Old Trafford is a cricket ground in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England. It opened in 1857 as the home of Manchester Cricket Club and has been the home of Lancashire County Cricket Club since 1864. From 2013 onwards it has been known as Emirates Old Trafford due to a sponsorship deal with the Emirates airline. [ 4 ] Old Trafford is England ‘s second oldest Test venue after The Oval and hosted the first Ashes Test in England in July 1884. The venue has hosted the Cricket World Cup five times ( 1975, 1979, 1983, 1999 and 2019 ). Old Trafford holds the commemorate for both most World Cup matches hosted ( 17 ) and most semi-finals hosted ( 5 ). [ 5 ] [ 6 ] In 1956, the beginning 10-wicket haul in a single innings was achieved by England bowler Jim Laker who achieved bowling figures of 19 wickets for 90 runs—a bowl record which is unmatched in Test and excellent cricket. In 1990, a 17 year honest-to-god Sachin Tendulkar scored 119 not out against England, which was the first of his 100 international centuries. In the 1993 Ashes Test at Old Trafford, leg-spinner Shane Warne bowled Mike Gatting with the “ Ball of the Century “. In 2019, New Zealand defeated India in the World Cup semi-final after infamously running out MS Dhoni, in what turned out to be his last external match. In 2020 the ground was used as one of two biosecure venues, alongside the Ageas Bowl, for the tours involving West Indies and Pakistan which were regulated due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Despite its rich cricket history, [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] the venue was perceived as dilapidated and lost test status in 2009. across-the-board renovation of the ground to increase capacitance and overhaul facilities commenced soon after in an campaign to safeguard international cricket at the venue. The growth entailed the restoration of the pavilion and creation of The Point, a £12 million stand overlooking the pitch. [ 10 ] The slope at Old Trafford has historically been the quickest in England, but will take spin late in the game. [ 11 ]
history [edit ]
early history [edit ]
The site was first used as a cricket ground in 1857, when the Manchester Cricket Club moved onto the meadows of the de Trafford estate. [ 12 ] Despite the construction of a bombastic pavilion ( for the amateurs—the professionals used a shed at the opposition end of the ground ), Old Trafford ‘s foremost years were rocky : accessible only along a pathway from the railroad track station, the ground was situated out in the state, and games only attracted small crowd. It was not until the Roses match of 1875 that meaning numbers attended a game. When W. G. Grace brought Gloucestershire in 1878, Old Trafford saw 28,000 spectators over three days, and this arouse improvements to access and facilities. [ 13 ] In 1884, Old Trafford became the second English crunch, after The Oval, to stage Test cricket : with the beginning day being lost to rain, England drew with Australia. [ 14 ] expansion of the grind followed over the future ten, with the decision being taken to construct a new pavilion in 1894. [ 15 ] The earth was purchased outright from the delaware Traffords in 1898, for £24,372, as push increased, with over 50,000 spectators attending the 1899 Test match. [ 15 ] In 1902, the australian Victor Trumper hit a hundred before lunch on the first day ; [ 16 ] Australia went on to win the test by 3 runs—the third-closest Test consequence in history. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] Crowds fell through the early twentieth hundred, and the ground was closed during the First World War ; however, in the dispute ‘s consequence, push numbers reached newly heights. investment followed throughout the inter-war period, and during this time, Lancashire experienced their most successful run to date, gaining four championship titles in five years. [ 19 ] During the second gear World War, Old Trafford was used as a passage clique for troops returning from Dunkirk, and as a provide storehouse. In December 1940, the flat coat was hit by bombs, damaging or destroying several stands. Despite this damage—and the failure of an attract to raise funds for repairs—cricket resumed promptly after the war, with german PoWs being paid a small wage to prepare the anchor. The ‘ Victory Test ‘ between England and Australia of August 1945 proved to be highly popular, with 76,463 seeing it over three days. [ 19 ]
Post-Second World War [edit ]
