Johnny Depp – Wikipedia

American actor, manufacturer, and musician ( hold 1963 )

John Christopher Depp II ( born June 9, 1963 ) is an american english actor, manufacturer, and musician. He is the recipient role of versatile accolades, including a Golden Globe Award and a screen Actors Guild Award, in accession to nominations for three Academy Awards and two british Academy Film Awards. Depp made his debut in the horror film A Nightmare on Elm Street ( 1984 ), before rising to prominence as a adolescent paragon on the television series 21 Jump Street ( 1987–1990 ). In the 1990s, Depp acted by and large in independent films, frequently playing eccentric characters. These included What’s Eating Gilbert Grape ( 1993 ), Benny and Joon ( 1993 ), Dead Man ( 1995 ), Donnie Brasco ( 1997 ) and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas ( 1998 ). Depp besides began collaborating with director Tim Burton, starring in Edward Scissorhands ( 1990 ), Ed Wood ( 1994 ) and Sleepy Hollow ( 1999 ) .

In the 2000s, Depp became one of the most commercially successful film stars by playing Captain Jack Sparrow in the daredevil film series Pirates of the Caribbean ( 2003–present ). He received critical praise for Finding Neverland ( 2004 ), and continued his commercially successful collaboration with Tim Burton with the films Charlie and the Chocolate Factory ( 2005 ), Corpse Bride ( 2005 ), Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street ( 2007 ), and Alice in Wonderland ( 2010 ). In 2012, Depp was one of the global ‘s biggest film stars, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] and was listed by the Guinness World Records as the world ‘s highest-paid actor, with earnings of US $ 75 million. [ 3 ] During the 2010s, Depp began producing films through his company, Infinitum Nihil, and formed the rock supergroup Hollywood Vampires with Alice Cooper and Joe Perry. Depp was married to actress Amber Heard from 2015 to 2017. Their divorce drew media care as she alleged that he had been abusive throughout their relationship. Depp sued Heard for aspersion in 2019 after she wrote an op-ed hash out being a populace victim of domestic violence ; the case will go to trial in 2022. He besides sued the publishers of The Sun in a associate libel suit in England. In 2020, the High Court of Justice of England and Wales ruled that Depp had lost his libel shell and that the majority of Heard ‘s allegations had been proven to a civil standard .

early on life and lineage

John Christopher Depp II was born on June 9, 1963, in Owensboro, Kentucky, [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] the youngest of four children of waitress Betty Sue Palmer ( née Wells ) [ 7 ] and civil mastermind John Christopher Depp. [ 9 ] Depp ‘s kin moved frequently during his childhood, finally settling in Miramar, Florida in 1970. [ 10 ] His parents divorced in 1978 when he was 15, [ 10 ] [ 11 ] and his beget belated married Robert Palmer, whom Depp has called “ an inspiration ”. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] Depp was gifted a guitar by his mother when he was 12 years previous, and began playing in respective bands. [ 10 ] He dropped out of Miramar High School aged 16 in 1979 to become a rock candy musician. He attempted to go back to school two weeks belated, but the principal told him to follow his dream of being a musician. [ 10 ] In 1980, Depp began playing guitar in a band called The Kids. After modest local success in Florida, the band moved to Los Angeles in pastime of a record deal, changing their name to Six Gun Method. In addition to the band, Depp worked a variety of odd jobs, such as in telemarketing. In December 1983, Depp married constitution artist Lori Anne Allison, [ 5 ] the sister of his band ‘s bassist and singer. The Kids split up before signing a record deal in 1984, and Depp subsequently began collaborating with the band Rock City Angels. [ 14 ] He co-wrote their birdcall “ Mary ”, which appeared on their debut Geffen Records album Young Man’s Blues. [ 15 ] Depp and Allison divorced in 1985. [ 5 ] Depp is primarily of English lineage, with some french, german, and irish ancestry. [ 16 ] His surname comes from a french Huguenot immigrant ( Pierre Dieppe, who settled in Virginia around 1700 ). He is besides descended from colonial exemption champion Elizabeth Key Grinstead ( 1630–1665 ), daughter of English planter and penis of the Virginia House of Burgesses Thomas Key and an african womanhood that he enslaved. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] [ 19 ] In interviews in 2002 and 2011, Depp claimed to have native american english ancestry, submit, “ I guess I have some native american english somewhere down the line. My great-grandmother was quite a bit of native american english, she grew up Cherokee or possibly creek indian. Makes sense in terms of coming from Kentucky, which is prevailing with Cherokee and Creek Indian. ” [ 20 ] [ 21 ] [ 22 ] Depp ‘s claims came under scrutiny when Indian Country Today stated that Depp had never inquired about his heritage nor was he recognized as a extremity of the Cherokee Nation. [ 23 ] This led to criticism from the native American community, as Depp has no documented Native lineage, [ 23 ] and Native community leaders refer to him as “ a non-Indian ”. [ 23 ] [ 24 ] Depp ‘s choice to portray Tonto, a native american character, in The Lone Ranger was criticized, [ 23 ] [ 24 ] along with his option to name his rock candy ring “ Tonto ‘s Giant Nuts ”. [ 25 ] [ 26 ] [ 27 ] [ 28 ] During the promotion for The Lone Ranger, Depp was adopted as an honorary son by LaDonna Harris, a member of the Comanche Nation, making him an honorary extremity of her family but not a member of any tribe. [ 29 ] Critical response to his claims from the Native community increased after this, including satirical portrayals of Depp by Native comedians. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] [ 28 ] An ad sport Depp and native american english imagination, by Dior for the bouquet “ Sauvage ”, was pulled in 2019 after being accused of cultural appropriation and racism. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] [ 32 ] [ 33 ]


1984–1989 : early roles and 21 Jump Street

Depp greeting President Ronald Reagan at a White House benefit for The Nancy Reagan Drug Abuse Fund in 1988 In the early 1980s, Depp ‘s then-wife Lori Ann Allison introduced him to actor Nicolas Cage, who advised him to pursue an act career. [ 10 ] Depp has besides credited James Dean as the catalyst that made him want to become an actor. [ 34 ] Depp ‘s first film role was in the horror film A Nightmare on Elm Street ( 1984 ), in which he played the boyfriend of the main character and one of Freddy Krueger ‘s victims. [ 10 ] After a star role in the comedy Private Resort ( 1985 ), Depp was cast in the lead role of the skating drama Thrashin’ ( 1986 ) by the film ‘s conductor, but the decision was late overridden by its manufacturer. [ 35 ] [ 36 ] rather, Depp appeared in a minor supporting character as a Vietnamese-speaking private in Oliver Stone ‘s Vietnam War drama Platoon ( 1986 ). Depp became a adolescent idol during the belated 1980s, when he starred as an clandestine patrol policeman in a high educate operation in the Fox television series 21 Jump Street, which premiered in 1987. [ 10 ] He accepted this role to work with actor Frederic Forrest, who inspired him. Despite his success, Depp felt that the series “ force [ him ] into the function of product ”. [ 37 ]

