Blackpool – Wikipedia

coastal town in north west England

Town in England
Blackpool is a large seaside resort and main colony in the Borough of Blackpool in the ceremonial county of Lancashire on the north west coast of England. The town is by the Irish Sea, between the Ribble and Wyre estuaries, 15 miles ( 24 kilometer ) west of Preston, 27 miles ( 43 kilometer ) north of Liverpool, 28 miles ( 45 kilometer ) northwest of Bolton and 40 miles ( 64 kilometer ) northwest of Manchester. At the 2011 Census, the one authority of Blackpool had an estimated population of 139,720, while the wider built-up area, which besides includes areas outside the unitary authority, had a population of 239,409. [ 2 ] This is the moment largest in Lancashire, arsenic well as the fifth most populous urban area in the larger North West England area, after Manchester, Liverpool, Preston and Birkenhead. [ 3 ] [ 4 ]

Throughout the Medieval and Early Modern menstruation, Blackpool was a coastal village in Lancashire ‘s Hundred of Amounderness, and remained such until the mid-18th hundred when it became fashionable in England to travel to the seashore in the summer to improve wellbeing. In 1781, visitors attracted to Blackpool ‘s 7-mile ( 11 kilometer ) [ 5 ] arenaceous beach were able to use a new individual road, built by Thomas Clifton and Sir Henry Hoghton. Stagecoaches began running to Blackpool from Manchester in the like year, and from Halifax in 1782. In the early nineteenth hundred, Henry Banks and his son-in-law John Cocker erected fresh buildings in Blackpool which increased its population from less than 500 in 1801 to over 2,500 in 1851. St John ‘s Church in Blackpool was consecrated in 1821. Blackpool rose to prominence as a major kernel of tourism in England when a railway was built in the 1840s connecting it to the industrialize regions of Northern England. The railroad track made it much easier and cheaper for visitors to reach Blackpool, triggering an inflow of settlers, such that in 1876 Blackpool was incorporated as a borough, governed by its own town council and aldermen. In 1881, Blackpool was a boom fall back with a population of 14,000 and a parade arrant with piers, fortune-tellers, public houses, trams, domestic ass rides, fish-and-chip shops and theatres. [ 5 ] By 1901 the population of Blackpool was 47,000, by which clock time its place was cemented as “ the archetypal british seaside recourse ”. [ 5 ] By 1951 it had grown to 147,000 people. Shifts in tastes, combined with opportunities for Britons to travel overseas, affected Blackpool ‘s status as a leading recourse in the late twentieth hundred. Blackpool ‘s urban fabric and economy remains relatively undiversified, and firm rooted in the tourism sector, and the borough ‘s seafront continues to attract millions of visitors every year. [ 5 ] Blackpool ‘s major attractions and landmarks include Blackpool Tower, Blackpool Illuminations, the Pleasure Beach, Blackpool Zoo, Sandcastle Water Park, the Winter Gardens, and the UK ‘s only surviving first-generation tramway .

history [edit ]

toponymy [edit ]

Blackpool gets its diagnose from a historic drain groove ( possibly Spen Dyke ) that ran over a peat bog down, discharging discolor water into the Irish Sea, which formed a black pool ( on the other side of the sea, “ Dublin “ ( Dubh Linn ) is derived from the Irish for “ black pool ” ). Another explanation is that the local anesthetic dialect for stream was “ pul ” or “ poole ”, hence “ Black poole ”. [ citation needed ] People originating from Blackpool are called Sandgrownians or Sandgrown’uns it is besides sometimes used ( as besides for persons originating from Morecambe and Southport ) or Seasiders ( although this is more normally associated with Blackpool F.C. ). [ 6 ]

early history [edit ]

view of Blackpool, 1784 A 13,500-year-old wapiti skeleton was found with man-made barbed bone points ( credibly from spears ) on Blackpool Old Road in Carleton in 1970. now displayed in the Harris Museum this provided the inaugural attest of humans living on the Fylde as far back as the Palaeolithic earned run average. [ 7 ] The Fylde was besides home to a british tribe, the Setantii ( the “ dwellers in the water ” ) a sub-tribe of the Brigantes, who from about AD80 were controlled by Romans from their fort at Dowbridge, Kirkham. During the Roman occupation the area was covered by oak forests and bog land. Some of the earliest villages on the Fylde, which were late to become part of Blackpool town, were named in the Domesday Book in 1086. Many of them were anglo-saxon settlements. Some though had 9th and tenth hundred Viking place names. The Vikings and Anglo-Saxons seem to have co-existed peacefully, with some Anglo-Saxon and Viking placenames former being joined together – such as Layton-with-Warbreck and Bispham-with-Norbreck. Layton was controlled by the Butlers, Barons of Warrington from the twelfth hundred. In medieval times Blackpool emerged as a few farmsteads on the slide within Layton-with-Warbreck, the name coming from “ lupus erythematosus extract ”, a stream that drained Marton Mere and Marton Moss into the sea close to what is now Manchester Square. The stream ran through peatlands that discoloured the water, so the name for the area became “ Black Poole ”. In the fifteenth century the area was precisely called Pul, and a 1532 map calls the area “ the pole howsys alias the north howsys ”. In 1602, entries in Bispham Parish Church baptismal read include both Poole and for the first meter blackpoole. The first house of any means, Foxhall, was built toward the end of the seventeenth hundred by Edward Tyldesley, the Squire of Myerscough and son of the Royalist Sir Thomas Tyldesley. An Act of Parliament in 1767 enclosed a common, by and large sand hills on the coast, that stretched from Spen Dyke southwards. Plots of the bring were allocated to landowners in Bispham, Layton, Great Marton and Little Marton. The same act besides provided for the layout of a total of long straightaway roads that would be built in the areas south of the town center, such as Lytham Road, St. Annes Road, Watson Road and Highfield Road. [ 8 ]

Taking the bring around [edit ]

By the middle of the eighteenth century, the drill of ocean bathing to cure diseases was becoming fashionable among the wealthier classes, and visitors began making the arduous trek to Blackpool for that aim. In 1781, Thomas Clifton and Sir Henry Hoghton built a private road to Blackpool, and a regular stagecoach service from Manchester and Halifax was established. A few amenities, including four hotels, an archery stall and bowling greens, were developed, and the town grew slowly. The 1801 census records the town ‘s population at 473. The growth was accelerated by the actions of Henry Banks, much considered to be the “ Father of Blackpool ”. In 1819 he purchased the Lane Ends estate, including the Lane Ends Hotel, and built the inaugural holiday cottages. In 1837, his son-in-law Dr. John Cocker built Blackpool ‘s first assembly rooms, which still stand on the corner of Victoria Street and Bank Hey Street .

arrival of the railways [edit ]

Blackpool sands in 1895 The most significant consequence in the early growth of the town occurred in 1846, with the completion of a arm line to Blackpool from Poulton on the main Preston and Wyre Joint Railway line from Preston to Fleetwood. Fleetwood declined as a resort, as its founder and chief fiscal angel, Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood, went bankrupt. In contrast, Blackpool boomed. A sudden inflow of visitors, arriving by rail, provided the motivation for entrepreneurs to build accommodation and create new attractions, leading to more visitors and a rapid bicycle of growth throughout the 1850s and 1860s. In 1851 a Board of Health was formed. Gas lighting was introduced in 1852, and piped water system in 1864. By 1851, the town ‘s population was over 2,500. The increase was intensified by the exercise among the Lancashire cotton mill owners of closing the factories for a week every year to service and rectify machinery. These became known as inflame weeks. Each town ‘s mills would close for a unlike workweek, allowing Blackpool to manage a brace and authentic stream of visitors over a elongated time period in the summer. In 1863, the North Pier was completed, quickly becoming a center of attraction for elite visitors. Central Pier was completed in 1868, with a dramaturgy and a large alfresco dance floor. The town expanded southerly beyond what is nowadays known as the Golden Mile, towards South Shore, and South Pier was completed in 1893, making Blackpool the only town in the United Kingdom with three piers. In 1878, the Winter Gardens building complex opened, incorporating ten years former the Opera House, said to be the largest in Britain outside London. The town was granted a Charter of Incorporation as a municipal borough in 1876. W.H. Cocker, son of Dr John Cocker, and therefore grandson of Henry Banks, was its first mayor. The township would become a county borough in 1904. From the 1880s until the First World War, Blackpool was one of the regular destinations for the Bass Excursions, when trains would take employees of Bass ‘s Burton brewery on an annual trip to the seaside .

