Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy – Wikipedia

2004 controversy over indecent exposure on television

The halftime express at Super Bowl XXXVIII, which was broadcast know on February 1, 2004, from Houston, Texas, on the CBS television network, is noteworthy for a moment in which Janet Jackson ‘s breast—adorned with a nipple carapace —was exposed by Justin Timberlake to the viewing public for approximately half a second. The incident, sometimes referred to as Nipplegate or Janetgate, led to an immediate crackdown and far-flung debate on perceived indecency in broadcasting. The halftime show was produced by MTV and was focused on the network ‘s Choose or Lose campaign ( the year 2004 was a presidential election year in the United States ). The exposure was broadcast to a total hearing of 150.0 million viewers. Following the incident, the National Football League ( NFL ) excluded MTV, which had besides produced the halftime read for Super Bowl XXXV, from future halftime shows. In addition, CBS rear party Viacom and its co-owned subsidiaries, MTV and Infinity Broadcasting, enforced a blacklist of Jackson ‘s singles and music videos on many radio formats and music channels worldwide. The Federal Communications Commission ( FCC ) fined CBS for an indecency irreverence of $ 27,500 and increased it to $ 325,000. They finally fined CBS a read $ 550,000 for the incident, but that fine was ultimately voided by the Third Circuit Court of Appeals in 2011, and a case to reinstate the fine was refused in 2012.

The incident was ridiculed both within the United States and abroad, with a number of commentators opining that it was a plan promotion stunt. Some american commentators viewed it as a sign of decreasing morality in american culture, while others considered the incidental harmless and argued that it received undue attention and recoil. [ citation needed ] Some, including Jackson herself, argued it was being used as a mean to distract the public from the ongoing Iraq War. The increase regulation of broadcasting raised concerns regarding censoring and free address in the United States. YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim credits the incident with leading to the creation of the video sharing web site. The incident besides made Janet Jackson the most-searched person and terminus of 2004 and 2005. The incident broke the criminal record for “ most-searched event over one day ”. It became the most-watched, recorded and replayed television moment in TiVo history and “ enticed an estimated 35,000 new [ TiVo ] subscribers to sign up ”. The term “ wardrobe malfunction “ was coined as a result of the incident, and was finally added to the Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. In April 2021, fame stylist Wayne Scot Lukas claimed that it was planned by Timberlake, who sought to upstage his ex-girlfriend Britney Spears ‘ MTV Video Music Awards appearance at which she kissed Madonna. [ 1 ] In 2015, Lukas had stated that he was not mindful of what happened with Timberlake. [ 2 ] In 2018, USA Today reported Lukas was seen purchasing a sunburst nipple shield from Byriah Dailey the weekend prior to the Super Bowl, telling Dailey “ OK, watch the halftime show. There ‘s going to be a surprise at the goal. ” [ 3 ]

Background and development [edit ]

Janet Jackson was the master choice to perform at the halftime show for Super Bowl XXXVI, but the NFL ultimately selected U2 after a group of NFL owners and officials attended the dance band ‘s concert in New York City shortly after the September 11 attacks. [ 4 ] In September 2003, the NFL chose Jackson as the headline performer of the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show. [ 5 ] Because the event was occurring during an election class, MTV decided that the testify ‘s root would heavily focus on the net ‘s “ Choose or Lose “ crusade, which encouraged younger viewers to be politically active and register to vote. [ 6 ] Timberlake had attended Jackson ‘s Rhythm Nation Tour as a kid, and Jackson ‘s energetic dance routines and daring performing style had made a deep mental picture on him. [ 7 ] While Timberlake was a penis of pop group ‘N Sync, Jackson selected the male child band as the open act for many dates of her blockbuster Velvet Rope World Tour, which helped promote and introduce the then-relatively unknown group and Timberlake to the public worldwide. [ 8 ] While on the enlistment, Jackson far promoted the group by performing with ‘N Sync on respective dates, including joining the group for a bouncy a cappella couple of Stevie Wonder ‘s “ Overjoyed “. [ 9 ] Following the tour, Timberlake and Jackson became “ thoroughly friends ”, with Jackson besides praising Timberlake. [ 10 ] Timberlake recreated Jackson ‘s “ That ‘s the Way Love Goes “ video with ‘N Sync and was inspired by Jackson ‘s do vogue. [ 11 ] When asked who he thought was “ the sexiest womanhood on the planet ”, Timberlake had said “ I ‘ve thought Janet Jackson has nothing but sex appeal, so I ‘d credibly say her. ” [ 12 ] Timberlake later asked Jackson to sing backing vocals on “ ( And She Said ) Take maine immediately ”, a song from his debut solo album Justified. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] At Live Aid 1985 Mick Jagger ripped off Tina Turner ‘s skirt on stagecoach, an event that created widespread media publicity. [ 15 ]

incidental [edit ]

During the halftime express at Super Bowl XXXVIII, Jackson performed a medley of hits, beginning with “ All for You “, “ Rhythm Nation “ and a brief excerpt of “ The Knowledge “. Surprise guest Timberlake then appeared onstage to perform a couple of his song “ Rock Your Body “ with Jackson. [ 16 ] [ 17 ] The performance contained several suggestive dancing moves by both singers. As Timberlake reached his final lineage of “ Rock Your body ” ( “ Gon na have you naked by the end of this sung ” ), he pulled off a region of Jackson ‘s costume ; the move revealed Jackson ‘s correct summit —adorned by a nipple carapace —for less than a second, after which the CBS air immediately cut to a wide inject of the stage for a pyrotechnic effect, then to an antenna opinion of Reliant Stadium. [ 18 ]

Responses [edit ]

“ It ‘s rightfully embarrassing for me to know that 90 million [ 140 million ] people saw my breast, and then to see it blown up on the Internet the size of a calculator screen door [ … ] But there are much worse things in the world, and for this to be such a focus, I do n’t understand. ”

