Radiohead – Wikipedia

english rock band
Radiohead are an english rock ring formed in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, in 1985. The band consists of Thom Yorke ( vocals, guitar, piano, keyboards ), brothers Jonny Greenwood ( conduct guitar, keyboards, early instruments ) and Colin Greenwood ( bass ), Ed O’Brien ( guitar, backing vocals ) and Philip Selway ( drums, percussion ). They have worked with producer Nigel Godrich and cover artist Stanley Donwood since 1994. Radiohead ‘s experimental approach is credited with advancing the sound of alternate rock. After signing to EMI in 1991, Radiohead released their debut one, “ Creep “, in 1992. It became a cosmopolitan hit after the acquittance of their debut album, Pablo Honey ( 1993 ). Their popularity and critical standing rose with the exhaust of their second album, The Bends ( 1995 ). Radiohead ‘s third album, OK Computer ( 1997 ), brought them international fame ; noted for its complex production and themes of mod alienation, it is acclaimed as a landmark criminal record and one of the best albums in popular music. Kid A ( 2000 ) marked a dramatic deepen in expressive style, incorporating influences from electronic music, jazz, classical music and krautrock. Though Kid A divided listeners, it belated attracted wide applaud. It was followed by Amnesiac ( 2001 ), recorded in the same sessions.

Hail to the Thief ( 2003 ), with lyrics inspired by the War on Terror, was Radiohead ‘s final album for EMI. Their subsequent releases have pioneered option release platforms such as pay-what-you-want and BitTorrent ; Radiohead self-released their one-seventh album, In Rainbows ( 2007 ), as a download for which customers could set their own monetary value, to critical and chart achiever. Their eighth album, The King of Limbs ( 2011 ), an exploration of cycle, was developed using across-the-board loop and sample. A Moon Shaped Pool ( 2016 ) prominently featured Jonny Greenwood ‘s orchestral arrangements. Yorke, Jonny Greenwood, Selway and O’Brien have released alone albums ; in 2021, Yorke and Greenwood debuted a new band, the Smile. As of 2011, Radiohead have sold more than 30 million albums global. Their awards include six Grammy Awards and four Ivor Novello Awards. Seven Radiohead singles have reached the top 10 on the UK Singles Chart : “ creep ” ( 1992 ), “ Street Spirit ( Fade Out ) “ ( 1996 ), “ Paranoid Android “ ( 1997 ), “ Karma Police “ ( 1997 ), “ No Surprises “ ( 1998 ), “ Pyramid Song “ ( 2001 ) and “ There There “ ( 2003 ). “ crawl ” and “ Nude “ ( 2008 ) reached the acme 40 on the US Billboard Hot 100. Rolling Stone named Radiohead one of the 100 greatest artists of all time, and Rolling Stone readers voted them the second-best artist of the 2000s. Five Radiohead albums have been included in Rolling Stone ‘s 500 Greatest Albums of All Time lists, and the band are the most nominate act in Mercury Prize history, with five nominations. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2019 .

history

1985–1992 : formation and first years

Abingdon School, where the ring formed The members of Radiohead met while attending Abingdon School, an independent educate for boys in Abingdon, Oxfordshire. [ 1 ] Guitarist and singer Thom Yorke and bassist Colin Greenwood were in the lapp year, guitarist Ed O’Brien and drummer Philip Selway the year above, and multi-instrumentalist Jonny Greenwood, brother of Colin, two years below. In 1985, they formed On a Friday, the identify referring to their common rehearsal day in the school ‘s music room. [ 2 ] Jonny was the final to join, first gear on harmonica and then keyboards, but soon became star guitarist ; [ 2 ] he had previously been in another ring, Illiterate Hands, with musician Nigel Powell and Yorke ‘s brother Andy Yorke. [ 3 ] According to Colin, the band members picked their instruments because they wanted to play together, rather than through any particular concern : “ It was more of a collective angle, and if you could contribute by having person else play your musical instrument, then that was very cool. ” [ 4 ] At one point, On a Friday featured a sax segment. [ 5 ] The band disliked the educate ‘s rigid atmosphere—the headmaster once charged them for using a rehearsal room on a Sunday—and found consolation in the school ‘s music department. They credited their music teacher for introducing them to jazz, film scores, postwar avant-garde music, and 20th-century authoritative music. [ 6 ] Oxfordshire and the Thames Valley had an active voice mugwump music scene in the late 1980s, but it centred on shoegazing bands such as Ride and Slowdive. [ 7 ] On the strength of an early show, On a Friday were offered a record batch by Island Records, but they decided they were not fix and wanted to go to university first. [ 8 ]
Curfew announcing On a Friday’s change of name[9] ad placed in Oxford music magazineannouncing On a Friday ‘s change of diagnose Although all but Jonny had left Abingdon by 1987 to attend university, On a Friday continued to rehearse on weekends and holidays. [ 10 ] At the University of Exeter, Yorke played with the band Headless Chickens, performing songs including future Radiohead material. [ 11 ] He besides met artist Stanley Donwood, who late created artwork for Radiohead. [ 12 ] In 1991, On a Friday regrouped, sharing a house on the corner of Magdalen Road and Ridgefield Road, Oxford. [ 13 ] As On a Friday continued to perform in Oxford, record labels and producers became matter to. Chris Hufford, Slowdive ‘s manufacturer and co-owner of Oxford ‘s Courtyard Studios, attended an early On a Friday concert at the Jericho Tavern. Impressed, he and his partner Bryce Edge produced a show magnetic tape and became On a Friday ‘s managers ; [ 10 ] they remain Radiohead ‘s managers today. [ 14 ] In late 1991, after a prospect meet between Colin and A & R representative Keith Wozencroft at Our Price, the record patronize where Colin worked, [ 9 ] On a Friday signed a six-album read contract with EMI. [ 10 ] At EMI ‘s request, the isthmus changed their mention ; “ Radiohead ” was taken from the song “ radio head ” on the Talking Heads album True Stories ( 1986 ). [ 10 ]

1992–1994 : “ Creep ”, Pablo Honey and early success

Radiohead recorded their introduction liberation, the Drill EP, with Hufford and Edge at Courtyard Studios. Released in May 1992, its graph performance was poor. The band enlisted Paul Kolderie and Sean Slade, who had worked with US indie bands Pixies and Dinosaur Jr., to produce their introduction album, recorded cursorily in Oxford in 1992. [ 2 ] With the release of the “ Creep “ individual by and by that class, Radiohead began to receive attention in the british music press, not all of it favorable ; NME described them as “ a chicken excuse for a rock ring ”, [ 15 ] and “ Creep ” was blacklisted by BBC Radio 1 as “ besides depress ”. [ 16 ]

“Creep” (

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)[17]Creep ” was Radiohead’s first hit. This sample features Jonny Greenwood’s guitar distortion before the chorus. According to legend, the effects were an attempt to sabotage a song Greenwood initially disliked.

