), Polish ( 19.3 % ), italian ( 9.7 % ) and English ( 4.4 % ). [ 8 ] One of the streets in the village pays tribute to its polish american heritage through its identify Deblin Lane, after Dęblin, Poland. There were 22,220 households, of which 25.8 % had children under the senesce of 18 living with them, 52.0 % were married couples living together, 10.1 % had a female homeowner with no conserve give, and 34.5 % were non-families. Individuals made up 30.9 % of all households, and person living alone who was 65 years of historic period or older comprised 17.0 %. The median family size was 2.46, and the average family size was 3.14. [ 7 ] In the greenwich village, 21.9 % of the population were under the old age of 18, 7.2 % were aged 18 to 24, 26.2 % aged 25 to 44, 22.9 % aged 45 to 64, and 21.7 % aged 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females historic period 18 and over, there were 84.2 males. [ 7 ] The median income for a family in the village was $ 56,185, and the median income for a class was $ 71,413. Males had a medial income of $ 53,782, versus $ 41,904 for females. The per caput income for the village was $ 27,230. [ 9 ] About 3.9 % of families and 5.4 % of the population were below the poverty lineage, including 6.7 % of those under age 18 and 4.6 % of those aged 65 or over. [ 7 ]
history [edit ]
early Oak Lawn [edit ]
In August 1835, James B. Campbell purchased the land stretching between Cicero Avenue and Central Avenue from 95th Street to 103rd Street. It is indecipherable what Campbell ‘s intentions with the area were, but by 1840, he had lost a motor hotel conflict with the Illinois State Bank and his land was sold in a public auction. John Simpson, a outstanding digit in early Oak Lawn history, bought the northerly half of the place in 1842. By 1859, the recently incorporate government of Worth Township paid for the construction of Black Oak Grove Road, an early on name for 95th Street. Black Oak Grove is besides the earliest known name of the area that would become Oak Lawn. It was former shortened to Black Oak or Black Oaks, but in 1882, the stake position, train storehouse and surrounding community became know just as Oak Lawn. Before this however, the area now known as Oak Lawn was, briefly during the early 1800s, called Agnes. It was besides on some juncture referred to as Oak Park. Over the future two decades, the area grew in population as more homes were built and local clientele jump into being. [ 10 ] As the sphere continued to grow, many residents visited Englewood by train to shop. Oak Lawn residents besides made income during early days by selling their grow and dairy products to diverse markets in Chicago .
birth of Oak Lawn [edit ]
In 1909, Oak Lawn was incorporated as a village. The follow years, there were major improvements to local anesthetic infrastructure and government services, such as the introduction of the patrol magistrate and village marshal, along with the building of a village hallway and jail. [ 11 ] Electric lights were brought to 95th Street in 1911, the unpaid fire department began in 1923, Oak Lawn ‘s first gear deposit opened in 1925, and the Community High School District 218 was formed. The population had grown to 2,045 by 1930, and civic improvements were steadily made over the future decade. [ 12 ] In 1934, a collection of one hundred books was the beginning of the Oak Lawn Public Library. By 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Works Progress Administration as separate of the New Deal, which supported a variety of populace works, including libraries. With the help of a WPA grant, the new library opened its doors in 1936. [ 13 ]
Oak Lawn comes of age [edit ]
After World War II, with veterans returning home and taking advantage of the G.I. Bill, Oak Lawn experienced a major population boom. Beginning in 1949, Oak Lawn Round-Up Days became an annual event and helped to promote the greenwich village. It started with 25,000 people, and the Western-themed celebration brought in over 100,000 attendees in 1952. In this class, Jack Brickhouse was master of ceremonies, and the parade was televised on WGN-TV. By 1957, Round-Up Days had become excessively bombastic, and the adjacent year a final scaled-down version was held. [ 14 ] In the 1950s, a village managerial politics began, and a newfangled library and fire place were constructed. By 1960, there were closely 20,000 residents in Oak Lawn. On April 21, 1967, a crack touched down in Oak Lawn that is recorded as one of the worst to strike an urban area. approximately 900 buildings were damaged or destroyed, and over 30 people were killed. The town was rebuilt in the coming years, and witnessed far population growth, peaking at 63,500 between 1973 and 1976. [ 10 ] however, there was a decrease in residents in the 1980s, and an aging population led to the closure of several schools during this time. In response, the village began a action of renovation to counteract the decrease. This renovation has focused chiefly on businesses and structures in the congress of racial equality sphere of Oak Lawn, around 95th Street between Cicero Avenue and Central Avenue .