– Jackson on Super Bowl incident. [ 19 ]
The bar of Jackson ‘s breast during the Super Bowl performance became refer to as a “ wardrobe malfunction “. [ 20 ] Following the Super Bowl, both MTV and CBS apologized for the incident and asserted that they had no anterior cognition that Jackson and Timberlake ‘s couple would involve fond nakedness. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] MTV ‘s CEO Tom Freston claimed in an interview with the Reuters news representation that the exposure was a stunt orchestrated by Jackson. [ 23 ] however, an MTV representative confirmed that the costume tear was conceptualized by the MTV staff, but added that nakedness was not the intend result. [ 24 ] The incidental was publicly criticized by NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue, [ 25 ] FCC Chairman Michael Powell, [ 26 ] [ 27 ] and NFL Executive Vice President Joe Browne. [ 21 ] An hour-long MTV objective titled “ Making the Super Bowl Halftime Show ” was scheduled to premiere the following week, but was canceled. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] Jackson ‘s example explained the incident, saying : “ Justin was supposed to pull away the rubber bosomy to reveal a crimson intertwine brassiere. The dress collapsed and her breast was unintentionally revealed. ” [ 30 ] According to Rolling Stone, CBS required Jackson to make a populace apology for the incident. [ 31 ] Jackson released a video apology in which she said : “ The decisiveness to have a costume uncover at the end of my halftime appearance operation was made after final examination rehearsals. MTV was completely unaware of it. It was not my intention that it go adenine far as it did. MTV, CBS, [ and ] the NFL had no cognition of this any and unfortunately, the solid thing went wrong in the end. I apologize to anyone offended, including the audience, MTV, CBS and the NFL. ” [ 22 ] Speaking to USA Today, Jackson said she felt humiliated that tens of millions of people saw her exposed breast, but did not feel the scandal was justified. [ 19 ] Regarding continue backlash, she responded, “ Who knows … possibly they ‘ll get brainsick at something that I do in my prove, but at least it wo n’t be new to me, since I ‘ve already gone through all of this. But I feel very positive that things are going to work out just all right. Everything happens for a reason. ” [ 19 ] Jackson late briefly discussed the incidental on Good Morning America and the Late Show with David Letterman. Jackson ‘s outfit was designed by celebrated architect Alexander McQueen, with Jackson belated commenting “ I do n’t blame him ; he did n’t rip it. Alexander is so big at what he does—he ‘s a genius. ” [ 32 ] In an consultation with Australia ‘s Herald Sun, Producer Jimmy Jam revealed Jackson considered writing a song about the incidental for her Damita Jo album. [ 33 ]

“ [ The furor ] is hypocritical, with everything you see on television receiver. There are more significant thing to focus on than a woman ‘s body function, which is a beautiful matter. There ‘s war, famine, homelessness, AIDS. [ … ] They needed something to focus on alternatively of the war, and I was the perfect vehicle for that. [ … ] People are going to think what they want. It was an accident. It was not a stunt. ”

– Jackson questioning media ‘s focus on the event. [ 19 ]
Michael Musto of The Village Voice commented on the media ‘s reaction to the incident, saying, “ Janet became a emblematic Joan of Arc to burn at the venture. I actually do think her breast was used as a diversionary tactic—I ‘m not sure to distract from Iraq specifically—but it did distract from significant issues, from things we actually should be appalled by. The narrative got an undue sum of attention when the fact is, cipher has proved how her breast harmed anyone. ” [ 34 ] Speaking to Robert Tannenbaum of Blender Magazine, Jackson had strong, if guarded, views on the reactions, reiterating her embarrassment at being exposed but argued that there was no sense in complaining about function of a woman ‘s body while worldly concern events american samoa gloomy as war and disease occurred. [ 35 ] Jackson declared the reaction to the accidental exposure as “ contradictory ”, noting it to occur in an era where commercials for beer and Viagra are both “ identical sexual ” and “ practically omnipresent ”. [ 34 ] Jackson besides said the bad luck was “ not intentional ” and a “ costume accident ”, besides commenting on some media outlets editing her exploit apology, saying, “ sometimes they cut out that I said it was an accident … That ‘s what the media does, that ‘s the manner they are because they want it to be told a different way. ” [ 36 ] In Glamour Magazine, Jackson exclaimed, “ It ‘s hard to believe that there ‘s a war and famine going on in the populace and so far people made such a boastfully deal about a breast. People said that it was done intentionally to sell records. Do you know what ? I have never pulled a stunt. Why would you do that and have your album come out two months later ? It does n’t make common sense. ” In the ensuing months, Jackson felt overwhelmed by the hostility towards her. “ people think I ‘m immune to being hurt by what ‘s said. They ask me questions that electric shock me. not everybody is deoxyadenosine monophosphate firm as the next person and words can kill. People advertise you and you start to think, ‘Can I handle this ? ‘ But I know I can. ” [ 37 ] immediately following the incident, Timberlake sounded unapologetic for his actions, telling Access Hollywood, “ Hey man, we love giving you all something to talk about. ” [ 38 ] Timberlake later released a statement saying “ I am regretful that anyone was offended by the wardrobe malfunction during the halftime operation of the Super Bowl. It was not intentional and is regrettable. ” [ 21 ] Timberlake besides addressed the incident at the Grammy Awards the follow week, saying : “ I know it ‘s been a rough week on everybody. What occurred was unintentional, completely regrettable and I apologize if you guys are offended. ” [ 31 ] Timberlake gave an extra interview at the Grammy event and stated, “ All I could say was, ‘Oh, my God. Oh, my God, ‘ ” Timberlake said. “ I looked at her. They brought a towel up on stage. They covered her up. I was wholly embarrassed and precisely walked off the stage ampere quickly as I could. I ‘m frustrated at the wholly situation. I ‘m defeated that my quality is being questioned. ” [ 39 ]

Media diversion theories [edit ]

Jackson suspected ulterior motives in the media ‘s reaction, expressing, “ It was just arrant timing to take people ‘s focus off of other things. That ‘s what happens, and it happened to me. ” [ 19 ] Comments from Michael Rich, conductor of Harvard ‘s Center on Media and Child Health ; Jay Rosenthal, lawyer for the Recording Artists ‘ Coalition ; and Simon Renshaw of management group The Firm expressed alike sentiments. [ 40 ] The Boston Legal episode “ Let Sales Ring ” likened the incidental to being used as a beguilement, portraying a news corporation which used the mishap to attract attention over other authoritative events in the media. [ 41 ] Daniel Kreps of Rolling Stone opined, “ For the FCC, Nipplegate provided an opportunity to restore order and flex whatever baron they had left. Faced with lax air standards for cable television and satellite radio receiver, adenine well as the absolute lawlessness of the Internet, the FCC becomes hell-bent on preserving common decency in the family-friendly kingdom of net television … While the aftermath of Nipplegate starts to fade, the FCC will continue to carry its torch for the future half-decade. ” [ 42 ] Cynthia Fuchs of Popmatters stated, “ It behooves television receiver producers and consumers to focus their attentions on significant “ newsworthiness ”, preferably than the daily distractions offered up by politicians, performers, professional spinners, and journalists. Janet is not that person you watch on television receiver. And neither is anyone else. ” [ 43 ]

Powell ‘s response [edit ]

