Roc-A-Fella Records – Wikipedia

Roc-A-Fella Records was an american hep hop commemorate pronounce founded by rapper/entrepreneur Shawn “ Jay-Z ” Carter, Damon “ Dame ” Dash, and Kareem “ Biggs ” Burke in 1995 .

history [edit ]

1995–2000 : geological formation and early years [edit ]

The foundation of the label ( which is a pun on the name of american occupation baron John D. Rockefeller ) occurred in 1995, beginning as an independent release for rapper Jay-Z ‘s 1st album. After being turned toss off by several major labels, Carter, Dash and Burke started their own label through Priority, using money from the music video recording provided by Payday due to their singles lone softwood. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Though Reasonable Doubt did n’t immediately attain commercial success, it spawned several hits, and procured Jay-Z a repute in the hip-hop community. Starting out as Roc-A-Fella ‘s lone artist, Jay-Z was supported by The Notorious B.I.G. ‘s producer DJ Clark Kent and DJ Ski, who was then working with Camp Lo ; affiliated rappers, Sauce Money, Jaz-O, and a young Memphis Bleek, though only Bleek would finally sign with the label. According to Dame, the label had intended on releasing Nas ‘ group The Firm, but the deal fell through :

Nas and AZ was supposed to be on ‘Bring it On, ‘ they kept not showing up. That ‘s when we wanted to put out the fast. They did n’t show up. We was meeting and they was saying, ‘Yeah, ‘ but they was n’t showing up. We would be waiting and we would be getting offended. So we brought Sauce [ Money ] and [ Big ] Jaz on the song .Dame Dash, MTV News[3]

The snub, and a sample clearance offspring with the Nas-sampling Reasonable Doubt song “ dead Presidents II, ” were elements that contributed to tension between Jay-Z and Nas. In 1997, Roc-A-Fella agreed to a 50/50 partnership and distribution cope with Def Jam. As such, the alone release in 1997 was Jay-Z ‘s second album, In My Lifetime, Vol. 1, but the label and its front man artist saw increasing popularity, chiefly due to a high-profile appearance by Jay on B.I.G. ‘s posthumous Life After Death, complete with Roc-A-Fella and Damon Dash references. While Memphis Bleek signed with the Roc, Sauce Money chose to pursue a deal with Priority, and Jaz refrained from signing anywhere and provided production for only one song on Vol. 1, “ Rap Game/Crack Game. ” In 1998, Roc-A-Fella Records released the movie Streets Is Watching and the accompanying soundtrack ; the film compiles assorted Jay-Z video recording into a continuous history, and the album introduced more affiliate, future Roc-A-Fella Records signees Noreaga, M.O.P., and DJ Clue, adenine well as producer Irv Gotti and the ephemeral group, Murder Inc. ( namesake of Irv ‘s record label, Murder Inc. ).

Jay ‘s 1998 album, Vol. 2… Hard Knock Life, saw him largely depart from his previous cortege and venture away with producers Swizz Beatz, Timbaland, The 45 King and Jermaine Dupri. Vol. 2 spawned his first major hit, “ Hard Knock Life ”, and became the label ‘s first Platinum-RIAA certifiable release ; it was the last Roc-A-Fella unblock to see appearances by Jaz-O or Sauce Money, and the beginning to feature new Roc artists Beanie Sigel and Amil. DJ Clue released the 1st of his collaboration-album-style series in The Professional, which saw the foremost Roc-A-Fella appearance of Cam’ron ; meanwhile, DJ Ski had, at the clock time, formed the production caller Roc-A-Blok, although the company folded when Ski moved out of New York to take a respite from music. [ 4 ] Though Da Ranjahz put in appearances on Memphis Bleek ‘s 1st album, Coming of Age, in 1999, they soon parted ways with Roc-A-Fella. Jay-Z ‘s 1999 album Vol. 3… Life and Times of S. Carter continued Jay ‘s new affiliations with then-popular producers ; in 2000, the label saw a redefinition in both audio and roll. Jay-Z put out The Dynasty: Roc La Familia as a solo album. originally intended to be a collaboration project, it however featured heavy appearances by Beanie Sigel, Amil, and Memphis Bleek, along with a Philly rapper Freeway guest topographic point that led to him being signed to Roc-A-Fella. Rather than return to Timbaland or Swizz Beatz for product, Jay selected beats from a fresh crop of producers : Kanye West, Bink, The Neptunes and Just Blaze. Each beat-smith would go on to become systematically involved in future Roc-A-Fella projects .