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Radiohead released their debut album, Pablo Honey, in February 1993. It reached count 22 in the UK charts, as “ Creep ” and its follow-up singles “ Anyone Can Play Guitar “ and “ Stop Whispering “ failed to become hits. “ Pop Is dead “, a non-album single, besides sold ill ; O’Brien late called it “ a hideous error ”. [ 18 ] Some critics compared the ring ‘s early style to the wave of dirt music popular in the early 1990s, dubbing them “ Nirvana -lite ”, [ 19 ] and Pablo Honey failed to make a critical or a commercial affect upon its initial release. [ 15 ] In early on 1993, Radiohead began to attract listeners elsewhere. “ crawl ” had been played frequently on Israeli radio by influential DJ Yoav Kutner, and in March, after the song became a hit there, Radiohead were invited to Tel Aviv for their inaugural express oversea. [ 20 ] Around the lapp clock, “ Creep ” began receiving airplay on US radio stations and rose to number two on the US modern rock graph. By the time Radiohead began their inaugural union american tour in June 1993, the music video recording for “ Creep ” was in arduous rotation on MTV. [ 10 ] The song reached act 34 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, [ 21 ] and reached number seven in the UK Singles Chart when EMI rereleased it in September. [ 22 ]

1994–1995 : The Bends, critical recognition and growing fanbase

Radiohead began work on their second base album in 1994 with veteran Abbey Road Studios producer John Leckie. Tensions were high, with mounting expectations to match the success of “ Creep ”. [ 23 ] Recording felt unnatural in the studio, with the isthmus having over-rehearsed the fabric. [ 24 ] Seeking a exchange of scenery, they toured the Far East, Australasia and Mexico and found greater confidence performing their newfangled music live. [ 24 ] however, troubled by his new fame, Yorke became disillusioned with being “ at the crisp end of the aphrodisiac, fresh, MTV eye-candy life style ” he felt he was helping to sell to the world. [ 25 ] The My Iron Lung EP and single, released in 1994, was Radiohead ‘s chemical reaction, marking a transition towards the greater astuteness they aimed for on their second album. [ 26 ] It was Radiohead ‘s first collaboration with their future producer Nigel Godrich, then working under Leckie as an audio engineer, [ 27 ] and artist Stanley Donwood, who has produced all of Radiohead ‘s artwork since. [ 12 ] Promoted through option radio stations, My Iron Lung ‘s sales were better than expected, and suggested that the band had found a firm fanbase and were not one-hit wonders. [ 28 ] Having introduced more new songs on enlistment, Radiohead finished recording their second album by the end of 1994, and released The Bends in March 1995. The album was driven by dense riffs and ethereal atmospheres from the three guitarists, with greater use of keyboards than their debut. [ 2 ] It received stronger reviews for its songwriting and performances. [ 15 ] While Radiohead were seen as outsiders to the Britpop scene that dominated music media at the time, they were ultimately successful in their home plate state with The Bends, [ 7 ] as singles “ Fake Plastic Trees “, “ High and Dry “, “ barely “, and “ Street Spirit ( Fade Out ) “ made their way to chart success. “ high gear and Dry ” became a modest hit, but Radiohead ‘s growing fanbase was insufficient to repeat the worldwide success of “ Creep ”. The Bends peaked at No. 88 on the US album charts, which remains Radiohead ‘s lowest picture there. [ 29 ] Jonny Greenwood said The Bends had been a “ turning point ” for Radiohead : “ It started appearing in people ‘s [ best-of ] polls for the end of the year. That ‘s when it started to feel like we made the right option about being a band. ” [ 30 ] In former years, The Bends appeared in many publications ‘ lists of the best albums of all fourth dimension, [ 31 ] including Rolling Stone’s 2012 edition of the “ 500 Greatest Albums of All Time ” at No. 111. [ 32 ] In 1995, Radiohead again toured North America and Europe, this time in support of R.E.M., one of their formative influences and at the time one of the biggest rock bands in the earth. [ 33 ] The buzz generated by such celebrated fans as R.E.M. singer Michael Stipe, along with classifiable music video for “ Just ” and “ Street Spirit ”, helped to sustain Radiohead ‘s popularity outside the UK. [ 34 ] The night before a performance in Denver, Colorado, Radiohead ‘s enlistment van was stolen, and with it their musical equipment. Yorke and Jonny Greenwood performed a stripped acoustic set with lease instruments and respective shows were cancelled. [ 35 ] [ nota bene 1 ] Their first live video, Live at the Astoria, was released in 1995. [ 36 ]

1995–1998 : OK Computer and critical acclaim

Yorke performing with Radiohead in 1998 By late 1995, Radiohead had already recorded one song that would appear on their next record. “ lucky “, released as a single to promote the War Child charity ‘s The Help Album, [ 37 ] was recorded in a brief school term with Nigel Godrich, the young sound recording engineer who had assisted on The Bends and produced a 1996 B-side, “ lecture Show Host “. Radiohead decided to self-produce their future album with Godrich, and began work in early 1996. By July they had recorded four songs at their rehearsal studio, Canned Applause, a converted apple shed in the countryside near Didcot, Oxfordshire. [ 38 ] In August 1996, Radiohead toured as the open act for Alanis Morissette. [ 39 ] They resumed recording not at a studio but at St. Catherine ‘s Court, a 15th-century sign of the zodiac near Bath. [ 40 ] The sessions were relaxed, with the set play at all hours of the day, recording in different rooms, and listening to the Beatles, DJ Shadow, Ennio Morricone and Miles Davis for divine guidance. [ 2 ] [ 30 ] Radiohead released their third album, OK Computer, in May 1997. It found the band experimenting with song structures and incorporating ambient, avant-garde and electronic influences, prompting Rolling Stone to call the album a “ arresting art-rock enlistment de wedge ”. [ 41 ] Radiohead denied being contribution of the progressive rock writing style, but critics began to compare their work to Pink Floyd, whose early on 1970s work influenced Jonny Greenwood ‘s guitar parts at the time. Some compared OK Computer thematically to Floyd ‘s best seller The Dark Side of the Moon ( 1973 ), [ 42 ] although Yorke said the album ‘s lyrics were inspired by observing the “ speed ” of the earth in the 1990s. Yorke ‘s lyrics, embodying unlike characters, had expressed what one cartridge holder called “ end-of-the-millennium blues ” [ 43 ] in contrast to the more personal songs of The Bends. According to diarist Alex Ross, Radiohead had become “ the poster boys for a certain kind of knowing alienation—as the Talking Heads and R.E.M. had been ahead ”. [ 44 ] OK Computer received critical acclaim. Yorke said he was “ amazed it got the reaction it did. none of us fucking knew any more whether it was good or bad. What very blow my read/write head off was the fact that people got all the things, all the textures and the sounds and the atmospheres we were trying to create. ” [ 45 ]
OK Computer was Radiohead ‘s first number-one UK graph debut, and brought them commercial achiever around the populace. Despite peaking at act 21 in the US charts, the album finally met with mainstream recognition there, earning Radiohead their first Grammy Awards recognition, winning Best Alternative Album and a nomination for Album of the Year. [ 46 ] “ Paranoid Android “, “ Karma Police “ and “ No Surprises “ were released as singles, of which “ Karma Police ” was most successful internationally. [ 22 ] OK Computer went on to become a staple of “ best-of ” british album lists. [ 47 ] [ 48 ] In the lapp class, Radiohead became one of the first bands in the worldly concern to have a web site, and developed a devoted on-line following ; within a few years, there were dozens of fansites devoted to them. [ 49 ] OK Computer was followed by the year-long Against Demons populace go, including Radiohead ‘s first gear headline Glastonbury Festival performance in 1997. [ 50 ] Despite technical problems that about caused Yorke to abandon the stage, the performance was acclaimed and cemented Radiohead as a major hot act. [ 51 ] Grant Gee, the director of the “ No Surprises ” video, filmed the band on go for the 1999 objective Meeting People Is Easy. [ 52 ] The film portrays the band ‘s disaffection with the music industry and press, showing their burnout over the course of the enlistment. [ 2 ] Since its free, OK Computer is often acclaimed as a landmark criminal record of the 1990s [ 53 ] and the Generation X era, and one of the greatest albums in recording history. [ 54 ] [ 55 ]