A ten after the incident, former FCC chair Michael Powell gave his beginning interview regarding Jackson ‘s operation, saying Jackson was treated unfairly and the controversy, including his own reaction, was wholly grandiloquent. Powell stated, “ I think we ‘ve been removed from this long adequate for me to tell you that I had to put my best translation of outrage on that I could put on. part of it was phantasmagoric, right ? Look, I think it was dumb to happen, and they knew the rules and were flirting with them, and my job is to enforce the rules, but, you know, ‘Really ? This is what we ‘re gon na do ? ‘ ⁠ ” Powell besides said the treatment of Jackson, who was lambasted for causing “ an hideous stunt ”, was unfair, and commented on Timberlake not receiving the lapp backfire. “ I personally thought that was actually unfair ”, he said. “ It all turned into being about her. In reality, if you slow the thing down, it ‘s Justin ripping off her breastplate. ” [ 44 ]

public reaction [edit ]

United States [edit ]

In the United States, the photograph of Jackson ‘s breast by Timberlake led to a lot media care and headlines. The incident was sometimes referred to as “ Nipplegate ”. [ 45 ] [ 46 ] The socially conservative media watchdog group Parents Television Council ( PTC ) issued a affirmation condemning the halftime indicate, and called on PTC members to file indecency complaints with the FCC. [ 47 ] In addition, the FCC received closely 540,000 complaints from Americans, [ 48 ] with the PTC claim duty for around 65,000 of them. [ 49 ] ( In its appeal to the Third Circuit Court of Appeals, CBS disputed how many of the complaints were filed by individual, non-organized viewers. ) [ 50 ] Columnists L. Brent Bozell III [ 51 ] ( who besides founded the Parents Television Council ) and Phyllis Schlafly [ 52 ] besides expressed criticism of the halftime read in their weekly column. democratic senator Zell Miller of Georgia, both on the floor of the United States Senate [ 53 ] and in an editorial on, [ 54 ] denounced the halftime picture as an example of declining ethical motive in America. The day immediately following the Super Bowl, then-FCC chair Michael Powell ordered an probe into the halftime show. [ 20 ] however, an Associated Press poll conducted closely three weeks after the Super Bowl found that although 54 % of american adults considered the exposure disgusting, entirely 18 % supported the FCC ‘s probe. [ 55 ] Film film director Spike Lee, speaking at Kent State University at Stark on February 3, called the incident a “ new moo ” in entertainment. [ 45 ] democratic presidential campaigner Howard Dean called the FCC ‘s probe “ silly ”, commenting : “ I think the FCC probably has a lot of other things they should be pursuing. ” [ 56 ] The Super Bowl controversy was besides a capable of humor on late-night talk shows. For exercise, CBS ‘s own Late Show with David Letterman mocked the incident all workweek following the Super Bowl. The day after the Super Bowl, host David Letterman joked that he “ was felicitous to see this thing happen … because that intend for one night I was n’t the biggest breast on CBS ”. [ 57 ] The following day, he besides joked that President George W. Bush formed a “ Department of Wardrobe Security ” to prevent farther wardrobe malfunctions. [ 58 ] On February 4, Letterman opened his monologue by joking about having a wardrobe malfunction [ 59 ] and referenced the incidental in this night ‘s Top Ten List. [ 60 ] Jackson ‘s appearance on the Late Show the following calendar month increased the show ‘s ratings 20 % from the program ‘s usual weeknight undoer. [ 61 ] Larry King besides stated Jackson jokingly gave him a couple of suspenders with open holes around the nipples, commenting “ I wore them once, they were cunning. ” [ 62 ] The halftime show continued to be a topic of discussion in 2005. The parody newspaper The Onion ran a contribute article on January 26, 2005 entitled “ U.S. Children still Traumatized One year After Seeing partially Exposed Breast On television ”. The article ‘s satirical target was the nation ‘s reaction to the incident preferably than the incident itself. [ 63 ] On February 1, 2005, precisely one year after the halftime express, the PTC released a report titled MTV Smut Peddlers: Targeting Kids with Sex, Drugs, and Alcohol, covering MTV programming during the network ‘s “ Spring Break ” week from March 20 to 27, 2004, accusing MTV of irresponsibly promoting sex, drugs and alcohol to impressionable young. In response to the reputation, MTV network executive Jeannie Kedas argued that the report card “ underestimate young people ‘s mind and their level of sophism. ” [ 64 ] On February 6, New York Times columnist Frank Rich argued that censoring on television was becoming more prevailing following the halftime show. Examples he cited included PBS editing obscene language out of certain programs such as the british terrorist drama Dirty War and more than 60 ABC-affiliated stations ( including those owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group, E. W. Scripps Company, Hearst-Argyle Television and Cox Broadcasting ) refusing to broadcast Saving Private Ryan due to the profanity prevailing throughout the film. ( The latter, which would late be ruled by the FCC to not violate regulations, would air on cable afterwards to avoid controversy. ) [ 65 ] The ESPN series Playmakers was besides canceled following the incident. [ 66 ] [ 67 ] A commercial from Budweiser, which depicted a homo opening a beverage on the outfit ‘s breastplate and tearing it before it was worn, was intended to be aired during Super Bowl XXXIX the come year, but was pulled before its broadcast. [ 68 ] [ 69 ]

Canada [edit ]

In Canada, where the Super Bowl telecast was broadcast by the Global Television Network, the incident passed largely without controversy : alone about 50 Canadians complained about the incidental to the Canadian Broadcast Standards Council ( CBSC ). [ 70 ] The CBSC received roughly doubly as many complaints about other aspects of the Super Bowl circulate, including music and advertise issues ( though some were expected complaints about canadian content / simsub issues preventing wake of the popular american advertisements, which is a common issue among canadian viewers of the Super Bowl to the give day ). [ 71 ] Professor Robert Thompson, director of the Center for the Study of Popular Television at Syracuse University, stated : “ I know many people in early countries are scratching their heads and thinking ‘What in the global is the adult mother over there ? ‘ ” [ 72 ]

New Zealand [edit ]

New Zealand news outlets re-broadcast the “ nipplegate ” consequence ( some in slowly gesticulate ) with comment explaining that US ultra-conservatives had made the incident into a major controversy. The nation ‘s largest newspaper, the New Zealand Herald, ran an op-ed from a New Zealander living in America detailing his bewilderment at his american friends, who had expressed indignation at the glimpse of a nipple while supporting their country ‘s invasion of Iraq and being fans of the television receiver show Sex and the City. [ 73 ]

legal action [edit ]

