Albuquerque, New Mexico – Wikipedia

City in and count seat of Bernalillo County, New Mexico, United States
“ albuquerque ” redirects here. For other uses, see Albuquerque ( disambiguation )
City in New Mexico, United States

Albuquerque ( AL-bə-kur-kee, spanish : [ alβuˈkeɾke ] ), [ a ] abbreviated as ABQ, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico. [ 5 ] Its nicknames, The Duke City and Burque, both reference point its 1706 establish by Nuevo México governor Francisco Cuervo yttrium Valdés as La Villa de Alburquerque. Named in honor of the Viceroy of New Spain, the tenth Duke of Alburquerque, the city was an frontier settlement on El Camino Real linking Mexico City to the northernmost territories of New Spain. The 2020 census found the population of the city to be 564,559, [ 2 ] make Albuquerque the 32nd-most populous city in the United States and the fourth-largest in the Southwest. It is the principal city of the Albuquerque metropolitan area, which had 916,528 residents as of July 2020. [ 3 ]

description [edit ]

Located in north-central New Mexico, Albuquerque serves as the county seat of Bernalillo County. [ 6 ] To its east are the Sandia–Manzano Mountains, Rio Grande flows north to south through its center field, while the West Mesa and Petroglyph National Monument make up the western part of the city. Albuquerque has one of the highest elevations of any major city in the U.S., ranging from 4,900 feet ( 1,500 thousand ) above ocean charge near the Rio Grande to over 6,700 feet ( 2,000 megabyte ) in the foothill areas of Sandia Heights and Glenwood Hills. The civic vertex is found in an unexploited area within the Albuquerque Open Space ; there, the terrain rises to an elevation of approximately 6,880 feet ( 2,100 meter ), and the metropolitan area ‘s highest degree is the Sandia Mountains crown at an elevation of 10,678 feet ( 3,255 megabyte ). The economy of Albuquerque centers on science, medicine, technology, department of commerce, education, entertainment, and culture outlets. The city is home to Kirtland Air Force Base, Sandia National Laboratories, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Presbyterian Health Services, and both the University of New Mexico and Central New Mexico Community College have their main campuses in the city. Albuquerque is the focus on of the New Mexico Technology Corridor, a concentration of high-tech institutions, including the metropolitan area being the localization of Intel ‘s Fab 11X in Rio Rancho and a Facebook Data Center in Los Lunas. Albuquerque was besides the founding location of MITS and Microsoft. Film studios have a major presence in the submit of New Mexico ; for model, Netflix has a chief product hub at Albuquerque Studios. There are numerous patronize centers and malls within the city, including ABQ Uptown, Coronado, Cottonwood, Nob Hill, and Winrock. Outside city limits but surrounded by the city is the location of a horse racing track and casino called The Downs Casino and Racetrack, and the Pueblos surrounding the city feature recourse casinos, including Sandia Resort, Santa Ana Star, Isleta Resort, and Laguna Pueblo ‘s Route 66 Resort. The city hosts the International Balloon Fiesta, the universe ‘s largest gain of hot-air balloons, taking plaza every October at a venue referred to as Balloon Fiesta Park, with its 47-acre launch field. [ 7 ] Another large venue is Expo New Mexico, where other annual events are held, such as North America ‘s largest prisoner of war wow at the Gathering of Nations, a well as the New Mexico State Fair. other major venues throughout the metropolitan sphere include the National Hispanic Cultural Center, the University of New Mexico ‘s Popejoy Hall, Santa Ana Star Center, and Isleta Amphitheater. Old Town Albuquerque ‘s Plaza, Hotel, and San Felipe de Neri Church hosts traditional fiestas and events such as weddings, besides near Old Town are the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Albuquerque Museum of Art and History, indian Pueblo Cultural Center, Explora, and Albuquerque Biological Park. Located in Downtown Albuquerque are historic theaters such as the KiMo Theater, and near the Civic Plaza is the Al Hurricane Pavilion and Albuquerque Convention Center with its Kiva Auditorium. Due to its population size, the metropolitan area regularly receives most national and external music concerts, Broadway shows, and other big traveling events, adenine well as New Mexico music, and other local music performances. similarly, due to the metropolitan size, it is home to a diverse restaurant scene from versatile ball-shaped cuisines and the country ‘s distinct New Mexican cuisine. Being the stress of the Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District gives an agricultural contrast along acequias to the otherwise heavy urban sic of the city. Crops such as New Mexico chili are grown along the entire Rio Grande ; the crimson or green chili pepper is a staple of the aforesaid New Mexican cuisine. The Albuquerque metro is a major subscriber of the Middle Rio Grande Valley AVA with New Mexico wine produced at respective vineyards, it is besides home to several New Mexican breweries. The river besides provides deal access with the Mesilla Valley ( containing Las Cruces, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas ) region to the south, with its Mesilla Valley AVA and the adjacent Hatch Valley which is well known for its New Mexico chili peppers. Since the city ‘s establish, it has continued to be included on locomotion and trade routes including Santa Fe Railway ( ATSF ), Route 66, Interstate 25, Interstate 40, and the Albuquerque International Sunport. [ 8 ] [ 9 ]

history [edit ]

