Namur, see “ Namen ” redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Namen, Iran. For early places called, see Namur ( disambiguation ) municipality in French Community, Belgium
Namur ( nə-MOOR, nam-OOR, french : [ namyʁ ] ; german : [ naˈmyːɐ̯ ] ( ) ; dutch : Namen [ ˈnaːmə ( normality ) ] ( ) ; Walloon : Nameur ) is a city and municipality in Wallonia, Belgium. It is both the das kapital of the province of Namur and of Wallonia, hosting the Parliament of Wallonia, the Government of Wallonia and its administration.
Reading: Namur – Wikipedia
Namur stands at the concourse of the rivers Sambre and Meuse and straddles three different regions – Hesbaye to the north, Condroz to the southeast, and Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse to the southwest. The city of Charleroi is located to the west. The language spoken is french. The municipality consists of the watch districts : Beez, Belgrade, Boninne, Bouge, Champion, Cognelée, Daussoulx, Dave, Erpent, Flawinne, Gelbressée, Jambes, Lives-sur-Meuse, Loyers, Malonne, Marche-les-Dames, Naninne, Saint-Servais, Saint-Marc, Suarlée, Temploux, Vedrin, Wépion, and Wierde .
history [edit ]
namur in 1838 The township began as an important trade colonization in Celtic times, straddling east–west and north–south trade routes across the Ardennes. The Romans established a presence after Julius Caesar defeated the local Aduatuci tribe. Namur came to prominence during the early Middle Ages when the Merovingians built a castle or bastion on the rough goad overlooking the town at the concourse of the two rivers. In the tenth hundred, it became a county in its own right. The town developed reasonably unevenly, as the counts of Namur could entirely build on the north bank of the Meuse – the south trust was owned by the bishops of Liège and developed more lento into the town of Jambes ( now efficaciously a suburb of Namur ). In 1262, Namur fell into the hands of the Count of Flanders, and was purchased by Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy in 1421. After Namur became part of the spanish Netherlands in the 1640s, its bastion was well strengthened. Louis XIV of France invaded in 1692, capturing the township and annexing it to France. His celebrated military engineer Vauban rebuilt the bastion. [ 2 ] french control was ephemeral, as William III of Orange-Nassau captured Namur only three years late in 1695 during the War of the Grand Alliance. Under the Barrier Treaty of 1709, the dutch gained the veracious to garrison Namur, although the subsequent Treaty of Utrecht of 1713 gave dominance of the once spanish Netherlands to the austrian House of Habsburg. frankincense, although the Austrians ruled the town, the bastion was controlled by the Dutch. It was rebuilt again under their tenure. General Jean-Baptiste Cyrus de Valence ‘s column laid siege to the city on 19 November 1792 during the War of the First Coalition and, after 12 days, the city surrendered on 1 December and its wholly garrison of 3,000 men was taken prisoner. France invaded the region again in 1794, annexing Namur and imposing a inhibitory government. After the kill of Napoleon in 1815, the Congress of Vienna incorporated what is now Belgium into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Belgium broke away from the Netherlands in 1830 following the belgian Revolution, and Namur continued to be a major garrison town under the new government. The bastion was rebuilt so far again in 1887. Namur was a major target of the german invasion of Belgium in 1914, which sought to use the Meuse valley as a road into France. On August 21, 1914, the Germans bombarded the town of Namur without warning. respective people were killed. Despite being billed as virtually conceptive, the bastion fell after only three days ‘ fighting [ 2 ] and the town was occupied by the Germans for the stay of the war. Namur fared little better in World War II ; it was in the front man lines of both the Battle of the Ardennes in 1940 and the Battle of the Bulge in 1944. The town suffered heavy damage in both wars. Namur continued to host the belgian Army ‘s paratroopers until their departure in 1977. After the creation of the Walloon Region, Namur was chosen as the seat of its executive and parliament. In 1986, Namur was officially declare capital of Wallonia. [ 3 ] Its situation as regional capital was confirmed by the Parliament of Wallonia in 2010. [ 4 ]
economy [edit ]
Namur, the Meuse, the Walloon Parliament and the bastion Namur is an authoritative commercial and industrial center, located on the Walloon industrial backbone, the Sambre and Meuse valley. It produces machinery, leather goods, metals and porcelain. [ citation needed ] Its railway place is besides an crucial articulation situated on the north–south line between Brussels and Luxembourg City, and the east–west trace between Lille and Liège. River barge traffic passes through the middle of the city along the Meuse .
culture and sights [edit ]
Namur has taken on a new function as the capital of the federal region of Wallonia. Its localization at the heading of the Ardennes has besides made it a popular tourist center, with a casino located in its southern district on the entrust trust of the Meuse. The town ‘s most big sight is the Citadel of Namur, now demilitarised and open to the public. Namur besides has a classifiable 18th-century cathedral dedicated to Saint Aubain and a campanile classified by UNESCO as separate of the Belfries of Belgium and France which are listed as a World Heritage Site. [ 5 ] The Couvent des Soeurs de Notre-Dame used to contain masterpieces of Mosan art by Hugo d’Oignies, presently presented in the Musée des Arts Anciens ( Rue de Fer ). elsewhere there is an archaeological museum and a museum dedicated to Félicien Rops. An odd Namurois custom-made is the joust on stilts ( dating back to 1411 ) practiced by the stiltwalkers of Namur. The annual Combat de l’Échasse d’Or ( Fight for the Golden Stilt ), held on the third base Sunday in September, is the most significant joust of the year. Two teams, the Mélans and the Avresses, dress in medieval clothes while standing on stilts and do battle in one of the town ‘s principal squares. [ 6 ] Since 2021, Namur stilt jousts are registered on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity .
Namur possesses a distinguish university, the University of Namur ( previously known as the Facultés universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix, FUNDP ), founded in 1831. The University of Louvain ( UCLouvain ) besides has several facilities in the city through its UCLouvain Namur University Hospital ( CHU UCLouvain Namur ), the provinces ‘ largest employer. Since 1986 Namur has been home to the Namur International Festival of French-Speaking Film. [ 7 ] A jazz ( Nam’in’Jazz ) and a rock ( Verdur Rock ) festival both take rate in Namur per annum. The local anesthetic football team is named Union Royale Namur. The local baseball team is named Namur Angels. The annual Namur cyclo-cross raceway, part of the UCI Cyclo-cross World Cup, takes place on the hills around the bastion. Sights near Namur include Maredsous Abbey, Floreffe Abbey, and Annevoie Castle with its surrounding Jardins d’Annevoie .
Twin towns — sister cities [edit ]
Namur is twinned with :
luminary people [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
- Rhisnes (suburb) a suburb to the north of the city
References [edit ]
Sources [edit ]
- ( in French ) Jean-Pol Hiernaux : Namur, capitale de la Wallonie, in Encyclopédie du Mouvement wallon, Tome II, Charleroi, Institut Jules Destrée, 2000, ISBN 2-87035-019-8 (or 2d ed., CD-ROM, 2003, ISBN 2-87035-028-7)
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