San Rafael, California – Wikipedia

City in California, United States

City in California, United States
San Rafael ( SAN rə-FEL ; Spanish for “ St. Raphael “, spanish pronunciation : [ san rafaˈel ] ) is a city and the county seat of Marin County, California, United States. The city is located in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city ‘s population was 57,713.

San Rafael was founded by the spanish in 1817, when Vicente Francisco de Sarría established Mission San Rafael Arcángel, initially as an asistencia ( sub-mission ). San Rafael Arcángel was upgraded to broad mission condition in 1822, a month before Alta California declared independence from Spain as part of Mexico. Following the american english Conquest of California, the community of San Rafael incorporated as a city in 1874 .

history [edit ]

San Rafael was once the site of several Coast Miwok villages : Awani-wi, near downtown San Rafael, Ewu, near Terra Linda and Shotomko-cha, in Marinwood. [ 10 ]

spanish period [edit ]

Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded as the twentieth spanish mission in the colonial state of Alta California by three priests—Father Narciso Durán from Mission San José, Father Abella from Mission San Francisco de Asís, Father Luis Gíl y Taboada from La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles —on Dec. 14, 1817, four years before Mexico gained independence from Spain. The deputation from which the business district grew and the city are named after the Archangel Raphael, the Angel of Healing. The mission was primitively planned as a hospital web site for Central Valley American Indians who had become ill at the cold San Francisco Mission Dolores. Father Luis Gil, who spoke respective native american english languages, was put in charge of the facility. In character because of its ideal weather, San Rafael was by and by upgraded to full mission condition in 1822 .

mexican period [edit ]

San Rafael in the late nineteenth hundred. The mission had 300 converts within its first year, and 1,140 converts by 1828. [ 11 ] Following the Mexican secularization act of 1833, the mexican government took over the California missions in 1834, and Mission San Rafael was abandoned in 1844, finally falling into ruin .

american period [edit ]

The San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad reached San Rafael in 1879 and was linked to the national railing network in 1888. The United States Navy operated a San Pablo Bay degaussing compass from San Rafael through World War II. [ 12 ]

geography [edit ]

big Rock Ridge. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a sum sphere of 22.4 square miles ( 58 km2 ). 16.5 square miles ( 43 km2 ) of it is kingdom and 6.0 square miles ( 16 km2 ) of it ( 26.55 % ) is water system. South of the county is San Francisco. The San Rafael shoreline has been historically filled to a considerable extent to accommodate land exploitation, with implicit in bay mud ( saturated clayed silt ) of up to 90 feet ( 27 meter ) in thickness. At certain locations such as Murphys Point, the sandstone or shale rock outcrops through the mud. San Rafael has a across-the-board diversity of lifelike habitats from forests at the higher elevations to marshland and estuarine settings. Its marshes are home to the endangered species Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse. There are besides riparian areas including the San Rafael Creek and Miller Creek corridors .

climate [edit ]

San Rafael has a Mediterranean climate ( Köppen climate classification Csb ), with balmy winter lows rarely reaching the freeze mark. The National Weather Service reports that August is normally the warmest calendar month with a high of 80.1 °F ( 26.7 °C ) and a first gear of 55.0 °F ( 12.8 °C ). December, the coldest month, has an average high of 55.1 °F ( 12.8 °C ) and an average gloomy of 41.0 °F ( 5.0 °C ). The highest temperature on record is 110 °F ( 43.3 °C ), recorded in June 1961. The highest temperature in recent years, 108 °F ( 42.2 °C ), occurred on July 23, 2006, [ 13 ] and 108 °F ( 42.2 °C ) again on September 6, 2020. The record lowest temperature was 20 °F ( −6.7 °C ) on December 22, 1990. There are an average of 17.9 afternoons annually with a eminent of 90 °F ( 32.2 °C ) or more and 1.2 afternoons with a high of 100 °F ( 37.8 °C ) or more. Freezing temperatures ( 32 °F/0 °C or under ) occur on an average of 3.6 mornings. [ 14 ] total annual precipitation averages 32.16 inches ( 816.9 millimeter ), with an average of 64.3 days with measurable rain. The showery season is from November to early April : rain is rare outside of this time period and it is normal to receive no rain in June, July, August, and September. The wettest “ rain year ” was from July 1994 to June 1995 with 61.45 inches ( 1,560.8 millimeter ) and the dry from July 1975 to June 1976 with 13.62 inches ( 345.9 millimeter ). The most rain in one month was 24.11 inches ( 612.4 millimeter ) in January 1995, and the heaviest 24-hour rain was 8.74 inches ( 222.0 millimeter ) on December 11, 1995. A trace of coke was recorded on January 30, 1976 .