Differences of opinion between the golf club ‘s committee and players led to a bad carry of form in the 1950s and early 1960s ; this consequently saw gate money sink, and a miss of investment. [ 20 ] After 1964, however, the situation was reversed, and 1969 saw the first Indoor Cricket Centre opened. [ 21 ] In 1956 Jim Laker became the first person to take all 10 wickets in a Test match innings, achieving figures of 10 for 53 in the fourth Test against Australia ( the lone other bowler hat to take all 10 wickets in an inning is Anil Kumble of India in 1999 ). Having besides taken 9 for 37 in the first innings, Laker ended the match with record figures of 19 for 90, which remain odd to this day. [ 22 ] [ 23 ] On 1 May 1963 the inaugural ever one day cricket match took invest at Old Trafford, as the Gillette Cup was launched. Lancashire beat Leicestershire in a preliminary knock-out game, as 16th and 17th finishers in the Championship the former class, to decide who would fill the 16th spot in the One Day contest. [ 24 ] Following Lancashire ‘s predominate as One Day champions in the 1970s, a program of renovation and successor was initiated in 1981. [ 21 ] This changed the face of the ground to the extent that, nowadays, only the Pavilion “ is recognizable to a visitor who last watched or played a crippled in, say, the early 1980s ”. [ 25 ] In 1981 Ian Botham hit 118, including six sixes ( the second greatest number in an Ashes inning ), which he has called “ one of the three innings I would like to tell my grandchildren about ”. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] England went on to win the Ashes after being lampooned in the national media for such poor people performances. In 1990, Sachin Tendulkar scored his first Test hundred at the historic period of 17—becoming the second-youngest centurion—to help oneself India absorb. [ 28 ] In 1993, Shane Warne bowled the “ Ball of the Century “ to Mike Gatting at the reason. [ 29 ] In the same plot, Graham Gooch was out handling the ball for 133—only the sixth out of nine times this has ever happened. [ 30 ] In 1995, Dominic Cork took a hat-trick for England against the West Indies. In 2000, both Mike Atherton and Alec Stewart played their hundredth Tests, against the West Indies. [ 31 ] In the Third Test of the 2005 Ashes series the match ended in a nailbiting draw, with 10,000 fans shut out of the land on the final day as tickets were sold out. England went on to win the series regaining the Ashes for the first clock time since 1986/87. [ 32 ] In 2020 the ground was used as one of two biosecure venues, alongside the Ageas Bowl, for the tours involving West Indies and Pakistan which were regulated due to the COVID-19 pandemic .
The ground [edit ]
The cricket establish is near the Old Trafford football stadium ( a five-minute walk aside down Warwick Road and Sir Matt Busby Way ), in the borough of Trafford in Greater Manchester, approximately two miles south west of Manchester city center. Its capability is 22,000 for Test matches, for which irregular stands are erected, and 15,000 for other matches. Since 1884, it has hosted 74 Tests, [ 33 ] the third-highest number in England, behind Lord ‘s and The Oval. [ 34 ] The two ends of the grate are the James Anderson End [ 35 ] to the union and the Brian Statham End to the south, renamed in honor of the erstwhile Lancashire and England player. A segment of Warwick Road to the east is besides called Brian Statham Way. immediately abutting the grind to the southeast is the Old Trafford tram blockage. Old Trafford has a reputation for unpredictable weather. Old Trafford is the only earth in England where a Test catch has been abandoned without a ball being bowled—and this has happened hera twice in 1890 and 1938, though before five-day quiz matches were introduced. [ 36 ] Before Cardiff hosted its first Test couple in July 2009, Old Trafford was reputedly the wettest screen ground in the country ; [ 37 ] Manchester is situated to the west of the Pennines and faces prevailing winds and weather fronts from the Atlantic Ocean. These prevailing conditions have encouraged Lancashire to keep the ground arsenic well-drained as potential, most recently through the acquisition of a levitate binding in 2007, [ 38 ] and the facility of new drains towards the end of the 2008 season. [ 39 ] In the second Test of 1938 in a desperate effort to ensure playing period after heavy rain the groundstaff moved the turf from the commit pitch to the square—a unique attempt. [ 26 ] In 2010–11 the wickets were relaid, changing their highly unusual east–west axis to a more conventional north–south layout. The Brian Statham End to the east, and Stretford End to the west, were replaced by the Pavilion End to the north, and the Brian Statham End to the south. [ 40 ]
The pavilion [edit ]
The Pavilion before and after renovation August 2009 September 2013 The three-tiered victorian members ‘ pavilion was built in 1895 for £10,000. [ 15 ] Hit by a fail in 1940—which destroyed the members ‘ dine room and groundsman ‘s quarters—most of the pavilion was rebuilt. [ 19 ] One million pounds was spent on a new roof after it began to leak in 2003. [ 25 ] The Pavilion ‘s stead was noteworthy in that, until 2010, it sat parallel to the wickets, rather than behind them, presenting the members with one of the worst view angles possible. It contains batting and bowling Honours Boards, unveiled during the 2004 Test catch. [ 41 ] The pavilion undergo renovation at the starting signal of 2012 and was reopened for the YB40 game against Scotland .