Petroglyphs carved into basalt in the westerly separate of the city bear testimony to an early native american english presence in the area, immediately preserved in the Petroglyph National Monument. The Tanoan and Keresan peoples had lived along the Rio Grande for centuries before european settlers arrived in what is now Albuquerque. By the 1500s, there were about 20 Tiwa pueblo along a 60-mile ( 97 kilometer ) stretch of river from contemporary Algodones to the Rio Puerco concourse south of Belen. Of these, 12 or 13 were densely clustered near contemporary Bernalillo and the remainder were spread out to the south. [ 10 ] Two Tiwa pueblos lie specifically on the outskirts of the contemporary city, both of which have been endlessly inhabited for many centuries : Sandia Pueblo, which was founded in the fourteenth century, [ 11 ] and the Pueblo of Isleta, for which written records go back to the early seventeenth century, when it was chosen as the site of the San Agustín de la Isleta Mission, a Catholic mission. The Navajo, Apache, and Comanche peoples were besides likely to have set camps in the Albuquerque area, as there is evidence of trade and cultural exchange between the unlike native american groups going back centuries before european arrival. [ 12 ]
Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as an frontier settlement as La Villa de Alburquerque by Francisco Cuervo y Valdés in the provincial kingdom of Santa Fe de Nuevo México [ 13 ] and named after the Viceroy Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 10th duke of Alburquerque, which is from a town in Spain. Albuquerque was a farm and shepherding community and strategically located trade and military frontier settlement along the Camino Real, for the other already established for the Tiquex and Hispano towns in the area, such as Barelas, Corrales, Isleta Pueblo, Los Ranchos, and Sandia Pueblo. [ 14 ] After 1821, Mexico besides had a military presence there. The township of Alburquerque was built in the traditional spanish villa convention : a central plaza surrounded by government buildings, homes, and a church. This cardinal plaza sphere has been preserved and is open to the public as a cultural area and center of commerce. It is referred to as “ Old Town Albuquerque “ or plainly “ Old Town ”. Historically it was sometimes referred to as “ La Placita ” ( Little Plaza in spanish ). On the north side of Old Town Plaza is San Felipe de Neri Church. Built in 1793, it is one of the oldest surviving buildings in the city. [ 15 ] After the New Mexico Territory became a part of the United States, Albuquerque had a federal garrison and quartermaster terminal, the Post of Albuquerque, from 1846 to 1867. In Beyond the Mississippi ( 1867 ), Albert D. Richardson, traveling to California via coach, passed through Albuquerque in late October 1859—its population was 3,000 at the time—and described it as “ one of the richest and pleasant towns, with a spanish cathedral and other buildings more than two hundred years old. ” [ 16 ] During the Civil War, Albuquerque was occupied for a calendar month in February 1862 by Confederate troops under General Henry Hopkins Sibley, who soon afterwards advanced with his main consistency into northern New Mexico. During his retreat from Union troops into Texas he made a stand on April 8, 1862, at Albuquerque and fought the Battle of Albuquerque against a detachment of Union soldiers commanded by Colonel Edward R. S. Canby. This daylong engagement at long range led to few casualties, as the citizens of Albuquerque aided the Republican Union to rid the city of the occupying Confederate troops .
Downtown Albuquerque in the 1880s When the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad arrived in 1880, it bypassed the Plaza, locating the passenger storehouse and railyards about 2 miles ( 3 kilometer ) east in what promptly became known as New Albuquerque or New Town. The railroad track company built a hospital for its workers that was belated a juvenile psychiatric facility and has now been converted to a hotel. [ 17 ] many Anglo merchants, batch men, and settlers lento filtered into Albuquerque, creating a major mercantile commercial center which is now Downtown Albuquerque. From this commercial focus on on July 4, 1882, Park Van Tassel became the first to fly a balloon in Albuquerque with a land at Old Town. [ 18 ] This was besides the inaugural flight in the New Mexico Territory. Due to a rising rate of violent crime, gunman Milt Yarberry was appointed the township ‘s inaugural mobilize that class. New Albuquerque was incorporated as a township in 1885, with Henry N. Jaffa its foremost mayor. It was incorporated as a city in 1891. [ 19 ] : 232–233 Old Town remained a freestanding community until the 1920s when it was absorbed by Albuquerque. Old Albuquerque High School, the city ‘s first public high school, was established in 1879. Congregation Albert, a Reform synagogue established in 1897, is the oldest continuing jewish organization in the city. [ 20 ] Old Albuquerque High, built in 1914 (Victorian and Gothic styles were used in the late 19th and early 20th centuries) By 1900, Albuquerque boasted a population of 8,000 inhabitants and all the mod amenities, including an electric street railroad track connecting Old Town, New Town, and the recently established University of New Mexico campus on the East Mesa. In 1902, the celebrated Alvarado Hotel was built adjacent to the new passenger storehouse, and it remained a symbol of the city until it was razed in 1970 to make board for a park draw. In 2002, the Alvarado Transportation Center was built on the locate in a manner resembling the old landmark. The large metro station functions as the business district headquarter for the city ‘s transit department. It besides serves as an intermodal hub for local buses, Greyhound buses, Amtrak passenger trains, and the Rail Runner commuter rail line. New Mexico ‘s dry climate brought many tuberculosis patients to the city in search of a bring around during the early twentieth hundred, and several sanitaria sprang up on the West Mesa to serve them. presbyterian hospital and St. Joseph Hospital, two of the largest hospitals in the Southwest, had their beginnings during this period. influential New Deal –era governor Clyde Tingley and famed Southwestern architect John Gaw Meem were among those brought to New Mexico by tuberculosis .
The McCanna–Hubbell Building, built in 1915, is one of downtown Albuquerque ‘s many historic buildings The first travelers on Route 66 appeared in Albuquerque in 1926, and before hanker, dozens of motels, restaurants, and endowment shops had sprung up along the wayside to serve them. Route 66 primitively ran through the city on a north–south alignment along Fourth Street, but in 1937 it was realigned along Central Avenue, a more conduct east–west route. The intersection of Fourth and Central downtown was the principal crossroads of the city for decades. The majority of the surviving structures from the Route 66 earned run average are on Central, though there are besides some on Fourth. Signs between Bernalillo and Los Lunas along the old route immediately have brown, historical highway markers denoting it as Pre-1937 Route 66. The constitution of Kirtland Air Force Base in 1939, Sandia Base in the early 1940s, and Sandia National Laboratories in 1949, would make Albuquerque a key player of the Atomic Age. meanwhile, the city continued to expand outward into the Northeast Heights, reaching a population of 201,189 by 1960. In 1990, it was 384,736 and in 2007 it was 518,271. In June 2007, Albuquerque was listed as the sixth fastest-growing city in the United States. [ 21 ] In 1990, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Albuquerque ‘s population as 34.5 % Hispanic and 58.3 % non-Hispanic white. [ 22 ] On April 11, 1950, a USAF B-29 bomber carrying a nuclear weapon crashed into a batch near Manzano Base. [ 23 ] On May 22, 1957, a B-36 by chance dropped a Mark 17 nuclear fail 4.5 miles from the control column while landing at Kirtland Air Force Base. only the conventional trip detonated, the bomb being unarmed. These incidents were classified for decades. [ 24 ] Albuquerque ‘s business district entered the same phase and growth ( worsen, “ urban renewal “ with continue decline, and gentrification ) as about every city across the United States. As Albuquerque spread outward, the business district area fell into a descent. many historic buildings were razed in the 1960s and 1970s to make manner for new plaza, high-rises, and parking lots as separate of the city ‘s urban renewal phase. As of 2010, only recently has Downtown Albuquerque come to regain much of its urban character, chiefly through the structure of many new loft apartment buildings and the renovation of historic structures such as the KiMo Theater, in the gentrification phase. During the twenty-first hundred, the Albuquerque population has continued to grow quickly. The population of the city proper was estimated at 528,497 in 2009, up from 448,607 in the 2000 census. [ 25 ] During 2005 and 2006, the city celebrated its tricentenary with a diverse program of cultural events. The passage of the Planned Growth Strategy in 2002–2004 was the community ‘s strongest attempt to create a framework for a more poise and sustainable approach to urban growth. [ 26 ] Urban sprawl is limited on three sides—by the Sandia Pueblo to the north, the Isleta Pueblo and Kirtland Air Force Base to the south, and the Sandia Mountains to the east. suburban growth continues at a firm pace to the west, beyond the Petroglyph National Monument, once thought to be a natural boundary to sprawl development. [ 27 ] Because of less-costly land and lower taxes, much of the growth in the metropolitan area is taking place outside of the city of Albuquerque itself. In Rio Rancho to the northwest, the communities east of the mountains, and the corporate parts of Valencia County, population increase rates approach twice that of Albuquerque. The primary cities in Valencia County are Los Lunas and Belen, both of which are home to growing industrial complexes and raw residential subdivisions. The batch towns of Tijeras, Edgewood, and Moriarty, while close enough to Albuquerque to be considered suburb, have experienced much less growth compared to Rio Rancho, Bernalillo, Los Lunas, and Belen. limited body of water supply and rugged terrain are the chief restrict factors for development in these towns. The Mid Region Council of Governments ( MRCOG ), which includes constituents from throughout the Albuquerque sphere, was formed to ensure that these governments along the middle Rio Grande would be able to meet the needs of their quickly rising populations. MRCOG ‘s cornerstone project is presently the New Mexico Rail Runner Express. In October 2013, the Albuquerque Journal reported Albuquerque as the third base best city to own an investment place. [ 28 ]

geography [edit ]

aerial position of Albuquerque forward pass position of the Rio Grande flowing through Albuquerque in 2016 According to the United States Census Bureau, Albuquerque has a total area of 189.5 square miles ( 490.9 km2 ), of which 187.7 square miles ( 486.2 km2 ) is domain and 1.8 squarely miles ( 4.7 km2 ), or 0.96 %, is water. [ 29 ] Albuquerque lies within the center of the Albuquerque Basin ecoregion, centered on the Rio Grande with its Bosque gallery forest, flanked easterly by the Sandia – Manzano Mountains and prevailing westerly by the West Mesa. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] Located in central New Mexico, the city besides has noticeable influences from the adjacent Colorado Plateau semi-desert, New Mexico Mountains forested with retem and pine, and Southwest tableland and plains steppe ecoregions, depending on where one is located .