2000–2005 : bulge and split [edit ]

The newfangled millennium saw Roc-A-Fella begin to expand beyond one front man artist. Although Jay-Z remained the label ‘s outstanding image—with the acclaim [ 5 ] free of The Blueprint and the close up of his trial for the 1999 jab of producer Lance Rivera [ 6 ] —other Roc artists began to gain popularity and toleration. In 2000, Beanie Sigel released The Truth and reached # 5 on the Billboard charts, DJ Clue released The Professional 2, and Memphis Bleek released The Understanding. Although Clue and Beans ‘s albums hit the top five on the Billboard charts, Bleek ‘s album was in the top twenty. Nonetheless, all three albums were certified Gold by the RIAA. Amil ‘s album, however, had lackluster sales. Jay-Z and Damon Dash began signing up raw endowment, including Cam’ron, Freeway, and respective young Philadelphia rappers that were by and by compiled into the Freeway/Sigel-led group, State Property. During this time, Jay-Z and Beanie Sigel were embroiled in a feud with Ruff Ryders artists Jadakiss and DMX. Disses binding and forth between Jay-Z and Jadakiss implied a conflict between Jay and former groupmate DMX, led to a full-on war of words between Sigel and Kiss, and finally culminated in a diss by Beanie Sigel over Jada ‘s hit “ Put Your Hands Up, ” after which the competition faded. [ 7 ] Cam’ron put out his Roc-A-Fella debut Come Home with Me in 2002 to Platinum-RIAA certified condition, and concisely after signed his group The Diplomats to Roc-A-Fella, a well. From 2002 to 2003, Damon Dash signed several artists in reply to Jay-Z ‘s talk of retirement after his 2002 album The Blueprint2: The Gift & The Curse. He signed M.O.P. and Ol ‘ Dirty Bastard, gave Grafh a joint-venture share, and attempted to sign Twista and Joe Budden. Roc-A-Fella experienced its height in product releases and overall popularity as a trade name name during this period, seeing the release of State Property ‘s Chain Gang albums, Juelz Santana ‘s From Me to U, Freeway ‘s debut Philadelphia Freeway, The Diplomats ‘ group introduction album Diplomatic Immunity, Memphis Bleek ‘s M.A.D.E. and Jay-Z ‘s allege final album, The Black Album. Rumors of clash between Carter and Dash became apparent ; though denied by both camps at the time, problems involving Damon ‘s media attention and Jay ‘s alleged inaccessibility had been brewing since the music television shoot for “ Big Pimpin ‘ “. After Jay-Z ‘s supposed last hurrah, it was revealed that he had accepted a position as CEO and President of Def Jam Recordings, and The Island Def Jam Music Group purchased the remaining 50 percentage stake of Roc-A-Fella Records that IDJ did n’t already own. Dash, poised to take greater manipulate in the company, began heavily promoting artists Cam’ron, The Diplomats, State Property, Kanye West, and Twista. In 2004, Kanye West ‘s album, The College Dropout, became a huge commercial and critical success, selling multi-Platinum-RIAA license sales, and Foxy Brown was signed and began work on her album, Black Rose. The ill-famed ‘split ‘ between Dash, Carter, and Burke occurred when it was revealed the trio had sold their 50 % interest in Roc-A-Fella to The Island Def Jam Music Group, making the label full owners. As President, Carter retained command of the Roc and his masters, ousting his 2 former partners. He later explained that he had offered to turn down the military position and ownership for the masters to Reasonable Doubt alone :

then I was like, let me get Reasonable Doubt and I ‘ll give up [ the rest of ] my masters. I ‘ll give up Roc-A-Fella, I ‘ll give up president of the united states and CEO of Def Jam—everything. Just give me my pamper to hold on to so 10 years down the note, I can look back and I got something—I ‘m not empty-handed. And I was the 1 being offered everything. I thought it was more than fair … And when that was turned down, I had to make a choice. I ‘ll leave that for the people to say what option they would ‘ve made. That ‘s about it. I do n’t in truth wan na talk about Dame or Biggs. I do n’t have nothing damaging to say about them. — Jay-Z, XXL