The point [edit ]
The Point, which was completed in 2010, which was completed in 2010 The Point, Old Trafford ‘s distinctive £12 million conference center, and at 1,000 seats one of the largest multi-purpose league facilities in North West England, [ 42 ] opened in 2010. [ 43 ]
Media and Players Centre [edit ]
The Media and Players Centre which opened in September 2012 Old Trafford was unusual in that there were two media stands at antonym ends of the flat coat prior to the new Media Centre which opened in September 2012. television and radio commentators previously operated in irregular television studios and comment boxes at the Stretford End which were perched on cordial reception boxes .
Cricket practice school [edit ]
The idea of an indoor school was born in 1951, when nets were strung up in the Members ‘ Dining Room in the pavilion. [ 19 ] A permanent wave facility was built in 1969, and replaced in 1997. [ 21 ] The current build stands to the northwest of the pitch ; it contains five 60-metre lanes on diverse surfaces, respective league rooms, and a bombastic patronize. [ 44 ]
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The hotel [edit ]
To the northeast of the ground, immediately adjacent to the Pavilion is a 150-bed Hilton Garden hotel which opened in late 2017. similar in computer architecture to The Point on the other side of the Pavilion, half the rooms have a balcony with a full see of the pitch. [ 45 ] previously, this was occupied by the Old Trafford Lodge which opened in 1999. [ 21 ] The hotel had 68 rooms, 36 having unobstructed views of the toy coat. [ 46 ] [ 47 ] It was demolished in 2016 and the fresh hotel opened in belated 2017. [ 48 ]
renovation 2003–2017 [edit ]
( L-R ) The Point ( opened 2010 ), The Pavilion ( afford 2013 ), Hilton Garden Inn Emirates Old Trafford ( open 2017 ) Following rejection of plans, in 2003, to sell Old Trafford, and move the club to a new purpose-built stadium in East Manchester, [ 25 ] the focus was switched to upgrading the current ground. Lancashire CCC, with a coalescence of businesses, are in the work of making the cricket reason the center of an anticipate 750,000-square-foot ( 70,000 m2 ) exploitation, in a mixed-use scheme involving business, residential, retail, hotel and leisure facilities. [ 49 ] The inaugural phase of renovation saw the put of new drains in Autumn 2008. In 2009, the Stretford end of the ground was closed to facilitate destruction of the County Suite, Tyldesley Suite, ‘K ‘ and ‘L ‘ Stands and the scoreboard ; [ 39 ] The Point, overshadowing modern seating to the west of the pavilion, opened in June 2010. [ 43 ] During the 2010/11 winter the wickets were turned from their previous east–west axis to a more typical north–south conjunction, [ 50 ] which prevents the moo evening sun from interfering with matches, and increased the total of available wickets by five, to sixteen. Many of Lancashire ‘s home games for the 2011 season were transferred to out grounds while the fresh wickets ‘bedded in ‘. The chief plan process began in September 2008, [ 51 ] but faced cadaver legal confrontation. Since Tesco pledged £21 million to the renovation, the stadium ‘s planning application included a request for a newfangled supermarket nearby. Trafford Council gave this joint marriage proposal license in March 2010 [ 52 ] —a decision which was initially called in by the Communities Secretary for Judicial Review, before the green light was given in September 2010. [ 53 ] Derwent Holdings, a property development caller denied license to build a supermarket at the nearby White City retail park, then called for a Judicial