Capitol Studios – Wikipedia

American record studio apartment
Capitol Studios is a commemorate studio located at the landmark Capitol Records Tower in Hollywood, California. Established in 1956, the studios were initially the primary recording studios for american english read label Capitol Records. While they are hush regularly used by Capitol recording artists, the studios began making the facility available to artists outside the tag during the former 1960s to early 1970s. The studios are owned by Universal Music Group, the rear caller of Capitol Music Group. For over 60 years, Capitol Studios has hosted some of the most celebrate artists, from Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole, Michael Jackson, and Dean Martin to Barbra Streisand, Paul McCartney, and the Beach Boys. Along with traditional record sessions, the studios have been the localization for numerous iTunes, Sirius/XM sessions, CMG Productions, such as the Top of the Tower concerts and the 1 Mic 1 Take Series. The Studios have besides hosted music television shoots ( Justin Timberlake ‘s “ Suit & Tie “ ), TV/Documentaries Behind the Music, Classic Albums, PBS Specials, Showtime Original Lost Songs: The Basement Tapes Continued and HBO feature If You’re Not In The Obit, Eat Breakfast adenine well as feature shoots ( Ray, Sandy Wexler ). The studio has hosted “ The Oscars “ for the past two decades for the orchestra pre-records and hosts dozens of branded experiential and playback events each year. [ citation needed ]

Facilities [edit ]

overview [edit ]

An antenna view of the Capitol Records Building

Capitol Studios are located in the orthogonal ground floor base of the 13-story circular Capitol Records Tower located just union of the intersection of Hollywood and Vine. the Capitol Studios adeptness has business offices, five master rooms, and four studios, three of which were constructed within a layer of asphalt-impregnated bob to insulate them from outside vibration. [ 1 ] in the first place designed by acoustics technical Michael Rettinger and Capitol ‘s foreman electronics engineer, Edward Uecke with objectives to accommodate developing musical and recording trends like high-fidelity and stereo commemorate, [ 2 ] the studios have been remodeled and updated to meet evolve demands. In 2006, EMI Music North America sold the Capitol Records Tower to New York real estate firm Argent Ventures, but agreed to keep Capitol Studios in the Capitol Tower under long-run lease. [ 3 ]

The Studios [edit ]

Studio A is the largest single recording space, with 1,500 straight feet of floor quad capable of accommodating up to 50 musicians at one time. The studio features adjustable wooden rampart panels for adjusting the room ‘s echo delay time, ampere well as two isolation booths, and has been utilized by artists ranging from Frank Sinatra and Nat King Cole to Imagine Dragons and Michael Buble. A large private artist lounge is located above the control room, which features a 72-input Neve 88RS analogue mixing console table and PMC QB1-A monitor speakers. [ 4 ] in the first place built in 1956, Studio A was remodeled by Jeff Cooper in 1989. In 1990, a retractable soundproof wall was installed between Studio A and Studio B, enabling them to be joined together to create an over-2700 square foot space big adequate to accommodate up to 75 musicians for the record of orchestral and soundtrack music. Clients have access to instruments that have been played on numerous Capitol Studios sessions, including Yamaha C9 and New York Steinway Model B deluxe pianos, vintage Rhodes and Wurlitzer keyboards, and a Hammond B-3 Organ. The studio ‘s outboard motor equipment includes a survival of vintage and modern equipment, including Fairchild 670 and UREI 1176 vintage compressors. [ 4 ] Studio B contains 1023 squarely feet of floor distance and a 150 square foot drum booth. While this makes Studio B ideal as a rock studio, it is besides sonically reactive enough to handle orchestral sessions. The studio apartment has the original 1956 adjustable swing-out acoustic panels with stained hard wood surface on one side and absorbent fiberglass on the other side, american samoa well as distinguish movable soundproof partitions along the back wall for audio separation when recording exist ensembles. The control room is outfitted with a vintage Neve 8068 56-input recording comfort that has been autographed by celebrated engineers and producers, including Rupert Neve, George Martin, Eddie Kramer, Geoff Emerick, Phil Ramone, Al Schmitt, and Andy Johns. Designed by Jack Edwards, Studio B has been the location of sessions for green Day and Bob Dylan to Neil Young and John Mayer. Like Studio A, Studio B has PMC QB1-A proctor speakers and a large private artist loiter that overlooks the studio. [ 4 ] Studio C is a 440 square foot mixing cortege with overdub capabilities and its own isolation booth. Remodeled by Vincent Van Haaff, Studio C was Al Schmitt ‘s front-runner shuffle room, and has been the locate of multiple Grammy-winning desegregate over the years. Studio C ‘s Neve 88R 72-input console with full moon surround monitoring scoring capabilities, including Dolby Atmos, Auro-3D, 7.1 and 5.1, making it ideal for television and film projects. [ 4 ] Across The Universe, True Lies, The Revenant, Independence Day: Resurgence and Chips were mix in Capitol Studio C. Studio D is a 259 square animal foot mix and editing suite with adjacent isolation booth for the commemorate of vocals and overdubs. Studio D is outfitted with a vintage Neve 8058 console table. [ 4 ] All of Capitol ‘s studios have entire access to Capitol ‘s echo chambers. [ 4 ]

