For the album by The Triffids, see In the Pines ( album ) “ In the Pines “, besides known as “ Where Did You Sleep Last Night? “, “ My Girl “ and “ Black Girl “, is a traditional american folk music song originating from two songs, “ In the Pines ” and “ The Longest aim ”, both of whose authorship is obscure and date back to at least the 1870s. The songs originated in the Southern Appalachian area of the United States in the contiguous areas of Eastern Tennessee and Kentucky, Western North Carolina and Northern Georgia. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Versions of the sung have been recorded by many artists in numerous genres, but it is most often associated with american bluegrass musician Bill Monroe and American blues musician Lead Belly, both of whom recorded very different versions of the sung in the 1940s and 1950s. [ 3 ]
Reading: In the Pines – Wikipedia
In 1964, a translation of the song by English Beat music group the Four Pennies reached the top-twenty in the United Kingdom. [ 4 ] A alive rendition by american dirt band Nirvana, based on Lead Belly ‘s interpretation, was recorded during their MTV Unplugged performance in 1993, and released the follow year on their platinum-selling album, MTV Unplugged in New York. [ 5 ] [ 6 ]
early history [edit ]
Like numerous other folk music songs, “ In the Pines ” was passed on from one coevals and venue to the adjacent by bible of mouthpiece. In 1925, a version of the song was recorded onto record player cylinder by a folk collector. This was the first base documentation of “ The Longest string ” random variable of the song, which includes a poetry about “ The longest prepare I ever saw ”. This verse credibly began as a separate song that late merged into “ In the Pines ”. Lyrics in some versions about “ Joe Brown ‘s coal mine ” and “ the Georgia credit line ” may refer to Joseph E. Brown, a former Governor of Georgia, who famously leased convicts to operate char mines in the 1870s. While early renditions which mention the promontory in the “ driver ‘s wheel “ make unclutter that the decapitation was caused by the gearing, some later versions would omit the reference point to the train and reattribute the cause. As music historian Norm Cohen pointed out in his 1981 script, Long Steel Rail: The Railroad in American Folksong, the song came to consist of three frequent elements : a choir about “ in the pines ”, a verse about “ the longest train ” and a verse about a decapitation, but not all elements are present in all versions. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] Starting in 1926, commercial recordings of the sung were made by respective nation artists. In her 1970 Ph.D. dissertation, Judith McCulloh found 160 permutations of the song. [ 9 ] arsenic well as rearrangement of the three frequent elements, the person who goes into the pines, or who is decapitated, is described as a valet, woman, adolescent, conserve, wife, or rear, while the pines can be seen as representing sex, death, or forlornness. The train is described as killing a loved one, as taking one ‘s beloved away, or as leaving an itinerant worker army for the liberation of rwanda from home. [ 7 ] The tribe interpretation by the Kossoy Sisters asks, “ little girlfriend, short girl, where ‘d you stay last night ? not even your beget knows. ” The answer to the question, “ Where did you get that dress/ And those shoes that are so fine ? ” from one version is, “ From a man in the mines/Who sleeps in the pines. ” [ 7 ] The theme of a womanhood being caught doing something she should not is frankincense besides common to many variants. One variant, performed in the early twentieth hundred by the Ellison kin ( Ora Ellison, deceased ) in Lookout Mountain, Georgia, tells of a young Georgia female child who flees to the pines after being raped. Her raper, a male soldier, is belated beheaded by the coach. Some versions of the song besides reference the Great Depression, with the “ black daughter ” being a tramp on the move from the police, who witnesses the mangle of her father while train-jumping. She hides from this by sleeping in the pines, in the cold .
Cover versions [edit ]
Bill Monroe [edit ]
Bill Monroe ‘s 1941 and 1952 recordings, both under the title “ In the Pines ”, were highly influential on late bluegrass and nation versions. Recorded with his Bluegrass Boys and featuring fiddles and yodelling, they represent the “ longest string ” variant of the birdcall, and omit any citation to a decapitation. however, as Eric Weisbard writes in a 1994 article in The New York Times, “ … the enigmatic string is about as frighten, suggesting an endless passage : ‘I asked my captain for the meter of day/He said he throwed his watch off. ‘ ” [ 7 ]
Lead Belly [edit ]
The american english folk and blues musician Huddie Ledbetter, better known as Lead Belly, recorded over half-a-dozen versions between 1944 and 1948, most much under the title, “ Black Girl ” or “ Black Gal ”. His first rendition, recorded for Musicraft Records in New York City in February 1944, is arguably his most familiar. Listed as “ Where Did You Sleep death Night ”, this translation appears on a number of Lead Belly “ best-of ” compilations, such as Absolutely the Best ( 2000 ). Another companion interpretation was recorded for Moses Asch, laminitis of Folkways Records, in New York City. Listed as “ Black Girl ” or “ In the Pines ”, this version appears on compilations such as Where Did You Sleep Last Night – Lead Belly Legacy Vol. 1 ( 1996 ), and The Definitive Lead Belly ( 2008 ). due to the popularity of Lead Belly ‘s versions, he is much mistakenly cited as the sung ‘s author, such as by Kurt Cobain, who introduced Nirvana ‘s 1993 MTV Unplugged interpretation as being by his “ favorite performer, ” then telling an anecdote about attempting to purchase Lead Belly ‘s guitar. According to the american folklorist Alan Lomax, Lead Belly learned the song from an interpretation of the 1917 version compiled by Cecil Sharp, and by the 1925 record player recording. [ 7 ]
Cajun versions [edit ]
“ In the Pines ”, converted into the Cajun French terminology and sing under the titles “ Pine Grove Blues ” or “ Ma Negresse ”, became one of the landmark songs of Cajun music. The song is most consociate with Nathan Abshire, the Louisiana Cajun accordion player, for whom “ Pine Grove Blues ” was his biggest hit. His melody is a hard-driving blues, but the lyrics, when translated to English, are the companion “ Hey, my girlfriend, where did you sleep last night ? ” The Cajun French word “ negresse ” and the masculine counterpart “ negre ” are terms of endearment without respect to race, according to many who speak Cajun French. [ citation needed ] He recorded it at least three times, from the 1940s forth. Since then, Abshire ‘s translation has been covered by a broad diverseness of Cajun and zydeco musicians, including the Pine Leaf Boys, the Lost Bayou Ramblers, Beau Jocque, and Cedric Watson .