Climate data for San Rafael, California (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
84
(29)
91
(33)
97
(36)
102
(39)
110
(43)
112
(44)
105
(41)
108
(42)
101
(38)
89
(32)
79
(26)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 55
(13)
60
(16)
64
(18)
67
(19)
71
(22)
77
(25)
80
(27)
80
(27)
79
(26)
73
(23)
64
(18)
55
(13)
69
(21)
Average low °F (°C) 42
(6)
44
(7)
45
(7)
47
(8)
50
(10)
53
(12)
55
(13)
55
(13)
54
(12)
51
(11)
46
(8)
41
(5)
49
(9)
Record low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
21
(−6)
24
(−4)
29
(−2)
23
(−5)
37
(3)
32
(0)
37
(3)
34
(1)
30
(−1)
25
(−4)
17
(−8)
17
(−8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 6.85
(174)
7.86
(200)
4.16
(106)
1.74
(44)
0.96
(24)
0.14
(3.6)
0
(0)
0.05
(1.3)
0.13
(3.3)
1.29
(33)
3.02
(77)
5.97
(152)
32.16
(817)
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.01 in ) 12.2 10.9 9.7 5.7 3.4 1.1 0 0.1 1.0 3.4 6.4 10.4 64.3
Source 1: NOAA [14]
Source 2: Weather.com[15]

Demographics [edit ]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 841
1880 2,276 170.6%
1890 3,290 44.6%
1900 3,879 17.9%
1910 5,934 53.0%
1920 5,512 −7.1%
1930 8,022 45.5%
1940 8,573 6.9%
1950 13,848 61.5%
1960 20,460 47.7%
1970 38,977 90.5%
1980 44,700 14.7%
1990 48,404 8.3%
2000 56,063 15.8%
2010 57,713 2.9%
2019 (est.) 58,440 [9] 1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

2010 [edit ]

St. Vincent ‘s School for Boys. The 2010 United States Census [ 17 ] reported that the city of San Rafael had a population of 57,713. This figure does not, however, include portions of the Santa Venetia and Lucas Valley-Marinwood CDPs, nor assorted other unincorporated areas, all of which have San Rafael postal addresses ; in total, according to the 2010 Census, there were 70,197 residents of San Rafael postal addresses ( ZIP codes 94901 and 94903 ). The comply statistics refer to the incorporated limits of San Rafael lone. The population density was 2,573.9 people per square mile ( 993.8/km2 ). The racial makeup of San Rafael was 40,734 ( 70.6 % ) White, 1,154 ( 2.0 % ) african American, 709 ( 1.2 % ) native American, 3,513 ( 6.1 % ) Asian, 126 ( 0.2 % ) Pacific Islander, 8,513 ( 14.8 % ) from other races, and 2,964 ( 5.1 % ) from two or more races. hispanic or Latino of any race were 17,302 persons ( 30.0 % ). The Census reported that 55,594 people ( 96.3 % of the population ) lived in households, 1,314 ( 2.3 % ) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 805 ( 1.4 % ) were institutionalized. There were 22,764 households, out of which 6,358 ( 27.9 % ) had children under the long time of 18 support in them, 9,845 ( 43.2 % ) were opposite-sex marry couples living in concert, 2,004 ( 8.8 % ) had a female homeowner with no conserve present, 1,133 ( 5.0 % ) had a male homeowner with no wife present. There were 1,450 ( 6.4 % ) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 301 ( 1.3 % ) same-sex marry couples or partnerships. 7,434 households ( 32.7 % ) were made up of individuals, and 2,954 ( 13.0 % ) had person living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average family size was 2.44. There were 12,982 families ( 57.0 % of all households ) ; the average class size was 3.02. The population was spread out, with 11,132 people ( 19.3 % ) under the long time of 18, 4,956 people ( 8.6 % ) aged 18 to 24, 16,915 people ( 29.3 % ) aged 25 to 44, 15,574 people ( 27.0 % ) aged 45 to 64, and 9,136 people ( 15.8 % ) who were 65 years of long time or older. The median long time was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females senesce 18 and all over, there were 98.1 males. There were 24,011 housing units at an modal density of 1,070.9 per feather mile ( 413.5/km2 ), of which 11,909 ( 52.3 % ) were owner-occupied, and 10,855 ( 47.7 % ) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6 % ; the rental void rate was 5.1 %. 27,554 people ( 47.7 % of the population ) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 28,040 people ( 48.6 % ) lived in lease housing units .

