Criteria Studios – Wikipedia

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Criteria Studios is a record studio apartment in North Miami, Florida, founded in 1958 by musician Mack Emerman. Hundreds of gold, platinum, and rhombus singles and albums have been recorded, assorted or mastered at Criteria, for many noteworthy artists and producers. [ 1 ]

history [edit ]

backdrop [edit ]

In 1950, musician Mack Emerman, a former trumpet actor with the Les Brown -led Duke Ambassadors, relocated to Hollywood, Florida and began recording on location and in his parents ‘ home for publish on his own ephemeral Criteria Gold Coast sleep together label. Emerman finally acquired property at the corner of 149th Street and West Dixie Highway in North Miami to build the original 30 foot by 60 foot construct designed by architect Charles C. Reed Jr. that would open in 1958 as the Criteria Recording Studio. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Emerman enlisted the help of Grover ‘Jeep ‘ Harned, owner of a local anesthetic hi-fi denounce, to troubleshoot and rebuild Criteria ‘s inaugural mix cabinet, which had been custom-built by the foreman engineer at the nearby local NBC affiliate. Harned would go on to found MCI, whose achiever as a record console table and multi-track recorder manufacturer would be close tied to Criteria Studios ‘ success. [ 2 ] [ 4 ]

early years ( 1958-1969 ) [edit ]

Criteria ‘s early sessions included jazz bands, commercial work, and small film work. When production for CBS The Jackie Gleason Show moved to Miami Beach in the early 1960s, Criteria Studios was hired to produce the show ‘s music. Criteria expanded in 1965, building Studio A with a live board big adequate to record a 72-piece orchestra, silent Criteria ‘s largest live room nowadays. The lapp year, King Records owner Syd Nathan visited the studios with James Brown, and was therefore shanghai by the sound of the studio apartment ‘s 8-channel customs recording console ( up-to-date technology at the time ) that he booked an October recording seance, during which Brown recorded his strike song “ I Got You ( I Feel effective ) “. [ 2 ] The Albert Brothers ( Ron and Howard ) established themselves as a product duet at Criteria in the late 1960s with their signature “ Fat Albert ” drum sound. [ 5 ] In 1969, Brook Benton recorded his shoot song “ Rainy Night in Georgia “ with Atlantic Records manufacturer Arif Mardin. [ 6 ] Wilson Pickett and Betty Wright were besides among the artists to record at Criteria in its early days. [ 5 ]

Criteria Studios in 2011 In the 1970s, Atlantic Records ‘ executive Jerry Wexler, producer Arif Mardin, and staff engineer – manufacturer Tom Dowd utilized Criteria Studios for numerous Atlantic projects, earning the Miami studio the dub “ Atlantic Studios South ”. [ 5 ] Wexler hired a group of Memphis musicians, the Dixie Flyers, to become Atlantic ‘s studio apartment dance band in Miami. [ 7 ] After boost from Atlantic executive Ahmet Ertegun, Stephen Stills first recorded with the Albert Brothers at Criteria in 1971, beginning a kinship that would continue through the ’70s. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Criteria expanded in 1972 with the accession of Studio C ( a 20 x 30 animal foot board with 19 foot high ceilings ) and Studio D. [ 1 ] The same year, Aretha Franklin recorded 5 tracks of her Grammy Award-winning album Young, Gifted and Black at the studio. The Allman Brothers Band recorded Idlewild South with Dowd at Criteria, leading to Duane Allman playing with Eric Clapton on all but 3 tracks of Layla and other Assorted Love Songs. [ 10 ] The Allman Brothers Band returned to Criteria to record tracks that would be released on Eat a Peach, and Clapton took up residence at 461 Ocean Boulevard in Golden Beach, Florida to record his 1974 solo album by the like name at Criteria. Clapton and his director Robert Stigwood former suggested to RSO tag mates the Bee Gees that relocating to the house to record at Criteria may similarly benefit from a change of picture. [ 11 ] In 1973, Todd Rundgren produced Grand Funk Railroad ‘s record of We’re an American Band at Criteria, [ 12 ] and The Average White Band recorded AWB with Arif Mardin at the studio the follow year. In 1975, producer-engineer Bill Szymczyk recorded Elvin Bishop ‘s “ Fooled Around and Fell in Love “ with Mickey Thomas on vocals at Criteria, and returned to the studio the follow year with the Eagles to record half of their 1976 album Hotel California (Eagles album) in Studio C. [ 1 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] At the same time the Eagles were recording Hotel California, Black Sabbath was recording Technical Ecstasy. [ 15 ] Fleetwood Mac recorded parts of Rumours in Studio C, [ 13 ] and Crosby, Stills, & Nash recorded parts of their album, CSN, with the Albert Brothers at the studio. [ 5 ]

