Palos Verdes Estates ( Palos Verdes, spanish for “ green Sticks ” ) is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, situated on the Palos Verdes Peninsula. The city was master-planned by the note american landscape architect and planner Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. The city is located along the Southern California coastline of the Pacific Ocean. The population was 13,438 at the 2010 census, up from 13,340 in the 2000 census. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, Palos Verdes Estates is the 81st richest topographic point in the United States with at least 1,000 households ( based upon per head income ). The 90274 ZIP code ( covering the cities of Palos Verdes Estates and Rolling Hills ) was ranked the 47th most expensive house area among high property measure U.S. ZIP codes in a 2007 study by Forbes.com. [ 7 ] Palos Verdes is besides particularly well known for its high-performing schools, with diverse national publications ranking the high school between 8th- and 44th-best in the nation in the 2000s and 2010s. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ]
history [edit ]
Palos Verdes Estates was established as a planned community in 1923, with 3,200 acres ( 1,300 hour angle ) carved out of the early Rancho Palos Verdes property of over 16,000 acres ( 6,500 hour angle ). Frank Vanderlip established both a land syndicate holding the Palos Verdes peninsula, and a real estate of the realm exploitation trust for the Palos Verdes Estates subdivision. [ 11 ] The Commonwealth Trust Company filed the Palos Verdes Protective Restrictions in Los Angeles County in 1923. These restrictions established rules for the developer and all farming owners. [ 12 ] The developer was required to set aside half of the kingdom for common use, including roads and parks, but besides to build bridle paths, a golf course, and retain several miles of coastline free of development. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] No less than ninety percentage of the remaining land was required to be used for single-family homes. [ 14 ] The designers of Palos Verdes Estates, Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and Charles Cheney, used act restrictions as a method acting of controlling development of the branch, even after many of the lots would have already been sold. [ 15 ] The act restrictions prohibited pain businesses, such as polluting industries, but besides bars and cemeteries. The deed restrictions besides included an exclusionary racial covenant which forbid an owner from selling or renting a house to anyone who was n’t caucasian. They were besides not permitted to have African-Americans on their property with the exception of chauffeurs, gardeners, and domestic servants. The “ sunset rule ” was rigorously in effect, and it wasn ’ t until 1948 when such restrictions were declared unconstitutional. Yet, it took 20 more years until the Fair Housing Act was passed in 1968 for the reality of the civil rights protections to take oblige. [ 16 ] An artwork jury reviewed all build plans, regulating any structure in regard to manner, fabric, and even modest details like color and the pitch of the roof. [ 17 ] The structure of fences and hedges were capable to evaluation by the art jury. [ 18 ] [ needs update ] At the time of the city ‘s incorporation in 1939, the business and shop area around Malaga Cove had most of the Peninsula ‘s earlier buildings. The Malaga Cove Plaza build of the Palos Verdes Public Library, designed by Pasadena architect Myron Hunt, was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995. Palos Verdes Estates was one of the earliest masterplanned communities in the United States. [ citation needed ]
geography [edit ]
Palos Verdes Estates is located at ( 33.787049, -118.396657 ). [ 19 ] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles ( 12 km2 ), over 99 % of it land .
Demographics [edit ]
|U.S. Decennial Census|
2010 [edit ]
The 2010 United States Census [ 21 ] reported that Palos Verdes Estates had a population of 13,438. The population concentration was 2,814.8 people per squarely sea mile ( 1,086.8/km2 ). The racial makeup of Palos Verdes Estates was 10,346 ( 77.0 % ) White ( 73.4 % Non-Hispanic White ), [ 22 ] 161 ( 1.2 % ) african American, 21 ( 0.2 % ) native American, 2,322 ( 17.3 % ) Asian, 8 ( 0.1 % ) Pacific Islander, 94 ( 0.7 % ) from early races, and 486 ( 3.6 % ) from two or more races. There were 631 people ( 4.7 % ) of Hispanic or Latino origin, of any race. The Census reported that 13,421 people ( 99.9 % of the population ) lived in households, 17 ( 0.1 % ) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 ( 0 % ) were institutionalized. There were 5,066 households, out of which 1,686 ( 33.3 % ) had children under the historic period of 18 exist in them, 3,649 ( 72.0 % ) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 296 ( 5.8 % ) had a female homeowner with no conserve show, 138 ( 2.7 % ) had a male homeowner with no wife present. There were 91 ( 1.8 % ) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 26 ( 0.5 % ) same-sex marital couples or partnerships. 848 households ( 16.7 % ) were made up of individuals, and 534 ( 10.5 % ) had person living alone who was 65 years of historic period or older. The average family size was 2.65. There were 4,083 families ( 80.6 % of all households ) ; the average kin size was 2.97. The population was spread out, with 3,113 people ( 23.2 % ) under the age of 18, 588 people ( 4.4 % ) aged 18 to 24, 1,787 people ( 13.3 % ) aged 25 to 44, 4,702 people ( 35.0 % ) aged 45 to 64, and 3,248 people ( 24.2 % ) who were 65 years of long time or older. The median age was 49.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males. There were 5,283 house units at an average concentration of 1,106.6 per feather mile ( 427.3/km2 ), of which 4,496 ( 88.7 % ) were owner-occupied, and 570 ( 11.3 % ) were occupied by renters. The homeowner void rate was 0.7 % ; the rental vacancy rate was 5.6 %. 11,958 people ( 89.0 % of the population ) lived in owner-occupied house units and 1,463 people ( 10.9 % ) lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010-2014 U.S. Census, the median income for a family in Palos Verdes Estates was $ 171,328. The per caput income for the city was $ 87,408 .