1990–2002 : independent films and first collaborations with Tim Burton

Disillusioned by his experiences as a adolescent idol in 21 Jump Street, Depp began choosing roles which he found more concern, quite than those he thought would succeed at the box office. [ 37 ] [ 38 ] His first film spill in 1990 was John Waters ‘ Cry-Baby, a musical drollery set in the 1950s. Although it was not a box function success upon its initial acquittance, [ 39 ] over the years it has gained cult classic condition. [ 40 ] besides in 1990, Depp played the title character in Tim Burton ‘s romanticist illusion film Edward Scissorhands antonym Dianne Wiest and Winona Ryder. The film was a commercial and critical achiever with a domestic gross of $ 53 million. [ 41 ] In training for the function, Depp watched many Charlie Chaplin films to study the idea of creating sympathy without negotiation. [ 42 ] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone praised Depp ‘s performance submit that he “ artfully expresses the boisterous hanker in gentle Edward ; it ‘s a terrific performance ”, [ 43 ] while Rita Kempley of The Washington Post stated that he “ brings the eloquence of the silent era to this part of few words, saying it all through bright black eyes and the quavering concern with which he holds his horror-movie hands. [ 44 ] Depp earned his first Golden Globe nominating speech for the movie .
Depp had no film releases in the follow two years, with the exception of a abbreviated cameo in Freddy’s Dead: The Final Nightmare ( 1991 ), the sixth installment in the A Nightmare of Elm Street franchise. He appeared in three films in 1993. In the amatory comedy Benny and Joon, he played an character and illiterate silent film sports fan who befriends a mentally ill woman and her brother ; it became a sleeper murder. Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote that Depp “ may look nothing like Buster Keaton, but there are times when he truly seems to become the Great Stone Face, bringing Keaton ‘s mannerisms sweetly and magically to life sentence ”. [ 45 ] Depp received a second gear Golden Globe nomination for the operation. His second film of the class was Lasse Hallström ‘s What’s Eating Gilbert Grape ( 1993 ), a drama about a dysfunctional family in which he starred aboard Leonardo DiCaprio and Juliette Lewis. It did not perform well commercially, but received cocksure notices from the critics. [ 46 ] Although most of the reviews focused on DiCaprio, who was nominated for an Academy Award for his performance, Todd McCarthy of Variety wrote that “ Depp manages to command concentrate screen with a greatly affable, appealing portrayal ”. [ 47 ] Depp ‘s final examination 1993 dismissal was Emir Kusturica ‘s surrealist comedy-drama Arizona Dream, which opened to positive reviews, and won the Silver Bear at Berlin Film Festival. In 1994, Depp reunited with director Tim Burton, playing the title function in Ed Wood, a biographic film about one of history ‘s most feckless movie directors. Depp subsequently stated that he was at the time depressed about films and filmmaking, but that “ within 10 minutes of hearing about the project, I was committed. ” [ 48 ] He found that the role gave him a “ probability to stretch out and have some fun ” and that working with Martin Landau, who played Bela Lugosi, “ rejuvenated my beloved for acting ”. [ 48 ] Although it did not earn back its production costs, Ed Wood received a positive reception from the critics, with Janet Maslin of The New York Times writing that Depp had “ proved himself as an established, certified great actor ” and “ captured all the can-do optimism that kept Ed Wood going, thanks to an highly funny ability to look at the eloquent line of any cloud. ” [ 49 ] Depp was nominated for a third time for a Best Musical or Comedy Actor Golden Globe for his performance .
The surveil class, Depp starred in three films. He played face-to-face Marlon Brando in the box-office score Don Juan DeMarco, as a man who believes he is Don Juan, the universe ‘s greatest fan. He then starred in Jim Jarmusch ‘s Dead Man, a western tear wholly in black-and-white ; it was not a commercial achiever and had mix critical reviews. Depp ‘s final film of the year was in the fiscal and critical failure Nick of Time, a thriller in which he played an accountant who is told to kill a politician to save his kidnap daughter. In 1997, Depp starred aboard Al Pacino in the crime drama Donnie Brasco, directed by Mike Newell. He portrayed Joseph D. Pistone, an clandestine FBI Agent who assumes the name ‘Donnie Brasco ‘ in order to infiltrate the mafia in New York City. To prepare for the character, Depp spent time with the real-life Joe Pistone, on whose memoirs the film was based. Donnie Brasco was a commercial and critical success, and is considered to contain one of Depp ‘s finest performances. [ 50 ] [ 51 ] In 1997, Depp besides debuted as a film director and screenwriter with The Brave. He starred in it as a poor people native american man who accepts a proposal from a affluent world, played by Marlon Brando, to appear in a snuff film in switch over for money for his family. It premiered at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival for generally negative reviews. [ 52 ] Variety dismissed the film as “ a bombastic and improbable neo-western ”, [ 53 ] and Time Out stated that there ‘s nothing inherently wrong with the film but that “ besides the implausibilities, the steering has two fateful flaws : it ‘s both boringly slow and enormously egotistic as the television camera focuses repeatedly on Depp ‘s bandanna ‘d head and rippling torso. ” [ 54 ] Due to the negative reviews, Depp decided not to release The Brave formally in the United States, neither in theaters nor on home media. [ 55 ] [ 56 ] Depp was a fan and supporter of writer Hunter S. Thompson, and played his alter self Raoul Duke in Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas ( 1998 ), Terry Gilliam ‘s film adaptation of Thompson ‘s pseudobiographical novel of the lapp name. [ a ] It was a box office failure, [ 59 ] and polarize critics. [ 60 ] Later that class, Depp made a brief cameo in Mika Kaurismäki ‘s L.A. Without a Map ( 1998 ). Depp appeared in three films in 1999. The beginning was the sci-fi thriller The Astronaut’s Wife, co-star Charlize Theron, which was not a commercial or critical achiever. The moment, Roman Polanski ‘s The Ninth Gate, which starred Depp as a seller of old books who becomes entangled in a mystery, was moderately more successful with audiences but received shuffle reviews. Depp ‘s third gear film of 1999 was Tim Burton ‘s adaptation of The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, where Depp played Ichabod Crane inverse Christina Ricci and Christopher Walken. For his performance, Depp took inspiration from Angela Lansbury, Roddy McDowall and Basil Rathbone, stating that he “ always thought of Ichabod as a very delicate, delicate person who was possibly a little excessively in reach with his feminine english, like a panicky little female child. ” [ 62 ] Sleepy Hollow was a commercial and critical success. Depp ‘s beginning film passing of the fresh millennium was British-French drama The Man Who Cried ( 2000 ), directed by Sally Potter and starring him as a Roma horseman opposite Christina Ricci, Cate Blanchett and John Turturro. It was not a critical success. Depp besides had a patronize function in Julian Schnabel ‘s critically acclaimed Before Night Falls ( 2000 ). Depp ‘s final film for the year was Lasse Hallström ‘s critically and commercially successful Chocolat ( 2000 ), in which he played a Roma man and the love interest of the independent character, Juliette Binoche. Depp ‘s next roles were both based on historic persons. In Blow ( 2001 ), he starred as cocaine smuggler George Jung, who was region of the Medellín Cartel in the 1980s. The film underperformed in the box function [ 63 ] and received interracial reviews. [ 64 ] [ 65 ] In the comedian script adaptation From Hell ( 2001 ), Depp portrayed examiner Frederick Abberline, who investigated the Jack the Ripper murders in the 1880s London. The movie besides received desegregate reviews from critics [ 66 ] but was a moderate commercial achiever. [ 67 ]