As Dash and Burke set up their own newcomer record label, in the first place called Roc4life and late rechristened to Dame Dash Music Group, each artist was offered their option of labels. The Diplomats were the first to make the affect to Dame Dash Music Group, and began a public political campaign against Jay-Z, dissing him in songs and interviews, backed heavy by Dame ; Cam’ron was particularly outspoken, claiming Jay-Z blocked him from an executive placement Dash had offered him at Roc-A-Fella. [ 8 ] Beanie Sigel, then doing a class ‘s captivity on an attempted mangle commit, put out his album The B.Coming on Dame Dash and Roc-A-Fella ; this was accompanied by accusations from Dash that of all the members of State Property, only Oschino had gone to visit Sigel in prison. Though Beanie had initially chosen Dame Dash Music Group, the perch of the group refused, preferring to remain on Roc-A-Fella Records ; in response, Beanie Sigel efficaciously put the group on defend, claiming disappointment in his groupmates. [ 9 ] M.O.P. and Grafh besides left Roc-A-Fella for Dame Dash, though both acts parted ways with Dash soon thereafter. Due to the 2004 death of Ol ‘ Dirty Bastard, Dash besides brought with him masters of the knocker ‘s plan and promises to release the album, A Son Unique, though this never occurred. Memphis Bleek and Kanye West released 534 and Late Registration, respectively, in 2005, along with the Young Gunz ‘ sophomore effort and Teairra Mari ‘s debut, though lone Kanye West ‘s project saw significant reviews or sales. It was stated by Memphis Bleek that Cory Gunz had signed, but nothing materialized. By the end of the year, Dash had split his label from Def Jam and Jay-Z ‘s role overseeing his project, after asking for more money and a bigger function in the company. Dame Dash left Def Jam and was subsequently dissolved.

2006–2009 : roc Redefinition and passing of Jay-Z [edit ]

In 2006, releases were largely limited to those of Roc-La-Familia, a Latino-geared label under Roc-A-Fella that followed the tendency of Reggaeton. Hector “ El Father ” and N.O.R.E. both put out albums, and the label was home to New York knocker Tru Life, but has since folded. Jay-Z made his return that class with Kingdom Come, to mix reviews. He stepped down from his Def Jam position and put out a second album in 2007, American Gangster, to more cocksure reviews and sales, along with Kanye West ‘s Graduation, Beanie Sigel ‘s The Solution, and Freeway ‘s Free at Last ; Kanye West ‘s album sold multi-platinum to rave reviews. Freeway ‘s project received acclaim but not major sales, and contained comments aimed at Kanye West and Just Blaze for not supplying production. [ 10 ] He late amended his comments, stating he desired to work with Just Blaze but the producer has n’t reached out. [ 10 ] This may have been due to Just Blaze ‘s work on American Gangster and complications regarding his Atlantic -distributed pronounce, Fort Knocks, and his artist Saigon. The sign of Ruff Ryders artist Jadakiss, early rival to both Jay-Z and Beanie Sigel, besides came in 2007, as did Uncle Murda. Foxy Brown was dropped from the pronounce after 2 years, in abstemious of a jail sentence. Though Young Chris and Peedi Crakk continued to appear on projects, neither seemed any close to solo projects, and in 2008 Peedi Crakk announced that State Property had been dropped from the label. [ 11 ] This was countered by Beanie Sigel ‘s director, who confirmed that Beanie Sigel and Freeway were even part of Roc-A-Fella. [ 12 ] Young Chris besides apparently signed as a solo artist. 2008 saw only the turn of Kanye West ‘s 808’s & Heartbreak, garnering decent sales. It besides brought repeated disses in songs and interviews from Peedi Crakk towards Jay-Z, claiming he held up his project on purpose, [ 13 ] though he claims to have moved on. During that class, Jay-Z had inked a $ 150 million distribute with Live state that included concerts, endorsements and recordings, and included a platform for him to launch his Roc Nation label. [ 14 ] Uncle Murda left the label after a year and a half with no release, citing lack of executive matter to after Jay-Z ‘s exodus from parent label Def Jam. [ 15 ] In March 2009, Freeway procured his dismissal from Def Jam, claiming a need to explore his options ; [ 16 ] curtly, he announced his sign to Ca $ hydrogen Money, while stating he would always respect Roc-A-Fella. [ 17 ] Longtime signee Memphis Bleek besides reported his passing from Def Jam, deciding not to travel to Roc Nation in favor of starting his own record label, but he is still very conclusion with Roc-A-Fella. [ 18 ] Additionally, Tru Life has been referred to as a “ 1 time [ or past ] consort ” of Roc-A-Fella upon his turning himself in to authorities for his connection to a retaliatory jab. [ 19 ] On May 21, 2009, Jay-Z had bought back his contract from Def Jam for an unprecedented $ 5,000,000 and started his deal with Live Nation .