2000 [edit ]
As of the census [ 23 ] of 2000, there were 13,340 people, 4,993 households, and 4,119 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,784.9 inhabitants per square mile ( 1,075.3/km2 ). There were 5,202 house units at an median concentration of 1,086.0 per square nautical mile ( 419.3/km2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 78.3 % White, 17.1 % asian, 2.0 % african American, 0.1 % native American, 0.1 % Pacific Islander, 0.6 % from other races, and 2.7 % from two or more races. spanish american or Latino of any race were 2.8 % of the population. There were 4,993 households, out of which 32.8 % had children under the senesce of 18 animation with them, 75.7 % were married couples living together, 4.7 % had a female homeowner with no husband give, and 17.5 % were non-families. 15.0 % of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2 % had person living alone who was 65 years of old age or older. The average family size was 2.67 and the average class size was 2.96 .
Malaga Cove Plaza was built in a spanish Renaissance style in 1925. In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.2 % under the senesce of 18, 4.1 % from 18 to 24, 19.8 % from 25 to 44, 33.0 % from 45 to 64, and 19.9 % who were 65 years of age or older. The medial long time was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males .
Neptune Fountain, Malaga Cove Plaza
Government and infrastructure [edit ]
Public condom [edit ]
Palos Verdes Estates is the lone city on the Palos Verdes Peninsula to have its own police department ( the other three peninsula cities sign with the Los Angeles County Sheriff ‘s Department, using the station in nearby Lomita ). The department presently has 25 officers. These officers are assigned to different divisions such as traffic, patrol and detectives. The city besides has its own dispatch center and jail. Both are staffed 24 hours a day. Fire prevention and Paramedic reaction services are provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department with engine company fire station facilities located within the city limits. It is the home of the Lunada Bay Boys surf crowd which has been subject to several lawsuits over the past years and much promotion. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Torrance Health Center in Harbor Gateway, Los Angeles, near Torrance and serving Palos Verdes Estates. [ 26 ]
County, submit, and federal representation [edit ]
In the state legislature Palos Verdes Estates is located in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ben Allen, and in the 66th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Al Muratsuchi. [ 27 ] In the United States House of Representatives, Palos Verdes Estates is in California ‘s 33rd congressional zone, represented by Democrat Ted Lieu. [ 28 ] The United States Postal Service Palos Verdes Estates Post Office is located in Suite 102 at 2516 Via Tejon. [ 29 ]
Voting history [edit ]
|2020||56.69% 4,275||41.44% 3,125||1.87% 141|
|2016||49.59% 3,832||44.09% 3,408||5.94% 488|
|2012||36.82% 2,976||61.69% 4,986||1.50% 121|
|2008||43.15% 3,652||55.30% 4,681||1.55% 131|
education [edit ]
Primary and secondary schools [edit ]
Public schools [edit ]
The city is served by the Palos Verdes Peninsula Unified School District. A former The Washington Post study ranked the nearby Palos Verdes Peninsula High School ( the “ Panthers ” ; enrollment 2,400 ) as the # 8 best among populace and secret high schools in the United States. [ 33 ] U.S. News & World Report recently academically ranks it # 89 among 18,500 U.S. high schools, and Newsweek ranks it # 146. In 2014, thedailybeast.com ranked the two area high schools as the 44th and 121st well high gear schools in the country. [ 9 ] Palos Verdes Peninsula High School besides per annum honors the largest collection of National Merit Scholar recipients ( normally 50–60 ) enrolled in a U.S. eminent school in any year. In any given year there is routinely a dozen-way or more tie for the valedictorian ( highest grade point average ) honors in the graduate class. [ 34 ] The smaller registration Palos Verdes High School ( the “ Sea Kings ” ; enrollment 1,900 ) achieved the same API score as Palos Verdes Peninsula High School ( 898 ). Both schools ‘ students and faculties in science and calculator skill course of study are participants in national automatic mastermind progress, and have competed against universities ( Caltech, Stanford, Princeton, Cornell ) and defense contractor firms in government-sponsored automatic skill application challenges ( example : The Sea Kings competed in the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge ; the merely U.S. high school to do so ). [ 35 ] public school-enrollment students can attend either Palos Verdes High School in Palos Verdes Estates ( Lunada Bay ), or the larger Palos Verdes Peninsula High School, in adjacent Rolling Hills Estates. Prior to 2002, students were alone offered to attend Palos Verdes Peninsula High School, as the Palos Verdes High School, originally built as a high school, had been designated an intermediate school as scholar enrollments declined in 1970–1990s. In 2002 Palos Verdes High School was recommissioned as a high school again to accommodate the holocene growth in scholar enrollments across the entire Palos Verdes Peninsula. The student registration growth has occurred as original homeowner-retirees have sold their homes over the late years to younger families, and moved to smaller elder citizen house on the peninsula or elsewhere. [ citation needed ]
private schools [edit ]
Chadwick School is another well known educate in the area. It is a K-12 independent, nonsectarian school which was established in 1935. In 1992 the International Bilingual School, a japanese preparatory school for grades K-9, moved to Palos Verdes Estates. [ 36 ] By 2002 the PVUSD had filed suit to force the International Bilingual School to leave the place that the school was located in. The PVUSD owned the school build. [ 37 ]
Public libraries [edit ]
The Palos Verdes Library District operates the Malaga Cove Library in Palos Verdes Estates. [ 38 ]