2003–2011 : Pirates of the Caribbean, commercial and critical achiever

In 2003, Depp starred in the Walt Disney Pictures venture film Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, which was a major box office success. [ 38 ] He earned widespread acclaim for his comedian operation as pirate Captain Jack Sparrow, and received Academy Award, Golden Globe and BAFTA nominations and won a Screen Actor ‘s Guild Award for Best Actor equally well as an MTV Movie Award. Depp has said that Sparrow is “ decidedly a big region of me ”, [ 68 ] and that he modeled the character after The Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards [ 69 ] and cartoon shutout Pepé Le Pew. [ 70 ] Studio executives had at first been ambivalent about Depp ‘s portrayal, [ 71 ] but the character became popular with audiences. [ 38 ] In his early film handout in 2003, Robert Rodriguez ‘ action film Once Upon a Time in Mexico, Depp played a bribe CIA agent. A centrist box-office success, [ 72 ] it received median to good reviews, with Depp ‘s performance in particular receive praise. [ 73 ] [ 74 ] Depp following starred as an generator with writer ‘s block in the thriller Secret Window ( 2004 ), based on a short report by Stephen King. It was a mince commercial success but received interracial reviews. [ 75 ] [ 76 ] Released around the same time, the British-Australian independent film The Libertine ( 2004 ) saw Depp portray the seventeenth-century poet and rake, the Earl of Rochester. It had alone limited liberation, and received chiefly negative reviews. Depp ‘s third gear film of 2004, Finding Neverland, was more positively received by the critics, and earned him his moment Academy Award nominating speech a well as Golden Globe, BAFTA, and SAG nominations for his performance as scottish generator J. M. Barrie. Depp besides made a brief cameo appearance in the french film Happily Ever After ( 2004 ), and founded his own film production company, Infinitum Nihil, under Warner Bros. Pictures. [ 77 ] Depp continued his box-office success with a starring function as Willy Wonka in Tim Burton ‘s adaptation of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory ( 2005 ). It besides had a cocksure critical reception, [ 78 ] [ 79 ] with Depp being nominated again for the Golden Globe for Best Actor in a comedy or Musical. [ 69 ] [ 80 ] Chocolate Factory was followed by another Burton project, stop-motion animation Corpse Bride ( 2005 ), in which Depp voiced the chief character, Victor Van Dort. [ 81 ] Depp reprised the role of Jack Sparrow in the Pirates sequels Dead Man’s Chest ( 2006 ) and At World’s End ( 2007 ), both of which were major box agency successes. [ 82 ] He besides voiced the character in the television game Pirates of the Caribbean: The Legend of Jack Sparrow. [ 83 ] According to a survey taken by Fandango, Depp in the character of Jack Sparrow was the main rationality for many cinema-goers to see a Pirates film. [ 84 ] In 2007, Depp collaborated with Burton for their sixth film together, this meter playing homicidal barber Sweeney Todd in the musical Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street ( 2007 ). Depp cited Peter Lorre ‘s performance in Mad Love ( 1935 ), in which Lorre played a “ creepy but sympathetic ” surgeon, as his main influence for the function. [ 85 ] Sweeney Todd was the first film in which Depp had been required to sing. alternatively of hiring a qualify vocal coach, he prepared for the function by recording demonstration with his old bandmate Bruce Witkin. The film was a commercial and critical achiever. Entertainment Weekly ‘s Chris Nashawaty stated that “ Depp ‘s soaring voice makes you wonder what other tricks he ‘s been hiding … Watching Depp ‘s barber wield his razors … it ‘s heavily not to be reminded of Edward Scissorhands madly shaping hedges into animal topiaries 18 years ago … and all of the twist beauty we would ‘ve missed out on had [ Burton and Depp ] never met. ” [ 86 ] Depp won the Golden Globe for Best Musical or Comedy Actor for the character, and was nominated for the third time for an Academy Award .
Public Enemies in 2009 Depp at the Paris premiere ofin 2009 In 2009, Depp portrayed real-life gangster John Dillinger in Michael Mann ‘s 1930s crime film Public Enemies. [ 87 ] It was commercially successful [ 88 ] and gained moderately positive reviews. [ 89 ] [ 90 ] Roger Ebert stated in his reappraisal that “ This Johnny Depp performance is something else. For once an actor playing a gangster does not seem to base his performance on movies he has seen. He starts cold. He plays Dillinger as a fact. ” [ 91 ] Depp ‘s second film of 2009, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, reunited him with conductor Terry Gilliam. Depp, Jude Law, and Colin Farrell each played the character initially portrayed by their supporter Heath Ledger, who had died before the film was completed. All three actors gave their salaries to Ledger ‘s daughter, Matilda. [ 92 ] Depp began the 2010s with another collaboration with Tim Burton, Alice in Wonderland ( 2010 ), in which he played the Mad Hatter reverse Helena Bonham Carter, Anne Hathaway and Alan Rickman. Despite mix reviews, it earned US $ 1.025 billion in the box office, frankincense becoming the second-highest-grossing film of 2010 [ 93 ] and one of the highest-grossing films of all time. [ 94 ] Depp ‘s second film dismissal of 2010 was the romanticist thriller The Tourist, in which he starred diametric Angelina Jolie. It was commercially successful, although panned by critics. [ 95 ] Regardless, he received Best Actor in a musical or Comedy Golden Globe nominations for both films. Depp ‘s first 2011 film release was the animation Rango, in which he voiced the title character, a lounge lizard. It was a major critical and commercial success. [ 96 ] [ 97 ] His second gear film of the year, the one-fourth episode in the Pirates serial, On Stranger Tides, was again a box office hit, [ 82 ] becoming the third-highest-grossing film of 2011. [ 98 ] late in 2011, Depp released the first two projects co-produced by his company, Infinitum Nihil. The beginning was a film adaptation of the novel The Rum Diary by Hunter S. Thompson and starred Depp. [ 99 ] It failed to bring back its production costs [ 100 ] [ 101 ] and received blend reviews. [ 102 ] [ 103 ] The company ‘s second undertake, Martin Scorsese ‘s Hugo ( 2011 ), garnered major critical applaud and respective awards nominations, but similarly did not perform well in the corner office. In 2011, Depp besides made a brief cameo in the Adam Sandler film Jack and Jill .

