Charente – Wikipedia

Department of France

Department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France
Charente ( french : [ ʃaʁɑ̃t ] ( ) ; Saintongese : Chérente ; Occitan : Charanta [ tʃaˈɾantɔ ] ) is a department in the administrative region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, western France. It is named after the river Charente, the most crucial river in the department, and besides the river beside which the department ‘s two largest towns, Angoulême and Cognac, are sited. The Charente is the longest river in the Charente department.

history [edit ]

Charente is one of the original 83 departments created during the french Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from the former province of Angoumois, and western and southerly portions of Saintonge. anterior to the initiation of the department as a individual unit, much of it was commercially golden thanks to traditional industries such as salt and cognac product. Although the river Charente became silted up and was unnavigable for much of the twentieth century, in the eighteenth century it provided crucial links with coastal transportation routes both for traditional businesses and for newly evolving ones such as composition goods and iron smelt. The accelerating pace of industrial and commercial development during the first half of the nineteenth hundred led to a period of prosperity, and the department ‘s population peaked in 1851. [ 1 ] During the second half of the nineteenth century Charente, like many of France ‘s rural departments, experienced a decline in population as the economic prospects available in the cities and in France ‘s oversea empire attracted working-aged people. economic ruin came to many in the Charentais wine industry with the arrival in 1872 of phylloxera. During the twentieth century, the department with its traditional industries was adversely impacted by two major earth wars, and in the second half of the century, it experienced relatively low growth. The overall population remaining unusually stable at around 340,000 throughout the second half of the twentieth century, although industrial and commercial developments in the conurbation surrounding Angoulême have added some 10,000 to the overall population during the first ten of the twenty-first century. The relatively loosen pace of economic exploitation in the twentieth hundred encouraged the immigration of retirees from abroad. Census data in 2006 revealed that the number of british citizens residing in the department had risen to 5,083, [ 2 ] placing the department fourth in this respect behind Paris, Dordogne and Alpes-Maritimes. [ 3 ]

geography [edit ]

It is largely depart of the Aquitaine Basin, with the north-eastern part in the Massif Central. The Charente flows through it and gave its diagnose to the department, along with Charente-Maritime. It is composed with the historical region of Angoumois and contains character of the regions of Saintonge, Limousin, Périgord and Poitou.

The department is separate of the stream region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. ( Or pre-2016, Poitou-Charente. It is surrounded by the departments of Charente-Maritime, Dordogne, Haute-Vienne, Vienne and Deux-Sèvres. Its capital is Angoulême. The southerly most “ major ” township ( town with over 1,000 people ) in the Charente is Chalais, Charente .

Demographics [edit ]

The inhabitants of the department are called Charentais or in womanly, Charentaise population exploitation since 1791 :

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1791 339,780 —    
1801 299,029 −1.27%
1806 327,052 +1.81%
1821 347,541 +0.41%
1831 362,531 +0.42%
1841 367,893 +0.15%
1851 382,912 +0.40%
1861 379,081 −0.10%
1872 367,520 −0.28%
1881 370,822 +0.10%
1891 360,259 −0.29%
1901 350,305 −0.28%
1911 347,061 −0.09%
1921 316,279 −0.92%
1931 310,489 −0.18%
1936 309,279 −0.08%
1946 311,137 +0.06%
1954 313,635 +0.10%
1962 327,658 +0.55%
1968 331,016 +0.17%
1975 337,064 +0.26%
1982 340,770 +0.16%
1990 341,993 +0.04%
1999 339,628 −0.08%
2007 349,535 +0.36%
2011 352,705 +0.23%
2016 353,288 +0.03%
2017 352,335 −0.27%

Politics [edit ]

The President of the General Council is Michel Boutant of the Socialist Party .

National Assembly representatives [edit ]

economy [edit ]

Cognac and pineau are two of the major agrarian products of the region, along with butter. The Charentaise skidder ( a type of slipper made from felt and wool ) is another well-known traditional product .

tourism [edit ]

See besides [edit ]

Sources [edit ]

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