Arklow Port 2014 Arklow ( ; ARK-loh ; from Old Norse Arnkell-lág ‘meadow of Arnkell ‘, [ 3 ] irish : An tInbhear Mór, meaning ‘the bang-up estuary ‘ ) is a town in County Wicklow on the southeast coast of Ireland. The town is overlooked by Ballymoyle Hill. It was founded by the Vikings in the ninth century. Arklow was the web site of one of the bloodiest battles of the 1798 rebellion. Its proximity to Dublin led to it becoming a commuter township with a population of 13,163 as of the 2016 census. [ 1 ]
Reading: Arklow – Wikipedia
Arklow is at the sass of the River Avoca, the longest river wholly within County Wicklow. The town is divided by the river, which is crossed by the Nineteen Arches Bridge, a stone arch bridge linking the southerly or independent partially of the town with the northern part, called Ferrybank. The nineteen Arches Bridge is the longest handmade stone bridge in Ireland, and a plaque on the south end of the bridge acknowledges this .
history [edit ]
The town ‘s english appoint derives from Arnkell’s Lág ( Arnkell was a viking drawing card ; a “ lág ” ( low ) was an area of land ). Its irish name, Inbhear Mór or An tInbhear Mór, means the large estuary. It is besides known in Irish as Inbhear Dé, from the River Avonmore ‘s older name, Abhainn Dé. Historically it was a major seafaring town, with both the ship and fish industries using the larboard, with shipbuilding besides being a major diligence. After the arrival of the Anglo-Normans, their leader Theobald Walter, ancestor of the Earls of Ormonde, was granted the town and castle of Arklow by King Henry II. In 1264 the Dominicans were granted a large tract of estate, which is now known as Abbeylands, and they built an abbey, which became known as the Priory of the True Cross or Holy Cross Abbey. Some time after 1416, the Manor of Arklow came into the dominance of the MacMurrough Kings of Leinster, possibly after the death of the 4th Earl of Ormonde in 1452. In 1525, Muiris Kavanagh ( McMurrough, King of Leinster 1522–31 ) returned the manor and castle of Arklow and its lands to his nephew Piers Butler, the Earl of Ormonde. During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, in September 1649, Oliver Cromwell arrived at Arklow on his way to Wexford and took the surrender of the township. In 1714, James Duke of Ormonde sold the Manor of Arklow to John Allen of Stillorgan, County Dublin. In 1750, Allen ‘s eldest granddaughter, Elizabeth Allen, married John Proby, who was raised to the peerage in 1752 as Baron Carysfort of County Wicklow and came into possession of the Arklow Estate. On 9 June 1798, the town was the scenery of one of the Battle of Arklow, one of the bloodiest battles of the 1798 rebellion, when a large push of Wexford rebels attacked the town in an try to spread the rising to Dublin but were repulsed by the impinge british forces with huge slaughter .
education [edit ]
There are five primary schools located in the township, St. Joseph ‘s Templerainey, St Micheal ‘s and St Peter ‘s Junior School, St. John ‘s Senior National School, Carysfort National School and Gaelscoil an Inbhir Mhóir. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] There are four secondary schools within the town, which are St. Mary ‘s College, St.Kevin ‘s C.B.S., Glenart College and Gaelcholáiste na Mara. [ 9 ]
transmit and communications [edit ]
Avoca estuary and the Nineteen Arches bridge .
road [edit ]
The M11 from Dublin to Rosslare bypasses Arklow between junctions 20 and 21. A 16.5 kilometer promote to the N11 between Arklow and Rathnew began in April 2014 and was completed in July 2015. This connected the then existing M11 Arklow Bypass with the existing M11 Rathnew/Ashford Bypass creating expressway from Dublin to Gorey. This stick out besides included the construction of a service area on the M11 Northbound, good north of Gorey, with direct access from the M11 Southbound via an overpass .