Landforms and drain [edit ]

Albuquerque has one of the highest elevations of any major city in the United States, though the effects of this are greatly tempered by its southwesterly continental put. The acme of the city ranges from 4,900 feet ( 1,490 thousand ) above sea level near the Rio Grande ( in the Valley ) to over 6,700 feet ( 1,950 meter ) in the foothill areas of Sandia Heights and Glenwood Hills. At the airport, the elevation is 5,352 feet ( 1,631 meter ) above ocean charge. The Rio Grande is classified, like the Nile, as an “ exotic ” river. The New Mexico dowry of the Rio Grande lies within the Rio Grande Rift Valley, bordered by a system of faults, including those that lifted up the adjacent Sandia and Manzano Mountains, while lowering the sphere where the vital Rio Grande now flows .

Geology and ecology [edit ]

Albuquerque lies in the Albuquerque Basin, a assign of the Rio Grande rift. [ 32 ] The Sandia Mountains are the prevailing geographic feature visible in Albuquerque. Sandía is spanish for “ watermelon “, and is popularly believed to be a address to the brilliant coloration of the mountains at sunset : bright tap ( melon meat ) and green ( melon rind ). The pink is due to big exposures of granodiorite cliffs, and the fleeceable is due to large swaths of conifer forests. however, Robert Julyan notes in The Place Names of New Mexico, “ the most likely explanation is the one believed by the Sandia Pueblo Indians : the Spaniards, when they encountered the Pueblo in 1540, called it Sandia, because they thought the squash growing there were watermelons, and the name Sandia soon was transferred to the mountains east of the pueblo. ” [ 33 ] He besides notes that the Sandia Pueblo Indians call the mountain Bien Mur, “ big batch. ” [ 33 ] The Sandia foothills, on the west side of the mountains, have soils derived from that lapp rock candy material with varying sizes of decompose granite, blend with areas of clay and caliche ( a calcium carbonate depository common in the arid southwestern USA ), along with some exposed granite bedrock. Below the foothills, the area normally called the “ Northeast Heights ” consists of a shuffle of cadaver and caliche soils, overlaying a level of decompose granite, resulting from long-run outwash of that material from the adjacent mountains. This bajada is quite obtrusive when driving into Albuquerque from the north or confederacy, due to its fairly uniform gradient from the mountains ‘ edge downhill to the valley. Sand hills are scattered along the I-25 corridor and directly above the Rio Grande Valley, forming the lower end of the Heights. The Rio Grande Valley, due to long-run stir of the actual river transmit, contains layers and areas of soils varying between caliche, clay, loam, and even some backbone. It is the only part of Albuquerque where the water table much lies near to the come on, sometimes less than 10 feet ( 3.0 m ). The last significant area of Albuquerque geologically is the west mesa : this is the exalted bring west of the Rio Grande, including “ West Bluff ”, the flaxen terrace immediately west and above the river, and the preferably sharply defined volcanic escarpment above and west of most of the developed city. The west mesa normally has soils much referred to as “ botch sand ”, along with episodic clay and caliche and even basalt, nearing the escarpment. Scrub and mesa vegetation such as sand sagebrush ( Artemisia filifolia ), fourwing saltbush ( Atriplex canescens ), indian ricegrass ( Oryzopsis hymenoides ), sand dropseed ( Sporobolus cryptandrus ), and mesa dropseed ( Sporobolus flexuosus ) is much found in arenaceous soils. Arroyos control abandon willow ( Chilopsis linearis ) while breaks and the outstanding volcanic escarpment include threeleaf sumac with less frequent stands of oneseed retem ( Juniperus monosperma ), netleaf sugarberry ( Celtis reticulata ), mariola ( Parthenium incanum ), and beebrush or oreganillo ( Aloysia wrightii ). Isolated littleleaf sumac ( Rhus microphylla ) occurs on the hillsides above Taylor Ranch and at the Petroglyph National Monument Visitor ‘s Center. In the bosque are the synonymous Rio Grande white basswood ( Populus deltoides var. wislizeni ), coyote willow ( Salix exigua ), mesquite or screw bean ( Prosopis pubescens ), Gooding ‘s willow ( Salix goodingii ), and saint sacaton ( Sporobulus wrightii ). other trees native to the bosque include, New Mexico olive ( Forestiera pubescens var. neomexicana ), New Mexico walnut ( Juglans major ), and New Mexico ash ( Fraxinus velutina ). Non-native plants such as siberian elm, russian olive, saltcedar, mulberries, Ailanthus, and ravenna grass besides exist in big quantities. The mountainous parts of the city feature piñon ache, defect live oak ( Quercus turbinella ), gray oak ( Quercus grisea ), hairy batch mahogany ( Cercocarpus breviflorus ), oneseed juniper ( Juniperus monosperma ), piñon ( Pinus edulis ), threeleaf sumac ( Rhus trilobata ), Engelmann barbed pear ( Opuntia engelmannii ), juniper barbed pear ( Opuntia hystricina var. juniperiana ), and beargrass ( Nolina greenei, once considered Nolina texana ). native birds such as the greater roadrunner thrive in the city. other birds include the coarse raven, American crow, great-tailed grackle, Gambel ‘s and scaled flinch, respective species of hummingbirds, house finch, pigeon, mourning dive, white wing and european collared doves ( both holocene appearances ), curve-billed thrasher, pinon jay, and Cooper ‘s, Swainson ‘s, and red-tail hawk. The valley hosts sandhill cranes each winter. early fauna include reptilia and amphibia such as the southwestern argue lounge lizard and New Mexico whiptail ( Aspidoscelis neomexicanus ), the New Mexico garter hydra, the bullsnake, Woodhouse toads, New Mexico spadefoot toads, and tadpole shrimp ( “ Triops ” ). deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as arthropods like the plains cicada, vinegaroon, abandon centipede, white-lined sphynx ( hummingbird moth ), two-tailed swallow-tailed coat, fig beetle, New Mexico mantis, and harvester ant .

cityscape [edit ]

Panoramic position of the city of Albuquerque

Quadrants [edit ]

Albuquerque is geographically divided into four quadrants that are officially separate of mailing addresses. They are NE ( northeastern ), NW ( northwest ), SE ( southeast ), and SW ( southwest ). The north-south divide argumentation is central Avenue ( the path that Route 66 took through the city ), and the east-west separate line is the Rail Runner tracks .

northeast [edit ]

This quadrant has been experiencing a housing expansion since the late 1950s. It abuts the base of the Sandia Mountains and contains portions of the foothills neighborhoods, which are significantly higher, in aggrandizement and price rate, than the rest of the city. Running from Central Avenue and the railroad track tracks to the Sandia Peak Aerial Tram, this is the largest quadrant both geographically and by population. Martineztown, the University of New Mexico, the Maxwell Museum of Anthropology, Nob Hill, the Uptown area which includes three denounce malls ( Coronado Center, ABQ Uptown, and Winrock Town Center ), Hoffmantown, Journal Center, Cliff ‘s Amusement Park, and Balloon Fiesta Park are all in this quadrant. Some of the most affluent neighborhoods in the city are here, including : high Desert, Tanoan, Sandia Heights, and North Albuquerque Acres. Parts of Sandia Heights and North Albuquerque Acres are outside the city limits proper. A few houses in the farthest pass of this quadrant dwell in the Cibola National Forest, just over the line into Sandoval County .

northwestern [edit ]

This quadrant contains historic Old Town Albuquerque, which dates to the eighteenth hundred, ampere well as the indian Pueblo Cultural Center. The area has a assortment of commercial districts and low to high-income neighborhoods. Northwest Albuquerque includes the largest section of Downtown, Rio Grande Nature Center State Park and the Bosque ( “ woodlands ” ), Petroglyph National Monument, Double Eagle II Airport, the Paradise Hills region, Taylor Ranch, and Cottonwood Mall. This quadrant besides contains the North Valley liquidation, outside the city limits, which has some expensive homes and modest ranches along the Rio Grande. The city of Albuquerque engulfs the village of Los Ranchos de Albuquerque. A small part of the quickly developing area on the west side of the river confederacy of the Petroglyphs, known as the “ West Mesa “ or “ westside ”, consisting primarily of traditional residential subdivisions, besides extends into this quadrant. The city proper is bordered on the north by the North Valley, the village of Corrales, and the city of Rio Rancho .