On February 4, Terri Carlin, a banker residing in Knoxville, Tennessee, filed a course action lawsuit against Jackson and Timberlake on behalf of “ all american english citizens who watched the hideous behave ”. The lawsuit alleged that the halftime show contained “ sexually denotative acts entirely designed to garner publicity and, ultimately, to increase profits for themselves ”. The lawsuit sought maximal punitive and compensatory damages from the performers. Carlin former dropped the lawsuit. [ 74 ] Three months late, Eric Stephenson, a lawyer from Farmington, Utah, filed a US $ 5,000 lawsuit in small-claims court against Viacom for false advertise of the Super Bowl halftime display, as he, the church father of three young children, claimed that pre-game advertise led him to believe that the halftime indicate would consist of marching bands, balloons and a patriotic celebration. [ 75 ] The lawsuit was rejected because Stephenson should have filed a federal lawsuit or charge to the FCC, which was already investigating the halftime show. [ 76 ] America Online, the Internet serve provider that sponsored the halftime show, demanded a refund of the approximately u $ 7.5 million that it paid to sponsor and advertise on the halftime show. however, no other advertisers of the Super Bowl had alike demands. [ 77 ]
The halftime show led to a capital spike in FCC-issued fines and received complaints compared to those from previous years. The incident triggered a foolhardy of fines that the FCC levied soon after the Super Bowl, alleging that the context of the “ wardrobe malfunction ” was intended “ to pander, titillate and shock those watching ” because it happened within the lyrics within Timberlake ‘s performance of Rock Your Body : “ Hurry up ’cause you ‘re taking besides long … gon na have you naked by the end of this sung. ” [ 78 ] In addition, the FCC cited a newsworthiness article on MTV ‘s web site ( ) claiming that the halftime show would promise “ shocking moments ” [ 79 ] and that “ officials of both CBS and MTV were well mindful of the overall sexual nature of the Jackson/Timberlake section, and amply sanctioned it—indeed, touted it as ‘shocking ‘ to attract potential viewers ”. [ 78 ] CBS, however, argued that the exposure was unintentional, [ 80 ] although in former statements CBS asserted that while the photograph was unplanned by CBS, it was measuredly planned by Timberlake and Jackson “ independently and clandestinely ”. [ 81 ] On September 22, 2004, the FCC fined Viacom the maximum penalty of US $ 27,500 for each of the 20 CBS-owned television stations ( including satellites of WFRV in Green Bay, WCCO in Minneapolis and KUTV in Salt Lake City ; current CBS owned-and-operated station KOVR in Sacramento at the clock was owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group ) for a fine totaling US $ 550,000, the largest ever placed against a television broadcaster at that time. [ 82 ] [ 83 ] however, the Parents Television Council [ 84 ] and even some of the FCC commissioners [ 78 ] criticized the Commission for fining only 20 CBS stations, not all of them, for the halftime express. 66 % of respondents to a March 2005 Time cartridge holder poll believed that the FCC overreacted to the halftime show by fining CBS. [ 85 ] On November 24, 2004, Viacom paid out US $ 3.5 million to settle outstanding indecency complaints and stated that it would challenge the US $ 550,000 penalty related to the incident, on the grounds that the broadcast was unintentional and thus exempt from indecency regulation. [ 86 ] In March 2006, the FCC affirmed that the Super Bowl halftime show was indecent, [ 87 ] so CBS paid the FCC ‘s issue very well in July 2006 in order to take their appeal against their fine to federal court. [ 88 ] CBS appealed the fine on September 17 at the U.S. Third Circuit Court of Appeals in Philadelphia. [ 89 ] On July 21, 2008, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals ruled [ 90 ] in prefer of CBS, voiding the FCC ‘s finely on the grounds that the enforcement involved a meaning deviation from anterior drill that was not issued as a clear policy change. [ 91 ] [ 92 ] [ 93 ] On May 4, 2009, however, the Supreme Court vacated and remanded the lawsuit bet on to the Third Circuit for reconsideration in luminosity of the previously decided Federal Communications Commission v. Fox Television Stations (2009). [ 94 ] [ 95 ] On November 2, 2011, the Third Circuit Court ruled 2–1 that its earlier decision was compensate, citing that the broadcast was legal under the FCC ‘s then-current policy of allowing “ flit ” indecency on the airwaves, and that it was unfair of the FCC to change the policy retroactively. [ 96 ] [ 97 ] On June 29, 2012, the Supreme Court declined an FCC appeal. [ 98 ] [ 99 ]

other controversies [edit ]

Commercials [edit ]

prior to the broadcast, CBS rejected the Super Bowl ad Bush in 30 Seconds because it was deemed besides controversial. CBS stated that it had a “ decades-old ” policy of rejecting advertisements regarding “ controversial issues of public importance ”, although MoveOn charged that the networks had previously accepted similar advertisements from other groups. [ 100 ] The Super Bowl broadcast contained numerous commercials for erectile dysfunction medicines and advertisements for Anheuser-Busch ‘s Bud Light brand featuring a flatulating knight and a dog attacking male genitalia ; however, no politically charged advertisements appeared during the telecast. [ 101 ] CBS, which besides held the rights to Super Bowl XLIV, late aired a commercial during that plot featuring then- Florida Gators quarterback Tim Tebow and his mother that discreetly refer to their anti-abortion viewpoints. The ad, sponsored by Focus on the Family, received similar controversy. [ 102 ] [ 103 ] In a league-mandated policy mean to clear the airwaves of such advertisements, the NFL banned those types of commercials from Super Bowl broadcasts ( the league ended an advertise kinship with Levitra in March 2007 as an official league patron ). [ 104 ] In January 2005, Fox, the network that carried Super Bowl XXXIX under the NFL ‘s alternating network contract for the championship bet on, rejected an ad for the cold redress Airborne that concisely showed the bare buttocks of veteran actor Mickey Rooney. [ 65 ]

Streaking [edit ]

Moments after the Jackson-Timberlake entangle, streaker Mark Roberts added to the controversial halftime by running approximately the field naked except for a well-placed g-string attached to one-half of a miniature football. depart of Roberts ‘ stunt was broadcast in the United States before players from both teams tackled him, allowing stadium security and patrol to take Roberts into detention. [ 105 ]

other performers [edit ]

aside from Jackson ‘s exposure, minor controversy was created when knocker Nelly performed his song “ Hot in Herre “ when a group of female stand-in dancers all pulled the top-layer of their costumes off, revealing shorter shorts and smaller shirts underneath. [ 106 ] Kid Rock appeared in a poncho made from a slit american flag, which he late threw towards the consultation. [ 45 ] [ 107 ] U.S. Senator Zell Miller complained that Kid Rock ‘s equip was a profanation of the american flag. [ 108 ]

Aftermath and effects [edit ]

censoring and regulation of circulate [edit ]

Website Soap Opera Central speculated that the fallout from this incident may have had a subtle effect on day television receiver. These television shows are known for “ love in the good afternoon “ and regularly picture romantic couplings ; curtly before the Super Bowl, the Procter & Gamble soap operas As the World Turns and Guiding Light had gone a army for the liberation of rwanda as featuring rear male nakedness during sexual scenes. After the Super Bowl controversy, FCC commissioner Michael J. Copps stated that it was time for a crackdown on inappropriate sexual content in day television, and indicated that he was reviewing whether soap operas were violating the agency ‘s indecency prohibitions. [ 109 ] In The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, NewsHour correspondent Tom Bearden reports the excerpts from hearings today on regulating broadcast decency. [ 110 ]