2000 [edit ]

San Rafael Church. As of the census [ 18 ] of 2000, there were 56,063 people, 22,371 households, and 12,773 families residing in the city. The population concentration was 3,378.9 inhabitants per square mile ( 1,304.8/km2 ). There were 22,948 house units at an average density of 1,383.1 per square nautical mile ( 534.1/km2 ). The racial constitution of the city in 2010 was 59.0 % non-Hispanic White, 1.8 % non-Hispanic african American, 0.2 % native American, 6.0 % asian, 0.2 % Pacific Islander, 0.3 % from other races, and 2.6 % from two or more races. 30.0 % were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 22,371 households, out of which 25.8 % had children under the age of 18, 44.3 % were married couples living together, 9.0 % had a female homeowner with no conserve present, and 42.9 % were non-families. 32.1 % of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9 % had person living alone who was 65 or older. The modal family size was 2.42 and the average kin size was 2.99. The long time distribution was as follows : 19.5 % under the age of 18, 8.1 % from 18 to 24, 33.3 % from 25 to 44, 24.8 % from 45 to 64, and 14.4 % who were 65 years of age or older. The medial historic period was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females long time 18 and over, there were 95.7 males. The report median income for a family in the city was $ 60,994 ; the median reported income for a kin was $ 74,398 ( these figures had risen to $ 67,789 and $ 85,459 respectively as of a 2007 appraisal [ 19 ] ). Males reported a median income of $ 50,650 versus $ 39,912 for females. The reported per caput income for the city was $ 35,762. About 5.6 % of families and 10.2 % of the population reported income below the poverty line, including 11.7 % of those under age 18 and 5.0 % of those age 65 or complete .

economy [edit ]

BioMarin, Autodesk, In Defense of Animals, Westamerica Bank, and GIS Data Resources [ 20 ] are among the companies headquartered in San Rafael .

top employers [edit ]

According to San Rafael ‘s 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [ 21 ] the top employers in the city are :

entertainment diligence [edit ]

After the arrival of George Lucas in San Rafael in 1970 to film the movie THX 1138, the city became a center for the entertainment diligence, peculiarly the high-tech elements of the commercial enterprise. Lucasfilm was founded by George Lucas in 1971, and is best known for the ball-shaped score movie series Star Wars and besides for Indiana Jones. Some of the company ‘s operations were moved to San Francisco in 2005. Portions of the Universal movie output American Graffiti were filmed in business district San Rafael under George Lucas ‘s direction, and portions of THX 1138 were shot at the Marin County Civic Center in San Rafael. Much of the movie Gattaca, starring Ethan Hawke, was besides shot in the Marin County Civic Center. Industrial Light & Magic was founded in 1975 by Lucas to do particular effects for his films and those of early filmmakers. The new-age music course of study Hearts of Space has been headquartered in San Rafael since 2004.

largely because of the presence of LucasFilm, San Rafael started to attract television crippled developers, with respective major studios located in the city .