southeast [edit ]

Kirtland Air Force Base, Sandia National Laboratories, Sandia Science & Technology Park, Albuquerque International Sunport, Eclipse Aerospace, American Society of Radiologic Technologists, Central New Mexico Community College, Albuquerque Veloport, University Stadium, Rio Grande Credit Union Field at Isotopes Park, The Pit, Mesa del Sol, The Pavilion, Albuquerque Studios, Isleta Resort & Casino, the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History, New Mexico Veterans ‘ Memorial, and Talin Market are all in the Southeast quadrant. A assign of this section of Albuquerque is known as The International District, due to the big count of immigrant communities who have settled and boom in the Southeast quadrant. The upscale vicinity of Four Hills is in the foothills of Southeast Albuquerque. other neighborhoods include Nob Hill, Ridgecrest, Willow Wood, and Volterra .

southwest [edit ]

traditionally consisting of agrarian and rural areas and suburban neighborhoods, the Southwest quadrant comprises the south-end of Downtown Albuquerque, the Barelas neighborhood, the quickly growing west english, and the community of South Valley, New Mexico, frequently called “ The South Valley ”. Although the South Valley is not within Albuquerque ‘s city limits, the quadrant extends through it all the way to the Isleta indian Reservation. Newer suburban subdivisions on the West Mesa near the southwestern city limits join homes of older structure, some dating as far binding as the 1940s. This quadrant includes the old communities of Atrisco, Los Padillas, Huning Castle, Kinney, Westgate, Westside, Alamosa, Mountainview, and Pajarito. The Bosque ( “ woodlands ” ), the National Hispanic Cultural Center, the Rio Grande Zoo, and Tingley Beach are besides here. A fresh adopted development design, the Santolina Master Plan, will extend exploitation on the west side past 118th Street SW to the border of the Rio Puerco Valley and theater 100,000 by 2050. It is ill-defined at this time whether the Santolina exploitation will be annexed by the City of Albuquerque or incorporated as its own city. [ 34 ]

climate [edit ]

Albuquerque ‘s climate is classified as a coldness semi-arid climate ( BSk ) according to one application of the Köppen climate categorization system. Its climate is classified as semi-desert warm temperate as defined by The Biota of North America Program [ 35 ] and the U.S. Geological Survey ‘s Terrestrial Ecosystems—Isobioclimates of the Conterminous United States, [ 36 ] using datasets and mapping technology such as those from the PRISM Climate Group. [ 37 ]

Climate data for Albuquerque (Albuquerque International Sunport), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1891–present[b]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
Mean maximum °F (°C) 60.9
Average high °F (°C) 48.4
Daily mean °F (°C) 37.4
Average low °F (°C) 26.4
Mean minimum °F (°C) 15.4
Record low °F (°C) −17
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.36
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.4
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.01 in ) 3.6 3.7 3.8 2.8 3.7 3.5 8.7 8.3 5.9 4.7 3.4 4.0 56.1
Average snowy days ( ≥ 0.1 in ) 1.9 1.6 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.9 2.5 8.5
Average relative humidity (%) 56.3 49.8 39.7 32.5 31.1 29.8 41.9 47.1 47.4 45.3 49.9 56.8 44.0
Average dew point °F (°C) 18.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 234.2 225.3 270.2 304.6 347.4 359.3 335.0 314.2 286.7 281.4 233.8 223.3 3,415.4
Percent possible sunshine 75 74 73 78 80 83 76 75 77 80 75 73 77
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[38][39][40]
Climate data for Albuquerque South Valley (elevation 4,955 ft (1,510.3 m), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1991–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
Average high °F (°C) 51.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 36.7
Average low °F (°C) 22.3
Record low °F (°C) −4
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.45
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.4
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.01 in ) 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.0 3.6 3.6 8.5 8.9 5.8 4.6 2.9 4.1 56.2
Average snowy days ( ≥ 0.1 in ) 1.4 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 1.3 4.9
Source: NOAA[41][42]
Climate data for Albuquerque Foothills (elevation 6,120 ft (1,865.4 m), 1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 45.2
Daily mean °F (°C) 35.4
Average low °F (°C) 25.6
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.71
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.0
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.01 in ) 5.3 5.5 5.4 4.2 5.1 4.1 11.7 10.5 7.4 5.8 4.7 5.8 75.5
Average snowy days ( ≥ 0.1 in ) 3.4 3.1 2.5 1.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.4 3.8 16.0
Source: NOAA

Albuquerque is located at the crossroads of respective ecoregions, depending on the system applied. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, [ 44 ] the city is located in the southeastern border of the Arizona/New Mexico Plateau, with the Arizona/New Mexico Mountains ecoregion defining the adjacent Sandia-Manzano mountains, including the foothills in the easterly edges of the city proper east of about Juan Tabo Boulevard. Though the city lies at the northern boundary of the Chihuahuan Desert transitioning into the Colorado Plateau, much of Albuquerque area west of the Sandia Mountains shares a alike fruitlessness, temperature regimen, and natural vegetation more with that of the Chihuahuan Desert, namely the desert grassland and sand scrub plant communities. [ 45 ] The easterly areas of the Greater Albuquerque Area, known as the East Mountain Area, lie the Southwestern Tablelands, sometimes considered a southern extension of the central high plains and northeast New Mexico highlands. To the north is the southern Rockies ecoregion in the Jemez Mountains. The modal annual haste is less than half of dehydration supporting an arid climate, and no month ‘s daily temperature mean is below freezing. The climate is quite meek compared to parts of the country further north or far confederacy. however, due to the city ‘s high elevation, low temperatures in winter much dip below freezing. Varied terrain and elevations within the city and outlying areas cause day by day temperature differentials to vary. The daily average temperatures in December and January, the coldest months, are above freezing at 36.9 °F ( 2.7 °C ) and 37.4 °F ( 3.0 °C ), respectively. Albuquerque ‘s climate is normally cheery and dry, with an average of 3,415 fair weather hours per class. [ 40 ] [ 46 ] Brilliant cheerfulness defines the region, averaging 278 days a year ; periods of variably mid and high-level cloudiness temper the sun, largely during the cool months. Extended cloudiness lasting longer than two or three days is rare. Winter typically consists of cool days and cold nights, except following passage of the strongest cold fronts and arctic airmasses when day temperatures remain colder than average ; overnight temperatures tend to fall below freezing between about 10 pm and 8 am in the city, except during cold airmasses, plus cold spots of the valley and most of the East Mountain areas. December, the coolest calendar month, averages 36.9 °F ( 2.7 °C ) ; the medial or normal cool temperature of the class is 12 °F ( −11 °C ), while the average or mean is about 11 °F ( −12 °C ). It is distinctive for daily first gear temperatures in much of December, January, and February to be below freezing, with a long-run average of 93 days per year falling to or below freeze, and two days failing to rise above freeze. [ 38 ] spring is blowy, sometimes changeable with rain, though spring is normally the driest share of the year in Albuquerque. March and April tend to experience many days with the fart blow at 20 to 30 miles per hour ( 32 to 48 kilometers per hour ), and good afternoon gusts can produce periods of blowing sandpaper and dust. In May, the winds tend to subside as a summer-like airmass and temperatures begin to occur with regularity. Summer is drawn-out and very strong to hot, relatively adequate for most people because of moo humidity and air drift. The exception is some days during the north american Monsoon, when day by day humidity remains relatively high, particularly in July and August. 2.6 days of 100 °F ( 38 °C ) or warmer highs occur annually on average, largely in June and July and rarely in August due in part to the monsoon ; an average of 64 days experience 90 °F ( 32 °C ) or warmer highs. [ 38 ] Despite the rarity of such estrus, 28 days with highs at or above 100 °F ( 38 °C ) occurred in the summer of 1980 at Albuquerque ‘s Sunport. [ 47 ] Portions of the valley and West Mesa locations experience more eminent temperatures above 90 °F ( 32 °C ) and 100 °F ( 38 °C ) as function of normal or extreme weather each summer. precipitate is by and large cool in the mornings and nights but sees less rain than summer, though the weather can be more unsettled closer to winter, as cold airmasses and weather patterns build in from the north and northwesterly with more frequency. precipitation averages 8.84 inches ( 225 millimeter ) per class. On modal, January is the driest calendar month, while July and August are the wettest months, as a solution of shower and thunderstorm activeness produced by the north american english Monsoon prevailing over the Southwestern United States. Most rain occurs during the late summer monsoon season, typically starting in early June and ending in mid-september. Albuquerque averages 7.9 inches ( 20 centimeter ) of bamboozle per winter, and experiences several accumulating bamboozle events each season. Locations in the Northeast Heights and Eastern Foothills tend to receive more snow due to each area ‘s higher elevation and proximity to the mountains. The city was one of respective in the region experiencing a austere winter storm on December 28–30, 2006, with locations in Albuquerque receiving between 10.5 and 26 inches ( 27 and 66 centimeter ) of snow. [ 48 ] More recently, a major winter storm in belated February 2015 dropped up to a foot ( 30 centimeter ) of snow on most of the city. such large snowfalls are rare occurrences during the period of record, and they greatly impact traffic motion and the work force due to their curio. The mountains and highlands east of the city create a rain shadow effect, ascribable to the dry of publicize descending the mountains ; the Sandia Mountain foothills tend to lift any available moisture, enhancing precipitation to about 10–17 inches ( 254–432 millimeter ) per annum. Traveling west, union, and east of Albuquerque, one promptly rises in acme and leaves the sheltering consequence of the valley to enter a perceptibly cooler and slenderly wet environment. One such area is considered character of Albuquerque Metropolitan Area, normally called the East Mountain sphere ; it is covered in woodlands of retem and piñon trees, a common trait of southwest uplands and the southernmost Rocky Mountains .