2012–2020 : career setbacks

By 2012, Depp was one of the world ‘s biggest movie stars, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] and was listed by the Guinness World Records as the world ‘s highest-paid actor, with earnings of US $ 75 million. [ 3 ] That year, he and his 21 Jump Street co-stars Peter DeLuise and Holly Robinson reprised their roles in cameo appearances in the series ‘ feature film adaptation. [ 104 ] Depp besides starred in and co-produced his one-eighth film with Tim Burton, Dark Shadows ( 2012 ), aboard Helena Bonham Carter, Michelle Pfeiffer, and Eva Green. [ 105 ] The film was based on a 1960s Gothic television receiver soap opera of the lapp name, which had been one of his favorites as a child. The film ‘s hapless reception in the United States brought Depp ‘s star appeal into motion. [ 106 ]
After Infinitum Nihil ‘s agreement with WB expired in 2011, Depp signed a multi-year first-look deal with Walt Disney Studios. [ 77 ] The foremost film made in the collaboration was The Lone Ranger ( 2013 ), in which Depp starred as Tonto. Depp ‘s hurl as a native american bring accusations of whitewash, and the film was not well received by the public or the critics, [ 107 ] causing Disney to take a US $ 190 million loss. [ 108 ] [ 109 ] [ 110 ] [ 111 ] Following a brief cameo in the independent film Lucky Them ( 2013 ), Depp starred as an AI -studying scientist in the sci-fi thriller Transcendence ( 2014 ), which was so far another commercial bankruptcy, [ 112 ] [ 113 ] and earned chiefly negative reviews. [ 108 ] [ 114 ] [ 115 ] His other roles in 2014 were a minor supporting part as The Wolf in the melodious adaptation Into the Woods, and a more substantial appearance as eccentric French-Canadian ex-detective in Kevin Smith ‘s horror-comedy Tusk, in which he was credited by the character ‘s name, Guy LaPointe. In 2015, Depp appeared in two films produced by Infinitum Nihil. The first was comedy-thriller Mortdecai, in which he acted opposite Gwyneth Paltrow. The movie was a critical and commercial failure and brought both stars Golden Raspberry nominations. [ 108 ] [ 116 ] [ 117 ] [ 118 ] The second film, Black Mass ( 2015 ), in which he played Boston crime foreman Whitey Bulger, was well received. [ 119 ] [ 120 ] Critics from The Hollywood Reporter and Variety called it one of Depp ‘s best performances to date, [ 121 ] [ 122 ] and the character earned Depp his third nomination for the Best Actor SAG award. [ 123 ] however, the film failed to bring back its production costs. [ 108 ] Depp besides made a cameo appearance in the critically panned London Fields, starring his then-wife Amber Heard, which was to be released in 2015, but its general release was delayed by litigation until 2018. [ 124 ] [ 125 ] In accession to his employment in films in 2015, french lavishness fashion house Dior signed Depp as the face of their men ‘s bouquet, Sauvage, [ 126 ] and he was inducted as a Disney Legend. [ 127 ]
Depp ‘s inaugural film liberation in 2016 was Yoga Hosers, a sequel to Tusk ( 2014 ), in which Depp appeared with his daughter, Lily-Rose Depp. Next, he played businessman and presidential candidate Donald Trump in a Funny or Die sarcasm entitled Donald Trump’s The Art of the Deal: The Movie, released during the runup to the US presidential election. He earned praise for the role, with a headline from The A.V. Club declare, “ Who knew Donald Trump was the comeback function Johnny Depp needed ? ” [ 128 ] It was besides announced that Depp had been cast in a new franchise function as Dr. Jack Griffin/The Invisible man in Universal Studios ‘ planned shared film universe entitled the Dark Universe, a boot version of their classic Universal Monsters franchise. [ 129 ] Depp reprised the role of the Mad Hatter in Tim Burton ‘s Alice Through the Looking Glass ( 2016 ), the sequel to Alice in Wonderland. In contrast to the first gear film ‘s success, the sequel lost Disney approximately US $ 70 million. [ 130 ] [ 108 ] It besides gained Depp two Golden Raspberry nominations. Depp had besides been secretly cast to play dark sorcerer Gellert Grindelwald in a cameo appearance in Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them ( 2016 ), the first installment of the Fantastic Beasts franchise. His name was not mentioned in the promotional materials and his cameo was merely revealed at the end of the film. [ 131 ] [ 132 ] In 2017, Depp appeared aboard other actors and filmmakers in The Black Ghiandola, a short movie made by a terminally ill adolescent through the non-profit Make a Film Foundation. [ 133 ] [ 134 ] [ 135 ] He besides reprised his role as Captain Jack Sparrow in the fifth episode of the Pirates series, Dead Men Tell No Tales ( 2017 ). In the US, it did not perform adenine well as previous installments, [ 136 ] and Depp was nominated for two Golden Raspberry Awards for worst actor and for worst screen jazz band with “ his raddled drink everyday ”. [ 137 ] however, the film had a dependable box agency render internationally, particularly in China, Japan and Russia. [ 138 ] Depp ‘s last film release in 2017 was the Agatha Christie adaptation Murder on the Orient Express, in which he was part of an ensemble cast led by director-star Kenneth Branagh .
In 2018, Depp voiced the title character Sherlock Gnomes in the animize movie Gnomeo & Juliet: Sherlock Gnomes. Although reasonably commercially successful, it was critically panned [ 139 ] [ 140 ] and earned Depp two Golden Raspberry nominations, one for his act and another for his “ fast-fading film career ”. [ 141 ] Depp then starred in two independent films, both produced by him and his caller, Infinitum Nihil. The beginning was City of Lies, in which he starred as Russell Poole, an LAPD detective who attempts to solve the murders of rappers Tupac Shakur and The Notorious B.I.G. It was set for passing in September 2018, but was pulled from the let go of schedule after a crew member sued Depp for rape. [ 142 ] The second base film was the comedy-drama Richard Says Goodbye, in which Depp played a professor with end cancer. It premiered at the Zurich Film Festival in October 2018. [ 143 ] Depp ‘s last film release of 2018 was Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald, in which he reprised his function as Grindelwald. Depp ‘s casting received criticism from fans of the series due to the domestic ferocity allegations against him. [ 144 ] [ 145 ] Depp besides experienced other career setbacks around this time, as Disney confirmed that they would not be casting him in new Pirates installments [ 146 ] and he was reported to no retentive be attached to Universal ‘s Dark Universe franchise. [ 147 ] [ 148 ] Depp ‘s next films were the independent drama Waiting for the Barbarians ( 2019 ), based on a fresh by J.M. Coetzee, and Minamata ( 2020 ), in which he portrayed photographer W. Eugene Smith and which premiered at the 2020 Berlin International Film Festival. [ 149 ] In November 2020, Depp resigned from his function as Grindelwald in the Fantastic Beasts franchise at the request of its production company, Warner Bros., after he lost his UK libel sheath against a british yellow journalism, who had accused him of being a domestic abuser. [ 150 ] [ 151 ] [ 152 ] He was replaced by Mads Mikkelsen. [ 153 ] soon after, The Hollywood Reporter called Depp “ persona non-grata ” in the movie industry. [ 154 ]