electricity [edit ]

a lot of Blackpool ‘s growth and quality from the 1870s on was predicated on the town ‘s pioneer use of electrical power. In 1879, it became the first municipality in the universe to have electric street light up, as big parts of the parade were wired. The lighting and its accompanying pageants reinforced Blackpool ‘s status as the North of England ‘s most big holiday recourse, and its specifically propertyless character. It was the harbinger of the contemporary Blackpool Illuminations. In 1885 one of the global ‘s first electric tramline was laid down as a conduit line running from Cocker Street to Dean Street on the Promenade. The tune was operated by the Blackpool Electric Tramway Company until 1892 when their lease expired and Blackpool Corporation took over running the line. A farther credit line was added in 1895 from Manchester Square along Lytham Road to South Shore, and the line was gallop north, foremost to Gynn Square in 1899, and then to Fleetwood. In 1899 the conduit system was replaced by disk overhead wires. The tramway has remained in continuous service to this day. By the 1890s, the town had a population of 35,000 and could accommodate 250,000 holidaymakers. The total of annual visitors, many staying for a workweek, was estimated at three million. 1894 saw the hatchway of two of the town ‘s most big buildings, the Grand Theatre on Church Street, and Blackpool Tower on the Promenade. The Grand Theatre was one of Britain ‘s first all-electric theatres. The first ten of the raw century saw the development of the Promenade as we know it nowadays, and far growth southwards beyond South Shore towards Harrowside and Squires Gate. The Pleasure Beach was first established about this time. Seasonal static illuminations were inaugural set up in 1912, although due to World War I and its aftermath they alone enjoyed two seasons until they were re-introduced in 1925. The illuminations extended the vacation season into September and early on October, ceremonially switched on by notables and celebrities .

Towards the present [edit ]

promenade steps at high tide in 2017 The inter-war period saw Blackpool achieve pre-eminence as a holiday finish. By 1920, Blackpool claimed around eight million visitors per class, three times deoxyadenosine monophosphate many as its nearest british rivals, still drawn largely from the factory towns of East Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. Stanley Park was laid out in 1920 and opened in 1926. The area around the parking lot has become renowned for some of the most desirable residences in the sphere. In 1937, Littlewoods opened its beginning department shop in the town. [ 9 ] The Blackpool Co-operative Society Emporium, a flagship storehouse built in 1938, which incorporated the Jubilee Theatre, stood on Coronation Street, until 1988 when it was demolished for a plan shopping center. The site remained empty until finally becoming a cable car park and then was redeveloped when the Hounds Hill Centre was expanded to include the Debenhams Store. [ 10 ] Documents have been found to suggest that the argue Blackpool escaped heavy damage in World War II was that Adolf Hitler had earmarked the township to remain a place of leisure after his plan invasion. Despite this, on 11 September 1940, german turkey fell near Blackpool North railroad track post and eight people were killed in nearby houses in Seed Street. This site today is occupied by the new Town Hall offices and Sainsbury ‘s Supermarket. In the same war, the Free Polish Air Force made its headquarters in exile at Blackpool in Talbot Square, after the violence evacuated to Britain from France. The nearby Layton Cemetery contains the war graves of 26 polish airmen. [ 11 ] The celebrated No. 303 polish Fighter Squadron [ 12 ] was formed in Blackpool, and became the most successful Fighter Command unit of measurement shooting down 126 german machines in only 42 days during the Battle of Britain. [ 13 ] Blackpool ‘s population boom was complete by 1951, by which time some 147,000 people were living in the town – compared to 47,000 in 1901 and a mere 14,000 in 1881. [ 14 ] In the decade after the war, the township continued to attract more visitors, reaching a zenith of 17 million per year. however, respective factors combined to make this growth indefensible. The refuse of the textile industry led to a de-emphasis of the traditional week-long break, known as wakes week. The rise of package holidays took many of Blackpool ‘s traditional visitors abroad, where the weather was more faithfully warm and dry, and improved road communications, epitomised by the construction of the M55 expressway in 1975, made Blackpool more feasible as a sidereal day travel rather than an overnight stay. The economy, however, remains relatively undiversified, and hard rooted in the tourism sector .

politics [edit ]

Though the Blackpool Urban Area extends beyond the statutory boundaries of Blackpool to encompass Fleetwood, Cleveleys, Thornton, Poulton-le-Fylde and Lytham St Annes, Blackpool remains administratively separate with its wide borough. between 1904 and 1974, Blackpool formed a county borough mugwump of the administrative county of Lancashire. With the passage of the local Government Act 1972, Blackpool ‘s county borough status was abolished and it was made part of the shire county of Lancashire. On 1 April 1998, however, Blackpool was made a unitary authority and re-formed as an autonomous local anesthetic government. however, it remains character of Lancashire for ceremonial purposes. As of the 2019 election Blackpool Council is presently controlled by the Labour Party, who took see from the Conservatives in 2011. They are the largest party represented with 23 councillors followed by the Conservative Party with 15 councillors .

Year Labour Conservatives
2019 23 15

Blackpool is covered by two Westminster constituencies :

Demographics [edit ]

The population of Blackpool has been declining constantly since 2001 and is expected to decline even further in the future. [ 15 ] In the 2011 census Blackpool was stated to have the highest share of divorced people in the country, 13.1 % compared to the average of 9 % for England and Wales. [ 16 ]

population switch [edit ]

Population growth in Blackpool since 1981
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1951 144,199 —    
1961 153,452 +0.62%
1971 149,417 −0.27%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1981 138,599 −0.75%
1991 145,997 +0.52%
2001 142,193 −0.26%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2011 142,065 −0.01%
2016 139,720 −0.33%
Source: [17]

Public health [edit ]

In 2017, Blackpool had the fourth highest rate of antidepressant prescription in England with the most common health problems being depression, stress and anxiety. At 12.9 %, Blackpool had the highest fraction of working-age people excessively brainsick to work and has no improvement on this percentage since 1999 despite the rate in the North West England as a unharmed better from 11 % in 1999 to 7.8 % in 2016. Blackpool besides has high rates of fleshiness ( 13.5 % ), smoking ( 27 % ) and alcoholic liver disease ( 28 deaths per 100 thousand ). [ 18 ] man in the Bloomfield guard had the lowest life anticipation at parturition, 68.2 years, of any cellblock in England and Wales in 2016. [ 19 ]

economy [edit ]

This is a chart of the drift of regional crying value added ( GVA ) of Blackpool at current basic prices by the Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of british Pounds Sterling. [ 20 ]
TVR was a major employer in Blackpool While Blackpool hosts a big numeral of small businesses and freelance people, there are some large employers. The government-owned National Savings and Investments is based at Marton, together with their Hardware random number generator, ERNIE ( “ Electronic Random Number Indicator Equipment ” ), which picks the Premium Bond numbers, while other government agencies are based at Warbreck and Norcross further up the Fylde coast. Burton ‘s Biscuit Company, Tangerine Confectionery produce biscuits and other confectionery products, Klarius UK manufactures automotive components, Victrex manufactures high-performance polymers and the Glasdon Group is a plastic manufacturer making litter bins, park benches and reflective road signs. TVR once produced sports cars at its Bispham factory. [ 21 ] Blackpool was besides the original site of Swallow Sidecar Company, harbinger of Jaguar Cars. The 2015 HSBC research on rental yields ranks Blackpool in the top three cities with the best lease returns. [ 22 ] The numerous urban positive feedback projects, the property prices which are among the most low-cost in the UK, and the high rental yields create a very golden environment for real estate investors. [ 23 ] Blackpool ‘s chief shop streets are Church Street, Victoria Street, Birley Street, Market Street, Corporation Street, Bank Hey Street, Abingdon Street and Talbot Road. There is presently one shop center within the town, Houndshill Shopping Centre .

geography [edit ]

forcible [edit ]