hydrology [edit ]

Albuquerque ‘s drink body of water comes from a combination of Rio Grande body of water ( river urine diverted from the Colorado River washbasin through the San Juan-Chama Project [ 49 ] ) and a delicate aquifer that has been described as an “ underground Lake Superior “. The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority ( ABCWUA ) has developed a water system resources management scheme that pursues conservation and the conduct extraction of water from the Rio Grande for the development of a stable metro aquifer in the future. [ 50 ] [ 51 ]
Tingley Beach in Old Town, Albuquerque, a pond in a former stream by the Rio Grande The aquifer of the Rio Puerco is excessively saline solution to be cost-effectively used for drinking. much of the rain Albuquerque receives does not recharge its aquifer. It is diverted through a network of pave channels and arroyo and empties into the Rio Grande. Of the 62,780 acre-foot ( 77,440,000 m3 ) per class of the body of water in the upper berth Colorado River basin entitled to municipalities in New Mexico by the Upper Colorado River Basin Compact, Albuquerque owns 48,200. The urine is delivered to the Rio Grande by the San Juan–Chama Project. The stick out ‘s construction was initiated by legislation signed by President John F. Kennedy in 1962, and was completed in 1971. This diversion project transports urine under the continental watershed from Navajo Lake to Lake Heron on the Rio Chama, a tributary of the Rio Grande. In the past much of this urine was resold to downstream owners in Texas. These arrangements ended in 2008 with the completion of the ABCWUA ‘s Drinking Water Supply Project. [ 52 ] The ABCWUA ‘s Drinking Water Supply Project uses a organization of adjustable-height dams to skim water from the Rio Grande into sluices that lead to water discussion facilities for mastermind conversion to drinkable water. Some water is allowed to flow through central Albuquerque, by and large to protect the endangered Rio Grande Silvery Minnow. Treated effluent water is recycled into the Rio Grande south of the city. The ABCWUA expects river urine to comprise up to seventy percentage of its water system budget in 2060. Groundwater will constitute the remainder. One of the policies of the ABCWUA ‘s strategy is the learning of extra river water. [ 51 ] [ 53 ] : policy G, 14

Demographics [edit ]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,315
1890 3,785 63.5%
1900 6,238 64.8%
1910 11,020 76.7%
1920 15,157 37.5%
1930 26,570 75.3%
1940 35,449 33.4%
1950 96,815 173.1%
1960 201,189 107.8%
1970 244,501 21.5%
1980 332,920 36.2%
1990 384,736 15.6%
2000 448,607 16.6%
2010 545,852 21.7%
2020 564,559 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[54]

White, Black, Asian, Hispanic ( of any raceway ), or Other (yellow) Map of racial distribution in Albuquerque, 2010 U.S. Census. Each department of transportation is 25 people :, or ( yellow ) As of the United States census of 2010, there were 545,852 people, 239,166 households, and 224,330 families residing in the city. [ 56 ] The population concentration was 3010.7/mi2 ( 1162.6/km2 ). There were 239,166 caparison units at an average concentration of 1,556.7 per square sea mile ( 538.2/km2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 69.7 % White ( Non-Hispanic white 42.1 % ), 4.6 % native American, 3.3 % Black or african American, 2.6 % asian, 0.1 % native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, and 4.6 % Multiracial ( two or more races ). [ 57 ] [ 58 ] The heathen makeup of the city was 46.7 % of the population being Hispanics or Latinos of any rush. [ 57 ]

There were 239,116 households, out of which 33.3 % had children under the age of 18 exist with them, 43.6 % were married couples living together, 12.9 % had a female homeowner with no husband introduce, and 38.5 % were non-families. 30.5 % of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4 % had person living entirely who was 65 years of senesce or older. The average family size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.02. The long time distribution was 24.5 % under 18, 10.6 % from 18 to 24, 30.9 % from 25 to 44, 21.9 % from 45 to 64, and 12.0 % who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females long time 18 and complete, there were 91.8 males. The medial income for a family in the city was $ 38,272, and the median income for a family was $ 46,979. Males had a medial income of $ 34,208 versus $ 26,397 for females. The per head income for the city was $ 20,884. About 10.0 % of families and 13.5 % of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4 % of those under age 18 and 8.5 % of those senesce 65 or over. It is the principal city of the Albuquerque metropolitan area, which had 923,630 residents as of July 2020. [ 3 ] The metropolitan population includes Rio Rancho, Bernalillo, Placitas, Zia Pueblo, Los Lunas, Belen, South Valley, Bosque Farms, Jemez Pueblo, Cuba, and part of Laguna Pueblo. This metro is included in the larger Albuquerque– Santa Fe – Las Vegas combined statistical area ( CSA ), with a population of 1,171,991 as of 2016. The CSA constitutes the southernmost point of the Southern Rocky Mountain Front megalopolis, including other major Rocky Mountain region cities such as Cheyenne, Wyoming, Denver, Colorado, and Colorado Springs, Colorado, with a population of 5,467,633 according to the 2010 United States Census .

religion [edit ]

The majority of the religious population in Albuquerque are Christian, [ 59 ] being a historic spanish and Mexican city, the Catholic Church is the largest christian church service in Albuquerque. The catholic population of Albuquerque is served by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Fe, whose administrative plaza is located in Albuquerque. jointly, other christian churches and organizations such as the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and others make up the second largest group in the city. Baptists form the third base largest christian group, followed by the Latter Day Saints, Pentecostals, Methodists, Presbyterians, Lutherans and Episcopalians. The second largest religious population in the city are easterly religions such as Buddhism, Sikhism, and Hinduism. [ 59 ] The Albuquerque Sikh Gurudwara and Guru Nanak Gurdwara Albuquerque serve the city ‘s Sikh populace ; the Hindu Temple Society of New Mexico serves the Hindu population ; respective Buddhist temples and centers are located in the city limits. judaism is the second-largest non-Christian religious group in Albuquerque, followed by Islam. [ 59 ] Congregation Albert is a Reform synagogue established in 1897 [ 20 ] and is the oldest continuing jewish organization in the city .