Two other major sporting events that followed the Super Bowl that class besides changed their respective halftime shows following the incident. At the Pro Bowl, which would be played on February 8 at Aloha Stadium in Hawaii, singer JC Chasez, a penis of boy isthmus ‘N Sync as was Timberlake, was to sing the National Anthem before the plot and perform his shoot birdcall “ Blowin ‘ Me Up ( with Her Love ) “ at halftime. however, the NFL did not allow Chasez to perform during halftime due to the sexually indicative contented of his chosen song ( even though the game was carried by ESPN, which is not under the contentedness horizon of the FCC as it is a cable television network, and consequently only self-regulates subject as an advertiser-supported service ), replacing it with traditional hawaiian hula dancers. [ 111 ] [ 112 ] The 2004 NBA All-Star Game besides changed its act, despite being broadcast on TNT ( which is not bound by FCC capacity regulations as a cable network ), having halftime performer Beyoncé perform “ Crazy in Love “ alternatively of “ Naughty Girl “, which they feared would incite controversy given its sexual message. Jackson was in attendance at the game, and dressed conservatively. [ 113 ] The networks that were to broadcast the 46th Grammy Awards ( CBS ) and the 76th Academy Awards ( ABC ), survive events scheduled for February 8 and February 29 respectively, enhanced their broadcast delays to accommodate edit of inappropriate video recording in addition to audio. [ 114 ] [ 115 ] Guiding Light [ clarification needed ] edited out nakedness from an episode that had already been taped. A week late, the show ‘s administrator manufacturer John Conboy was fired and replaced by Ellen Wheeler. All nine American network soaps began to impose an ad-lib rule of avoiding any sort of risqué pornographic scenes, and in the months following, editors of soap opera periodical Soap Opera Digest wrote about how day television receiver was losing its steam. [ 109 ] NBC besides re-edited a scene from an sequence of its aesculapian drama ER where paramedics were wheeling an aged womanhood into the hospital, and her front could be seen in the context of her injury and treatment. [ 116 ] even a late as Veterans Day ( November 11 ) of 2004, 65 ABC-affiliated stations pre-empted the full-length network presentation of the film Saving Private Ryan over concerns about the movie ‘s fierce content and FCC regulations. Benjamin Svetkey of Entertainment Weekly quoted L. Brent Bozell III and Peggy Noonan associating the mass preemption of the film with the halftime express incident. [ 117 ] The annual Victoria ‘s Secret Fashion Show was cancelled for that class in chemical reaction to the incident. [ 118 ] A request was filed by a consortium of broadcasters ( which included Viacom ) and the RIAA over an FCC indecency regnant, regarding fleeting expletives uttered by Bono of U2 when accepting an award at the sixtieth Golden Globe Awards in 2003. It argued that the FCC had implemented a standard “ that would allow it to censor all kinds of things—anything considered blasphemous, coarse or coarse ”, and observed that many radio stations, particularly rock ‘n’ roll -formatted stations, had been engaging in self-censorship by censoring or removing songs from their libraries, so that they would not run afoul of the nonindulgent regulation. [ 119 ] well-defined Channel Communications removed talk-radio master of ceremonies Howard Stern from respective of its large-market radio stations within a calendar month of the incident, citing the lewd subject of Stern ‘s display. The FCC fined clear Channel over allegedly indecent content on the Bubba the Love Sponge radio receiver appearance. [ 120 ] As a resultant role of the incident, some networks established regulations requiring time delays of vitamin a a lot as five minutes for alive broadcasts such as awards shows and sporting events. [ 121 ] In former 2004, the United States House of Representatives passed a bill to raise the utmost FCC fine penalty from said US $ 27,500 to US $ 500,000 per rape ; the United States Senate voted to decrease it to US $ 275,000 per incidental, with a crown of US $ 3 million per day. [ 82 ] By June 2006, the two houses reconciled the differences in ticket levels, settling for a fine of US $ 325,000 per rape in the Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act of 2005. [ 122 ] The incident besides prompted tighter control over contented by station owners and managers. Viacom, at the center of the controversy, besides employed the controversial Howard Stern in its radio division ( at the prison term called Infinity Broadcasting ). The expanding control on capacity is said to be a contribute factor that drove Stern away from tellurian radio and onto Sirius Satellite Radio, and is sometimes credited as the media digit most responsible for introducing a raw earned run average in radio. [ 24 ] It has besides been reported that some teen-oriented awards shows in the summer of 2004 had besides been purged of most sexual and profane subject that had been perceived as staples in such awards telecasts in the past, including Fox ‘s Teen Choice Awards and MTV ‘s self-created Video Music Awards. [ 123 ] Author Frederick S. Lane stated in an consultation with John Eggerton of Broadcasting & Cable magazine that the controversy surrounding the halftime show was the primary divine guidance for his 2006 reserve The Decency Wars: The Campaign to Cleanse American Culture, which explains moral controversies in the american media over the years. [ 124 ] Beginning with Super Bowl XXXIX in 2005, the halftime express began to be produced by Don Mischer Productions and White Cherry Entertainment ; those shows contained classic rock artists who chiefly performed songs from the 1970s and 1980s ( with a noteworthy exception being Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band performing their 2008 single “ Working on a Dream “ during the Super Bowl XLIII halftime usher in 2009 ). This practice ended after Super Bowl XLIV in 2010 ; beginning with Super Bowl XLV in 2011, the halftime performance returned to having pop artists. In 2012, during the halftime show for Super Bowl XLVI, knocker M.I.A. pointed up her in-between feel during her performance. That incidental drew comparisons with the exposure of Janet Jackson ‘s breast in the Super Bowl halftime show eight years anterior. The Associated Press asserted that people learned what M.I.A. did only when reports surfaced in the media and quote television critic James Poniewozik : “ I had no idea she even did it until NBC issued an apology for it. ” [ 125 ] NBC blurred the stallion screen albeit a second excessively late to obscure M.I.A. giving the finger. [ 126 ] The NFL ultimately sued M.I.A. for US $ 1.5 million on rupture of condense grounds. [ 24 ] The lawsuit was settled in August 2014 and the terms of the colonization remained private. [ 127 ] As an indication of the reduce degree of complaints, only 222 complaints were filed over the incident. [ 128 ]

Sports circulate [edit ]