Blackpool rests in the middle of the western edge of The Fylde, which is a coastal plain atop a peninsula. The seafront consists of a 7-mile flaxen beach, [ 24 ] with a flat coastline in the south of the zone, which rises once past the North Pier to become the North Cliffs, with the highest detail nearby at the Bispham Rock Gardens at approximately 34 metres ( 112 foot ). [ 25 ] [ 26 ] The majority of the town zone is built up, with very little semi-rural distance such as at Marton Mere. Due to the low-lying terrain, Blackpool experiences periodic implosion therapy, [ 27 ] with a large-scale project completed in 2017 to rebuild the breakwater and promenade to mitigate this. [ 28 ]

climate [edit ]

Blackpool has, like all of the UK, a temperate nautical climate according to the Köppen climate categorization arrangement. thus the same cool summer, frequent overcast skies, and modest annual temperature range is typical. The absolute minimum temperature stands at −15.1 °C ( 4.8 °F ), [ 29 ] recorded during December 1981, however −18.3 °C ( −0.9 °F ) was recorded in January 1881. [ 30 ] [ circular reference ] The lowest temperature to occur in late years is −11.9 °C ( 10.6 °F ) [ 31 ] during December 2010. In a more normal winter, the coldest night averages −7.6 °C ( 18.3 °F ). [ 32 ] The absolute utmost temperature recorded in Blackpool was 33.7 °C ( 92.7 °F ) [ 33 ] during July 1976. The highest temperature to occur in holocene years is 33.5 °C ( 92.3 °F ) during July 2015. [ 34 ] In a more normal summer, the warmest day will likely average 28.1 °C ( 82.6 °F ), [ 35 ] with slenderly fewer than 5 days [ 36 ] a class attaining a temperature of 25.1 °C ( 77.2 °F ) or above. Rainfall averages slightly less than 900 millimeter ( 35 in ), with over 1 mm of precipitation occurring on 147 days of the year. [ 37 ]

Climate data for Blackpool (BLK)[a], elevation: 10 m (33 ft), 1991-2020 normals, extremes 1960–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
18.4
(65.1)
19.4
(66.9)
24.4
(75.9)
28.6
(83.5)
31.3
(88.3)
33.7
(92.7)
32.2
(90.0)
30.0
(86.0)
26.2
(79.2)
16.8
(62.2)
15.0
(59.0)
33.7
(92.7)
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
7.8
(46.0)
9.7
(49.5)
12.6
(54.7)
15.7
(60.3)
18.1
(64.6)
19.8
(67.6)
19.5
(67.1)
17.6
(63.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.4
(50.7)
7.9
(46.2)
13.4
(56.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
5.0
(41.0)
6.6
(43.9)
8.9
(48.0)
11.8
(53.2)
14.5
(58.1)
16.4
(61.5)
16.3
(61.3)
14.1
(57.4)
11.1
(52.0)
7.7
(45.9)
5.2
(41.4)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.2
(36.0)
3.4
(38.1)
5.1
(41.2)
7.9
(46.2)
10.9
(51.6)
12.9
(55.2)
13.0
(55.4)
10.6
(51.1)
8.0
(46.4)
5.0
(41.0)
2.5
(36.5)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F) −11.5
(11.3)
−13.2
(8.2)
−9.7
(14.5)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.3
(37.9)
1.9
(35.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
−4.3
(24.3)
−7.0
(19.4)
−15.1
(4.8)
−15.1
(4.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 77.8
(3.06)
64.0
(2.52)
54.4
(2.14)
48.7
(1.92)
54.0
(2.13)
63.1
(2.48)
66.0
(2.60)
79.9
(3.15)
83.5
(3.29)
101.4
(3.99)
94.7
(3.73)
99.1
(3.90)
886.6
(34.91)
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 1.0 millimeter ) 14.4 11.4 11.2 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.9 12.2 11.6 14.4 15.7 15.6 147.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.0 80.4 119.3 175.5 217.9 210.1 201.1 182.6 141.8 98.0 60.7 49.3 1,591.7
Source 1: Met Office[38]
Source 2: KNMI[39]
  1. ^ Weather station is located 2.8 miles ( 4.5 kilometer ) from the Blackpool town center .

k belt [edit ]

Blackpool is within a green belt region that extends into the wide-eyed surrounding counties, and is in put to reduce urban sprawl, prevent the towns in the Blackpool and nearby Merseyside conurbations from further overlap, protect the identity of outlying communities, encourage brownfield recycle, and preserve nearby countryside. This is achieved by restricting inappropriate development within the designate areas, and imposing rigid conditions on the permit build. [ 40 ] As the town ‘s urban sphere is highly built up, entirely 70 hectares ( 0.70 km2 ; 0.27 sq mi ) ( 2017 ) [ 41 ] of green swath exists within the borough, covering the cemetery, its grounds and nearby academy/college playing fields by Carleton, arsenic well as the football grounds near the airport by St Annes. [ 42 ] Further afield, portions are dispersed around the wide Blackpool urban area into the surrounding Lancashire districts of Fylde and Wyre, helping to keep the settlements of Lytham St Annes, Poulton-le-Fylde, Warton/Freckleton and Kirkham separated. [ 43 ]

tourism [edit ]

Overlooking Central Pier Blackpool Pleasure Beach Blackpool is heavily pendent on tourism. In what is much regarded as its flower ( 1900–1950 ), Blackpool thrived as the factory workers of Northern England took their annual holidays there en masse, known as wake weeks. photograph from that era express herd of tourists on the beach and amble. Blackpool was besides a prefer address of visitors from Glasgow and remains so to this day. [ 44 ] The township went into refuse when low-cost publicize travel arrived in the 1960s and the many previous visitors rather travelled to Mediterranean coastal resorts due to competitive prices and the more reliable upwind. [ 45 ] nowadays Blackpool remains the most popular seaside haunt in the UK ; however, the town has suffered a dangerous dismiss in numbers of visitors which have fallen from 17 million in 1992 to 10 million today. [ 46 ] similarly Pleasure Beach Blackpool was the country ‘s most popular rid attraction with 6 million visitors a class but has lost over a million visitors since 1998 and has recently introduced a £6 capture fee. [ 47 ] In July 2010, an independent survey of 4,500 members of the general public by consumer magazine Which? Holiday ( now Which? Travel ) found that Blackpool was the UK ‘s favorite seaside recourse, followed by Brighton, Whitby, Bournemouth and Scarborough. [ citation needed ] Blackpool has immediately improved the breakwater and promenade, and Blackpool Tower has been revamped. In February 2012, a number of tourist attractions in Blackpool collaborated to produce the Blackpool Resort Pass which allows for discount access in one slate. The original bye included visits to Merlin Entertainments attractions and Blackpool Pleasure Beach. In February 2013, Marketing Blackpool, once the Tourism division of Blackpool Council, led the relaunch of the Blackpool Resort Pass which includes extra attractions including Blackpool Zoo, Sandcastle Waterpark and Blackpool Model Village and Gardens. Blackpool has a pioneer publicly owned Municipal wireless network Wi-Fi, which covers the entire town center, promenade and beach front. Visitors can take a virtual go of Blackpool, and wide internet access is available .