The Four Pennies [edit ]
The Four Pennies recorded and released the song as “ Black Girl ” in October 1964. Their version reached No. 20 in the UK, [ 4 ] but was not released by their label in the US. [ citation needed ]
Mark Lanegan/Nirvana [edit ]
The song was occasionally performed live by american rock band Nirvana in the early 1990s. The set ‘s singer and guitarist, Kurt Cobain, had been introduced to the song by boyfriend Seattle musician Mark Lanegan, and played guitar on a adaptation on Lanegan ‘s album, The Winding Sheet, released in May 1990. Like Lanegan, Cobain normally screamed the song ‘s final verse an octave higher. It is likely that Cobain drew from Lead Belly ‘s 1944 Musicraft interpretation for his interpretation of the sung ; Lanegan owned an original 78 revolutions per minute record of this version, [ 7 ] and it is the one that Cobain ‘s interpretation most closely resembles in terms of form, title and lyrics, including the “ Shiver for me ” ejaculation before the instrumental verse. In a 2009 MTV article, Kurt Loder remembers discussing the song ‘s championship with Cobain, with Cobain insist, “ But the Leadbelly version is called ‘Where Did You Sleep end Night, ‘ ” and Loder preferring the “ In the Pines ” title used by Bill Monroe ( a well as Lead Belly ). [ 10 ] The first officially released version by Nirvana was recorded during the band ‘s MTV Unplugged appearance, on November 18, 1993, at Sony Music Studios in New York City. This version was in the first place sanctioned to be released, under the claim “ Where Did You Sleep last Night ( In the Pines ), ” as a b-side to the band ‘s “ Pennyroyal Tea “ single in 1994, but the unmarried was cancelled following Cobain ‘s death in April 1994. It was rather posthumously released as merely “ Where Did You Sleep last Night ” on the band ‘s MTV Unplugged in New York album in November 1994, and as a promotional single from the album, [ 11 ] receiving some airplay on US rock and alternative radio in 1994-95. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] The song besides received some airplay in Belgium and France. [ 14 ] In 2002, it was re-released on non-American versions of the set ‘s “ best of ” collection, Nirvana.
In November 2004, an acoustic base demonstration by Cobain, recorded in 1990, appeared on the Nirvana ‘s rarities box set, With the Lights Out .
reception [edit ]
Nirvana ‘s MTV Unplugged interpretation of the song has earned Cobain applaud from critics and early musicians and artists. In 1994, American poet Allen Ginsberg recalled that “ a match weeks ago, one of my students gave me a mix tape of Kurt Cobain and there was a version of ‘Black Girl ‘ of bang-up art. Great vocal control and subtlety, it ‘s about arsenic good as Leadbelly ‘s. ” [ 15 ] canadian musician Neil Young described Cobain ‘s vocals during the concluding shout verse as “ eldritch, like a werewolf, improbable. ” [ 16 ] In 2013, Andrew Wallace Chamings of The Atlantic wrote that “ it ranks among the greatest unmarried rock performances of all time. ” [ 16 ] The usher ‘s producer, Alex Coletti, recalled Cobain declining his suggestion to perform an encore after “ Where Did You Sleep last Night, ” which was the final examination song of the set, telling him that “ I don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate think we can top the last song, ” at which point Coletti relented. [ 17 ]
year-end charts [edit ]
other versions [edit ]
In popular culture [edit ]
literature [edit ]
- In 2007, Czech-American writer-singer Natálie Kocábová used a strophe of “Where Did You Sleep Last Night” for the opening of her novella Růže: Cesta za světlem… (“Rose: A Way to the Light”).
Games [edit ]
Film & television receiver [edit ]
- Another version with vocals from Mark Lanegan and composed by Brian Reitzell was recorded for the original soundtrack of the 2017 American Gods TV series.
- A version appears in the 1980 film, Coal Miner’s Daughter. It is sung by Sissy Spacek.
- Another version appears in the fashion brand Diesel’s 2020 TV commercial, Francesca, directed by Francois Rousselet. The story follows the journey of a young Italian student, assigned male at birth (played by transgender model Harlow Monroe), who transitions into a woman and ultimately becomes a Christian nun.
- The song appears throughout the Ripper Street fourth season episode “A White World Made Red” as the American character Homer Jackson sings the song to his estranged son; the song serves as a sign to the adoptive father that Jackson has been around the boy when he later hears it variously from Jackson and his wife, and it becomes clear where the wife learned it.
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
Read more: Top 10 Best Songs of All Time