2021 : holocene activeness

In March 2021, City of Lies, which was in the first place scheduled for 2018, was released in theaters and streaming services. [ 155 ] [ 156 ] The same calendar month, an on-line request to bring Depp back to the Pirates franchise, begun four months early, reached its goal of 500,000 signatures. [ 157 ] His Pirates co-star Kevin McNally besides expressed support for Depp returning to the character. [ 158 ] In July 2021, Andrew Levitas, the director of Minamata ( 2020 ), accused MGM of trying to bury the movie due to Depp ‘s affair, [ 159 ] [ 160 ] [ 161 ] with Depp claiming he is being boycotted by the Hollywood industry and calling his changed repute an “ absurdity of media mathematics. ” [ 162 ] Minamata was released in the UK and Ireland in August 2021, [ 163 ] and in North America in December 2021. [ 164 ] The film received positive reviews, [ 165 ] with multiple publications praising Depp ‘s performance as his best in years. [ 166 ] [ 167 ] [ 168 ] [ 169 ] [ 170 ] Depp besides continues as the face of Dior ‘s men ‘s bouquet, Sauvage. [ 171 ] [ 172 ] Depp received multiple honorary awards at numerous european movie festivals, including at the Camerimage festival in Poland, [ 173 ] the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival in the Czech Republic, [ 174 ] and the San Sebastian Film Festival in Spain, [ 175 ] where Depp was awarded the Donostia Award. [ 176 ] These awards were controversial, with assorted domestic violence charities criticizing the festivals. [ 177 ] [ 178 ] The organisers of the ceremonies released statements defending their decision to award Depp, [ 179 ] [ 180 ] [ 181 ] with the San Sebastian Film Festival stating that “ he has not been charged by any authority in any legal power, nor convicted of any form of violence against women. ” [ 182 ] In September 2021, Depp described himself as a victim of cancel polish. [ 183 ] The lapp calendar month, he launched IN.2, a London-based baby ship’s company to his product company, Infinitum Nihil, and announced that IN.2 and the spanish output ship’s company A Contracorriente Films were starting a new development fund for television and film projects. [ 184 ]

other ventures

In 2004, Depp founded film production company Infinitum Nihil to develop projects where he will serve as actor or producer. [ 77 ] He serves as its CEO, while his sister, Christi Dembrowski, serves as president. [ 77 ] [ 185 ] The company ‘s first two film releases were The Rum Diary ( 2011 ) and Hugo ( 2011 ). [ 186 ]

Depp co-owned the cabaret The Viper Room in Los Angeles in 1993–2003, [ 187 ] and the restaurant-bar Man Ray in Paris. [ 188 ] Depp and Douglas Brinkley edited folk singer Woody Guthrie ‘s fresh House of Earth, [ 189 ] which was published in 2013. [ 190 ]


prior to his acting career, Depp was a guitarist, and has former featured on songs by Oasis, Shane MacGowan, Iggy Pop, Vanessa Paradis, Aerosmith, Marilyn Manson, and The New Basement Tapes, among others. He besides performed with Manson at the Revolver Golden Gods Awards in 2012. [ 191 ] Depp played guitar on the soundtrack of his films Chocolat and Once Upon a Time in Mexico, and has appeared in music video recording for Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, The Lemonheads, Avril Lavigne and Paul McCartney. In the 1990s, he was besides a member of P, a musical group featuring Butthole Surfers singer Gibby Haynes, Red Hot Chili Peppers bassist Flea and Sex Pistols guitarist Steve Jones. In 2015, Depp formed the supergroup Hollywood Vampires with Alice Cooper and Joe Perry ; the band besides includes Bruce Witkin, his supporter from his 1980s isthmus, The Kids. Hollywood Vampires released their self-titled debut studio album in September 2015. It featured football team authoritative rock ‘n’ roll covers, ampere well as three original songs ( all co-written by Depp ). [ 192 ] The isthmus made their populate introduction at The Roxy in Los Angeles in September 2015, [ 193 ] and has since done two world tours in 2016 [ 194 ] and 2018. [ 195 ] [ 196 ] Their second studio album, Rise, was released in June 2019 and consists by and large of original material, including songs written by Depp. The album besides features a cover adaptation of David Bowie ‘s “ Heroes ”, sung by Depp. [ 197 ] In 2020, Depp released a cover of John Lennon ‘s “ Isolation “ with guitarist Jeff Beck, and stated that they would be releasing more music together in the future. [ 198 ]