Conferences [edit ]

The Tower and Illuminations Blackpool ‘s Central Pier in winter Outside the independent holiday season, Blackpool ‘s Winter Gardens routinely used to host major political and deal union conferences. however, in recent years these are increasingly taking place in major cities with modern, purpose-built league centres. [ 48 ] The National Union of Students last held its annual conference in Blackpool in 2009 ; they will nowadays be hosted by the Sage Gateshead. In January 2011, Blackpool hosted the NEEC Conference ( once the North of England Education Conference ), a keystone date in the education calendar. The winter Gardens besides hold the National Pensioners ‘ Parliament. [ 49 ] The Young Farmers convention has been held regularly in Blackpool since the late 1960s. [ 50 ]

entertainment [edit ]

Blackpool remains a summer entertainment venue but many local establishments now trade all year round. It is known for specialising in kind shows featuring entertainers catering to a broad range of tastes, from family-friendly Ken Dodd to the ‘adults lone ‘ humor of Roy ‘Chubby ‘ Brown. In holocene years artists such as DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, Britney Spears and Pitbull, have performed in Blackpool and have performed during the MTV Illuminations switch-on weekends. In 2018 The Blackpool festival took position on the drollery carpet in presence of the Blackpool Tower which over three days played host to world class DJs and entertainers. [ who? ] For the follow four Fridays after the illuminations switch-on the township plays master of ceremonies to the world fireworks championship where four teams from around the universe blueprint their displays in time with music and are judged on their technique and display. On the one-fifth Friday following the illuminations switch-on the competition winner is announced and performs another display. These displays much attract thousands of visitors to the promenade. regular shows include those from Viva cabaret bar, the legends shows, Funny Girls, Joey Blower, Joe Longthorn a well as regular performances at both the winter Gardens and Grand Theatre. The township has besides seen a number of new food outlets opening. The Tower Ballroom calm opens daily for dancing and hosts external dance competitions a well as playing host to many episodes of Strictly Come Dancing. The Grand Theatre ( locally known as ‘The Grand ‘ ) was designed by Victorian field architect Frank Matcham and was opened in 1894 after a construction period of seven months, at a monetary value of £20,000 between December 1893 and July 1894. The project was conceived and financed by local field coach Thomas Sergenson who had been using the site of the Grand for respective years to stage a circus. He had besides transformed the fortunes of other local anesthetic theatres .
Grand Theatre, Blackpool Matcham ‘s abbreviated was to build Sergenson the “ prettiest field in the kingdom ”. The Grand was Matcham ‘s first field to use an advanced ‘cantilever ‘ design to support the tiers, thereby reducing the need for the common pillars and sol allowing clear views of the stagecoach from all parts of the auditorium. The town besides plays host to the longest-running seaside show in Britain, Legends, which features multiple tribute artists with a alive band and dance company, first gear appearing at the North Pier in 1999, then at the Central Pier from 2000 to 2012 and now at the Sands Venue. Current tribute artists include “ Neil Diamond ”, “ Adele ”, “ Elton John ” and “ Robbie Williams ”. In February 2018 council chiefs attended a convention in Florida to identify a new “ concert venue ” concept for the town, doubling as a new function built concentrate for conferences and conventions. The locate earmarked for the project project is the old central station site which now serves as a cable car ballpark and police station with law courts on Bonny Street. The police have since moved to a brand new adeptness near to the M55 expressway entrance and the site in central Blackpool is earmarked for the new electric potential development. An Imax film has been announced by the council as adding on to the existing Hounds Hill shopping center on land that is nowadays a ground level car park. The development is to be shared with the Wilko storehouse which is to re-locate from its stream location to make way for a new hotel and transport hub as part of the stream urban regeneration and infrastructure improvements in the town. Expected concluding completion for these projects has even not been announced although bring has begun on some of the foundation works. [ citation needed ]

Events and festivals [edit ]

Event/Festival Years Description
Blackpool Illuminations 1879–present Blackpool Illuminations, consisting of a series of lighted displays and collages arranged along the entire length of the seafront, 7 miles (11 km) in total, attract many visitors from late August to early November.
Blackpool Air Show 1909–present The air show is an annual free event.
Blackpool Dance Festival 1920–present A ballroom dance competition of international significance,[51] as featured in the 1996 film Shall We Dance?
Rebellion Festival 1996–present An annual punk rock festival which, after a couple of intervening years in nearby Morecambe, made its permanent home in Blackpool.[52]
The Blackpool Festival 2018–present The Comedy Carpet in front of the Blackpool Tower is transformed into a festival ground for the weekend with family entertainment during the daytime and adult dance festival style evening sessions.
The British Country Music Festival 2019–present Annual music festival focusing on British artists in the Country and Americana genre.

Gay Blackpool [edit ]

Blackpool had its first gay pride celebration in 2006. [ 53 ] Historically, seaside resorts have been able to provide niches for minority groups. [ 54 ] Blackpool, like other english resorts, has had a repute for being a dependable residential district for gay people. [ 54 ] During World War II, there was a proliferation of cafés, public house and clubs where homosexual men could meet in Blackpool. [ 55 ] In the 1990s, the town began to be promoted as a gay tourist destination. [ 54 ] Blackpool contains respective bars, pubs and nightclubs aimed at the LGBT community. These include Funny Girls ( a spoof cabaret showbar ), Buzz, Flamingo, and the Flying Handbag. [ 56 ]

befoulment [edit ]

befoulment was found in the seawater at Blackpool, in detail bacteria counts that frequently exceeded the standards of the Environment Agency. [ 57 ] [ 58 ] [ 59 ] [ 60 ] however, ocean water timbre has improved significantly in holocene years, with the resort ‘s south beach winning a Blue Flag award in 2016, and three other beaches achieving Seaside Award Status. [ 61 ] [ 62 ]

regeneration [edit ]

Blackpool ‘s regenerated promenade Blackpool continues to work to improve its position within nowadays ‘s tourism industry. One controversial proposal, which had the involvement of the local council, was to transform Blackpool into a casino recourse along the lines of the Las Vegas Strip and Atlantic City, making it the center point of gambling in the UK. ultimately, Manchester was selected for the initial trial by the Government ‘s Casinos Advisory Panel. [ 63 ] Since this decision, Blackpool ‘s council and MPs have lobbied Parliament extensively, claiming their offer was misunderstood. The local newspaper, the Blackpool Gazette, sent a request signed by over 11,500 local anesthetic residents and visitors demanding the decision be reconsidered. On 29 March 2007, the Advisory Panel ‘s recommendations were approved by the House of Commons, but rejected by the House of Lords, meaning the bill would be reconsidered by parliament. [ 64 ] however, in early 2008 the House of Lords voted against the super-casino marriage proposal, and the Government proceeded no far with the mind. In 2019, plans to develop a casino with other visitor attractions on the central car park ( Blackpool Central Station ) locate were announced. [ 65 ]
Unique street lighting on Birley Street The Talbot Gateway is a planned £285m civic quarter, for which external project management specialist AMEC has been chosen to transform a presently summation area around Blackpool North railroad track station into what Blackpool Council hope will have new function and retail space deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as a public square, dubbed the Talbot Plaza. The growth would be ‘wrapped ‘ around Blackpool North railroad track post so that fulminate passengers arrive at street level into the new plaza with views down onto the seafront, making their arrival into Blackpool a much more pleasant experience than at deliver. The positive feedback company behind much of the towns current and future development, ReBlackpool, are working with Blackpool Council and AMEC to prepare a plan lotion. [ 66 ] Regeneration work was completed in July 2009 on Waterloo Road in South Shore that transformed the area into a modern shopping center. £1 million of public investment is helping to improve the public kingdom and act as a catalyst for the re-formation of South Shore. [ 67 ] In March 2010 it was confirmed that a manage had been made between Blackpool Council and Leisure Parcs to purchase some of Blackpool ‘s most luminary landmarks. [ 68 ] The cope, totalling £38.9m, had national and local politics back and included the leverage of :

  • Blackpool Tower
  • The Winter Gardens
  • The Sea Life Centre
  • Louis Tussauds Wax Works
  • The Blackpool Tower Dungeon
  • Indoor Golf Centre
  • Bonny Street Market
  • Mr T’s Amusement Arcade

Merlin Entertainments Group besides took over the running of Louis Tussauds Wax Works, converting it into their better-known trade name, Madame Tussauds Wax Works. [ 69 ] The winter Gardens were purchased by Blackpool Council ; the building complex is operated by Crown Entertainment Centres Ltd. [ 70 ]

Landmarks and places of interest [edit ]

major attractions [edit ]

other attractions [edit ]

Attraction Opened Description
Ice Arena 1937 The oldest purpose built ice theatre in the world and home of the Hot Ice Show. Open for public skating daily.
Stanley Park 1926 Grade II historic park with sports arena, boating lake, art deco restaurant and Italian gardens.
Comedy Carpet 2011 An area of 2,200m2 opposite the Tower, with jokes and punchlines set into the pavement.
Ripley’s Believe It or Not! 1991 A museum of curiosities and record breakers, set over two floors.
Pasaje Del Terror 1998 A walkthrough live action horror attraction featuring actors and special effects.
Model Village & Gardens 1972 A miniature village attraction, complete with gardens and fountains.

