Music recording certification is a arrangement of certifying that a music read has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. The threshold quantity varies by type ( such as album, single, music video ) and by nation or territory ( understand list of music recording certifications ). about all countries follow variations of the RIAA documentation categories, which are named after precious materials ( gold, platinum and diamond ).
The threshold required for these awards depends upon the population of the district where the recording is released. typically, they are awarded only to international releases and are awarded individually for each nation where the album is sold. different sales levels, some possibly 10 times greater than others, may exist for different music media ( for example : video versus albums, singles, or music download ) .
history [edit ]
The original gold and flatware record awards were presented to artists by their own record companies to publicize their sales achievements. The first base silver disk was awarded by Regal Zonophone to George Formby in December 1937 for sales of 100,000 copies of “ The Window Cleaner “. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] The first gold disk was awarded by RCA Victor ( under division imprint Bluebird Records ) to Glenn Miller and His Orchestra in February 1942, celebrating the sale of 1.2 million copies of the single, “ Chattanooga Choo Choo “. Another exemplar of a company award is the gold record awarded to Elvis Presley in 1956 for one million units sold of his single “ Do n’t Be Cruel “ or Decca ’ s gold record to Jerry Lewis for “ Rock-a-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody “. The beginning gold criminal record for an LP was awarded by RCA Victor to Harry Belafonte in 1957 for the album Calypso ( 1956 ), the first album to sell over 1,000,000 copies in RCA ‘s calculate. At the industry charge, in 1958 the Recording Industry Association of America introduced its gold commemorate award program for records of any kind, albums or singles, which achieved one million dollars in retail sales. These sales were restricted to U.S.-based record companies and did not include exports to early countries. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] For albums in 1968, this would mean shipping approximately 250,000 units ; for singles the issue would be higher ascribable to their lower retail monetary value. [ 4 ] The platinum certificate was introduced in 1976 for the sale of one million units for albums and two million for singles, with the gold certificate redefined to mean sales of 500,000 units for albums and one million for singles. [ 5 ] No album was certified platinum prior to this year. For case, the recording by Van Cliburn of the Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto from 1958 would finally be awarded a platinum citation, but this would not happen until two decades after its free. In 1999, the diamond certification was introduced for sales of ten million units. In the late 1980s, the certificate thresholds for singles were dropped to match that of albums. [ 5 ]
RIAA certification [edit ]
The first official appellation of a “ gold record ” by the Recording Industry Association of America ( RIAA ) was established for singles in 1958, and the RIAA besides trademarked the term “ gold record ” in the United States. On 14 March 1958, the RIAA certified its foremost amber record, Perry Como ‘s hit individual “ Catch a Falling Star “. The Oklahoma! soundtrack was certified as the first aureate album four months late. In 1976, RIAA introduced the platinum certificate, beginning awarded to the Eagles compilation album Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) on 24 February 1976, [ 6 ] and to Johnnie Taylor ‘s single “ Disco Lady “ on 22 April 1976. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] As music sales increased with the insertion of compact phonograph record, the RIAA created the Multi-Platinum award in 1984. diamond awards, honoring those artists whose sales of singles or albums reached 10,000,000 copies, were introduced in 1999. [ 9 ] In the twentieth hundred, and for a part of the first decade of the 21st, it was coarse for distributors to claim certifications based on their shipments – wholesale to retail outlets – which led to many certifications which outstripped the actual concluding retail sales figures. This became much less common once the majority of retail sales became pay up digital downloads and digital streaming. [ 10 ]
Digital media certification [edit ]
In most countries, certifications no long apply entirely to physical media but now besides include sales awards recognizing digital downloads ( in the US and UK since 2004 ). [ 11 ] In June 2006, the RIAA besides certified the ringtone download of songs. Streaming from on-demand services such as Apple Music, Spotify, Tidal and Napster has been included into existing digital certification in the US since 2013, and the UK and Germany since 2014. In the US and Germany, video streaming services like YouTube, VEVO, and Yahoo ! Music besides began to be counted towards the authentication, in both cases using the formula of 100 streams being equivalent to one download. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] other countries, such as Denmark and Spain, maintain separate awards for digital download singles and streaming. [ 15 ] [ 16 ]
IFPI documentation [edit ]
The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry ( IFPI ) was founded in 1996, and grants the IFPI Platinum Europe Award for album sales over one million within Europe and ( as of October 2009 ) the Middle East. Multi-platinum Europe Awards are presented for sales in subsequent multiples of one million. Eligibility is unaffected by time ( from date of unblock ), and is not restricted to European-based artists .
IMPALA certification [edit ]
The Independent Music Companies Association ( IMPALA ) was founded in April 2000 to grow the independent music sector and promote independent music in the interests of artistic, entrepreneurial and cultural diversity. IMPALA launched sales awards in 2005 as the first sales awards recognising that success on a pan-European basis begins well before sales reach one million. The award levels are Silver ( 20,000+ ), double Silver ( 40,000+ ), Gold ( 75,000+ ), Double Gold ( 150,000+ ), Diamond ( 200,000+ ), Platinum ( 400,000+ ) and double Platinum ( 800,000+ ).
certificate thresholds [edit ]
How the West Was Won. In Ireland, a recording must sell 15,000 units to be certified platinum. platinum record awarded to De Dannan by the Irish Recorded Music Association for their 1999 album. In Ireland, a record must sell 15,000 units to be certified platinum. Below are certificate thresholds for the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and France. The numbers in the tables are in terms of “ units ”, where a unit represents one sale or one cargo of a given medium. certification is much awarded cumulatively, and it is potential for a single album to be certified silver, gold, and platinum in turn. An album that becomes Platinum twice over, for example, an album which has sold 2,000,000 copies in the United States, is said to be “ Double-Platinum ”, or sometimes “ Multi-Platinum ”. Since 2013 in the U.S., [ 13 ] and 2014 in the UK [ 17 ] and Germany, [ 18 ] streaming of songs counts towards certificate of singles with 150 streams being the equivalent of 1 unit sold. [ 17 ] [ 19 ] Since February 2016, RIAA includes on-demand sound recording and video streams and a track sale equivalent in Gold and Platinum Album Award. The broadcast will count both sales and streams for single and album certifications. [ 20 ]
manufacture of awards [edit ]
The plaques themselves contain versatile items under the glass. modern awards often use CDs rather of records. Most gold and platinum records are actually vinyl records which have been vacuum metallized and tinted, while trimmed and plated metal “ masters ”, “ mothers ”, or “ stampers ” ( alloy parts used for pressing records out of vinyl ) were initially used. The music in the grooves on the phonograph record may not match the actual commemorate being awarded. [ 26 ] Individual plaque-makers produced their awards according to available materials and techniques employed by their graphic arts departments. The plaques, depending on size and elaborateness of design, price anywhere between US $ 135 and $ 275, most often regulate and purchased by the record label that issued the original read .