2010–2013 : final examination years and TufAmerica vs. Roc-A-Fella [edit ]

Jadakiss concisely moved to Roc-A-Fella and released an album The Last Kiss before reuniting with Ruff Ryders. [ 20 ] On May 3, 2010, Damon Dash relaunched Roc-A-Fella after closely a year of inactivity with his 1st artist being erstwhile Young Money rapper Curren $ y. [ 21 ] Curren $ y ‘s third album, Pilot Talk, was to be released under the newly relaunched Roc-A-Fella [ 22 ] however, Curren $ y stated in interviews with both XXL and Complex that the album would be released under Damon Dash ‘s DD172 record tag class, BluRoc Records [ 23 ] [ 24 ] [ 25 ] and distributed through Def Jam. On August 8, 2011, Jay-Z and Kanye West, released a collaborative album titled Watch the Throne, it was late revealed that Jay-Z was part of a short relaunched Roc-A-Fella, as the album was released on Roc-A-Fella, Roc Nation and Def Jam. In September 2012 Tuff City, a record company ; filed a lawsuit on the grounds of copyright violation by Roc-A-Fella, seeking undisclosed damages. [ 26 ] The charge filed in federal court in Manhattan claims Roc-A-Fella and their parent Island Def Jam paid them a $ 62,500 license fee to sample Eddie Bo ‘s “ Hook and Sling, Part 1 ” in Kanye West ‘s “ Who Will Survive in America ?” and “ Lost in the World ”. Despite this, Tuff City says UMG and Roc-A-Fella “ failed and refused to enter into written license agreements that accounted for their multiple other uses of [ ‘Hook and Sling ‘ ] ”. [ 27 ] The unmentioned uses TufAmerica refers to are the “ Lost in the World ” video and the short film based on Kanye ‘s “ Runaway ”. Tuff City is represented by New York lawyer Kelly Talcott. [ 28 ] On June 16, 2013, Jay-Z announced with a pinch : “ VII IV XIII Roc A Fella/Roc Nation ”, hinting a possible relaunch and revival of Roc-A-Fella and a possible amalgamation with Roc Nation. however, it meant that Roc-A-Fella was only relaunched for the function of releasing his newly album, Magna Carta Holy Grail .

Subsidiaries [edit ]

ROC Films [edit ]

In 2002, Roc-A-Fella released through Lions Gate Entertainment, State Property. The movie, while not the first for Dame Dash, would be the start of ROC Films/Roc-A-Fella Films. The film studio would go on to release Paid in Full the lapp class and follow up in 2003 with Paper Soldiers and the rap sarcasm Death of a Dynasty. In 2005, the sequel to the studios debut free would hit theatres State Property 2, featuring blame stars such as Beanie Sigel and Damon Dash, who besides produced and co-created the fib. Cameo roles included musicians Kanye West, N.O.R.E, and Mariah Carey, and light colossus champion boxers Bernard Hopkins and Winky Wright. The list of films include :

Roc La Familia [edit ]

Roc-La-Familia was founded in 2005 by ( then ) Roc-A-Fella & Def Jam President/CEO Shawn Carter. This sub-label was created to focus on signing international commemorate artists .

discography [edit ]

studio apartment albums [edit ]

compilation albums [edit ]

Live albums [edit ]

References [edit ]

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