Theatres & Venues [edit ]

Former attraction [edit ]

The Doctor Who Exhibition, which closed in 2009, was the biggest Doctor Who exhibition in the UK, containing props and costumes from the long-running BBC television series, including some from recently aired programmes .

conveyance [edit ]

Air [edit ]

Blackpool Airport operated even charter and scheduled flights throughout the UK and Europe. The airport is actually just over the borough boundary into Fylde Borough, although a proposal to reorganise Blackpool ‘s borders would see the airport incorporated into Blackpool Borough. This airport, once known as Blackpool Squires Gate Airport, is one of the oldest in the UK having hosted populace flying meetings in 1909 and 1910. After a opening, it was active from the 1930s to mid 2014 and from December 2014 to date. Airlines that served Blackpool, before its impermanent closure in recently 2014, included Jet2.com and Aer Arran. The airport was reopened to modest aircraft after failing to find a buyer in December 2014. [ 71 ] The airport ‘s most late schedule services to Belfast and the Isle of Man ceased when Citywing suspended operations in March 2017. access to the town by air out is now via Liverpool John Lennon Airport or Manchester Airport, both approximately 60 kilometres ( 37 nautical mile ) away by road. In 1927 the local council announced that an airfield would be built near Stanley Park, which would become Stanley Park Aerodrome offering flights to the Isle of Man for £1-16s–0d ( £1.80 ). [ 72 ] The airport opened in 1929 and was formally opened by Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald in 1931. [ 73 ] however, with the open of Squires Gate Airport a decisiveness was announced in 1936 by the Ministry of Transport to close the Stanley Park airfield. In fact, civil operations continued until the outbreak of war with schedule services to the Isle of Man and elsewhere. [ 74 ] During the war, Stanley Park was used as a Royal Air Force ( RAF ) train station, known as No. 3 School of Technical Training. Vickers assembled many Wellington bombers here and Bristol Beaufighters were repaired for the RAF. The airfield closed in 1947. The domain on which the airport stood now covers Blackpool Zoo and a hotel and golf course. The hangars from the old airport are still in use at Blackpool Zoo as the independent entrance build, Playbarn, Education Academy and camel family. [ 73 ]

Bus and coach [edit ]

  • Blackpool Transport operates the main bus services in and around Blackpool
  • Stagecoach Merseyside & South Lancashire operates the regional bus and coach services in and out of Blackpool
  • National Express operates the main long-distance coach services in and out of Blackpool

Facilities include :

  • Blackpool Talbot Road Bus Station, which was the main town centre bus station but is now a gym. Blackpool Transport stopped using the bus station in the early 2000s after a disagreement with Blackpool Council regarding the state of the bus station building. Blackpool Transport now use Market Street and Corporation Street, in the town centre, as their bus interchange. National Express have also recently stopped using this bus station, moving to the new National Express Blackpool Central Coach Station.
  • Blackpool Central Coach Station,[75] is main coach station for all National Express coach services. which is also used by some independent coach operators. The coach station has a booking office and toilet facilities.
  • Blackpool Lonsdale Road Coach Station, was the main coach station for South Shore district of Blackpool. This was mainly used by independent coach operators. The coach station has a café, shop and toilet facilities but is in a state of disrepair.
  • Blackpool Colosseum Bus & Coach Station, which was the main bus and coach station in South Shore. Located next to Blackpool Transport Headquarters, it was demolished to make way for a Somerfield supermarket. The site is now occupied by the link road from the M55 motorway and additional depot parking.

railway [edit ]

gearing operators that serve Blackpool are :
Stations in the town are, or were :
Blackpool once had two railway terminals with a total of over 30 platforms, chiefly used by digression traffic in the summer. Blackpool Central, conclude to Blackpool Tower, was closed in 1964, while Blackpool North was largely demolish and rebuild as a smaller adeptness. The path of the early excursion wrinkle into Blackpool Central is immediately used as a link road from the M55 expressway to the township center. The line into Blackpool via Lytham St Annes now has a place serving Blackpool Pleasure Beach but terminates at Blackpool South post. The line into north station is now the more significant .

road [edit ]

The M55 expressway links the town to the home expressway network. other major roads in the town are the A583 to Kirkham and Preston, the A587 and A585 to Fleetwood, the A586 to Poulton-le-Fylde, Garstang and Lancaster and the A584 and B5261 which both go to Lytham St Annes .

tramway [edit ]

A map of the tramway network Flexity 2 tram, No 011 at Tower tram station in April 2012 The Blackpool Tramway runs from Starr Gate in Blackpool to Fleetwood and is the only surviving first-generation tramway in the United Kingdom. [ 76 ] The tramway dates back to 1885 and is one of the oldest electric tramways in the worldly concern. It is run by Blackpool Transport, owned by Blackpool Council. The tramway runs for 11 miles ( 18 kilometer ) and carries 6,500,000 passengers each year. [ 77 ] The tramline was for a long clock time the entirely working tramline in the United Kingdom outside of museums. It was besides the UK ‘s first electric system. however, there are now a number of early tramways, including Manchester Metrolink, Sheffield Supertram & West Midlands Metro and many more. [ citation needed ] On 1 February 2008 it was announced that the Government had agreed to a joint Blackpool Transport and Blackpool Council bid for funding toward the total upgrade of the path. The government contributed £60.3m of the entire £85.3m cost. Blackpool Council and Lancashire County Council each provided about £12.5m. The Government ‘s decision meant that the integral duration of the tramway from Starr Gate to Fleetwood was upgraded and besides sixteen new trams joined the fleet. [ 78 ] In April 2012, the tramway reopened after the major reconstruction. Day to day services are run by the 16 Flexity 2 trams. several double deck English Electric Balloon trams from the older fleet have been widened to work aboard the newly trams to provide extra capacity in the summer months. several non-modified erstwhile trams besides operate a inheritance service from Pleasure Beach to Little Bispham on weekends and holidays. [ 79 ] An extension of the new overhaul to Blackpool North railroad track place was planned to open by April 2019 between the existing North Pier arrest of the Blackpool Tramway, along Talbot Road, and terminating at Blackpool North railroad track station, but was delayed and is immediately on schedule to open Summer 2022. [ 80 ]

Filmography [edit ]

opinion from the column, looking south The haunt is featured in the 1934 movie Sing as We Go, starring Gracie Fields, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as early film and television productions, including Forbidden ( 1949 ), Hindle Wakes ( 1952 ), Holiday ( 1957 ), [ 81 ] Coasting ( 1990 ), [ 82 ] Funny Bones ( 1995 ) starring Lee Evans and Oliver Platt and directed by St. Annes born Peter Chelsom, and The Parole Officer ( 2001 ) starring Steve Coogan. The japanese film Shall We Dance? ( 1996 ) closes with a scene at the World Ballroom Dancing Championships in Blackpool. All the hair styling for the movie was completed by Blackpool-born-and-bred hairdresser Eileen Clough, who has been in the deal since the 1960s. In the Hollywood remake of the movie ( 2004 ), directed by Peter Chelsom, Blackpool is mentioned but not shown. Blackpool is the setting for Bhaji on the Beach ( 1993 ) directed by Gurinder Chadha. The film Like It Is ( 1998 ) directed by Paul Oremland was besides partially filmed in Blackpool. The opening scenes were filmed in the Flamingo. The 2005 television comedy/thriller series Funland revolved around the fictionalised, seedier aspects of Blackpool. The town besides features heavily in the BBC television receiver serial Blackpool, starring David Morrissey, Sarah Parish and David Tennant and first broadcast in 2004, and the one-off follow-up Viva Blackpool, broadcast in June 2006. In 2006 Lion Television filmed The Great British Summer, which featured many buildings in Blackpool. The Royal Windsor Hotel was featured, with the owner talking all about the hotel seasons and diligence. Bernard Manning was besides shown at the hotel doing his topographic point through the season hosted by Blackpool Born local Entertainer & DJ Gordon Head and other local acts. The Great British Summer was narrated by Alan Titchmarsh. Between 10 September 2012 and 19 November 2012 the fall back was featured in Channel 4 ‘s 999: What’s Your Emergency?. The fall back was besides featured in the three-part reality television series, Blackpool Lights on Channel 5 in December 2013. [ 83 ] [ 84 ] american samoa well as this, the 2016 Tim Burton film Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children besides features Blackpool and its key tourist attraction, The Blackpool Tower.