Parks [edit ]

bad Rock Ridge. Community in San Rafael include Albert Park, Boyd Park, Gerstle Park, Pickleweed Park and the Terra Linda Recreational Center. celebrated large parks include China Camp State Park and McNear ‘s Beach Park. There are a total of neighborhood parks and mini-parks such as Bret Harte Park, Boyd Park, Sun Valley Park, Oleander Park, Victor Jones Park, Peacock Gap Park and Gerstle Park. Gerstle Park is besides a historic and walkable region south of First Street in stopping point proximity to cardinal Downtown .

government [edit ]

San Rafael Fire Dept. San Rafael is a stronghold of the Democratic Party. According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, San Rafael has 31,288 registered voters. Of those, 17,566 ( 56.1 % ) are registered Democrats, 4,292 ( 13.7 % ) are registered Republicans, and 8,121 ( 26 % ) have declined to submit a political party. [ 24 ] San Rafael is governed by a city council with five members, elected at-large for four-year terms. The current members are : [ 2 ]

  • Mayor Kate Colin
  • District 1 Councilmember: Maika Llorens Gulati
  • District 2 Councilmember: Eli Hill
  • District 3 Councilmember: Maribeth Bushey
  • District 4 Councilmember: Rachel Kertz.

Federal and express [edit ]

In the United States House of Representatives, San Rafael is in California ‘s second congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. [ 25 ] From 2008 to 2012, Huffman represented Marin County in the California State Assembly. In the California State Legislature, San Rafael is in :

education [edit ]

San Rafael has one university, Dominican University of California. The Ali Akbar College of Music, was founded in San Rafael by indian musician Ali Akbar Khan to teach indian classical music. San Rafael is besides the home to one of the two campuses of Guide Dogs for the Blind, a guide cad training educate. Most public schools in San Rafael are operated by the San Rafael City Schools district. Miller Creek Elementary School District operates some public elementary and middle schools north of San Rafael proper. All comprehensive examination public high schools are governed by San Rafael City Schools. The zone operates two comprehensive examination public high schools : San Rafael High School, Terra Linda High School and one alternative high school, Madrone. luminary individual schools include Marin Academy, Saint Raphael School, Brandeis Marin, and The Marin School .

fare [edit ]

San Rafael Transit Center The major north–south expressway through San Rafael is U.S. Route 101, connecting the North Coast ( California ) and the Redwood Empire to the north, and San Francisco to the confederacy. Interstate 580 heads across the Richmond–San Rafael Bridge to the East Bay. The San Rafael Transit Center, located at the corner of 3rd and Hetherton Streets, is served by a number of bus agencies, including Golden Gate Transit, Marin Transit, Sonoma County Transit, Sonoma County Airport Express, and Greyhound. [ 27 ] Local bus military service is provided primarily by Golden Gate Transit and Marin Transit. Commuter rail by Sonoma–Marin Area Rail Transit ( SMART ) serves the city at two stations : a convert San Rafael Transit Center and a station at Marin Civic Center. The note opened to the Santa Rosa Airport in 2017 and was extended to Larkspur to make Larkspur Landing ferry connection in December 2019. [ 28 ]

In popular culture [edit ]

The condition “ 420 “, as used in reference to cannabis consumption, originated in San Rafael. A group of students of the San Rafael High School class of 1975 know as the Waldos used “ 420 ” as a code for smoking marijuana at 4:20 post meridiem, after school. [ 29 ] Shel Silverstein ‘s poem “ The Smoke-Off ” is about a girlfriend named Pearly Sweetcakes who came from San Rafael. [ 30 ] The television show 13 Reasons Why is based in San Rafael, and many scenes from the first season were filmed downtown .

noteworthy people [edit ]

sister cities [edit ]

References [edit ]

Bibliography
  • San Rafael Recreation Element of the General Plan, June, 1984
  • U.S. Geological Survey, Topographical Map, San Quentin 7.5 Minute Quadrangle, revised 1980
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