Sports would be greatly affected by the controversy. Three weeks belated, NASCAR stiffened penalties on practice of improper speech or gestures including larger fines, loss of points ( if it occurred in a post-race interview or after the driver fell out of a race ), expulsion of a team from the race, or lap penalties ( if in-race ) under the lap ‘s “ damaging to NASCAR ” rule. [ 129 ] Johnny Sauter was fined US $ 10,000 and 25 points a workweek after the new predominate took effect for abhorrent lyric in an consultation. [ 130 ] belated in 2004, Dale Earnhardt Jr. received a 25-point penalty and a US $ 50,000 fine when he used an obscenity after winning the 2004 EA Sports 500 at Talladega Superspeedway. [ 131 ] He lost the backing precede after that incidental and lost the championship by 100 points. In 2007, Tony Stewart received a exchangeable penalty after using an obscenity in a post-race interview following his Brickyard 400 acquire. Kyle Busch, in November 2010, was fined US $ 25,000 for an obscene gesture caught on ESPN, along with an in-race two-lap penalty, as the gesture was aimed at a NASCAR official. [ 132 ] The NFL besides came under some smaller controversies over its telecasts. The FCC received a ailment about Fox ‘s telecast of a January 2005 playoff crippled between the Green Bay Packers and Minnesota Vikings ; the plaintiff alleged that Minnesota musician Randy Moss, who scored a touchdown, apparently made movements appearing to moon the spectators. however, the FCC denied the complaint because Moss was fully clothed at all times, and his gestures were shown for only a few seconds, frankincense warranting that the display was not indecent ; game commentator Joe Buck besides immediately condemned the act ( and additionally, Moss was fined by the NFL ). [ 133 ] On January 13, 2007, during Fox ‘s coverage of an NFL playoff game between the New Orleans Saints and Philadelphia Eagles, the television camera cut to the stands, showing for four seconds a shirt with the words “ Fuck DA EAGLES ” that was worn by a female spectator pump. That drew a recoil from the Parents Television Council, which filed complaints with the FCC. [ 134 ] During NBC ‘s live air of Super Bowl XLIII on February 1, 2009, the five-year anniversary of the master incident, affiliate KVOA-TV ‘s analogue broadcast run ( the high definition run of the station was unaffected ) over Comcast ‘s Tucson, Arizona system was interrupted by an unknown party, when an excerpt of a film aired by pornographic cable channel Shorteez was broadcast for 30 seconds to local anesthetic Comcast subscribers just after Larry Fitzgerald scored his fourth-quarter touchdown to take the Cardinals to a 23–20 spark advance. Afterwards, 10 seconds of an end citation segment from ClubJenna ( which, like Shorteez, is owned by Playboy Enterprises ) was shown. [ 135 ] Comcast offered a US $ 10 credit for customers who claimed to have seen the incident, [ 136 ] and the Federal Communications Commission investigated the campaign of the incident. einsteinium ! Online columnist Josh Grossberg stated : “ This about makes us nostalgic for the days of Nipplegate. ” [ 137 ]

2004 presidential election [edit ]

Frederick S. Lane argued in his 2006 book The Decency Wars that the Super Bowl halftime display controversy influenced the primary coil focus on “ moral values ” and “ media decency ” in the 2004 Democratic Party primaries. [ 138 ] Jackson claimed the incidental was used in the media as a diversion for President George W. Bush ‘s poor people approval ratings and the Iraq War, with Bush and First Lady Laura Bush giving public comment on the incidental rather than focusing on other issues. [ 35 ]

impact on Jackson [edit ]

“ [ We are ] absolutely bailing on the commemorate [ … ] The coerce is so bang-up, they ca n’t align with anything related to Janet. The high-ups are hush pissed at her, and this is a punitive measuring stick. ” “ [ … ] radio would n’t play it and MTV would n’t play her video recording for “ I Want You ” and “ All Nite ”, two songs that would ‘ve been out-of-the-park hits at any other point in Jackson ‘s career. ”

– Viacom revealing Jackson ‘s blacklist ; comment from The Charlotte Observer [ 35 ]
Viacom CEO Les Moonves ordered that Janet Jackson ‘s singles and music video be blacklisted from all of its properties, including CBS, MTV, and its radio station group Infinity Broadcasting. [ 139 ] Jackson was intended to appear at the 46th Grammy Awards, which was being held the come workweek and televised by CBS, but her invitation was withdrawn ascribable to the incident. Jackson was in the first place scheduled to appear as a donor for a tribute to Luther Vandross, performed by Celine Dion, Richard Marx and Alicia Keys, and was chosen ascribable to previously collaborating with Vandross on the number-one hit “ The Best Things in Life Are Free “. According to People Magazine, Jackson “ had been slated to speak before the award but was being pressured to bow out gracefully—or face being uninvited ”, before late being wholly barred from attending. however, Timberlake was hush allowed to attend and perform at the event. [ 140 ] [ 141 ] Both Jackson and Timberlake were initially disinvited [ 142 ] and late re-invited under the condition that they agree to apologize on atmosphere. [ 143 ] The majority of the artists at the ceremony were besides asked to comment on Jackson ‘s incident. [ 144 ] Jackson ‘s long-time producer Jimmy Jam during a pre-Grammy party “ last meter I talked to her about it, she was up in the tune about it ”, Jam told CNN. “ She was literally sitting on the fence about whether she was going to come or not, or whether she was going to sit back and watch it on television receiver. “. [ 145 ] Jackson had besides been cast to play Lena Horne in a movie about the singer and militant ‘s life, which was to be produced by ABC, but was forced to resign following the performance incident. [ 30 ] A statue of Mickey Mouse wearing Jackson ‘s iconic “ rhythm nation ” outfit was mantled at Walt Disney World composition park the previous year to honor Jackson ‘s bequest, but was removed following Jackson ‘s controversial operation. A spokesman for Disney said, “ Considering all the controversy [ the performance ] drew, we talked it over for a couple of days and decided it would be best to replace hers with a new one. ” [ 146 ] The blacklist affected promotion of Janet Jackson ‘s first base album released since the incident Damita Jo —her eighth studio album. A majority of the reviews for the album, including those by AllMusic, the BBC, Entertainment Weekly, The Guardian and The New York Times focused on the negative backlash suffered by Jackson as a resultant role of the incident but gave golden reviews to the album itself. [ 147 ] [ 148 ] [ 149 ] Despite the blacklist, Damita Jo was a success and certified Platinum, selling over three million copies cosmopolitan and besides receiving a Grammy nomination. Singles from the album like “ Just a Little While “ and “ All Nite ( Do n’t Stop ) “ reached # 1 on the Hot Dance Club Songs graph. Although receiving positive reception, the incident besides affected the operation of following albums 20 Y.O. and Discipline due to the blacklist. however, 20 Y.O. managed to sell over 1.5 million copies cosmopolitan, was certified Platinum in the US and received a Grammy nomination. [ 16 ] [ 150 ] Additionally, “ Feedback “ reached the lead 20 pop hit on the Billboard Hot 100, selling one million copies worldwide. subsequent releases “ Make Me “ peaked atop the Hot Dance Club Songs and top 20 internationally ; “ nothing “ reached # 1 on the digital pop music and music video charts, besides considered for an Oscar nomination. [ 35 ] [ 42 ] [ 151 ] [ 152 ] In her first consultation since the incident, Jackson appeared on CBS ‘s Late Show with David Letterman on March 29, 2004, which increased the show ‘s ratings over 20 %. [ 153 ] In April 2004, Jackson poked fun at herself in an appearance on Saturday Night Live, first while playing Condoleezza Rice in a skit, nervously answering a question by exposing her proper breast ( which was pixelated by NBC ), and again by viewing a mock home television from her childhood in which her washup suit top came off in a jam pond, calling it a “ swimsuit malfunction ”. [ 151 ] [ 154 ] An NBC spokesman said Jackson was wearing a brassiere beneath her blouse during the skit. [ 155 ] During a operation on ABC ‘s Good Morning America, the network promoted Jackson ‘s appearance as her “ first exist performance since the Super Bowl ”, hinting at the opportunity of shock value. [ 35 ] In 2006, during an interview on The Oprah Winfrey Show, Jackson upheld her claim that the Super Bowl scandal was an accident. [ 156 ]