1998–2002 : Kid A, Amnesiac and switch in sound

In 1998, Radiohead performed at a Paris Amnesty International concert [ 56 ] and the Tibetan Freedom Concert. [ 57 ] In March, they and Godrich entered Abbey Road Studios to record a song for the 1998 film The Avengers, “ man of War “, but were unsatisfied with the results and the sung went unreleased. [ 58 ] Yorke described the period as a “ real number low point ” ; [ 59 ] he developed depression, and the band came close to splitting up. [ 60 ]
Jonny Greenwood has used a variety show of instruments, such as this glockenspiel, in hot concerts and recordings. In early on 1999, Radiohead began work on their future album. Although the success of OK Computer intend there was no longer atmospheric pressure from their record tag, [ 44 ] tensions were high. Band members had different visions for Radiohead ‘s future, and Yorke suffered from writer ‘s obstruct, influencing him toward more abstraction, fragmented songwriting. [ 60 ] Radiohead secluded themselves with Godrich in studios in Paris, Copenhagen, and Gloucester, and in their new studio in Oxford. [ 19 ] O’Brien kept an on-line diary, reporting their advance. [ 61 ] After about 18 months, Radiohead ‘s recording sessions were completed in April 2000. [ 60 ] Radiohead ‘s fourth album, Kid A, was released in October 2000. A departure from OK Computer, Kid A featured a minimalist and textured expressive style with more divers orchestration, including the ondes Martenot, programmed electronic beats, strings, and sleep together horns. [ 60 ] It debuted at number one in many countries, including the US, where it became the first Radiohead album to debut atop the Billboard graph and the first US number-one album by any UK act since the Spice Girls in 1996. [ 62 ] This success was attributed variously to commercialize, to the album ‘s leak on the file-sharing network Napster a few months before its dismissal, and to advance anticipation based, in depart, on the success of OK Computer. [ 63 ] Although Radiohead released no singles from Kid A, promos of “ affirmative ” and “ Idioteque “ received radio play, and a series of “ blips ”, short video set to portions of tracks, were played on music channels and released dislodge on-line. [ 64 ] Inspired by Naomi Klein ‘s anti-globalisation book No Logo, Radiohead continued a 2000 tour of Europe in a custom-made tent free of advertise ; they besides promoted Kid A with three sold-out north american english field concerts. [ 64 ]

“Everything in Its Right Place” (

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) The opening track from Radiohead ‘s fourthly album, this song emphasises the band ‘s increasing habit of electronic music and distortions of Thom Yorke ‘s vocals .

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Kid A received a Grammy Award for Best Alternative Album and a nomination for Album of the class in early 2001. It won both praise and criticism in autonomous music circles for appropriating belowground styles of music ; some british critics saw Kid A as a “ commercial suicide note ” and “ intentionally difficult ”, and longed for a return to Radiohead ‘s earlier dash. [ 7 ] [ 15 ] Fans were similarly divided ; along with those who were appalled or mystified, many saw it as the isthmus ‘s best exercise. [ 25 ] [ 65 ] Yorke denied that Radiohead had set out to eschew expectations, saying : “ We ‘re not trying to be difficult … We ‘re actually trying to communicate but somewhere along the lineage, we barely seemed to piss off a draw of people … What we ‘re doing is n’t that group. ” [ 7 ] The album was ranked one of the best of all time by publications including Time and Rolling Stone; [ 66 ] Pitchfork, the Times and Rolling Stone named it the best album of the decade. [ 67 ] [ 68 ] Radiohead ‘s fifth album, Amnesiac, was released in May 2001. It comprised extra tracks from the Kid A sessions, including “ Life in a Glasshouse ”, featuring the Humphrey Lyttelton Band. [ 69 ] Radiohead stressed that they saw Amnesiac not as a collection of B-sides or outtakes from Kid A but an album in its own veracious. [ 70 ] It topped the UK Albums Chart and reached total two in the US, and was nominated for a Grammy Award and the Mercury Music Prize. [ 15 ] [ 62 ] Radiohead embarked on a world tour, visiting North America, Europe and Japan. “ Pyramid Song “ and “ Knives Out “, Radiohead ‘s first singles since 1998, were modestly successful. I Might Be Wrong: Live Recordings, released in November 2001, features performances of seven songs from Kid A and Amnesiac, plus a performance of the unreleased track “ True Love Waits “. [ 71 ]