Arts and polish [edit ]

One of the major art events in the submit is the summer New Mexico Arts and Crafts Fair, a nonprofit organization show entirely for New Mexico artists and held per annum in Albuquerque since 1961. [ 60 ] [ 61 ] Albuquerque is home to over 300 other ocular arts, music, dance, literary, film, heathen, and craft organizations, museums, festivals and associations .

Points of interest [edit ]

Sandia Peak Tramway Albuquerque Botanical Gardens local museums, galleries, shops and early points of interest include the Albuquerque Biological Park, Albuquerque Museum, New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, and Old Town Albuquerque. Albuquerque ‘s exist music/performance venues include Isleta Amphitheater, Tingley Coliseum, Sunshine Theater and the KiMo Theater. New Mexican cuisine prominently features green chili, which is wide available in restaurants, including national fast-food chains. Albuquerque has an active restaurant view, and local restaurants receive statewide attention, several of them having become statewide chains. Sandia Peak Ski Area, adjacent to Albuquerque, provides both winter and summer diversion in the Sandia Mountains. It features Sandia Peak Tramway, the earth ‘s second-longest passenger aerial tramway, and the longest in the Americas. It stretches from the northeast edge of the city to Sandia Peak, the summit of the ski fall back, and has the global ‘s third-longest unmarried couple. elevation at the peak is roughly 10,300 foot ( 3,100 megabyte ) above sea level, or “ ten-three ”. A fine-dining restaurant, TEN 3 ( stylized as 10|3 ), is located at the top .

International Balloon Fiesta [edit ]

The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta takes position at Balloon Fiesta Park the first week of October. Although the global Covid-19 forced the cancellation of the 2020 consequence, The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta successfully returned in 2021. It is one of Albuquerque ‘s biggest attractions. Hundreds of hot-air balloons are seen every day, and there is live music, arts and crafts, and food. [ 62 ]

architecture [edit ]

John Gaw Meem, credited with developing and popularizing the Pueblo Revival style, was based in Santa Fe but received an important Albuquerque commission in 1933 as the architect of the University of New Mexico. He retained this commission for the next quarter-century and developed the university ‘s classifiable Southwest manner. [ 19 ] : 317 Meem besides designed the Cathedral Church of St. John in 1950. [ 63 ] Albuquerque boasts a unique night cityscape. many build exteriors are illuminated in vibrant colors such as green and blue. The Wells Fargo Building is illuminated green. The DoubleTree Hotel changes colors nightly, and the Compass Bank construct is illuminated blue. The rotunda of the county courthouse is illuminated yellow, while the tops of the Bank of Albuquerque and the Bank of the West are illuminated reddish-yellow. due to the nature of the dirt in the Rio Grande Valley, the horizon is lower than might be expected in a city of comparable size elsewhere .
Albuquerque has expanded greatly in area since the mid-1940s. During those years of expansion, the plan of the raw areas has considered that people drive rather than walk. The pre-1940s parts of Albuquerque are quite different in style and scale from the post-1940s areas. The older areas include the North Valley, the South Valley, diverse neighborhoods near downtown, and Corrales. The newer areas generally feature four- to six-lane roads in a 1 mile ( 1.61 kilometer ) grid. Each 1 feather mile ( 2.59 km2 ) is divided into four 160-acre ( 0.65 km2 ) neighborhoods by smaller roads set 0.5 miles ( 0.8 kilometer ) between major roads. When driving along major roads in the newer sections of Albuquerque, one sees denude malls, signs, and cinderblock walls. The top of this planning style is that neighborhoods are shielded from the worst of the noise and lights on the major roads. The downside is that it is virtually impossible to go anywhere without driving .

Libraries [edit ]

The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Library system consists of eighteen libraries to serve the city, including the Main Library, special Collections branch ( Old Main Library ), and Ernie Pyle branch, which is located in the former home of note war analogous Ernie Pyle. [ 64 ] The Old Main Library was the first library of Albuquerque and from 1901 until 1948 it was the only public library. The original library was donated to the state by Joshua and Sarah Raynolds. After suffering some fire damage in 1923 the city decided it was fourth dimension to construct a build up for the library to be moved to, however, by 1970 flush after additions were made the population and library needs had outgrown the build for its use as a main library and it was turned into especial Collections. The Old Main Library was recognized as a landmark in September 1979. It was not until 1974 with the apparent motion of the South Valley Library into a modern build that the Bernalillo build and administered a public library. not long after, in 1986, the Bernalillo and Albuquerque government decided that joint powers would work dependable to serve the needs of the community and created the Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Library System. [ 65 ]

Parks and diversion [edit ]

According to the Trust for Public Land, Albuquerque has 291 public parks as of 2017, most of which are administered by the city Parks and Recreation Department. The sum amount of park is 42.9 square miles ( 111 km2 ), or about 23 % of the city ‘s sum area—one of the highest percentages among large cities in the U.S. About 82 % of city residents live within walking distance of a park. Albuquerque has a botanical and zoological complex called the Albuquerque Biological Park, consisting of the Rio Grande Botanic Garden, Albuquerque Aquarium, Tingley Beach, and the Rio Grande Zoo. The City of Albuquerque besides manages four city golf courses, along with a recreational “ golf center ” as depart of Balloon Fiesta Park .

Sports [edit ]

The Albuquerque Isotopes are a minor league affiliate of the Colorado Rockies, having derived their diagnose from The Simpsons season 12 episode “ Hungry, Hungry Homer “, which involves the Springfield Isotopes baseball team considering relocating to Albuquerque. [ 66 ] On June 6, 2018, the United Soccer League announced its latest expansion club with USL New Mexico, headquartered in Albuquerque. Albuquerque is besides dwelling to Jackson-Winkeljohn gymnasium, a interracial martial arts ( MMA ) gymnasium. several MMA universe champions and fighters, including Holly Holm and Jon Jones, train in that facility. [ 67 ] [ 68 ] Roller sports are finding a home in Albuquerque as they hosted USARS Championships in 2015, [ 69 ] and are home to Roller field hockey, [ 70 ] and Roller Derby teams. [ 71 ]

Government and politics [edit ]

Albuquerque registered voters as of July 2016[72]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 123,594 40.03%
Republican 104,662 34.13%
Unaffiliated and third party 78,404 25.57%

Albuquerque is a charter city. [ 73 ] [ 74 ] City government is divided into an executive branch, headed by a mayor [ 73 ] : V and a nine-member council that holds the legislative authority. [ 73 ] : IV The shape of city government is therefore mayor-council government. The mayor is Tim Keller a erstwhile country auditor and senator, who was elected in 2017. The Mayor of Albuquerque holds a full-time yield elected position with a four-year term. [ 75 ] Albuquerque City Council members hold half-time paid positions and are elected from the nine districts for four-year terms, with four or five Councilors elected every two years. [ 76 ] Elections for mayor and Councilor are nonpartisan. [ 73 ] : IV.4 [ 74 ] Each December, a new Council President and Vice-President are chosen by members of the Council. [ 75 ] Each year, the mayor submits a city budget marriage proposal for the year to the Council by April 1, and the Council acts on the proposal within the next 60 days. [ 73 ] : seven The Albuquerque City Council is the legislative agency of the city, and has the power to adopt all ordinances, resolutions, or early legislation. [ 76 ] The council meets two times a calendar month, with meetings held in the Vincent E. Griego Council Chambers in the basement level of Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Government Center. [ 77 ] Ordinances and resolutions passed by the council are presented to the mayor for his approval. If the mayor vetoes an detail, the Council can override the forbid with a vote of two-thirds of the membership of the Council. [ 73 ] : XI.3 The judicial system in Albuquerque includes the Bernalillo County Metropolitan Court .