reception and public effigy

In the 1990s, Depp was seen as a new type of male film ace that rejected the norms of that character. [ 199 ] [ 200 ] After becoming a adolescent paragon in 21 Jump Street, [ 201 ] he publicly protested against the picture, and with his subsequent film and PR choices began to cultivate a new public persona. [ 199 ] [ 200 ] According to diarist Hadley Freeman :

“ Along with Phoenix and Keanu Reeves, he was part of a holy place trio of dirt heart-throbs. They were the opposite of the Beverly Hills 90210 boys, or Brad Pitt and DiCaprio, because they seemed embarrassed by their looks, even resentful of them. … This uninterest in their own prettiness made them seem edgy, even while their prettiness softened that boundary. They signified not fair a different kind of fame, but a different kind of masculinity : desirable but docile, manfully but girlish. Depp in particular was the cool pinup it was safe to like, and the safe pinup it was cool to like. We fans understood that there was more to Depp, Phoenix and Reeves than handsomeness. They were artistic—they had bands ! —and they thought very big thoughts, which they would ramble on about bewilderingly in interviews. If we dated them, we understood that our function would be to understand their soul. ” [ 199 ]

similarly, film learner Anna Everett has described Depp ‘s 1990s films and public character as “ anti-macho ” and “ gender-bending ”, going against the conventions of a Hollywood leading world. [ 200 ] After 21 Jump Street, Depp chose to work in autonomous films, often taking on far-out roles that sometimes even wholly obscured his looks, such as Edward Scissorhands. [ 199 ] [ 200 ] Critics much described Depp ‘s characters as “ iconic loners ” [ 38 ] or “ aristocratic outsiders ”. [ 200 ] According to Depp, his agent, Tracey Jacobs of the United Talent Agency ( UTA ), had to take “ a lot of inflame over the years ” for his role choices ; Depp characterized higher-ups at the UTA as think, “ Jesus jesus ! When does he do a movie where he kisses the girlfriend ? When does he get to pull a gun out and shoot person ? When does he get to be a [ fuck ] man for a change ? When is he ultimately going to do a blockbuster ? ” [ 202 ] Depp besides cultivated the prototype of a bad male child. According to Everett, his “ rule-breaking ” roles matched with the “ much publicized insubordination, unconventionality, and volatility ascribed to Depp ‘s own personal animation throughout the ten. From reports of his repeat confrontations with the police, trash of a hotel board, range smoke, drink, and drug use, to his multiple engagements to such glamorous women as supermodel Kate Moss and Hollywood starlet Winona Ryder and others, we intelligibly see a perfect fit between his non-conformist ace picture and his repertory of outsider characters. ” [ 200 ]
After a ten of appearing chiefly in independent films with varying commercial success, Depp became one of the biggest box office pull back in the 2000s with his character as Captain Jack Sparrow in Walt Disney Studios ‘ Pirates of the Caribbean franchise. [ 203 ] The five films in the series have earned US $ 4.5 billion as of 2021. In addition to the Pirates franchise, Depp besides made further four films with Tim Burton that were major successes, with one, Alice in Wonderland ( 2010 ), becoming the biggest commercial hit of Depp ‘s career and one of the highest-grossing films in history ( as of 2021 ). [ 204 ] According to film learner Murray Pomerance, Depp ‘s collaboration with Disney “ can be seen to purport and herald a new era for Johnny Depp, one in which he is, finally, as though long-promised and long-expected, the proud owner of a much-accepted career ; not only a star but a middle-class champion ”. [ 203 ] In 2003, the same year as the foremost movie in the Pirates series was released, Depp was named “ World ‘s Sexiest man ” by People ; he would receive the title again in 2009. [ 203 ] During the ten and into the 2010s, Depp was one of the biggest and most democratic film stars in the world [ 1 ] [ 2 ] and was named by public vote as “ Favorite Male Movie Star ” at the People ‘s Choice Awards every class for 2005 through 2012. In 2012, Depp became the most highly paid actor in the american film industry, earning at best $ 75 million per film, [ 3 ] and as of 2020, is the one-tenth highest-grossing actor cosmopolitan, with his films having grossed over US $ 3.7 billion at the United States box office and over US $ 10 billion global. [ 205 ] Although a mainstream favorite with the audiences, critics ‘ views on Depp changed in the 2000s, becoming more veto as he was seen to conform more to the Hollywood ideal. [ 203 ] Regardless, Depp continued to eschew more traditional leading-man roles until towards the end of the 2000s, when he starred as John Dillinger in Public Enemies ( 2009 ). [ 203 ] In the 2010s, Depp ‘s films were less successful, with many big-budget studio apartment films such as Dark Shadows ( 2012 ), The Lone Ranger ( 2013 ), and Alice Through the Looking Glass ( 2016 ) underperforming at the box position and gaining Depp nominations for Golden Raspberry Awards. [ 108 ] [ 106 ] [ 111 ] [ 112 ] Depp besides received veto publicity due to allegations of domestic ferocity, kernel misuse, poor people on-set behavior and the loss of his US $ 650 million fortune. [ 206 ] [ 207 ] [ 208 ] [ 209 ] [ 199 ] After losing a highly publicized libel trial against the publishers of The Sun, Depp was asked to resign from Warner Bros. ‘ Fantastic Beasts franchise. [ 150 ] many publications wrote that Depp would most likely contend to find farther oeuvre in major studio productions. [ 154 ] [ 199 ] [ 210 ]

