by Jonathan Miller
Singer, poet, activist, believer : few icons in the history of rock & roll have created artwork with the awareness and passion of Bono, and entirely a handful have done it as successfully. Whether preaching about “ three chords and the truth ” or donning ironic personas, the first and merely frontman for germinal Irish rock band U2 has constantly stood unambiguously for hope, religion, and love — and in therefore doing has touched millions of fans, a well as sold millions of records .
Bono was born Paul Hewson on May 10, 1960, in Dublin, Ireland. His church father Bobby, a postal worker, was Catholic, while his mother Iris was Protestant. young Paul was raised in a spiritual air, but because he came from a mix marriage he was never in full welcomed in either the Catholic or Protestant churches. This personal agreement of the religious discord in Ireland — along with the sudden death of his mother when he was 14 — were to be major influences on his songwriting in U2 ‘s early years.
The band that would become U2 formed in October 1976, after drummer Larry Mullen Jr. placed a eminence on his high school bulletin board seeking musicians for a rock group. Hewson — along with guitarist Dave Evans and bassist Adam Clayton — made the cut at the first merging in the drummer ‘s kitchen. Although he could n’t sing, Hewson ‘s commanding personality landed him the job as frontman. Bono allegedly picked up his dub from the Latin phrase Bono Vox ( “ good voice ” ), but it was initially his charismatic phase presence that helped U2 gain a reputation for live operation. U2 ‘s persistent tour agenda promptly boosted his vocal art, however, and by the time of the band ‘s innovative 1983 War release, Bono had developed a soaring tenor. Within four years it would become one of the most recognizable voices in popular music.
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In 1987, U2 rose to superstardom with The Joshua Tree and Bono was promptly placed in the center of international media care. His righteously blunt interviews — combined with a tendency to preach on stage — finally made him the aim for the press ‘ more cynical circles. After touring for over the better depart of three years at the end of the ’80s, U2 temporarily stepped out of the populace eye and disappeared to Berlin to record a newly album. The ring returned in 1991 with Achtung Baby, which represented a complete musical reinvention for U2. The industrial-influenced album was dark and sexier than former U2 albums — a change paralleled by Bono ‘s adoption of new stage presences. During the supporting Zoo TV tour, he sarcastically assumed the bright black leather persona of a archetypal rock star called the Fly and appeared during encores in America as Mirrorball Man ( a crooked televangelist ). In the rest of the global, he besides introduced the quality of Mister Macphisto ( the hellion portrayed as an aging rock deity ).
With casual help from guitarist the Edge, Bono has penned all of U2 ‘s lyrics, often favoring improper subject topic over typical rock candy & roll fare. His material has ranged from the convulsion of adolescence, to politics, to religion. Straight-up love songs are conspicuously lacking from the group ‘s inaugural four albums, and Bono did n’t fully embrace the sexual love song until he incorporated it in the shadowy textures of Achtung Baby. Bono has cited numerous influences on his lyrics, particularly his role in social projects .
Bono ‘s resume includes an exhaustive section on social activism. In 1984, he appeared on Band Aid ‘s charity recording “ Do They Know It ‘s Christmas ? ” After U2 ‘s historic Live Aid performance in 1985, he traveled to Ethiopia with his wife Ali ; there, they spent several weeks helping with an department of education and famine easing project. In 1986, U2 headlined Amnesty International ‘s conspiracy of Hope tour. Bono besides performed at 1999 ‘s net care, a concert broadcasted live over the Internet that raised money to relieve one-third earth debt, and began involving himself with more poverty-related organizations during the follow years. His adjacent extensive social campaign was Jubilee 2000, another undertaking orchestrated to cancel third base earth debt with the assistant of supports like Radiohead ‘s Thom Yorke, Live Aid organizer Bob Geldof, and producer Quincy Jones. During the Jubilee 2000 campaign, Bono spoke before the United Nations and the United States Congress and met with key figures such as Pope John Paul II and Bill Clinton. He late formed the One political campaign and continue meet with global leaders, sidestepping enthusiast politics in order to reach as many people as possible .
Bono ‘s personal life proved to be a good piece calmer than his populace character. He married longtime sweetheart Alison Stewart in 1982. They have two daughters, Jordan and Memphis Eve, and two sons, Elijah and John Abraham .