Police department [edit ]

The Albuquerque Police Department ( APD ) is the patrol department with legal power within the city limits, with anything outside of the city limits being considered the unincorporated sphere of Bernalillo County and policed by the Bernalillo County Sheriff ‘s Department. It is the largest municipal police department in New Mexico, and in September 2008 the US Department of Justice recorded the APD as the 49th largest patrol department in the United States. [ 78 ] In November 2012, the United States Department of Justice launched an investigation into APD ‘s policies and practices to determine whether APD engages in a model or practice of habit of excessive impel in rape of the Fourth Amendment and the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, 42 U.S.C. § 14141 ( “ part 14141 ” ). [ 79 ] As part of its probe, the Department of Justice consulted with police practices experts and conducted a comprehensive appraisal of officers ‘ use of push and APD policies and operations. The investigation included tours of APD facilities and Area Commands ; interviews with Albuquerque officials, APD instruction staff, supervisors, and police officers ; a review of numerous documents ; and meetings with the Albuquerque Police Officers Association, residents, community groups, and other stakeholders. [ 79 ] When the Department of Justice concluded its probe, it issued a scathing reputation that uncovered a “ culture of acceptance of the use of excessive force ” involving meaning injury or wound by APD officers against people who posed no menace and which was not justified by the circumstances. The DOJ recommended a about arrant renovation of the department ‘s use-of-force policies. Among several taxonomic problems at APD were an aggressive culture that undervalued civilian condom and discounted the importance of crisis intervention. [ 80 ] In July 2020, President Donald Trump announced that federal agents would be deployed in Albuquerque as a part of Operation Legend. Agents will aide local anesthetic and county law enforcement officers in the wake island of the George Floyd protests. [ 81 ] [ 82 ]

economy [edit ]

Albuquerque products treemap, 2020 Albuquerque lies at the center of the New Mexico Technology Corridor, a concentration of high-tech secret companies and government institutions along the Rio Grande. Larger institutions whose employees contribute to the population are numerous and include Sandia National Laboratories, Kirtland Air Force Base, and the attendant narrow companies which bring highly educated workers to a reasonably isolate region. Intel operates a big semiconductor factory or “ fabulous “ in suburban Rio Rancho, in neighboring Sandoval County, with its accompaniment large capital investment. Northrop Grumman is located along I-25 in northeast Albuquerque, and Tempur-Pedic is located on the West Mesa following to I-40. The solar energy and architectural-design pioneer Steve Baer located his party, Zomeworks, to the area in the late 1960s ; and Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory collaborate hera in an enterprise that began with the Manhattan Project. In January 2007, Tempur-Pedic opened an 800,000-square-foot ( 74,000 m2 ) mattress factory in northwest Albuquerque. SCHOTT Solar, Inc., announced in January 2008 they would open a 200,000-square-foot ( 19,000 m2 ) facility fabrication receivers for condense solar thermal power plants ( CSP ) and 64MW of photovoltaic ( PV ) modules. The facility closed in 2012. Forbes cartridge holder rated Albuquerque as the best city in America for business and careers in 2006 [ 83 ] and as the 13th best ( out of 200 metro areas ) in 2008. [ 84 ] The city was rated one-seventh among America ‘s Engineering Capitals in 2014 by Forbes magazine. [ 85 ] Albuquerque ranked among the top 10 Best Cities to Live by U.S. News & World Report in 2009 [ 86 ] and was recognized as the fourth best target to live for families by the TLC network. [ 87 ] It was ranked among the Top Best Cities for Jobs in 2007 and among the top 50 Best Places to Live and Play by National Geographic Adventure. [ 88 ] [ 89 ]

education [edit ]

Albuquerque is home to the University of New Mexico, the largest public flagship university in the state of matter. UNM includes a School of Medicine which was ranked in the top 50 primary care-oriented checkup schools in the country. [ 90 ] Central New Mexico Community College is a county-funded junior college serving newly high school graduates and adults returning to school .
Zimmerman Library at University of New Mexico Albuquerque is besides home to the be programs and non-profit schools of higher learn : Southwest University of Visual Arts, Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute, Trinity Southwest University, the University of St. Francis College of Nursing and Allied Health Department of Physician Assistant Studies, and the St. Norbert College Master of Theological Studies broadcast. [ 91 ] The Ayurvedic Institute, one of the beginning Ayurveda colleges specializing in Ayurvedic medicate outside of India was established in the city in 1984. other express and nonprofit organization institutions of higher teach have moved some of their programs into Albuquerque. These include : New Mexico State University, Highlands University, Lewis University, Wayland Baptist University, and Webster University. several for-profit technical schools including Brookline College, Pima Medical Institute, National American University, Grand Canyon University, the University of Phoenix and several barber/beauty colleges have established their presence in the sphere. Albuquerque Public Schools ( APS ), one of the largest school districts in the nation, provides educational services to about 100,000 children across the city. Schools within APS include both public and charter entities. numerous accredit individual preparatory schools besides serve Albuquerque students. These include respective pre-high school religious ( christian, jewish, Islamic ) affiliates and Montessori schools, a well as Menaul School, Albuquerque Academy, St. Pius X High School, Sandia Preparatory School, the Bosque School, Evangel Christian Academy, Hope Christian School, Hope Connection School, Shepherd Lutheran School, [ 92 ] Temple Baptist Academy, and Victory Christian. Accredited private schools serving students with limited department of education needs in Albuquerque include : Desert Hills, Pathways Academy, and presbyterian Ear Institute Oral School. The New Mexico School for the Deaf runs a preschool for children with hearing impairments in Albuquerque. [ 93 ]

infrastructure [edit ]

transportation [edit ]

Main highways [edit ]

Some of the main highways in the metro area admit :
The exchange between I-40 and I-25 is known as the “ Big I “. [ 94 ] : 248 primitively built in 1966, it was rebuilt in 2002. The Big I is the only five-level stack interchange in the express of New Mexico .

Bridges [edit ]

There are six road bridges that cross the Rio Grande and serve the municipality on at least one end if not both. The eastern approaches of the northernmost three all pass through adjacent unincorporated areas, the Village of Los Ranchos de Albuquerque, or the North Valley. In downstream order they are :

  • Alameda Bridge
  • Paseo del Norte Bridge
  • Montaño Bridge
  • I-40 Bridge
  • Central at Old Town Bridge
  • Barelas Bridge

Two more bridges serve urbanize areas conterminous to the city ‘s penetrate southern boundary .

  • Rio Bravo Bridge (NM-500)
  • I-25 Bridge (near Isleta Pueblo)

rail [edit ]

Rail Runner Express Downtown Albuquerque station train platform The department of state owns most of the city ‘s fulminate infrastructure which is used by a commuter rail system, long distance passenger trains, and the freight trains of the BNSF Railway .

Freight serve [edit ]

BNSF Railway operates a small yard operation out of Abajo yard, located precisely south of the César E. Chávez Ave. overpass and the New Mexico Rail Runner Express yards. Most freight traffic through the Central New Mexico region is processed via a much larger hub in nearby Belen, New Mexico .

Intercity vilify [edit ]

Amtrak ‘s Southwest Chief, which travels between Chicago and Los Angeles, serves the Albuquerque area day by day with one diaphragm in each direction at the Alvarado Transportation Center in downtown .