personal life


Depp and makeup artist Lori Anne Allison were married from 1983 until 1985. [ 211 ] In the recently 1980s, he was engaged to actresses Jennifer Grey and Sherilyn Fenn before proposing in 1990 to his Edward Scissorhands co-star Winona Ryder, for whom he tattooed “ WINONA FOREVER ” on his right arm. [ 199 ] Between 1994 and 1997, he was in a relationship with English model Kate Moss. [ 212 ] Following his separation from Moss, Depp began a relationship with french actress and singer Vanessa Paradis, whom he met while filming The Ninth Gate in France in 1998. They have two children, daughter Lily-Rose Melody Depp ( born 1999 ) and son John Christopher “ Jack ” Depp III ( born 2002 ). [ 213 ] Depp stated that having children has given him a “ real foundation, a real strong place to stand in life, in make, in everything. … You can not plan the kind of deep love that results in children. Fatherhood was not a conscious decision. It was separate of the fantastic ride I was on. It was fortune. All the mathematics last worked. ” [ 68 ] Depp and Paradis announced that they had separated in June 2012. [ 214 ]

kinship with Amber Heard

Following the conclusion of his relationship with Vanessa Paradis, Depp began dating actress Amber Heard, with whom he had co-starred in The Rum Diary ( 2011 ). [ 215 ] They were married in a civil ceremony in February 2015. [ 216 ] [ 217 ] [ 218 ] Heard filed for divorce in May 2016 and obtained a irregular restrain ordain against Depp, alleging in her court declaration that he had been verbally and physically abusive throughout their relationship, normally while under the influence of drugs or alcohol. [ 219 ] [ 220 ] [ 221 ] [ 209 ] Depp denied this and alleged that she was “ attempting to secure a premature fiscal solution ”. [ 222 ] [ 219 ] [ 223 ] A settlement was reached in August 2016, [ 224 ] and the divorce was finalized in January 2017. [ 225 ] Heard dismissed the restrict order, and they issued a joint argument saying that their “ kinship was intensely passionate and at times fickle, but constantly bound by sexual love. Neither party has made faithlessly accusations for fiscal reach. There was never any intent of forcible or emotional injury. ” [ 224 ] Depp paid Heard a liquidation of US $ 7 million, which she pledged to donate [ 226 ] to the ACLU [ 227 ] and the Children ‘s Hospital Los Angeles ( CHLA ). [ 228 ] [ 229 ] In 2018, [ 230 ] Depp brought a libel lawsuit in the UK against News Group Newspapers ( NGN ), the company publication The Sun, which had called him a “ wife beater ” in an April 2018 article. [ 231 ] [ 232 ] The case had a highly publicized trial in July 2020, with both Depp and Heard testifying for respective days. [ 233 ] In November 2020, the High Court of Justice ruled that 12 of the 14 incidents of ferocity claimed by Heard were “ well on-key ”. [ 231 ] [ 232 ] The court rejected Depp ‘s call of a hoax [ 234 ] and accepted that the allegations Heard had made against Depp had damaged her career and activism. [ 231 ] [ 232 ] Following the verdict, Depp resigned from the Fantastic Beasts franchise, after being asked to do so by its production company, Warner Bros. [ 152 ] Depp sought to appeal the verdict, with his lawyers accusing Heard of not following through on the charity pledge, and that the pledge had significantly influenced the judge ‘s see of Heard. [ 235 ] In reaction, Heard ‘s legal team stated that she had not donated the full amount however due to the lawsuits against her by Depp. [ 236 ] Depp ‘s appeal to overturn the verdict was rejected by the Court of Appeal in March 2021. [ 237 ] The Court of Appeal did not find the argument that the charity toast influenced the consequence convincing, as the judge in the test had reached their verdict by evaluating the testify related to the 14 alleged incidents of ferocity ; the exit of the contribution was not part of it, but a comment made after the verdict had already been reached. [ 238 ] In addition to suing The Sun in 2018, Depp besides sued Heard for aspersion in Virginia, US in early 2019 over an op-ed she wrote about her experiences of leaving an abusive relationship, which had been published by the Washington Post in December 2018. [ 239 ] [ 240 ] [ 241 ] Depp alleged that Heard had been the abuser, that her allegations constituted a fraud against him, and that as a consequence, Disney had declined to cast him in future projects. [ 239 ] [ 241 ] In October 2020, the judge in the case dismissed Depp ‘s lawyer Adam Waldman after he leaked confidential information covered by a protective order to the media. [ 154 ] [ 242 ] Following the verdict in Depp ‘s lawsuit against The Sun the following month, Heard ‘s lawyers filed to have the aspersion suit dismissed, but judge Penny Azcarate ruled against it because Heard had not been a defendant in the UK event. [ 243 ] In August 2021, a New York judge ruled that the ACLU must disclose documents related to Heard ‘s charity pledge to the organization. [ 244 ] [ 245 ] The aspersion sheath against Heard is scheduled to go to test in Fairfax County, Virginia in April 2022. [ 239 ] Heard has besides countersued Depp in August 2020, alleging that he had coordinated “ a harassment campaign via Twitter and [ by ] orchestrating on-line petitions in an campaign to get her fired from Aquaman and L’Oreal “. [ 246 ] [ 247 ]

Alcohol and drug use

Depp has struggled with alcoholism and addiction for much of his animation. He has stated that he began using drugs by taking his mother ‘s “ nerve pills ” at the old age of 11, was smoking at age 12 and by the long time of 14 had used “ every kind of drugs there were ”. [ 248 ] [ 249 ] In a 1997 interview, Depp acknowledged past misuse of alcohol during the film of What’s Eating Gilbert Grape? ( 1993 ). [ 248 ] In a 2008 interview, Depp stated that he had “ poisoned ” himself with alcohol “ for years ”. [ 248 ] In 2013, Depp declared that he had stopped drinking alcohol, adding that he “ pretty a lot got everything [ he ] could get out of it ” ; Depp besides said, “ I investigated wine and spirits thoroughly, and they surely investigated me as well, and we found out that we got along beautifully, but possibly besides well. ” [ 250 ] Regarding his separation with longtime partner Vanessa Paradis, Depp said that he “ decidedly was n’t going to rely on the drink to ease things or cushion the boast or cushion the site … [ because ] that could have been black. ” [ 250 ] According to his ex-wife Amber Heard, Depp “ plunged into the depths of paranoia and ferocity after binging on drugs and alcohol ” during their relationship in 2013–2016. [ 209 ] [ 251 ] [ 224 ] In a 2018 Rolling Stone visibility of Depp, reporter Stephen Rodrick wrote that he had used hashish in his presence and described him as “ alternately hilarious, crafty and incoherent ” ; Depp besides said that the allegation made by his erstwhile occupation managers that he had spent US $ 30,000 per month on wine was “ contemptuous ” because he had spent “ far more ” than that sum. [ 206 ] During his 2020 libel trial, Depp admitted to having been addicted to Roxicodone and alcohol deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as used early substances such as MDMA and cocaine during his relationship with Heard. [ 252 ] [ 253 ] [ 254 ] [ 255 ]