Blackpool was once again featured in a Channel 5 objective series from 26 October 2017, this fourth dimension entitled Bargain Loving Brits in Blackpool. The series ran for six episodes until 30 November 2017. [ 85 ]

culture [edit ]

music [edit ]

Reginald Dixon, MBE, ARCM, who held the status as organist at the Tower Ballroom, Blackpool from March 1930 until March 1970 made and sold more recordings than any other organist. [ 86 ] Blackpool Symphony Orchestra was founded by Percy Dayman in 1920. It presents an annual series of concerts and organises educational and community outreach projects. [ 87 ]

1950s [edit ]

Frank Sinatra performed at the Opera House on several occasions in the 1950s. A 1953 concert was recorded and finally released on CD many years late. [ 88 ]

1960s [edit ]

The Beatles had a long and varied association with Blackpool, including a significant consequence in John Lennon ‘s early childhood [ 89 ] and multiple gigs in the town between 1963 and 1965. [ 90 ] Formed in Blackpool in 1963, The Rockin ‘ Vickers were a rock and roll beat combo most celebrated for featuring Ian “ Lemmy ” Kilmister, then known as Ian Frasier, by and by of Hawkwind and more excellently Motörhead, as a bassist and singer. The set recorded four singles before splitting in 1967. The early Rockin ‘ Vickers guitarist, Nick Gribbon, continues to perform in public house in and around Blackpool as Nick Unlimited, with an open doorway policy that has given many talented younger Blackpool musicians their foremost opportunity to play live. [ 91 ] The Executives were a Blackpool ring who recorded a handful of singles in the 1960s including the original 1964 version of March of the Mods, which became a top 40 hit for Joe Loss and His Orchestra in the lapp year. The tune was written by Tony Carr, the father of Executives ‘ frontman Roy Carr, [ 92 ] who late became a long-familiar music journalist with New Musical Express and the writer of respective books on popular music and administrator editor of music magazines including New Musical Express, Melody Maker and Vox. [ 93 ] Executives bass player Glenn Cornick became a initiation member of Jethro Tull, late forming Wild Turkey. Tony Williams, The Executives ‘ guitarist, joined Stealers Wheel soon after its constitution in 1972 and besides concisely joined Jethro Tull in 1978 as a tour bassist. additionally, the nascent Jethro Tull, then called The Blades, featuring future Tull members Ian Anderson, John Evan, Jeffrey Hammond, and Barrie Barlow, formed as students in Blackpool in the early 1960s. Blackpool was ill-famed for having imposed an indefinite prohibition on the Rolling Stones from performing in the town in 1964 after a riot broke out among the audience who had found their performance “ indicative ” during their concert at the Empress Ballroom. The ban was lifted forty-four years later in March 2008. [ 94 ] [ 95 ] The Jimi Hendrix – Experience video recording and DVD features concert footage of Hendrix ‘s performance at Blackpool ‘s Opera House in 1967. [ 96 ]

1970s [edit ]

Psychedelic rock ‘n’ roll band Complex were formed in Blackpool in 1968 and self-released two albums in 1971. entirely 99 copies of their self-titled debut were pressed and this extremely rare vinyl album has since been described as “ one of the “ Holy Trinity ” items of rare british Psychedelia ”. [ 97 ] The band continued to play until 1978 when they disbanded with the onset of bum. [ 98 ] Limited edition remastered versions of both Complex albums were released by Guersson in 2012. [ 99 ] [ 100 ] A number of bands from Blackpool achieved a floor of success during the bum and post-punk earned run average. factory Records ‘ section 25 [ 101 ] were formed in 1977 in Poulton-le-Fylde, a small market town on the outskirts of Blackpool, as were the 1976–79 version of punk rocker band Skrewdriver, who recorded respective singles and an album for the Chiswick label [ 102 ] ( the skinhead “ white might ” rock ‘n’ roll act of the lapp list that gained notoriety late, contained only one member of the original band ). Both bands claimed Blackpool as their place of origin .

1980s and 1990s [edit ]

Another Blackpool band signed to Factory was Tunnelvision, [ 103 ] [ 104 ] who recorded just one one for the label in 1981. When Barry Lights relocated his Lightbeat record label from Leeds to Blackpool in 1981, the label ‘s first Blackpool sign was electronic rock band Zoo Boutique. [ 105 ] After releasing the debut single by Fleetwood punk rock band One Way System, Lights set up specialist hard-core punk rocker Beat the System label. Blackpool punk band The Fits were amongst the first to benefit, finally releasing four indie chart hit singles in 1982–85. [ 106 ] The Membranes who featured John Robb initially set up their own Vinyl Drip phonograph record label in 1981 before achieving three indie acme 20 hits from 1984 to 1986, [ 106 ] reaching number 6 in John Peel ‘s Festive Fifty in 1984 [ 107 ] and making a pre-recorded appearance on Channel 4 rock read The Tube. The Ceramic Hobs formed in 1985 and to date have “ made more than 30 uncategorisable releases on vinyl, candle and cassette for many different worldwide commemorate labels ”. [ 108 ] [ 109 ] Blackpool musician Lucifer ‘s “ Cyber Punk Rock ” EPs of 1994 contained the first full vocal music songs intended for playback on a calculator. [ 110 ] [ 111 ]

2000 onwards [edit ]

twenty-first century musical exports from Blackpool include Karima Francis, The Locals, who first gear appeared on BBC Introducing when they were just 15, [ 112 ] Goonies Never Say Die, Litterbug, Aiden Grimshaw who came ninth on the 2010 series of X Factor, The Senton Bombs, UFX/Uncle Fester and Little Boots, who topped the BBC Sound of… poll in 2009. The White Stripes recorded their inaugural official DVD, Under Blackpool Lights, at the Empress Ballroom in the Winter Gardens on 27 and 28 January 2004. Get Up Kids guitarist Jim Suptic ‘s Kansas City, Missouri indie rock band Blackpool Lights is named after the DVD title. In 2005, a compilation album, The Ugly Truth About Blackpool volume One, chronologically documenting the best of Blackpool indie rock music from 1977 to 2005, was released by Andy Higgins ‘ JSNTGM Records in conjunction with the Arts Council, Blackpool Evening Gazette and Blackpool Council. [ 113 ] [ 114 ] volume 2, showcasing the best blackpool indie bands active in 2005/6 was released the adopt class. [ 115 ] [ 116 ] other Blackpool recording artists on JSNTGM include Sick 56, Erase Today and Litterbug. [ 117 ] Each August since 2006, Blackpool has been the venue for the largest festival of bum rock in the world, the annual Rebellion Festival, which is held in the winter Gardens over four days and features over 200 kindling bands. [ 118 ] In the 2010s, Grime music in Blackpool increased dramatically with the invention of BGMedia. They gained millions of views but besides caught controversy due to the lyrical content of BGMedia rappers. [ 119 ] In August 2018, german Indie pronounce Firestation Records released in Europe and Japan an eleven track retrospective album ‘Illuminated ‘, on Vinyl and CD, by the late 1980s Blackpool Indie Band ‘Rik Rak ‘. [ 120 ] [ 121 ] [ 122 ]

Songs about Blackpool [edit ]