Commuter railing [edit ]

The New Mexico Rail Runner Express, a commuter rail occupation, began service between Sandoval County and Albuquerque in July 2006 using an existing BNSF right-of-way which was purchased by New Mexico in 2005. Service expanded to Valencia County in December 2006 and to Santa Fe on December 17, 2008. Rail Runner nowadays connects Santa Fe, Sandoval, Bernalillo, and Valencia Counties with thirteen station stops, including three stops within Albuquerque. [ 96 ] The trains connect Albuquerque to downtown Santa Fe with eight roundtrips per weekday. The section of the line running south to Belen is served less frequently. [ 97 ]

local mass transit [edit ]

Albuquerque was one of two cities in New Mexico to have had electric street railways. Albuquerque ‘s horse-drawn streetcar lines were electrified during the first few years of the twentieth hundred. The Albuquerque Traction Company assumed process of the organization in 1905. The system grew to its utmost length of 6 miles ( 9.7 kilometer ) during the following ten years by connecting destinations such as Old Town to the west and the University of New Mexico to the east with the town ‘s urban center near the erstwhile Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway terminal. The Albuquerque Traction Company failed financially in 1915 and the vaguely named City Electric Company was formed. Despite traffic booms during the first universe war, and unaided by lawsuits attempting to force the streetcar caller to pay for paving, that system besides failed by and by in 1927, leaving the streetcar ‘s “ motorettes ” unemployed. [ 98 ] : 177–181 today, Alvarado Station provides commodious access to other parts of the city via the city bus organization, ABQ RIDE. ABQ RIDE operates a variety show of bus routes, including the Rapid Ride express bus serve .
In 2006, the City of Albuquerque under the administration of Mayor Martin Chavez had planned and attempted to “ fast track ” the development of a “ modern Streetcar ” project. Funding for the US $ 270 million system was not resolved as many citizens vocally opposed the project. The city and its transportation system department maintain a policy committedness to the streetcar visualize. [ 99 ] The stick out would run by and large in the southeasterly quadrant on Central Avenue and Yale Boulevard. As of 2011, the city is working on a survey to develop a bus rapid passage system through the Central Ave. corridor. This corridor carried 44 % of all bus riders in the ABQ Ride system, making it a natural start bespeak for enhance service. [ 100 ] In 2017, the city moved forward with the plans, and began construction on Albuquerque Rapid Transit, or ART, including dedicated bus topology lanes between Coors and Louisiana Boulevards. [ 101 ]

Bicycle transit [edit ]

Albuquerque has a well-developed bicycle network. [ 102 ] In and around the city there are trails, motorcycle routes, and paths that provide the residents and visitors with alternatives to motorized travel. In 2009, the city was reviewed as having a major up and coming bicycle setting in North America. [ 103 ] The lapp year, the City of Albuquerque opened its first Bicycle Boulevard on Silver Avenue. [ 104 ] There are plans for more investment in bikes and bicycle theodolite by the city, including bicycle lend programs, in the coming years. [ 105 ]

Walkability [edit ]

A 2011 analyze by Walk Score ranked Albuquerque below median at 28th most walkable of the fifty dollar bill largest U.S. cities. [ 106 ]

Airports [edit ]

Albuquerque is served by two airports, the larger of which is Albuquerque International Sunport. It is located 3 security service ( 4.8 kilometer ) southeast of the cardinal business zone of Albuquerque. The Albuquerque International Sunport served 5,888,811 passengers in 2009. [ 107 ] Double Eagle II Airport is the other airport. It is chiefly used as an publicize ambulance, corporate escape, military flight, training escape, charter flight, and individual flight adeptness. [ 108 ]

Utilities [edit ]

Energy [edit ]

PNM Resources, New Mexico ‘s largest electricity supplier, is based in Albuquerque. They serve about 487,000 electricity customers statewide. In September 2021, PNM entered final amalgamation talks with Avangrid, the U.S. subordinate of spanish power giant Iberdrola. New Mexico Gas Company provides natural flatulence services to more than 500,000 customers in the state of matter, including the Albuquerque metro area .

sanitation [edit ]

The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority is creditworthy for the delivery of drink water system and the treatment of effluent. Trash and recycling in the city is managed by the City of Albuquerque Solid Waste Management Department .
South Side Water Reclamation Plant .

healthcare [edit ]

Albuquerque is the checkup hub of New Mexico, hosting numerous checkup centers. The University of New Mexico Hospital is the largest hospital in New Mexico with 628 license beds and is the primary teaching hospital for the University of New Mexico School of Medicine, the country ‘s alone medical educate. It provides the express ‘s only residency train programs, children ‘s hospital, burn center, and level I pediatric and adult trauma centers, ampere well as a certify advance chief stroke center and the largest collection of adult and pediatric forte and subspecialty programs in the country. Albuquerque ‘s other largest hospitals are presbyterian Hospital ( Presbyterian Healthcare Services ) with 543 accredited beds, Raymond G. Murphy VA Medical Center ( Veterans Health Administration ) with 298 beds, and Lovelace Medical Center ( Lovelace Health System ) with 263 beds. [ 109 ] Smaller forte hospitals include the Heart Hospital of New Mexico and Lovelace Women ‘s Hospital .

Media [edit ]

The city is served by one major newspaper, the Albuquerque Journal, and several other smaller daily and hebdomadally papers, including the option Weekly Alibi. Albuquerque is besides home plate to numerous radio receiver and television stations that serve the metropolitan and outlying rural areas .

In democratic culture [edit ]

many Bugs Bunny cartoon shorts feature Bugs traveling around the world by burrowing metro. Ending up in the wrong place, Bugs consults a map, complain, “ I knew I should have taken that left toin at Albukoykee. ” bankruptcy to do so can somehow consequence in Bugs ending up thousands of miles off-course. ( Bugs first gear uses that line in 1945 ‘s Herr Meets Hare. ) [ 110 ] Marvel Studios ‘ film The Avengers ( 2012 ) was by and large ( > 75 % ) filmed at the Albuquerque Studios. [ 111 ] A Million Ways to Die in the West ( 2014 ), directed by Seth MacFarlane, was filmed in assorted areas in and around Albuquerque and Santa Fe. [ 112 ] Music groups based in Albuquerque include A Hawk and A Hacksaw, Beirut, The Echoing Green, The Eyeliners, Hazeldine, Leiahdorus, Oliver Riot, Scared of Chaka, and The Shins. Neil Young ‘s song “ Albuquerque ” can be found on the album Tonight’s the Night. “ weird ” Al Yankovic ‘s song “ Albuquerque “ is on his album Running with Scissors. Albuquerque is the context for the television shows In Plain Sight and Breaking Bad, with the latter significantly boosting tourism in the area. [ 113 ] [ 114 ] [ 115 ] [ 116 ] [ 117 ] Better Call Saul, a spinoff of Breaking Bad and the 2019 Netflix movie El Camino: A Breaking Bad Movie are besides set in Albuquerque and the surrounding areas. [ 118 ] “ Hungry, Hungry Homer “, the 15th episode of the twelfth season of The Simpsons, features Albuquerque as the placement where the owners of the Springfield Isotopes baseball team wish to relocate. The real Albuquerque Isotopes Minor League team ‘s appoint was inspired by the episode. [ 119 ] Albuquerque is the set for the High School Musical series of films, though they were shot in Salt Lake City, Utah. [ 120 ]

celebrated people [edit ]

sister cities [edit ]

Albuquerque has ten baby cities, as designated by Sister Cities International : [ 121 ]

  • Alburquerque, Spain
  • Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
  • Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Guadalajara, Mexico
  • Helmstedt, Germany
  • Hualien, Taiwan
  • Lanzhou, China
  • Lusaka, Zambia
  • Rehovot, Israel
  • Sasebo, Japan

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

  1. ^Alburquerque [alβuɾˈkeɾke] (

    ). Navajo: Beeʼeldííl Dahsinil [peː˩ʔe˩ltiː˥l ta˩hsi˩ni˩l]Eastern Keres: Arawageeki; Jemez: Vakêêke; Zuni: Alo:ke:k’ya; Jicarilla Apache: Gołgéeki’yé. spanish besides

  2. ^ official records for Albuquerque kept December 1891 to January 22, 1933 at the Weather Bureau Office and at Albuquerque Int’l since January 23, 1933. For more information, see Threadex

References [edit ]

far read [edit ]

  • Ciotola, Nicholas P. “Italian immigrants in Albuquerque, 1880 to 1930: A study in Western distinctiveness.” Journal of the West 43.4 (2004): 41–48.
  • Luckingham, Bradford. The urban southwest: a profile history of Albuquerque, El Paso, Phoenix, Tucson (Texas Western Press, 1982)
  • Simmons, Marc. Albuquerque: a narrative history (University of New Mexico Press, 1982)
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