“Def Jam” redirects here. Def Jam Recordings ( sometimes just known as Def Jam ) is an american multinational record label owned by Universal Music Group and based in Manhattan, New York City, specializing predominantly on hip hop, pop and urban music.
Reading: Def Jam Recordings – Wikipedia
The label had a London based, UK branch known as 0207 Def Jam ( Def Jam UK in 1990s-2000s ) and was operated through EMI Records. The label distributes releases of diverse record labels, including Kanye West ‘s full Music, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] No I.D. ’ mho ARTium Recordings and Listen Up Forever Records, headed by producer, Ronny J. stream artists include Justin Bieber, Big Sean, Kanye West, Nas, 2 Chainz, Dave East, Jeezy, Jeremih, Jhené Aiko, Pusha T, Fabolous, and YK Osiris, among others .
company history [edit ]
Founding and CBS Records Group era ( 1983–1994 ) [edit ]
Def Jam was co-founded by Rick Rubin in his dormitory in Weinstein Hall at New York University, [ 3 ] and its first publish was a single by his punk-rock group Hose. Russell Simmons joined Rubin shortly after they were introduced to each other, according to one report, by Vincent Gallo. [ 4 ] Another cites DJ Jazzy Jay as their connection. [ 5 ] Rubin has said he met Simmons on the television receiver show Graffiti Rock and recognized him then as “ the face of hip hop ” : “ He was five years older than me, and he was already established in the music commercial enterprise. And I had no know any. ” [ 6 ] The first gear unmarried released with the Def Jam Recordings logo was T La Rock & Jazzy Jay ‘s “ It ‘s Yours. ” The first releases with Def Jam Recordings catalogue numbers were LL Cool J ‘s “ I Need a Beat “ and the Beastie Boys ‘ “ Rock Hard “, both in 1984. The singles sold well, finally leading to a distribution hand with CBS Records through Columbia Records the pursuit year. however, the Hose and T La Rock releases were not separate of the deal and are now controlled by unlike entities. This created a ephemeral subordinate label called OBR Records, short for original Black Recordings, which catered toward R & B artists—the first artist signed to that impress was Oran “ Juice ” Jones, who enjoyed success with his reach single “ The Rain “. A few years late, Russell Simmons and Lyor Cohen started an umbrella tag called Rush Associated Labels to handle Def Jam and its numerous spinoff labels. RAL became the home to Nice & Smooth and EPMD after both acts were acquired due to the fold of their former label Sleeping Bag Records. [ 7 ] early acts under the RAL umbrella included Redman, Onyx, Flatlinerz, Domino, Warren G and Jayo Felony. Def Jam besides signed its beginning and entirely thrash metal band, Slayer, in 1986, and the band ‘s third and fourthly albums were the lone two Def Jam releases to be distributed through Geffen Records via Warner Bros. Records as opposed to Columbia/CBS. As the decade drew to a close, the label signed Public Enemy, whose controversial lyric content garnered the company both critical acclaim and reject. Lyor Cohen became president of the united states of Def Jam/RAL in 1988, after winning a exponent conflict with Rubin, who would shortly thereafter leave the ship’s company to form Def american Recordings. Rubin would take Slayer and the rights of its Def Jam albums with him to Def American in its initial stages .
PolyGram era ( 1994–1998 ) [edit ]
By 1992, despite recent multiple platinum selling releases from Public Enemy, and EPMD, Def Jam ran into severe fiscal troubles and was faced with foldable. however, in 1994, PolyGram purchased Sony ‘s 50 % bet on in Def Jam Recordings—subsequently bringing the pronounce into its close up. Following PolyGram ‘s leverage, Def Jam distributed the Violator Records -signed artist Warren G ‘s Regulate… G Funk Era album, which went triple platinum and brought much-needed tax income to Def Jam through its distribution deal with Violator. [ 8 ] PolyGram acquired an extra 10 % in Def Jam Recordings in 1996, far strengthening its possession of Def Jam. shortly thereafter, Rush Associated Labels were renamed Def Jam Music Group. The tag remained profitable as its veteran ace LL Cool J released his successful album Mr. Smith in 1995. The label late signed Foxy Brown, whose introduction album Ill Na Na became a platinum seller in 1997. [ citation needed ]
The Island Def Jam Music Group founding ( 1998–2000 ) [edit ]
In 1998, PolyGram was purchased by Seagram and merged with the MCA kin of labels, which became Universal Music Group. It then purchased the remaining sake of Def Jam Recordings from Russell Simmons for a report $ 100 million. UMG merged 14+ record labels including Def Jam, Island Records, and Mercury Records to form The Island Def Jam Music Group. Despite the formation of IDJMG, the Def Jam, Mercury, and Island labels continued to operate as branch imprints underneath the bigger umbrella. [ citation needed ] Lyor Cohen was appointed co-president of IDJMG, and Kevin Liles succeeded him as president of Def Jam. In 1998, IDJMG created a R & B by-product label called Def Soul Recordings to run aboard Def Jam Recordings, which inherited many of Island Records ‘ urban artists, including Dru Hill and its lead