In 1937 George Formby ‘s birdcall “ With My Little Stick of Blackpool Rock ”, was banned by BBC radio for having indicative lyrics. [ 123 ] The Kinks ‘ song “ Autumn Almanac ” contains the take after lines : “ … I go to Blackpool for my holidays/Sit in the open sunlight … ” [ 124 ] “ She Sold Blackpool Rock ” was a minor achiever in 1969 for Honeybus as the surveil up to their 1968 top ten hit unmarried “ I Ca n’t Let Maggie Go ”. Graham Nash ‘s semi-autobiographical birdcall “ military madness ” begins “ In an upstairs room in Blackpool / By the side of a northern ocean / The army had my founder / And my mother was having me ”. Paul McCartney recorded a birdcall entitled “ Blackpool ” amongst a number of demonstration base recordings in the years 1971 and 1972. [ 125 ] The Jethro Tull song “ Up the ‘Pool ” from the 1972 Living in the Past album is about Blackpool, singer Ian Anderson and other members of the ring ‘s childhood dwelling. Another Tull path about the beach attractions of Blackpool is “ boastfully little dipper ”, from the 1976 album Too Old to Rock ‘n’ Roll: Too Young to Die!. In the early 1980s the then Blackpool based band The Membranes used the town as the submit topic for their “ Tatty Seaside Town ” 1988 individual, which was late covered by Therapy ? other songs written about Blackpool include Oh Blackpool by The Beautiful South and several different songs called “ Blackpool ”, by Sham 69, Macc Lads, Roy Harper and The Delgados. “ Blackpool ” is besides the claim birdcall from a production co-written with generator Irvine Welsh and Vic Godard ( Subway Sect ) in 2002, late released as a four-song EP called Blackpool. adenine song called “ Blackpool Fool ” appears on the Frank Sidebottom album A, B, C & D ( 1997 ). [ 126 ] Franz Ferdinand ‘s 2013 “ Love Illumination ” single was originally called “ Blackpool Illuminati ”. [ 127 ] Songs that mention Blackpool in the lyrics include “ Elvis Impersonator : Blackpool Pier ”, the open track of the Manic Street Preachers album Everything Must Go, which contains the lyric “ 20ft high off Blackpool Promenade ” amongst other references to Blackpool. The opening line of Soft Cell ‘s 1982 “ Say Hello, Wave Goodbye “ hit ( later a hit for David Gray in 1998 ) “ Standing at the door of the Pink Flamingo, Crying in the rain ” is believed to be a character to Blackpool ‘s celebrated cheery nightclub The Flamingo. Låpsley ‘s chillout song “ Painter ( Valentine ) ” includes the lines “ you can paint these wings and make me fly / crush coming over like the R.E.M kind / orange in the color like Blackpool on the sunrise ”. Folk songs written about the town include The Houghton Weavers anthem “ The Blackpool Belle ” ( “ Oh the Blackpool Belle was a pickup train that went from Northern stations. What a beautiful batch on a Saturday nox tie for the illuminations ” ), Jasper Carrot ‘s “ Day Trip To Blackpool ” ( “ Did n’t we have a measly time the day we went to Blackpool ? An ‘orrible day, we got intoxicated on the way And spent our money on chips and lotto … ” ) [ 128 ] and Mike Harding ‘s one “ Talking Blackpool Blues ” ( “ Well my Mam and Dad and Gran and me / We went to Blackpool by ocean / It rained and rained for most of the day / But we all got tanned in a funny story kind of way ” ). [ 129 ]

celebrated musicians born in Blackpool [edit ]

Media [edit ]

Newspapers that cover the Blackpool area include the Blackpool Gazette, the daily newspaper covering the Fylde Coast area, known locally as The Gazette. They besides publish a free hebdomadally newspaper, the Blackpool Reporter, which is delivered to householders in Blackpool. The Gazette besides publishes a daily on-line interpretation in Polish, Witryna Polska ( Polish Gazette ) to cater for the local Polish community. [ 136 ] The Lancashire Evening Post is a daily evening newspaper covering the county of Lancashire. Blackpool has a initiate publicly owned Municipal wireless network, Wi-Fi which covers the entire town center & parade & beach presence. full internet entree is available via the publicly owned Municipal wireless network. [ 137 ] [ 138 ] local radio was provided by Radio Wave, a commercial radio receiver station, based on Mowbray Drive in Blackpool, which covered the Fylde Coast area. This radio receiver place closed and last aired on 20 August 2020. Blackpool besides falls in the coverage area of BBC Radio Lancashire, Rock FM, Greatest Hits Lancashire, Smooth North West and Heart North West. Blackpool Gay Radio provides a part-time radio servicing catering for the local gay community featuring a mix of music, local features, newsworthiness and celebrity interviews. Blackpool besides has four music related internet radio stations :

  • Fylde FM, the Fylde Coast’s largest internet radio station.[139]
  • Radio Vibe 2001 – 2003 (Blackpool Fylde & Wyre), an online music service only.[140]
  • Splash Net Radio[141]
  • Lancashire’s Lighthouse Radio (Part of LLR Ministries)[142]

radio Victoria, based in Victoria Hospital, broadcasts throughout the hospital. National television with local opt-outs is provided by ITV Granada, the ITV franchise holder for the North West, BBC North West, the regional BBC place for the North West region. Blackpool besides has a dedicated local television news military service, That ‘s Lancashire, part of the That ‘s television network, circulate from their studio in Preston. [ 143 ]

sport [edit ]

Boxing [edit ]

Blackpool has two independent venues for boxing fight nights, the Tower Circus Arena and the Winter Gardens, which both hold regular competitiveness nights throughout the year. Events at these venues have been screened on Sky Sports, British Eurosport and Channel M. Blackpool is home to many current and former professional boxers including Brian Rose ( born in Birmingham ), Jack Arnfield, Jeff Thomas ( born in Dordrecht ), Mathew Ellis ( born in Oldham ), Matty Askin ( born in Barnsley ), RP Davies and Scott Cardle .

cricket [edit ]

Blackpool Cricket Club are Blackpool ‘s major cricketing team ; they won the League Cup in 2013 and were National Champions in 1990. They won the Lancashire Cup on eight occasions between 1973 and 1996 and were League Champions fourteen times. [ citation needed ] Their home is in the grounds of Stanley Park, which besides hosts Lancashire County Cricket Club .
The town ‘s professional football clubhouse is Blackpool F.C., who have spent 31 seasons in the clear division and won the 1953 FA Cup Final. There are other, smaller football clubs located within Blackpool, including A.F.C. Blackpool, Blackpool Wren Rovers and Squires Gate .

golf [edit ]

There are three golf clubs in Blackpool. Blackpool North Shore Golf Club opened in 1904, moving to its present locate on Knowle Hill in 1927 ; the fresh course was designed by Harry Colt. [ 144 ] In 1926, an Alister MacKenzie designed course opened within Stanley Park ; [ 145 ] it is home to Blackpool Park Golf Club. The newest addition is Herons ‘ Reach Golf Resort, which was designed by Peter Allis and Clive Clark and opened in 1992. [ 146 ]

rugby [edit ]

Blackpool Borough were the first master rugby league club in the town. however, they finally folded after leaving the town in 1987. Blackpool Panthers were formed in 2004 and played in Co-operative Championship One. They ground-shared at Bloomfield Road then in 2007 at Woodlands Memorial Ground, the home of Fylde Rugby Club in the neighbor town of Lytham St Annes. The baseball club ceased to exist after the 2010 temper due to lack of finance. [ 147 ] Blackpool Stanley, Blackpool Scorpions and Blackpool Sea Eagles are amateur rugby league clubs in the town. The haunt once held the now discontinued Northern Rail Cup Final at Bloomfield Road, a Rugby League knockout contest for all clubs outside of the Super League attracting many thousands of visitors. Blackpool is presently home to the annual ‘ Summer Bash ‘ rugby league tournament held at Bloomfield Road, where an stallion turn of Championship matches are played in the city to showcase the sport. Blackpool besides has a rugby union club, called Blackpool RUFC. Their home flat coat is Norbreck Rugby Ground .