rail [edit ]
Rail connections are provided by Iarnród Éireann along the Dublin-Rosslare railroad track line, including commuter and intercity services in and out of the das kapital. [ 10 ] There is besides a gearing to Dundalk available daily. Arklow railroad track station opened on 16 November 1863. [ 11 ]
bus [edit ]
Bus Éireann provides several routes through Arklow, including the 2, 2X, 133 and 133X services. [ 12 ] In addition, Wexford Bus operates several services linking Arklow with Dublin Airport. [ 13 ]
economy [edit ]
Arklow port Quarrying at Arklow Rock
industry [edit ]
In 1884, Charles Stewart Parnell rented Big Rock townland from his cousin William Proby, Earl of Carysfort, and commenced quarrying. Parnell was besides a athletic supporter of the Arklow harbor outline. The Parnell quarries closed in the 1920s. In the early character of the twentieth hundred, a boastfully munitions factory, Kynoch, was established on the north side of the town. This factory employed respective thousand workers during the First World War but closed concisely after it, all production being moved to South Africa. 17 workers were killed in an explosion at Kynoch in 1917. The town is besides known for its pottery ( which finally closed after first gear being taken over by Noritake ) and for its shipbuilding industry. In the 1960s, a state-owned fertilizer factory, Nitrogen Éireann Teoranta, subsequently Irish Fertiliser Industries, was established on the outskirts of the town. This factory complex comprised a phone number of chemical plants and manufactured a roll of fertilisers from basic raw materials. It closed in 2002. There is still an industrial base in Arklow, with Servier remaining as one of the fabricate companies in Arklow. Allergan once had a plant locally, but this closed in 2009. [ 14 ] [ 15 ] In 2009, Elavon, a accredit wag processing company, purchased a new commercial enterprise site at Arklow Business Park. [ 16 ]
embark and shipbuilding [edit ]
The former national sail coach vessel Asgard II was built by John Tyrrell & Son Ltd in Arklow. Another John Tyrrell & Son boat, Gipsy Moth III, was sailed to victory by Francis Chichester in the 1st single-handed Trans-Atlantic race in 1960. His fourth dimension of 40 and 1/2 days was 16 days faster than the former record ford. [ 17 ] While now more focused on leisure traffic than commercial traffic, Arklow Harbour remains the headquarters of Arklow Shipping, numerically the largest ship company in Ireland. [ 18 ] This caller maintains a fleet of 56 cargo ships and a division in Rotterdam in the Netherlands. [ 19 ]
retail [edit ]
Arklow services a large catchment area ( including a number of surrounding towns and villages ) and has approximately 32,000m² of retail space. [ 20 ] As of 2018, approximately 20 % of this retail quad was vacant. [ 21 ] Among the town ‘s largest retail centres is the Bridgewater Shopping Centre, which opened in 2007 and was sold in 2016 for €33.25 million. [ 22 ]
environment [edit ]
Water quality [edit ]
As of 2007, the River Avoca was classified as “ badly polluted ” by the Irish EPA [ 23 ] as a result of the discharge of sewage immediately into the river [ 24 ] in addition to a long history of industrial contamination in the area from early mining operations and more holocene chemical industries. In former centuries, Arklow was renowned for oyster beds. [ 25 ]
bleak effluent from the town hush travels through the drain system built in the 1930s and 1940s, and enters the River Avoca untreated via several sewage outfall pipes along the river. [ 26 ] A sewage discussion plant has hanker been proposed for the area, and was first awarded plan permission in 1993. [ 27 ] This was challenged unsuccessfully to An Bord Pleanála, however subsequently no fund arrived from government, [ 28 ] and the plan permission lapsed. A foster ten-year plan license was granted in 1999. [ 29 ] This besides was unsuccessfully challenged to An Bord Pleanála, with conditional plan approval given in 2005. [ 30 ] As of 2019, planning permission was again confirmed for a “ high-tech ” waste water discussion facility. [ 31 ]
Services and development [edit ]
A recycling kernel is located in one of the township ‘s industrial estates. It is run by Wicklow County Council. [ 32 ] A few kilometres into the Irish Sea is the Arklow Bank Wind Park. Opened in 2004, this wind farm is made up of a quiz of seven GE 3.6 MW machines, with 106m turbines .
Sports [edit ]
The local Gaelic football club, Arklow Geraldines Ballymoney GAA, was founded in 1999 and is based at Pearse Park. Arklow Rock Parnells GAA club, founded in 1953, is primarily involved in hurling and camogie and plays at Parnell Park. The township ‘s association football clubs include Arklow Town F.C. ( founded in 1948 ), Arklow United F.C. ( Ferndale Park ), [ 33 ] and Arklow Celtic F.C. ( Celtic Park ). [ 34 ] Arklow Rugby Club plays its home games at The Oval, and Arklow Rowing Club is based on the town ‘s South Quay. St Benedict Inbhear Mór Athletics Club is registered with Athletics Ireland and based in Arklow. [ 35 ] Arklow Lawn Tennis Club has three astroturf courts for use by members. [ citation needed ] There is a 18 hole links golf naturally at Arklow Golf Club ( establish 1927 ). [ 36 ]
acculturation [edit ]
An antenna word picture of Arklow The Seabreeze Festival is a three-day event in mid-july. [ 37 ] The festival includes a number of live shows and events at diverse venues throughout the township, ending in a firework display. [ 38 ] Arklow has been both the birthplace and position of residence for many artists such as George Campbell who was born there son of the self-taught artist Gretta Bowen. [ 39 ] Lilian Davidson drew sketches and painted scenes of the town and beaches. One such ferment, The Netter, Arklow depicts a setting of a serviceman repairing a final by the harbourside with the seaport in the background ; on the reserve-side of the paint is a sketch of children playing on the confederacy beach. [ 40 ]
music [edit ]
Arklow is the title setting for Van Morrison ‘s 1974 birdcall “ Streets of Arklow “, one of eight songs he wrote on a three-week vacation back to Ireland, and featured on his album Veedon Fleece. The “ Battle of Arklow ” is a hornpipe and non-traditional set dance tune, and is much played at feiseanna and other irish dance competitions. [ 41 ] Arklow is besides the dwelling town of pop singer and early Moloko member Róisín Murphy. The Arklow Silver Band were featured on the path Red Hill Mining Town by U2, on their 1987 album The Joshua Tree. [ 42 ] The “ Arklow Music Festival ” is held in the township annually. It was established in 1970. The festival lasts a week and it involves people coming to compete from all around the nation. They compete in solo forms and group forms. [ 43 ]
Politics and government [edit ]
In local government Arklow and the surrounding areas has six councillors on Wicklow County Council, representing the Arklow Municipal District. [ 44 ] Arklow is separate of the Wicklow constituency for national elections and referendums, and the south european Parliament constituency for european elections .
Twin towns [edit ]
Welcome to Arklow sign with match towns Arklow is twinned with :
People [edit ]
plaque at 4 Ferrybank, give birth place of Ron Delany Olympic gold medalist