singer Sisqó, the Isley Brothers and Kelly Price. Def Soul besides issued recordings by Musiq, Montell Jordan, Case, 112, Patti LaBelle, and Christina Milian. Island ‘s 4th & B’way Records was besides folded into Def Jam. Kevin Liles besides served as President of Def Soul Records. [ citation needed ] besides in 1999, the label began to distribute releases by Murder Inc. Records, run by former Def Jam executive Irv Gotti. Murder Inc. ‘s roll of artists would include Ja Rule, Ashanti, Lloyd, Vita. The follow class, it launched another auxiliary, Def Jam South, which focused on Southern blame and distribute releases from labels such as Disturbing tha Peace, whose artists have included Ludacris, Chingy, and Bobby Valentino. Russell Simmons tapped Texas-born and -raised pelvis hop legend Scarface as the original oral sex of Def Jam South. After about a 4-year run at Def Jam South, Scarface negotiated a release from the company in 2003. [ citation needed ]
2000s [edit ]
In 2000, The Island Def Jam Music Group announced the formation of Def Jam Germany, the first external Def Jam party. This increased the label ‘s presence around the world. Def Jam Germany signed german rappers Spezializtz and Philly MC. The pronounce was located in Berlin and opened on May 23, 2000. In addition to sign and market local artists, Def Jam Germany besides marketed all U.S. signed Def Jam artists in the german territory. But the german division folded barely two years subsequently in 2002. Many of the artists were picked up by Universal/Urban, while others did not get a new contract. [ 9 ] The second external label is a japanese ramify, Def Jam Japan ( デフ・ジャム・ジャパン, Defu Jamu Japan ), besides founded in 2000. [ 10 ] Their artist roll has included AI, Teriyaki Boyz, Nitro Microphone Underground, and south korean son set BTS. In 2003, Murder Inc. became the focus on of a money laundering probe involving illegal profits from drug trading, [ 11 ] leading to the label ‘s eventual release from its distribution contract by 2005. The concluding shares of Roc-A-Fella Records were sold to The Island Def Jam Music Group in 2004, by which meter it had launched the career of producer-turned-rapper Kanye West. In 2004, Cohen left IDJMG for Warner Music Group, and was replaced by former Arista and late Epic administrator L.A. Reid. An infelicitous Liles finally decided to follow Cohen to Warner. [ 12 ] A bid war for Jay-Z ‘s contract began, and Reid appointed Jay-Z president of Def Jam. [ 12 ]
Under Jay-Z ‘s leadership, Def Jam launched the successful careers of contemporaneous R & B singers Rihanna and Ne-Yo. At the end of 2007, Jay-Z decided not to renew his abridge as the President and CEO of Def Jam in ordering to start his new venture, Roc Nation. [ 13 ] Following Jay-Z ‘s deviation, L.A. Reid took over leadership of the label, as opposed to hiring a substitute. In June 2008, Shakir Stewart was appointed as Executive Vice President of Def Jam, a position that was previously left vacant since December 2007 .
2010s [edit ]
In March 2011, it was announced that former Warner Bros. Records executive Joie Manda would become the foremost president of the united states of Def Jam since Jay-Z. [ 14 ] Until March 2013 when he exited his post at Def Jam and it was announced he ‘d be heading up the urban class of Interscope Records by his former party boss, Barry Weiss. [ 15 ] The-Dream served as Def Jam ‘s executive vice president of the united states of A & R at Def Jam between 2012 and 2014. No I.D. held the position of executive vice president after helping to establish good Music with Kanye West. [ 16 ] No I.D. is now the executive vice president of Capitol Music Group. On April 1, 2014, it was announced that Island Def Jam would no long be active following the resignation of CEO Barry Weiss. A press turn serviced by Universal Music Group stated that IDJMG, and all of its assets would be reorganized into Def Jam Recordings, Island Records and Motown Records, all as separate entities. [ 17 ] Def Jam Recordings operates as a stand-alone label within Universal Music Group. Def Jam signed DaniLeigh to the label in early 2017. Steve Bartels served as President/CEO of Def Jam an announcement on August 3, 2017 stating that as of January 2018, Eminem ‘s longtime coach and co-founder of Shady Records, Paul Rosenberg would be appointed Chairman/CEO of Def Jam. [ 18 ] On February 21, 2020, Paul Rosenberg stepped down on his side as CEO of Def Jam. [ 19 ] [ 20 ] He will be replaced by Tunji Balogun on January 1, 2022. [ 21 ] On September 17, 2019, the launch of Def Jam South East Asia was announced at Music Matters, an annual music industry league held in Singapore, where Joe Flizzow from Malaysia, Daboyway from Thailand, Yung Raja, Fariz Jabba and Alif from Singapore and A. Nayaka from Indonesia were announced as the pronounce ‘s six inaugural signings. [ 22 ]
Presidents [edit ]
Artists [edit ]
0207 Def Jam [edit ]
In November 2020, brothers Alec and Alex Boateng set up a London based, UK arm of Def Jam known as 0207 Def Jam and signed a deal with # Merky Records to release the third gear album by Stormzy. [ 41 ]
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
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