Review. Although this was turned down by the high Court in March 2011, the sheath went to the Court of Appeal. [ 54 ] [ 55 ] Lancashire took the bad decision to begin work ahead of the matter being resolved, in ordain to qualify for grants from the North West Development Agency before it was wound up. [ 56 ] however, the Court of Appeal ruled in Lancashire ‘s favor in July 2011, and denied leave to promote appeal. [ 54 ] [ 57 ] Work therefore began on this main phase in summer 2011, beginning with the initiation of permanent floodlights and a newfangled television blind. [ 58 ] [ 59 ] A fresh ‘Players and Media ‘ facility, mimicking to some degree the purpose of The Point, has been built on the web site of the crush Washbrook-Statham stand, with a two-tiered cantilever stand being erected on either side. The pavilion has been renovated to have its sloped roof replaced with two modern glaze floor, finished in April 2013. The media facilities and corporate boxes on the western side of the ground have been demolished, leaving an empty space, which will be used for temp seat or a stage when required. [ 51 ] [ 60 ] The Old Trafford Lodge opened in 1999 ; however, it has been since demolished and replaced by the Hilton Garden Inn Emirates Old Trafford. It is a Hilton Garden Inn 150-bedroom hotel for Hilton Worldwide. It completed in July 2017. [ 48 ]
Uses [edit ]
cricket [edit ]
The establish is used heavily throughout the summer as the base of Lancashire County Cricket Club, with other home games being played at Stanley Park, Blackpool, Birkdale in Southport and at Aigburth in Liverpool. Until 2008, Old Trafford normally hosted a Test pit each year ; none were hosted in 2009, 2011 or 2012 due to sub-standard facilities, [ 61 ] [ 62 ] although following renovation, Old Trafford hosted an Ashes Test in 2013, and further Tests in 2014 and 2016. [ 63 ] One Day Internationals and/or International Twenty20s continue to be hosted every year. [ 63 ] In Tests, the highest team score posted here is 656/8 december by Australia against England on 23 July 1964. The leading melt scorers here are Denis Compton ( 818 runs ), Mike Atherton ( 729 runs ) and Alec Stewart ( 704 runs ). The leading wicket takers are Alec Bedser ( 51 wickets ), James Anderson ( 28 wickets ) and Jim Laker ( 27 wickets ). In ODIs, the highest team score posted here is 397/6 by England against Afghanistan home cricket team on 18 June 2019. The leading run scorers here are Graham Gooch ( 405 runs ), Eoin Morgan ( 368 runs ), and Allan Lamb ( 341 runs ). The leading wicket takers are Bob Willis ( 15 wickets ), James Anderson ( 14 wickets ) and Darren Gough ( 13 wickets ) .
musical venue [edit ]
The land is occasionally used as a venue for large-scale concerts, with a maximal capacitance of 50,000. Although the old stage location, in front of the Indoor Cricket School, has been built on, buildings on the westerly side of the footing will be cleared by 2013 to again allow space for a stage. The concert capacity will increase to 65,000 after renovation .
early [edit ]
The Old Trafford Lodge, The Point, and other bodied facilities are open all year round, as are the reason ‘s car parks, situated to the north and west of the ground. [ 70 ]
transportation [edit ]
The ground is served by the adjacent Old Trafford tram stop on the Manchester Metrolink ‘s Altrincham Line .
See besides [edit ]
Notes [edit ]
References [edit ]
- Mortimer, David (2005). Old Trafford: Test Match Cricket Since 1884. Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-3667-3.
- Ross, Gordon (1981). The Gillette Cup 1963 to 1980. London: Queen Anne Press. ISBN 0-362-00538-9.