2002–2004 : Hail to the Thief and solo shape

In July and August 2002, Radiohead toured Portugal and Spain, playing a phone number of modern songs. For their next album, they sought to explore the tension between homo and machine-generated music [ 72 ] and capture a more contiguous, live phone. [ 73 ] [ 74 ] They and Godrich recorded most of the material in two weeks at Ocean Way Recording in Los Angeles. The band described the recording process as relax, in contrast to the tense sessions for Kid A and Amnesiac. [ 1 ] Radiohead besides composed music for “ Split Sides ”, a dance piece by the Merce Cunningham Dance Company, which debuted in October 2003 at the Brooklyn Academy of Music. [ 75 ] Radiohead ‘s one-sixth album, Hail to the Thief, was released in June 2003. [ 76 ] Its lyrics were influenced by what Yorke called “ the general sense of ignorance and intolerance and panic and stupidity ” following the 2000 election of US President George W. Bush. [ 77 ] The album was promoted with a web site, radiohead.tv, where short films, music video, and studio webcasts were streamed. [ 78 ] Hail to the Thief debuted at number one in the UK and number three on the Billboard chart, and was finally certify platinum in the UK and gold in the US. The singles “ There There “, “ Go to Sleep “ and “ 2 + 2 = 5 “ achieved big circulation on modern rock radio receiver. At the 2004 Grammy Awards, Radiohead were again nominated for Best Alternative Album, and producer Godrich and engineer Darrell Thorp received the Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album. [ 79 ] In May 2003, Radiohead embarked on a world tour and headline Glastonbury Festival for the second gear clock. The tour finished in May 2004 with a performance at the Coachella Festival in California. [ 80 ] A compilation of Hail to the Thief B-sides, remixes and live performances, Com Lag (2plus2isfive), was released in April 2004. [ 81 ]
Hail to the Thief was Radiohead ‘s final album with EMI ; in 2006, the New York Times described Radiohead as “ by far the universe ‘s most popular unsigned band ”. [ 80 ] Following the Hail to the Thief go, Radiohead went on foramen to spend clock with their families and bring on solo projects. Yorke and Jonny Greenwood contributed to the Band Aid 20 charity single “ Do They Know It ‘s Christmas ? “, produced by Godrich. [ 82 ] Greenwood composed soundtracks for the films Bodysong ( 2004 ) and There Will Be Blood ( 2007 ) ; the latter was the first gear of respective collaborations between Greenwood and director Paul Thomas Anderson. [ 83 ] [ 84 ] In July 2006, Yorke released his debut solo album, The Eraser, comprising chiefly electronic music. [ 85 ] He stressed it was made with the dance band ‘s bless, and that Radiohead were not breaking up. Radiohead guitarist Jonny Greenwood said : “ He had to get this farce out, and everyone was felicitous [ for Yorke to make it ] … He ‘d go harebrained if every time he wrote a song it had to go through the Radiohead consensus. ” [ 86 ]

2004–2009 : passing from EMI, In Rainbows, and “ pay what you want ”

Radiohead began work on their one-seventh album in February 2005. [ 84 ] rather of involving Godrich, Radiohead hired manufacturer Spike Stent, but the collaboration was unsuccessful. [ 87 ] In September 2005, Radiohead contributed “ I Want none of This ”, a piano dirge, [ 88 ] for the War Child charity album Help: A Day in the Life. The album was sold on-line, with “ I Want none of This ” the most download cut, though it was not released as a single. [ 89 ] In late 2006, after touring Europe and North America with new material, Radiohead re-enlisted Godrich and resumed oeuvre in London, Oxford and rural Somerset, England. [ 90 ] Recording ended in June 2007 and the recordings were mastered the following month. [ 91 ] Radiohead released their seventh album, In Rainbows, on their web site on 10 October 2007 as a download for any total users wanted, including £0. The landmark pay-what-you-want release, the first for a major act, made headlines worldwide and created argument about the implications for the music industry. [ 92 ] According to Mojo, the spill was “ hailed as a revolution in the manner major bands sell their music ”, and the media ‘s reaction was “ about overwhelmingly positive ” ; [ 93 ] Time called it “ easily the most important secrete in the recent history of the music commercial enterprise ”. [ 94 ] however, it drew criticism from musicians such as Lily Allen [ 95 ] and Kim Gordon, [ 96 ] who felt it undercut less successful acts. In Rainbows was downloaded an estimated 1.2 million times on the day of liberation, [ 97 ] but Radiohead ‘s management did not release sales figures, claiming that the distribution was intended to boost former retail sales. [ 98 ] Colin Greenwood explained the internet release as a way of avoiding the “ baffle playlists ” and “ straitened formats ” of radio and television, ensuring fans around the universe could all experience the music at the lapp fourth dimension, and preventing leaks in progress of a physical free. [ 99 ] O’Brien said the self-release strategy sold fewer records, but made more money for the set as there was no interlocutor. [ 100 ] A particular “ discbox ” edition of In Rainbows, containing the record on vinyl, a book of artwork, and a cadmium of extra songs, was besides sold from Radiohead ‘s web site and shipped in late 2007. [ 101 ] The retail version of In Rainbows was released in the UK in late December 2007 on XL Recordings and in North America in January 2008 on TBD Records, [ 101 ] chart at number one in the UK and in the US. [ 102 ] The success – after having been legally available for months as a unblock download – was Radiohead ‘s highest chart placement in the US since Kid A. It became their fifth UK number-one album and sold more than three million copies in one year. [ 103 ] The album received acclaim for its more accessible good and personal lyrics. [ 104 ] It was nominated for the Mercury Music Prize [ 105 ] and won the 2009 Grammy awards for Best Alternative Music Album and Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package. It was nominated for five other Grammy awards, including Radiohead ‘s third nomination for Album of the Year. [ 106 ] Yorke and Jonny Greenwood performed “ 15 step ” with the University of Southern California Marching Band at the telecast award prove. [ 107 ]
Radiohead perform at the 2008 Main Square Festival in Arras, France The beginning one from In Rainbows, “ Jigsaw Falling into Place “, was released in January 2008. [ 108 ] It was followed by “ Nude “ on 31 March, [ 109 ] which debuted at number 37 in the Billboard Hot 100 ; it was Radiohead ‘s first song to enter the graph since “ High and Dry ” ( 1995 ) and their first US top 40 since “ Creep ”. [ 22 ] In July, Radiohead released a digitally shoot video recording for “ House of Cards “. [ 110 ] Radiohead held remix competitions for “ Nude ” and “ Reckoner “, releasing the divide bow for fans to remix. [ 111 ] In April 2008, Radiohead launched W.A.S.T.E. Central, a social network serve for Radiohead fans. [ 112 ] In May, VH1 circulate In Rainbows – From the Basement, a particular sequence of the music television picture From the Basement in which Radiohead performed songs from In Rainbows. It was released on iTunes in June. [ 113 ] From mid-2008 to early 2009, Radiohead toured North America, Europe, Japan and South America to promote In Rainbows, and headlined the Reading and Leeds Festivals in August 2009. [ 97 ] [ 114 ] [ 115 ] In 2007, EMI was acquired by the private fairness firm Terra Firma. Radiohead were critical of the new management and no deal was agreed. [ 116 ] The Independent reported that EMI had offered Radiohead a £3 million progress, but had refused to relinquish rights to the band ‘s back catalogue. An EMI spokesman stated that Radiohead had demanded “ an extraordinary amount of money ”. [ 117 ] Radiohead ‘s management and Yorke released statements denying that they had asked for a boastfully advance, but had rather wanted control over their back catalog. [ 117 ] [ 118 ] Days after Radiohead signed to XL, EMI announced a box hardened of Radiohead material recorded before In Rainbows, released in the lapp week as the In Rainbows extra edition. Commentators including the Guardian saw the move as retaliation for the band choosing not to re-sign with EMI. [ 119 ] In June 2008, EMI released a greatest hits album, Radiohead: The Best Of. [ 120 ] It was made without Radiohead ‘s participation and contains only songs recorded under their contract with EMI. Yorke was critical of the secrete, calling it a “ neutralize opportunity ”. [ 121 ] In August 2008, EMI reissued Radiohead ‘s back catalogue as expanded “ Collectors ‘ Editions ”. [ 122 ]