1967 crack [edit ]
On April 21, 1967, an F4 tornado touched gloomy at 105th Street and Kean Avenue in Palos Hills, 5 miles ( 8 kilometer ) west of Oak Lawn. There were no deaths in Palos Hills, although a number of homes were destroyed and two transmission towers collapsed. After rising from the ground, the crack touched down again at the Starlite Drive-In Theater at 6400 West 95th Street. With winds estimated to be over 200 miles per hour ( 320 kilometers per hour ), the crack tore through Oak Lawn, tossing cars and buses in the air. After cutting Oak Lawn Community High School in half, it moved by St. Gerald ‘s to 91st Street and Cicero Avenue, heavily damaging the Airway Trailer Park and the Oak Lawn Roller Rink before rising from labor level. It touched down again in nearby Hometown, Evergreen Park, and Chicago before dissipating over Lake Michigan. In fair 16 minutes, the storm left a 16-mile ( 26 kilometer ) path of destruction and over 30 people dead. [ 15 ]
Park system [edit ]
Centennial Park, Winter 2006 Oak Lawn maintains an expansive park system. [ 16 ] From minor corner play lots to the 38-acre ( 150,000 m2 ) Centennial Park, there are over 300 acres ( 1.2 km2 ) of parks, recreational facilities and unfold country. These include playgrounds, walking paths, baseball fields, basketball, volleyball and tennis courts, plus outdoor swim pools, an indoor ice arena, two fitness centers, and an 18-hole golf course. Each sphere in Oak Lawn has its own amateur area, totaling 22 parks. The 18-hole Stony Creek Golf Course features 5,004 yards ( 4,576 thousand ) of golf from the longest tees for a par of 65. Designed by Carl Getz, the golf course opened in 1982. The facility features include a miniature-golf course, feast facilities, pro shop, bocce courts, horseshoe pits, PGA teaching, and a 44-station drive range.
Downtown renovation [edit ]
New downtown development New Oak Lawn Metra station Starting in 2002, downtown Oak Lawn ( 95th Street between Tulley Avenue and 55th Court ) became the target of a massive renovation plan ; properties on the north and south sides of 95th Street were demolished. finally, several square blocks were leveled, making room for several multistory, high-end condominium complexes with retail quad on the main floors. part of the project was the expansion of the Metra commuter prepare place that houses a retail/office center and a new children ‘s museum. [ 17 ] This complex besides includes a multistory parking garage. Downtown Oak Lawn as seen today bears little resemblance to the downtown from 2002. It nowadays features modern high-rise buildings, modern shopping areas, a large contemporary Metra train place, [ 18 ] and several newly retail and serve facilities .
education [edit ]
Oak Lawn has populace education schooling children from K–5 in its many elementary schools, including Kolb, Lieb, Harnew, Columbus Manor, Covington, Hannum, Hometown, Kolmar, and Sward. Oak Lawn has two public middle schools : Simmons Middle School, and Oak Lawn-Hometown Middle School. There are two public high schools, Oak Lawn Community High School and Harold L. Richards High School. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago operates Catholic schools. Catholic grammar schools include St. Germaine, St. Catherine, St. Linus, and St. Gerald. St. Louis de Montfort School closed in 2017 with 133 students that year. [ 19 ]
Oak Lawn stop sign plan [edit ]
A former Oak Lawn stop sign In mid-2007, Oak Lawn began hanging extra messages to city stop signs in an undertake to have drivers obey the signs. The signs were the idea of the greenwich village President and local residents were encouraged to submit their own ideas. Found throughout the village, the signs garnered attention with the press and were not well received by residents, nor did they perceptibly impact public safety. [ 20 ] While considered humorous by some, many others considered it a promotion stunt at tax payer ‘s expense. [ 21 ] The Federal Highway Administration ( FHWA ) and IDOT voiced their concerns about the use of these nonconforming arrest signs and the village removed them in April 2008. [ 22 ] Initially, the Village President refused to remove the signs until IDOT threatened to withhold millions of dollars in fund for infrastructure .