The Bee Gees ( 1975-1979 ) [edit ]

In 1975, on the advice of Eric Clapton and Robert Stigwood, the Bee Gees rented 461 Ocean Boulevard in Miami to again record with Arif Mardin, this time at Criteria Studios. Working with Criteria ‘s Karl Richardson, Main Course marked a change of direction that would become the template for numerous successful projects at the studio apartment for the remainder of the ten. [ 16 ] The Bee Gees ‘ adjacent album Children of the World and its hit single, “ You Should Be Dancing “, was the first to feature the Gibb-Galuten-Richardson production team consisting of Barry Gibb, Albhy Galuten, and Criteria ‘s Karl Richardson. [ 17 ] The combination of Galuten, Richardson, and one or all of the Gibb brothers would become responsible for a record-breaking string of hit recordings produced at Criteria, including several songs on the chart-topping Saturday Night Fever soundtrack album, Andy Gibb ‘s Flowing Rivers ( 1977 ) and Shadow Dancing ( 1978 ), and the Frankie Valli deed song “ Grease “ from the musical gesture picture of the same list, culminating in six songs topping the Billboard Hot 100 in the first six months of 1978, breaking records previously set by the Beatles. At the time, Criteria was Florida ‘s largest independent studio apartment facility. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] The Bee Gees recorded at Criteria again for their 1979 album, Spirits Having Flown, [ 20 ] and utilized the studio for successful product and/or songwriting collaborations following 1979 ‘s disco recoil, including Barbara Streisand ‘s Guilty, and Dionne Warwick ‘s Heartbreaker.

In 1978 and 1979, Criteria was utilized by Ted Nugent, AC/DC during the record of Highway to Hell, and Bob Seger for 3 tracks from Against the Wind .

Changing times ( 1980-1998 ) [edit ]

In 1981, Criteria added Studio E, a John Storyk -designed a distance with 27-foot peaked ceilings, decorated with Cuban tile and stained glass and even a waterfall. Studio E was outfitted with a custom 56-channel MCI cabinet and gemini 24-track machines. [ 21 ] It was in the brand-new Studio E that Criteria staff producer-engineer Don Gehman helped John Mellencamp record “ Jack & Diane “ during the sessions for his 1981 commercial breakthrough album, American Fool. [ 22 ] [ 23 ] Bow Wow Wow recorded “ I Want sugarcoat “ at Criteria, [ 24 ] and The Romantics recorded their 1983 album, In Heat at the studio. In 1984, Criteria was the first studio in the southeastern US to install a upstanding State Logic mixing console. Criteria Studios struggled to balance its debt with the 1980s music diligence slowdown, and Emerman ended up selling Criteria to Joel Levy in 1991. [ 25 ] [ 5 ]

Hit Factory Criteria Miami ( 1999-2017 ) [edit ]

In 1999, in an feat to tap into the growing popularity of Latin music, [ 25 ] The Hit Factory purchased Criteria Studios and, after 9 months of across-the-board remodel and rebuilding all of its five existing studios, adenine well as the addition of a sixth studio apartment space, Studio F, [ 25 ] re-opened the studios under the newly name “ The Hit Factory Criteria Miami ”. [ 5 ] In 2017, the facility once again reverted to the original Criteria Studios name. [ 26 ]

Selected artists [edit ]

Artists who have recorded singles or albums at the studio include :

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

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