2009–2012 : Singles, side projects, and The King of Limbs

As social media expanded around the turn of the decade, Radiohead gradually withdrew their public presence, with no promotional interviews or tours to promote new releases. Pitchfork wrote that around this time Radiohead ‘s “ popularity became increasingly untethered from the typical formalities of record promotion, placing them on the same horizontal surface as Beyoncé and Kanye West “. [ 49 ] In May 2009, Radiohead began new recording sessions with Godrich. [ 123 ] In August, they released “ Harry Patch ( In Memory Of ) “, a tribute song to Harry Patch, the final outlive british soldier to have fought in World War I, with proceeds donated to the british Legion. [ 124 ] [ 125 ] The song has no ceremonious rock orchestration, and rather comprises Yorke ‘s vocals and a string arrangement composed by Jonny Greenwood. [ 126 ] Later that month, another newfangled song, “ These Are My Twisted Words “, featuring krautrock -like drumming and guitars, [ 127 ] was leaked via flood, possibly by Radiohead. [ 128 ] [ 129 ] It was released as a free download on the Radiohead website the play along workweek. [ 130 ] Commentators saw the releases as separate of Radiohead ‘s new unpredictable let go of scheme, without the need for traditional market. [ 131 ] In 2009, Yorke formed a modern ring to perform his solo material, Atoms for Peace, with musicians including Godrich and Red Hot Chili Peppers bassist Flea. The band played eight North american shows in 2010. [ 132 ] In January 2010, Radiohead played their only full concert of the year in the Los Angeles Henry Fonda Theater as a benefit for Oxfam. Tickets were auctioned, raising over half a million US dollars for the NGO ‘s 2010 Haiti earthquake relief. [ 133 ] In September 2010, Radiohead released the sounding board commemorate of their 2009 Prague performance for practice in a fan-made concert video recording, Live in Praha. [ 134 ] In December, a fan-made video of Radiohead ‘s Oxfam benefit performance, Radiohead for Haiti, was released via YouTube and downpour with Radiohead ‘s support and a “ pay-what-you-want ” link to donate to Oxfam. [ 135 ] The videos were described as examples of Radiohead ‘s openness to fans and incontrovertibility toward non-commercial internet distribution. [ 136 ] [ 137 ] In June 2010, Yorke and Jonny Greenwood performed a surprise set at Glastonbury Festival, performing Eraser and Radiohead songs, while Selway released his debut solo album, Familial in August. [ 138 ] [ 139 ]
A Moon Shaped Pool. Drummer Clive Deamer has joined Radiohead on tour since 2012. He besides performed on the “ Staircase / The daily Mail ” individual and Radiohead released their eighth album, The King of Limbs, on 18 February 2011 as a download from their web site. [ 140 ] Following the drawn-out record and more conventional rock candy instrumentation of In Rainbows, Radiohead developed The King of Limbs by sampling and looping their recordings with turntables. [ 141 ] [ 142 ] [ 143 ] It was followed by a retail liberation in March through XL, and a special “ newspaper album ” edition in May. [ 144 ] The King of Limbs sold an estimated 300,000 to 400,000 copies through Radiohead ‘s web site ; [ 145 ] the retail edition debuted at number six on the US Billboard 200 [ 146 ] and issue seven on the UK Albums Chart. [ 147 ] It was nominated for five categories in the 54th Grammy Awards. [ 148 ] Two tracks not included on The King of Limbs, “ Supercollider ” and “ The Butcher “, were released as a double A-side individual for Record Store Day in April. [ 149 ] A compilation of King of Limbs remixes by versatile artists, TKOL RMX 1234567, was released in September. [ 150 ] To perform the rhythmically complex King of Limbs material live, Radiohead enlisted a moment drummer, Clive Deamer, who had worked with Portishead and Get the Blessing. [ 151 ] Deamer has joined Radiohead on subsequent go. [ 152 ] In June, Radiohead played a surprise performance on the Park stage at the 2011 Glastonbury Festival, performing songs from The King of Limbs for the first base time. [ 153 ] With Deamer, Radiohead recorded The King of Limbs: Live from the Basement, released on-line in August 2011. [ 154 ] It was besides broadcast by external BBC channels and released on DVD and Blu-ray in January 2012. [ 155 ] The operation included two new songs, “ The daily Mail ” and “ Staircase “, released as a double A-side download single in December 2011. [ 156 ] In February 2012, Radiohead began their beginning extended north american go in four years, including dates in the United States, Canada and Mexico. [ 157 ] On tour, they recorded material at Jack White ‘s studio apartment Third Man Records, [ 158 ] but discarded the recordings. [ 159 ] On 16 June 2012, an hour before gates were due to open at Toronto ‘s Downsview Park for the final concert of Radiohead ‘s north american go, the ceiling of the venue ‘s irregular stage collapsed, killing drum technician Scott Johnson and injuring three early members of Radiohead ‘s road crew. [ 160 ] After rescheduling the enlistment, Radiohead paid tribute to Johnson at their adjacent concert, in Nîmes, France, in July. [ 161 ] In June 2013, Live Nation Canada Inc, two other organisations and an engineer were charged with 13 charges under Ontario health and base hit laws. [ 162 ] [ 163 ] In September 2017, after several delays, the shell was dropped under the Jordan rule, which sets nonindulgent clock time limits on trials. [ 162 ] Radiohead released a statement condemning the decision. [ 164 ] A 2019 inquest returned a verdict of accidental end. [ 165 ]