affect on Timberlake [edit ]

People Magazine stated Timberlake was referred to as “ the Teflon man ” at the 46th Annual Grammy Awards because the incident did not affect him as it did Jackson. [ 30 ] Media coverage overwhelmingly minimized Timberlake ‘s function, largely mentioning him only in pass, if at all. [ 157 ] In a 2006 interview with MTV, Timberlake said that compared to the huge backlash Jackson suffered, he himself received alone about 10 % of the blame ; and he accused american english society of being both “ harsh on women ” and “ unfairly harsh on ethnic people ”. [ 158 ] Prior to plans for the Super Bowl operation, Jackson and Timberlake had discussed potentially recording a couple for Jackson ‘s Damita Jo album, arsenic well as a rumor collaboration for a Quincy Jones album, though neither came to realization. [ 159 ] [ 160 ] In November 2013, Timberlake performed a cover of Jackson ‘s “ Let ‘s Wait Awhile “ on The 20/20 Experience World Tour before transitioning into one of his song which was regarded as a sign of affection or apology to Jackson. [ 161 ] Media commentators stated Jackson was treated excessively harshly by the media and populace, while Timberlake ‘s career was not affected much by the incident. Shannon L. Holland in Women’s Studies in Communication argued that the media reaction after the incident focused disproportionately on Jackson, “ typify [ ing ] her as a contemporary Jezebel in that her racial and gendered Otherness was much juxtaposed with the ‘normalcy ‘ of Timberlake ‘s white maleness. That is, she emerged in a public discourse as the primary ( if not lone ) instigator of the lewd act, a scheming seductress who manipulated Timberlake for her own economic addition. ” [ 162 ] Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone stated “ Justin is n’t precisely Mr. Loyalty—he wholly left Janet Jackson to take the heat after the Super Bowl. ‘ ” [ 163 ] east ! Online besides commented “ Timberlake wasted no time placing the bulk of the blame for the incidental on Jackson. And, of course, the woman takes the blame even though the world stripped her. pathetically typical. ” [ 39 ] [ 164 ] A reporter for VH1 said “ JT still gets a side eye for leaving her out to dry. ” [ 165 ] One observer claimed “ Despite her ‘wardrobe malfunction’—for which we think Justin Timberlake was n’t punished about arsenic sternly for—Janet put on a pretty amazing show. ” [ 166 ] The New York Times noted “ [ a ] fter her right breast upstaged the Super Bowl, she was criticized by the first lady, vilified by media executives and abandoned by her co-conspirator, Justin Timberlake ; less excitable commentators suggested she was merely a astute publicity-stunt womanhood with a new album to promote. ” [ 149 ] Jackson ‘s parents, Joe and Katherine Jackson, besides expressed concern that Timberlake did not stand by Janet following the incidental, comment, “ What I did n’t like is there was n’t one person on that stage, there were two people. After a while, there was only Janet Jackson. That ‘s all there was. Janet Jackson ”, adding “ Janet do n’t [ sic ] perpetrate that thing open herself. He did it. We were surprised that they did n’t say anything to Justin about it. ” [ 167 ] Timberlake would finally be given a “ second find ”, being invited back to the Super Bowl halftime display when he was named headline act for the Super Bowl LII halftime appearance in February 2018. [ 168 ] During his performance, Timberlake again sang a dowry of “ Rock Your body ”, but stopped properly before reaching the “ Gon na have you naked by the end of this sung ” lyric, saying “ hold up ! stop ! ” and smiling, [ 169 ] as a reference to the 2004 incidental. [ 170 ] [ 171 ] On February 12, 2021, after the documentary Framing Britney Spears aired, Timberlake publicly apologized to both Britney Spears and Janet Jackson in an Instagram mail, pledging to “ take accountability ” and that “ I can do better and I will do better. ” [ 172 ]

popular polish [edit ]

Pop singer Katy Perry parodied Jackson ‘s Super Bowl incident in the music video for her single “ last Friday Night ( T.G.I.F. ) “ during a scene where Perry ‘s breast is unintentionally exposed at a school consequence. [ 173 ] Jackson ‘s incident is besides recreated in Eminem ‘s “ Ass Like That “ music television. The controversy and intimate nature surrounding Miley Cyrus ‘ performance of “ We Ca n’t Stop “ and “ Blurred Lines “ / ” Give It 2 U “ with guest artist Robin Thicke at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards was likened to Jackson ‘s performance with Timberlake at the Super Bowl consequence. [ 174 ] The condition “ wardrobe malfunction ” began to be used by diverse entertainers when describing accidental public exposures or nakedness, or revealing outfits. The term ‘s frequent usage besides led to numerous entertainment outlets compiling versatile celebrity “ wardrobe malfunctions ”, with Jackson included in the lists as the most ill-famed exemplar and originator of the term. [ 175 ] On the April 10, 2004 episode of Saturday Night Live, Janet Jackson as Condoleezza Rice is told by Darrell Hammond as Vice President Dick Cheney that she should show her front at 9/11 hearings. It appears that she did, with her breast pixellated, but NBC said Jackson was wearing a brassiere. [ 176 ] Justin Timberlake referenced the incident when ripping off separate of Kristen Wiig ‘s equip during an appearance on Saturday Night Live in 2009. [ 177 ] The Family Guy episode “ PTV “ was written as a parody of the FCC ‘s rigid measures and regulations following Jackson ‘s Super Bowl halftime picture performance controversy. [ 178 ] A scene from the episode involving the fabricated depiction of an extreme reaction to actor David Hyde Pierce having a wardrobe malfunction at the Emmy Awards was besides a diversion and reference book to the incident. [ 179 ] Jackson ‘s operation is again referenced in a brief view where Peter Griffin is dressed in Jackson ‘s Super Bowl kit and has his breast exposed by Justin Timberlake during the musical phone number “ The Freaking FCC ”. [ 180 ] The song itself was introduced when Lois called the FCC in answer to Peter ‘s television testify antics. The episode received Primetime Emmy Award and Annie Award nominations for its subjugate matter. Jackson ‘s performance besides inspired the South Park episode “ good Times with Weapons “. In the episode, the appearance ‘s creators draw care to the media and public ‘s unnecessary reaction to Jackson ‘s brief vulnerability while disregarding or accepting extreme acts of ferocity during a setting where the public is outraged when Eric Cartman is seen bare and having a “ wardrobe malfunction ” on degree, while character Butters Stotch is ignored although he is bleeding and badly hurt. several game shows have besides mentioned Jackson ‘s performance. several presenters at award shows have referenced the incident, including Anna Nicole Smith at the first annual MTV Australia Video Music Awards, Dave Chappelle at the MTV Video Music Awards, and singer Alanis Morissette at the Juno Awards, comment, “ It ‘s disturbing and curious to me to see what came of that. We ‘re all sexual beings, and if we do n’t let it out organically, we repress ourselves. If we repress anger, it turns to depression. If we repress our sex, it turns to pornography and rape. To think that the country was in an tumult because of a nipple. ” [ 123 ] [ 181 ] Comedian Russell Brand referenced the incidental when hosting the 2008 MTV Video Music Awards, saying “ I can about guarantee a Janet Jackson-style Super Bowl nip cutting. ” [ 182 ] american english knocker MC Zappa made reference to the controversy in his 2019 song “ It ‘s All A Game ” from the album of the lapp name, saying “ problems keep poppin ‘ up like a breast at the Super Bowl/They say God never give you more than you could hold ”. [ 183 ]