Running [edit ]

The annual Blackpool Marathon is staged on the Promenade each April. Thousands of competitors run on the closed Promenade, organised by Fylde Coast Runners. [ 148 ]

Wrestling [edit ]

The Pleasure Beach ‘s Horseshoe Show Bar was home to professional wrestle events throughout the temper. These were promoted by Bobby Baron. The bar shows were home to a “ wrestle Booth ”, where members of the public could challenge the wrestlers for cash prizes for each cycle they survived. These challenges would be taken by shooters : wrestlers skilled in the barbarous meekness holds of Catch Wrestling, which they could deploy to defend the respect money even against skilled amateur wrestlers. Booths such as these had been a foundation stone of the professional wrestle diligence since the nineteenth hundred – Barron ‘s booth is reputed to have been the last of its kind in the global. [ 149 ] numerous renowned professional wrestlers worked as circus shooters at the booth, including future WWE ace William Regal ( then known as Steve Regal ), his then tag team partner Robbie Brookside, promoter, trainer and champion Shak Khan ( who runs a school for teaching Catch Wrestling in Blackpool ), future british Ladies ‘ Wrestling ace Klondyke Kate, and others including Dave Duran, ( John Palin ) The booth ended with Baron ‘s death in 1994, although other promoters have since held shows in the barroom. [ 149 ] additionally, the Tower Circus was a patronize venue for wrestle shows. A photograph of note cad Jack Pye in action at the circus was, for some time in the former 2000s, displayed by the entrance to the circus. The custom was revived by All Star Wrestling when they promoted a summer season at the venue in 2008, and a similar summer season in 2012 at the Winter Gardens. WWE held a tournament at the Empress Ballroom on 14–15 January 2017 to crown the inaugural WWE United Kingdom Champion. In attendance were Regal and WWE legend Triple H, who commented to local journalists, “ Blackpool has this reputation. It ’ second easy to get to, a distribute of people come hera and when they come here they lose it and that ’ s what we wanted. I about feel like there wasn ’ thyroxine truly another choice.. ” [ 150 ] Tyler Bate won the inauguration tournament to become the first WWE United Kingdom Champion. [ 151 ] several renowned wrestlers have invested in Blackpool – Kendo Nagasaki owns the Trades Hotel and KAOS Nightclub, [ 152 ] Rex Strong ( Barry Shearman, bear 1942 die 2017 ) owned the Hadley Hotel [ 153 ] [ 154 ] and Johnny Saint besides owned a barricade of vacation flats in the township. [ 155 ] Shirley Crabtree, by and by estimable known as Big Daddy, worked as a lifeguard on Central Pier. He was reunited, on a 1979 edition of ITV ‘s This Is Your Life, with a charwoman whose life he had saved. [ 156 ] [ better source needed ]

religion [edit ]

Blackpool has a number of christian churches including eighteen Anglican and ten Roman Catholic churches. [ 157 ] other Christian groups in the town include Blackpool Baptist Tabernacle, Blackpool Christian Centre, Blackpool Community Church, Kings Christian Centre, Liberty Church, ( Metropolitan Community Church ) and New Life Community Church. [ 157 ] The Shrine of Our dame of Lourdes in Whinney Heys Road, built in 1955–57, is nowadays pleonastic and is being converted into a community centre by the Historic Chapels Trust. [ 158 ] There is a residential Buddhist Centre in North Shore, Keajra Kadampa Buddhist Centre, a member of the New Kadampa Tradition-International Kadampa Buddhist Union. [ 157 ] There are two mosques : the purpose-built Blackpool Central Mosque & Islamic Community Centre is located on Revoe Street and provides prayer facilities for local Muslims, and the Blackpool Islamic Community Centre ( BICC ) which offers Islamic education. [ 159 ] There are two synagogues in Blackpool for its jewish population. The Blackpool Reform Jewish Congregation is located on Raikes Parade with a synagogue hall and classroom facilities, a purpose-built chancel manor hall and an assembly room. Blackpool United Hebrew Congregation ( closed ) is located on Leamington Road with a synagogue anteroom and community center. [ 157 ] The synagogue closed in May 2012 ascribable to a declining orthodox jewish population, the last curate Rabbi David Braunold having retired in 2011. As of January 2016, the synagogue build was awaiting new practice. Blackpool besides has minor communities of Bahaʼis, Hindus, Jains, Mormons and Sikhs. [ 160 ] The Blackpool Faith Forum was established in 2001 in concurrence with Blackpool Council to provide interfaith negotiation between the versatile faith groups in the town, to raise awareness of the respective faiths in the town and to promote a multifaith residential district. It is linked to the Interfaith Network of UK. [ 161 ] [ 162 ] In February 2007 a youth forum was established, Blackpool Faith Forum for Youth ( BIFFY ). [ 163 ]

education [edit ]

equally good as 29 state primary schools and eight country secondary schools, there is besides a compass of activities for children and young people in the township. Some of these are delivered by Blackpool Young People Services ( a part of Blackpool Council ). [ 164 ]

Shipwrecks [edit ]

A number of shipwrecks have occurred on the coastline of Blackpool. The most recent happening was the ground of the cruiser Coco Leoni in March 2008. famously, in 1897, HMS Foudroyant, Nelson ‘s flagship before HMS Victory, was grounded stopping point to North Pier in a storm .

Crimes [edit ]

Blackpool has experienced numerous high-profile crimes since the early twentieth century. In 2012, Blackpool was identified as a “ crime hot spot ”, [ 165 ] and in 2016 was revealed as having the fourth-highest murder rate in the UK. [ 166 ] Rates of fierce crime, sexual rape and domestic violence exceed national averages. [ 167 ] In 1913, the “ Brides in the Bath ” serial killer whale George Joseph Smith drowned his second wife Alice in their lease room of a board house on Regent Road. He was due to be the beneficiary of a goodly liveliness indemnity policy upon his wife ‘s death. [ 168 ] In 1971, Supt Gerry Richardson, 38, was shot dead while chasing a gang of London thugs who had robbed a recourse jewellers. The five-man group bungled the raid on Preston ‘s Jewellers in the Strand. They arrived late and failed to check a back room where the denounce coach had already raised a mum alarm connected to Blackpool Police Station. As the gang made their getaway they became involved in a high-speed chase through the streets of North Shore which ended with Supt Richardson ‘s tragic murder at the hands of “ Fat ” Freddie Sewell. Supt Richardson was posthumously awarded the George Cross in 1972. Wounded Inspector Carl Walker besides received the George Cross. [ 169 ] [ 170 ] In 1972, Dr Ahmad Alami ( the son of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem ) murdered three sleeping children at Blackpool Victoria Hospital. He besides stabbed two nurses and other children sleeping on the ward. [ 171 ] Alami was diagnosed as a paranoid schizophrenic and judged disqualify to stand test. He was detained at Broadmoor high gear security hospital for several years before being released and deported back to his native Jordan. In 1999, Stuart Michael Diamond was convicted of the beastly murder of a homeless 17-year-old heroin addict, Christopher Hartley. Diamond murdered Hartley and dismembered his body before ‘dumping ‘ the remains in a hotel ‘swill bank identification number ‘ ; Hartley ‘s head was never recovered. [ 172 ] In 2007, the jury in the case of the alleged rape and murder of Blackpool schoolgirl Charlene Downes, 14, heard a patrol surveillance tape of jordanian Iyad Albattikhi, 29, and Iranian Mohammed Reveshi, 50, allegedly detailing her jab, and her late alleged administration in their “ Funny Boyz ” kabob patronize ‘s mince machine by the prosecution. Albattikhi allegedly boasted that he had sold her remains in kabob. [ 173 ] Both men were acquitted of the alleged crime. John Bromley-Davenport, for the defense, said : “ We have uncovered within the Blackpool Police storm an amaze catalogue of incompetence, bankruptcy to disclose, manipulation and lies, some of which were uttered on curse during the trial last year. If the jury at that trial had swallowed the lies and been duped by the manipulation then a grave miscarriage of judge would have occurred. ” [ 174 ] 15-year-old Paige Chivers went missing in 2007 after leaving her home in Bispham. In 2015 Robert Ewing was convicted of her murder. Her body has never been found. [ 175 ] Her beget Frank Chivers was murdered in 2013. [ 176 ] On 25 July 2010, nurse Jane Clough was stabbed to end in Victoria Hospital ‘s car parking lot. Her ex-boyfriend Jonathan Vass, a paramedic, was by and by found guilty of her mangle. [ 177 ] On 31 January 2013, 16-year-old scholar Sasha Marsden was sexually assaulted, stabbed to death and her body set on fire. [ 178 ]

celebrated people [edit ]

Blackpool has been the birthplace and/or family to a act of celebrated people, including :

Twin towns/Sister cities [edit ]

Blackpool is twinned with :

exemption of the Borough [edit ]

The follow people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Blackpool .

Individuals [edit ]

military Units [edit ]

[ 183 ]

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hound and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and structure
  4. ^ includes fiscal mediation services indirectly measured

References [edit ]

bibliography [edit ]

  • Andrews, Robert (2002). The Rough Guide to Britain. Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-85828-881-9.

Coordinates :

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