Echo chambers [edit ]

One of Capitol Studios ‘ assets are its eight subterranean repeat chambers. Located 30 feet below Capitol Tower ‘s park lot, each of the trapezoidal-shaped echo chambers, constructed with thick concrete walls and ceilings finished with a highly reflective hard lacquer, was designed to have a unlike sound. The repeat chambers are capable of producing a utmost reverb time of 5 seconds. [ 4 ] Sound from any of Capitol ‘s studios or mastering rooms can be sent to speakers in the echo chambers, with microphones capturing the combination of the sound, along with the rich repercussion of the chamber, and returning it to the studio. Chambers 1-4, designed by Les Paul, were completed as partially of the build ‘s original construction in 1956, with chambers 5-8 added in 1969. Capitol previously leased their resound chambers to studios like United Western Recorders and The Village, who recorded using the chambers remotely via telephone lines. In 2019, Universal Audio released officially licensed software emulations of Capitol Studios ‘ four most popular echo chambers. [ 5 ]

Mastering [edit ]

Capitol Studios besides features an on-site mastering department with five dedicated dominate rooms. Capitol ‘s master team besides has access to Capitol Studio ‘s echo chambers, analogue record machines and digital engineering, ampere well as proprietary custom-made gear, made in-house by Capitol ‘s technical and engineer staff. Artists like the Beach Boys, R.E.M., trench Purple, Glass Animals, N.W.A., Red Hot Chili Peppers, Miley Cyrus, and Selena Gomez have all had projects mastered at Capitol Studios. Capitol Studios has two vintage Neumann recording lathes used to cut lacquer for vinyl in all formats including 7 ”, 10 ” and 12 ”. These vintage lathes have been used to cut such celebrated albums as Pink Floyd ‘s The Dark Side of the Moon, the Bee Gees ‘ Saturday Night Fever ( soundtrack ), Paul McCartney ‘s Band on the Run, George Harrison ‘s All Things Must Pass, John Lennon ‘s Plastic Ono Band, Ringo Starr ‘s album Ringo 2012, and Boston ‘s debut studio album Boston.

history [edit ]

1956 through 1969 [edit ]

Capitol Studios opened in 1956. The first recording session in the new studio apartment was the Frank Sinatra and Gordon Jenkins collaboration Frank Sinatra Conducts Tone Poems of Color. Frank Sinatra recorded regularly at Capitol Studios through the end of the 1950s. Nat King Cole, whose commercial achiever with Capitol earned the Capitol Tower the nickname “ the house that Nat built, ” recorded at Capitol Studios up until his death in 1965. other noteworthy artists who recorded at the Studios in the 1950s included Dean Martin, Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong, and The Kingston Trio. [ 1 ] The Kingston Trio continued recording at Capitol Studios in the 1960s, and the Beach Boys recorded portions of their 1963 album Surfin’ U.S.A. at Capitol. [ 6 ] The studios besides produced commercially successful albums from country music artists like Glen Campbell, and the Bakersfield reasoned of Buck Owens and [ Wynn Stewart ] ]. [ 7 ] other celebrated artists who recorded at Capitol Studios in the 1960s included Nancy Wilson, [ 8 ] Stan Kenton, [ 9 ] George Shearing, Plas Johnson, Cannonball Adderley, Bobby Darin, Peggy Lee, Wayne Newton, Lou Rawls, The Seekers, Linda Ronstadt and The Stone Poneys, Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention, and Billy Preston. In 1968, Capitol Studios ‘ services, previously reserved for Capitol Records artists entirely, were made available to the general populace .