2012–2014 : hiatus and move to XL

King of Limbs tour Radiohead performing on the 2012tour After the King of Limbs tour, the band members worked on promote side projects. In February 2013, Yorke and Godrich ‘s dance band Atoms for Peace released a studio album, Amok. [ 166 ] The pair made headlines that year for their criticism of the free music streaming service Spotify ; Yorke accused Spotify of merely benefiting major labels with large back catalogues, and encouraged artists to build their own “ direct connections ” with audiences alternatively. [ 167 ] [ 168 ] In February 2014, Radiohead released the Polyfauna app for smartphones, a collaboration with the british digital arts studio Universal Everything using music and imagination from The King of Limbs. [ 169 ] In May, Yorke contributed a soundtrack, Subterranea, to The Panic Office, an installation of Radiohead artwork in Sydney, Australia. [ 170 ] Yorke and Selway released their solo albums Tomorrow’s Modern Boxes and Weatherhouse in former 2014. [ 171 ] [ 172 ] Jonny Greenwood scored his one-third Anderson film, Inherent Vice ; it features a new version of an unreleased Radiohead sung, “ Spooks ”, performed by Greenwood and members of Supergrass. [ 173 ] Junun, a collaboration between Greenwood, Godrich, Israeli composer Shye Ben Tzur and indian musicians, was released in November 2015, [ 174 ] accompanied by a documentary directed by Anderson. [ 175 ] In April 2016, Radiohead ‘s back catalog was acquired by XL Recordings, which had released the retail editions of In Rainbows and The King of Limbs and most of Yorke ‘s solo exploit. [ 176 ] XL reissued Radiohead ‘s back catalogue on vinyl in May 2016. [ 177 ]

2014–2017 : A Moon Shaped Pool and OKNOTOK

Radiohead began work on their ninth studio album in September 2014. [ 178 ] In 2015, they resumed work in the La Fabrique studio apartment near Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France. [ 179 ] The sessions were marred by the death of Godrich ‘s father [ 180 ] and Yorke ‘s legal separation from his wife, Rachel Owen, who died from cancer in 2016. [ 181 ] Work was interrupted when Radiohead were commissioned to write the root for the 2015 James Bond film Spectre ; [ 180 ] after their song, “ Spectre “, was rejected, Radiohead released it on the audio streaming locate SoundCloud on Christmas Day 2015. [ 182 ] Radiohead ‘s ninth studio album, A Moon Shaped Pool, was released in May 2016 on Radiohead ‘s web site and on-line music stores, followed by retail versions in June via XL Recordings. [ 183 ] It was promoted with music television for the singles “ Burn the Witch “ and “ Daydreaming “, the latter directed by Anderson. [ 184 ] [ 183 ] The album includes several songs written years earlier, including “ True Love Waits “, [ 185 ] and strings and choral vocals performed by the London Contemporary Orchestra. [ 186 ] It was Radiohead ‘s sixth UK number-one album [ 187 ] and reached number three in the US. [ 188 ] It was the fifth Radiohead album nominated for the Mercury Prize, making Radiohead the most shortlist act in the prize ‘s history, [ 189 ] and was besides nominated for Best Alternative Music Album and Best Rock Song ( for “ Burn the Witch ” ) at the 59th Annual Grammy Awards. [ 190 ] It appeared on respective publications ‘ lists of the best albums of the class. [ 191 ] [ 192 ] [ 193 ] [ 194 ] [ 195 ]
Moon Shaped Pool tour Radiohead performing on the 2016tour In 2016, 2017, and 2018, Radiohead toured Europe, Japan, and North and South America, [ 152 ] [ 196 ] [ 197 ] including headline shows at the Coachella and Glastonbury festivals. [ 50 ] The tours included a performance in Tel Aviv in July 2017, disregarding the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign for an external cultural boycott of Israel. The operation was criticised by artists including musician Roger Waters and film maker Ken Loach, and a prayer urging Radiohead to cancel it was signed by more than 50 big figures. [ 198 ] Yorke responded in a statement : “ Playing in a area is n’t the same as endorsing the government. Music, artwork and academia is about crossing borders not building them, about assailable minds not closed ones, approximately shared humanity, negotiation and freedom of formulation. ” [ 199 ] In June 2017, Radiohead released a 20th-anniversary OK Computer reissue, OKNOTOK 1997 2017, comprising a remastered translation of the album, B-sides, and previously unreleased corporeal. [ 200 ] Radiohead promoted the reissue with music video recording for the new tracks “ I Promise “, “ world of War “ and “ Lift “. [ 201 ] [ 202 ] [ 203 ] OKNOTOK debuted at number two on the UK Album Chart, [ 204 ] boosted by Radiohead ‘s telecast Glastonbury performance that workweek, [ 205 ] and reached number 23 on the US Billboard 200. [ 206 ] Yorke and Jonny Greenwood performed a benefit concert in Le Marche, Italy, in August 2017 following the August 2016 Central Italy earthquake. [ 207 ] In September, the nature documentary series Blue Planet II premiered featuring a newly version of the King of Limbs track “ Bloom ”, created with composer Hans Zimmer. [ 208 ]

2017–present : side projects and Kid A Mnesia

In 2017, Selway released his one-third solo shape, the soundtrack to the film Let Me Go. [ 209 ] Jonny Greenwood scored his second film by Lynne Ramsay, You Were Never Really Here ( 2018 ), [ 210 ] and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Score for his one-fifth collaboration with Anderson, Phantom Thread ( 2017 ). [ 211 ] Yorke released his foremost feature film soundtrack, Suspiria ( 2018 ), [ 212 ] and his third solo album, Anima ( 2019 ), backed by a short film directed by Anderson. [ 213 ] O’Brien released his introduction alone album, Earth, in 2020. [ 214 ] He had been writing songs for years, but felt they had a “ distinct energy ” that would be lost with Radiohead. [ 215 ] Radiohead were nominated for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2017, their first base year of eligibility. [ 216 ] They were nominated again in 2018 and inducted the stick to March. [ 217 ] In June 2019, several hours of recordings made by Radiohead during the OK Computer period leaked on-line. In reception, Radiohead made the recordings available to purchase on-line as MiniDiscs [Hacked], with all proceeds to the environmentalist group Extinction Rebellion. [ 218 ] In December, Radiohead made their discography available free to stream on YouTube. [ 219 ] On 19 January 2020, they launched the Radiohead Public Library, an on-line archive of their knead, including music video recording, live performances, artwork, newsletters, old versions of their web site and the 1998 documentary Meeting People Is Easy. [ 220 ] Radiohead suspended their on-line message for Blackout Tuesday on 2 June, protesting racism and patrol brutality. [ 221 ] In a livestream consequence held by Glastonbury Festival in May 2021, Yorke and Jonny Greenwood debuted a new dance band, the Smile, a collaboration with Godrich and drummer Tom Skinner. [ 222 ] Greenwood said the project was a way for him and Yorke to work together during the COVID-19 lockdown. [ 223 ] Guardian critic Alexis Petridis described the Smile as “ more skeletal and gnarled adaptation of Radiohead ”, with strange clock signatures, complex riffs and “ hard-driving ” motorik psychedelia. [ 224 ] In November 2021, Radiohead released Kid A Mnesia, an anniversary reissue compiling Kid A, Amnesiac and previously unreleased material from the sessions. Radiohead promoted the reprint with download singles and videos for the previously unreleased tracks “ If You Say the Word “ and “ Follow Me Around “. [ 225 ] Radiohead planned an art installation of music and artwork from the albums ; after this was canceled by logistic problems and the COVID-19 pandemic, it became a digital have, Kid A Mnesia Exhibition, released in November for PlayStation 5, macOS and Windows. [ 226 ]