Legal problems

Depp was arrested in Vancouver in 1989 for assaulting a security guard after the police were called to end a loudly party at his hotel room. [ 256 ] He was besides arrested in New York City in 1994 after causing meaning damage to his room at The Mark Hotel, where he was staying with Kate Moss, his girlfriend. The charges were dropped against him after he agreed to pay US $ 9,767 in damages. [ 257 ] Depp was arrested again in 1999 for brawling with paparazzo outside a restaurant while dining in London with Paradis. [ 258 ] In 2012, disabled UC Irvine medical professor Robin Eckert sued Depp and three security firms, claiming to have been attacked by his bodyguards at a concert in Los Angeles in 2011. During the incidental, she was allegedly hand-cuffed and dragged 40 feet across the floor, resulting in injuries including a dislocate elbow. [ 259 ] She argued in court that, as the security guards ‘ steer coach, Depp failed to intervene, even though he did not take part in the battery. [ 260 ] Before the casing went to trial, Depp settled with Eckert for an undisclosed sum, according to TMZ. [ 261 ] In April 2015, Depp ‘s wife Amber Heard breached Australia ‘s biosecurity laws when she failed to declare her and Depp ‘s two dogs to the customs when they flew to Queensland, where he was working on a film. [ 262 ] [ 263 ] Heard pleaded guilty to falsifying quarantine documents, stating that she had made a mistake due to sleep privation. [ 264 ] She was placed on a $ 1,000 one-month good behavior shackle for producing a assumed document ; [ 265 ] Heard and Depp besides released a video in which they apologized for their behavior and cheer people to adhere to the biosecurity laws. [ 265 ] The Guardian called the case the “ highest profile criminal quarantine shell ” in australian history. [ 265 ] In March 2016, Depp cut ties with his management company, The Management Group ( TMG ), and sued them in January 2017 for allegedly improperly managing his money and leaving him over $ 40 million in debt. [ 266 ] [ 267 ] TMG stated that Depp was creditworthy for his own fiscal mismanagement and countersued him for unpaid fees. [ 266 ] [ 268 ] In a associate suit, Depp besides sued his lawyers, Bloom Hergott, in January 2017. [ 269 ] Both lawsuits were settled, the former in 2018 and the latter in 2019. [ 269 ] [ 270 ] [ 266 ] In 2018, two of Depp ‘s former bodyguards sued him for amateur fees and insecure running conditions. [ 271 ] The suit was settled in 2019. [ 272 ] besides in 2018, Depp was sued for allegedly hitting and verbally insulting a crew member while under the influence of alcohol on the set of City of Lies. [ 273 ]

political views

Depp stated to the german magazine Stern in 2003 that “ America is dumb, is something like a speechless puppy that has big teeth—that can bite and hurt you, aggressive. ” [ 274 ] Although he late asserted that the magazine misquoted him and his words were taken out of context, Stern stood by its floor, as did CNN in its coverage of the interview. CNN added his remark that he would like his children “ to see America as a miniature, a break toy. Investigate it a little, check it out, get this feel and then get out. ” [ 275 ] [ 276 ] Depp has besides disagreed with subsequent media reports that perceived him as a “ european aspirant ”, saying that he liked the anonymity and ease of exist in France while in a relationship with Paradis. [ 274 ] Depp became a U.S. house physician again in 2011, because France wanted him to become a permanent nonmigratory, which he said would require him to pay income tax in both countries. [ 277 ] In November 2016, Depp joined the campaign Imprisoned for Art to call for the let go of of ukrainian film maker Oleg Sentsov, who was being held in custody in Russia. [ 278 ] At the Glastonbury Festival 2017, Depp, criticizing the US president Donald Trump, asked : “ When was the last time an actor assassinated a President ? I want to clarify : I ‘m not an actor. I lie for a support. however, it ‘s been a while and maybe it ‘s time. ” He added, “ I ‘m not insinuating anything ”. The remark was interpreted as a reference point to John Wilkes Booth, the actor who assassinated Abraham Lincoln. Shawn Holtzclaw of the Secret Service told CNN they were mindful of Depp ‘s comment, but that “ [ farad ] or security reasons, we can not discuss specifically nor in general terms the means and methods of how we perform our protective responsibilities ”. [ 279 ] [ 280 ] Depp apologized shortly subsequently, saying the remark “ did not come out as intended, and I intended no malevolence. I was entirely trying to amuse, not to harm anyone. ” [ 281 ]

Filmography and accolades


See besides


  1. ^Gonzo: Photographs by Hunter S. Thompson, a posthumous collection of photographs of and by Thompson, and in 2008 narrated the documentary film Gonzo: The Life and Work of Dr. Hunter S. Thompson. Following Thompson’s suicide in 2005, Depp paid for most of his memorial event in his hometown of [58] Depp accompanied Thompson as his road director on one of the author ‘s end bible tours. In 2006, he contributed a foreword to, a posthumous collection of photograph of and by Thompson, and in 2008 narrated the documentary film. Following Thompson ‘s suicide in 2005, Depp paid for most of his memorial event in his hometown of Aspen, Colorado. Following Thompson ‘s wishes, fireworks were set off and his ashes were shot from a carom .




  • Blitz, Michael; Krasniewicz, Louise (2007). Johnny Depp: A Biography. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-34300-1. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021 .
  • Burton, Tim; Salisbury, Mark (2006). Burton on Burton (Second Revised ed.). London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-22926-0. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021 .
  • Everett, Anna (2012). “Johnny Depp and Keanu Reeves”. In Everett, Anna (ed.). Pretty People: Movie Stars of the 1990s. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-5244-6.
  • Lennard, Dominic (2012). “Wonder Boys – Matt Damon, Johnny Depp and Robert Downey Jr.”. In Pomerance, Murray (ed.). Shining in Shadows : Movie Stars of the 2000s. Rutgers University Press.

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