1970 through 1989 [edit ]

In the 1970s, Capitol Studios recorded the Steve Miller Band album The Joker [ 9 ] and George Benson ‘s Grammy Award-winning Breezin’. Tom Scholz recorded the vocals for [ [ Boston ( band ) ] |Boston ‘s ] ] eponymous introduction album in Capitol Studio C. [ 10 ] other celebrated artists who recorded at Capitol Studios in the 1970s included Merle Haggard, Bobbie Gentry, Helen Reddy, Heart, Barbara Streisand, and Bob Marley and the Wailers. [ 11 ] In the 1980s, Capitol Studios is where Miles Davis recorded parts of his Grammy-award fetching album, Tutu, and where Bob Seger recorded his commercially successful album, Like a Rock. Dwight Yoakam recorded his first gear three albums at Capitol Studios ; [ 12 ] all three topped the U.S. Country album graph. other noteworthy artists who recorded at Capitol Studios in the 1980s included The Carpenters, David Lee Roth, America, Michelle Shocked, Barry Manilow, Circle Jerks, and The Smithereens .

1990 through 2009 [edit ]

In 1990, a retractable soundproof wall was installed between Studio A and Studio B, enabling them to be joined together to create an over-2700 square foundation quad large enough to accommodate up to 75 musicians for the record of orchestral and soundtrack music. The lapp year, Alice In Chains ‘ recorded Facelift at the studios. other albums recorded at Capitol Studios in the 1990s included Steve Lukather ‘s Candyman, Willie Nelson ‘s Healing Hands of Time, Toto ‘s Tambu, and Dee Dee Bridgewater ‘s Dear Ella. other artists recording at the studios in the 1990s included Bonnie Raitt, Frank Sinatra, Harry Connick Jr., Celine Dion, Natalie Cole, Tanya Tucker, Richard Marx, and Dave Koz. In 2000, Al Jarreau recorded his album Accentuate the Positive at Capitol. The subsequent ten would mark repeat success for Diana Krall projects recorded at the studio, including the Grammy Award winning album The Look of Love. Garry Schyman besides recorded the Bioshock 2 soundtrack at the studio apartment. other artists recording at Capitol in the 2000s included Sting, Ringo Starr, Green Day, Coldplay, Train, Britney Spears, Faith Hill, Mariah Carey, The Wallflowers, Weezer, Oasis ( band ), Robbie Williams, and Toni Braxton .

2010 to present [edit ]

In 2010, Paul McCartney recorded most of his 2012 album, Kisses on the Bottom, at Capitol Studios. In 2012, Studio A ‘s control room was updated with a Neve 88RS recording cabinet, and the beginning project to utilize the new console was McCartney ‘s iTunes Live from Capitol Studios. The like year, Capitol launched the 1 Mic 1 Take series of stripped exist performances produced entirely at Capitol Studios. early albums recorded at the studios in the 2010s included Bob Dylan ‘s Shadows in the Night and Fallen Angels, John Mayer ‘s The Search for Everything, and Jenny Lewis ‘ On the Line. other artists recording at Capitol in the 2010s included Tony Bennett, Imagine Dragons, Tori Kelly, Sam Smith, Muse, Mary J. Blige, Beck, Ryan Adams, Michael Buble, Seth MacFarlane, Queen Latifah, Emeli Sande, T Bone Burnett, Elvis Costello, Daft Punk, Sum 41, Toto, Ozzy Osbourne, and Shinedown. In 2016, Capitol Studios celebrated its sixtieth anniversary .

other Capitol Studios locations [edit ]

5515 Melrose Avenue, Hollywood [edit ]

anterior to establishing its own recording studio apartment in 1948, Capitol Records booked recording sessions for their artists at Radio Recorders or C.P. MacGregor Studios. In fall 1948, Capitol purchased the former home of radio place KHJ at 5515 Melrose Avenue to establish Capitol Studios. Capitol Studios operated in the Melrose Avenue localization from 1948 until 1956, and was one of the beginning recording studios to offer multitrack recording to tape via Ampex Model 200 record decks. [ 13 ] Notable Capitol Records classics, including Nat King Cole ‘s “ Mona Lisa “ and “ unforgettable, ” Frank Sinatra ‘s “ I ‘ve Got the World on a String “ and “ I ‘ve Got You Under My Skin “ were recorded at Capitol Studios on Melrose Avenue. [ 1 ]

151 West 46th Street, New York [edit ]

From 1949 to 1961, Capitol besides operated studios in Midtown Manhattan at 151 West 46th Street in New York City, on the first floor of the Eaves Building ( above the Eaves Costume Company ). Capitol artists who recorded at the New York studio included Nat King Cole, Duke Ellington, and Ray Charles.

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

far reading [edit ]

  • Schoenherr, Steven E. Recording Technology History. Department of History at the University of San Diego, [July 6, 2005]. Includes Pictures of Studio A

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