Style and songwriting

Radiohead ‘s musical style has been described as artwork rock candy, [ 29 ] alternative rock, [ 233 ] electronica, [ 236 ] experimental rock, [ 239 ] progressive rock, [ 230 ] Britpop, [ 230 ] dirt, [ 230 ] art crop up, [ 240 ] and electronic rock. [ 241 ] Joe Taysom of Far Out referred to Radiohead technically as a stadium rock band. [ 242 ] Among Radiohead ‘s earliest influences were Queen, [ 243 ] Bob Dylan, [ 243 ] Pink Floyd and Elvis Costello, post-punk acts such as Joy Division, [ 243 ] Siouxsie and the Banshees [ 243 ] [ 244 ] and Magazine, and significantly 1980s alternative rock candy bands such as R.E.M., [ 243 ] U2, the Pixies, the Smiths and Sonic Youth. [ 245 ] By the mid-1990s, Radiohead began to adopt recording methods from hip hop, inspired by the sampling work of DJ Shadow, [ 2 ] and became interest in using computers to generate sounds. [ 246 ] other influences include the soundtracks of Ennio Morricone, 1960s rock groups such as the Beatles and the Beach Boys, and Phil Spector ‘s “ wall of voice “ production. [ 2 ] [ 30 ] Radiohead have cited 60s and 70s jazz artists such as Miles Davis, Charles Mingus and Alice Coltrane as influences. [ 247 ] According to Jonny Greenwood, “ We bring in our favored sleep together albums, and say : we want to do this. And we enjoy the sound of our fail ! ” [ 247 ] He likened their wind influence to 1950s English bands imitating american blues records. [ 247 ] Drummer Clive Deamer, who has recorded and performed with Radiohead since 2011, said Radiohead do not see themselves as a rock candy set and that their methodology had closer parallels with sleep together : “ They measuredly try to avoid cliché and standard forms for the sake of the song … Rock bands do n’t do that. It ‘s far more like a jazz brain. ” [ 248 ]
The electronic music of Kid A and Amnesiac was inspired by Yorke ‘s wonder for Warp Records artists such as Aphex Twin ; [ 249 ] in 2013, Yorke named Aphex Twin as his biggest charm. [ 250 ] Kid A besides samples early on calculator music. [ 19 ] 1970s krautrock bands such as Can and Neu !, were other major influences during this menstruation. [ 251 ] Jonny Greenwood ‘s interest in 20th-century classical music besides had a role, as the charm of composers Krzysztof Penderecki [ 30 ] and Olivier Messiaen was apparent. Since the record of Kid A, Greenwood has played the ondes Martenot, an early on electronic instrument popularised by Messiaen. [ 10 ] Recording In Rainbows, Radiohead mentioned rock, electronic, hip hop and experimental musicians as influences, including Björk, M.I.A, Liars, Modeselektor and Spank Rock. [ 252 ] [ 253 ] In 2011, Yorke denied that Radiohead had set out to make “ experimental music “, saying they were “ constantly absorbing music ” and that a variety show of musicians are always influencing their work. [ 254 ] Yorke is Radiohead ‘s principal songwriter and lyricist. Songs normally begin as a sketch by Yorke, which is harmonically developed by Jonny Greenwood before the respite of the band develop their parts. [ 44 ] Arrangement is a collaborative campaign, with all members having roles in the procedure. [ 60 ] While Greenwood plays most conduct guitar parts, O’Brien much creates ambient effects, making extensive function of effects units. [ 255 ] The band much try several approaches to songs, and may develop them over years ; for case, Radiohead first performed “ True Love Waits “ in 1995 before releasing it in a unlike musical arrangement on A Moon Shaped Pool in 2016. [ 256 ] Greenwood said he saw Radiohead as “ barely a kind of an arrangement to form songs using whatever engineering suits the song. And that technology can be a cello or it can be a laptop. It ‘s all sort of machinery when looked at in the right room. ” [ 181 ] The Kid A and Amnesiac sessions brought a change in Radiohead ‘s music and working methods. [ 60 ] [ 257 ] Since their chemise from conventional rock music instrumentality toward an emphasis on electronic heavy, the members have gained flexibility and now regularly interchange instruments depending on the particular birdcall requirements. [ 60 ] On Kid A and Amnesiac, Yorke played keyboard and bass, while Jonny Greenwood often played ondes Martenot, bassist Colin Greenwood worked on sampling, and O’Brien and Selway branched out to drum machines and digital manipulation, besides finding ways to incorporate their chief instruments into the newly sound. [ 60 ] The relax 2003 sessions for Hail to the Thief led to a unlike active, with Yorke saying his ability in the dance band had been “ absolutely brainsick ” and that he would “ subvert everybody else ‘s power at all costs. But … it ‘s actually a lot more healthy now, democracy-wise. ” [ 258 ]