bequest [edit ]

The performance incidental made “ Janet Jackson ” the most search terminus, event and trope in Internet history. [ 184 ] [ 185 ] Jackson was late listed in the 2007 edition of Guinness World Records as “ Most Searched in Internet History ” and the “ Most Searched for News Item ”. [ 186 ] It besides broke the record for “ most search event over one day ”. [ 187 ] ‘Janet Jackson ‘ besides became the most search term and person for 2004 and besides of the follow year. [ 188 ] [ 189 ] It besides set a commemorate for being the most watch, recorded and replayed moment on TiVo. [ 190 ] A ship’s company representative stated “ The hearing measurement guys have never seen anything like it. The hearing chemical reaction charts looked like an electrocardiogram. ” [ 191 ] Monte Burke of Forbes magazine reported, “ [ thyroxine ] he fleeting moment enticed an estimated 35,000 new [ TiVo ] subscribers to sign up. ” [ 192 ] Janet ‘s Super Bowl halftime incident besides coined the phrase “ wardrobe malfunction ”, which was later officially added to the Webster ‘s English Dictionary in 2008. [ 193 ] In the contiguous aftermath of the incident, Entertainment Weekly stated “ Radio stations rushed to add Jackson ‘s new unmarried, “ merely a little While ” to playlists on Monday following the incidental [ … ] And USA Today reports that jewelry stores and piercing studios are seeing increased customer interest in silver sunburst-shaped nipple shields. ” [ 38 ] YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim revealed that his frustration at not being able to well find a television clip of the incident provided the inspiration for the creation of YouTube, and belated of Vevo. [ 194 ] The plunge of Facebook commenced three days following the incident, in a likely undertake to capitalize on its publicity through social network. [ 24 ] Rolling Stone stated Jackson ‘s Super Bowl operation “ is army for the liberation of rwanda and away the most celebrated moment in the history of the Super Bowl halftime appearance ”. [ 195 ] PopCrush called the performance “ one of the most shock moments in pop culture ” adenine well as a “ wholly unexpected and unforgettable moment ”. [ 196 ] Gawker ranked the performance among the most recent of the “ 10 Shows that Advanced Sex on Television ”, commenting the set “ had all the elements of a huge story ” and “ within seconds the world searched furtively for pictures ”, concluding “ it remains therefore omnipresent, it ‘s impossible to look at a starburst nipple carapace without thinking “ Janet Jackson ” ”. [ 197 ] E! Online ranked it among the top ten most shock celebrity moments of the prior two decades. [ 164 ] A study of television receiver ‘s most impactful moments of the last 50 years conducted by Sony Electronics and the Nielsen Television Research Company ranked Jackson ‘s Super Bowl performance at # 26. The incidental was the entirely Super Bowl event on the list and the highest music and entertainment event aside from the death of Whitney Houston. [ 198 ] TV Guide Network ranked it at # 2 in a 2010 especial listing the “ 25 Biggest television receiver Blunders ”. [ 199 ] Complex stated “ It ‘s the Citizen Kane of televised nip-slips—so unexpected, and on such a large stage, that nothing else will ever come close. If Beyoncé were to whip out both breasts and put on a creature usher with them when she performs this year in New Orleans, it would rate as precisely the moment most disgraceful Super Boob display. Janet ‘s queerly ornamented correctly nipple is a living caption, and therefore is Justin Timberlake ‘s panicky reaction. ” [ 200 ] Music channel Fuse listed it as the most controversial Super Bowl halftime indicate, saying the “ revealing operation remains ( and will forever stay ) the craziest thing to ever happen at a halftime show. Almost immediately after the incident, the FCC received a deluge of complaints from parents who equitable wanted their children to enjoy a nice, wholesome three hours of grow men inflicting damage and durable annoyance on each early for sport. halftime shows would never be the same. ” [ 201 ] Patrick Gipson of Bleacher Report ranked it as # 1 in its list of the most “ Jaw Dropping Moments of the last Decade ”, stating Janet “ changed the landscape of live television forever ”. Gipson explained “ It prompted a million mothers to cover their childrens ‘ eyes, fathers and sons to jump out of their seats in shock absorber and numerous sanctions by the Federal Communications Commission, including a US $ 550,000 fine against CBS. Talk about a halftime show that will be hard to top. ” [ 202 ] The incident was besides declared “ the most memorable Super Bowl halftime show in history ”, equally well as “ the most controversial ”, adding “ you ca n’t talk about this halftime read, or any subsequent halftime show from here to eternity, without mentioning the wardrobe malfunction ”. [ 203 ] New York City-based production studio apartment Left/Right began developing a documentary on the incident with The New York Times, with FX and sister avail Hulu stated to be carrying it on analogue television receiver and streaming respectively, soon after the four entities collaborated on Framing Britney Spears. [ 204 ] The documentary, Malfunction: The Dressing Down of Janet Jackson, premiered on November 19, 2021, nine months after Framing Britney Spears. [ 205 ]

References [edit ]

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