bequest and determine

Radiohead had sold more than 30 million albums cosmopolitan by 2011. [ 259 ] Their oeuvre places highly in both hearer polls and critics ‘ lists of the best music of the 1990s and 2000s. [ 260 ] In 2005, Rolling Stone named them the 73rd greatest artist of all time ; Jonny Greenwood [ 261 ] and O’Brien [ 262 ] were both included in Rolling Stone ‘s list of the best guitarists, and Yorke in their list of the best singers. [ 263 ] Five Radiohead albums have been nominated for the Mercury Prize, making Radiohead the most nominate act in the trophy ‘s history. [ 189 ] They have been listed among the greatest bands of all time by Spin ( 15th ) [ 264 ] and among the greatest artists by VH1 ( 29th ). [ 265 ] They were besides ranked as the third-best british band in history by Harry Fletcher of the Evening Standard. [ 266 ] Radiohead were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2019. [ 217 ] In 2009, Rolling Stone readers voted Radiohead the second-best artist of the 2000s, behind green Day. [ 267 ] In 2021, Pitchfork readers voted three Radiohead albums among the ten greatest albums of the previous 25 years, including Kid A at number one. [ 268 ] Radiohead are cited as one of the foremost rock ‘n’ roll bands of the twenty-first hundred. [ 269 ] [ 270 ] [ 271 ] [ 272 ] [ 273 ] [ 274 ] [ 275 ] Their 90s albums The Bends and OK Computer[nb 2] influenced a generation of british acts, [ 276 ] including Coldplay, Keane, James Blunt [ 277 ] and Travis. [ 277 ] In 2008, Rolling Stone ranked Yorke as the 66th greatest singer of all time and one of the most influential singers of his generation. [ 278 ] Radiohead ‘s experimental access is credited with expanding option rock. [ 279 ] According to AllMusic journalist Stephen Thomas Erlewine, in the early twenty-first century, Radiohead became “ a standard for everything that is audacious and adventurous in rock ”, succeeding David Bowie, Pink Floyd and Talking Heads. [ 279 ] In 2003, Village Voice critic Robert Christgau wrote that Radiohead were “ the lone youngish set standing that combines critical consensus with the ability to fill a venue larger than the Hammerstein Ballroom “. [ 280 ] Gavin Haynes of NME described Radiohead in 2014 as “ our coevals ‘s Beatles “. [ 281 ] In 2020, academic Daphne Brooks described Radiohead as “ the blackest ashen rock band to emerge over the past 30 years ”, citing their black sleep together influences, influence on black artists, and their “ introspective other worlds ”, which parallel the work of radical black artists. [ 282 ] Kid A is credited for pioneering the use of the internet to stream and promote music. [ 283 ] [ 284 ] The pay-what-you-want turn for In Rainbows is credited as a major step for music distribution ; [ 285 ] [ 94 ] [ 286 ] Forbes wrote that it “ helped forge the template for improper album releases in the internet senesce ”, ahead of artists such as Beyoncé and Drake. [ 284 ] Speaking at Radiohead ‘s generalization into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Talking Heads singer David Byrne praised Radiohead ‘s musical and unblock innovations, which he said had influenced the integral music industry. [ 287 ]

Collaborators

Radiohead are managed by Chris Hufford and Bryce Edge of Courtyard Management. [ 288 ] Hufford produced their first let go of, the Drill EP, and co-produced their first album, Pablo Honey. [ 289 ] Nigel Godrich first worked with Radiohead as an audio engineer on their second album, The Bends. He has produced all their studio apartment albums since their third gear album, OK Computer. [ 290 ] He besides plays Chieftain Mews, a long-running quality appearing in Radiohead ‘s promotional material. [ 291 ] Godrich has been dubbed the band ‘s “ sixth member ”, an allusion to George Martin being called the “ Fifth Beatle “. [ 290 ] In 2016, Godrich said : “ I can only ever have one isthmus like Radiohead who I ‘ve worked with for this many years. That ‘s a very deep and heavy relationship. The Beatles could only have ever had one George Martin ; they could n’t have switched producers halfway through their career. All that work, trust, and cognition of each other would have been thrown out of the window and they ‘d have to start again. ” [ 292 ] Graphic artist Stanley Donwood met Yorke when they were art students. together, they have produced all of Radiohead ‘s album covers and ocular artwork since 1994. [ 12 ] Donwood works in the studio with the band as they record, allowing the music to influence the artwork. [ 293 ] He and Yorke won a Grammy in 2002 for the especial edition of Amnesiac packaged as a library book. [ 12 ] Dilly Gent has commissioned all Radiohead music video recording since OK Computer, working with the band to find directors. [ 294 ] Since Radiohead ‘s formation, Andi Watson has been their lighting and stage director, designing the visuals of their be concerts. [ 295 ] Backline Chief and Technician Peter “ Plank ” Clements has worked with Radiohead since ahead The Bends, overseeing the technical management of studio recordings and bouncy performances. [ 2 ] Jim Warren has been Radiohead ‘s alive phone engineer since their beginning enlistment in 1992, and recorded early show and studio apartment tracks including “ high and Dry ” and “ Pop Is absolutely ”. [ 296 ] Drummer Clive Deamer was enlisted in 2011 to help perform the complex rhythm of The King of Limbs, and has performed and recorded with Radiohead since. [ 151 ] [ 152 ] [ 186 ] Paul Thomas Anderson has directed respective music videos for Yorke and Radiohead, and has collaborated with Jonny Greenwood on several film scores and the 2015 documentary Junun. [ 297 ]

Song catalogue

Radiohead recorded their beginning six albums under shrink with Parlophone, a subordinate of EMI. [ 298 ] For their seventh album, In Rainbows ( 2007 ), they did not renew the contract, as they did not trust the raw management under Guy Hands [ 299 ] [ 300 ] and EMI would not give them control over their back catalog. [ 301 ] They have self-released their subsequent work, with retail editions released by XL Recordings. [ 176 ] In October 2015, Radiohead sued Parlophone for deductions made from downloads of their back catalogue. [ 302 ] In September 2012, EMI was bought by Universal Music. The european Commission approved the deal on the condition that Universal Music divest Parlophone, which controlled the Radiohead records. [ 303 ] In February 2013, Parlophone, along with Radiohead ‘s back catalogue, was bought by Warner Music Group ( WMG ). [ 304 ] As a discipline of the purchase, WMG made an agreement with the Merlin Network and trade group Impala to divest 30 % of the Parlophone catalogues to independent labels, with artist approval. [ 176 ] As a result of the Impala agreement, in April 2016, WMG transferred Radiohead ‘s back catalogue to XL. [ 176 ] The Best Of and the EMI reissues released in 2008 without Radiohead ‘s blessing were removed from streaming services. [ 176 ] [ 305 ]

Band members

Additional live members

  • Clive Deamer – drums, percussion (2011–present)

discography

Awards and nominations

See besides

Notes

References

Sources

farther read

  • Doheny, James. Radiohead: Back to Save the Universe. 2002. ISBN 0-8264-1663-2
  • Forbes, Brandon W. and Reisch, George A. (eds). Radiohead and Philosophy: Fitter Happier More Deductive. 2009. ISBN 0-8126-9664-6
  • Hale, Jonathan. Radiohead: From a Great Height. 1999. ISBN 1-55022-373-9
  • Johnstone, Nick. Radiohead: An Illustrated Biography. 1997. ISBN 0-7119-6581-1
  • Letts, Marianne Tatom. Radiohead and the Resistant Concept Album. 2010. ISBN 978-0-253-22272-5
  • Paytress, Mark. Radiohead: The Complete Guide to their Music. 2005. ISBN 1-84449-507-8
  • Tate, Joseph (ed). The Music and Art of Radiohead. 2005. ISBN 0-7546-3979-7.

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