Gangnam Style – Wikipedia

2012 unmarried by Psy

Gangnam Style “ ( korean : 강남스타일, IPA : [ kaŋ.nam sɯ.tʰ ] ) is a birdcall by south korean singer Psy, released on July 15, 2012, by YG Entertainment as the lead individual of his sixth studio album, Psy 6 (Six Rules), Part 1 ( Ssai Yukgap Part 1 ). A K-pop and dance-pop song, the term “ Gangnam Style ” is a korean neologism that refers to a life style associated with the Gangnam District of Seoul. The song received desegregate reviews, with praise for its catchy beat and Psy ‘s amusing dancing ( which has itself become a phenomenon ) in the music video and during be performances in diverse locations around the world. “ Gangnam Style ” debuted at total one on South Korea ‘s Gaon Chart. The song and its music video went viral in August 2012 and have influenced democratic culture worldwide. In the United States, “ Gangnam Style ” peaked at number two on Billboard Hot 100. By the end of 2012, “ Gangnam Style ” had topped the music charts of more than 30 countries including Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

A music video recording was released the same day, attracting ball-shaped media attention and a public hearing. In September 2012, “ Gangnam Style ” was recognized by Guinness World Records as the most “ like ” television on YouTube at the clock. It subsequently won Best Video at the MTV Europe Music Awards held that class. It became a source of parodies and reaction videos by many different individuals, groups, and organizations. On December 21, 2012, “ Gangnam Style ” became the first YouTube television to reach 1 billion views. [ 7 ] As of December 14, 2021, song ‘s music video recording has more than 4.27 billion views, [ 8 ] and was the most see television on YouTube from November 24, 2012, when it surpassed the music television for “ Baby “ by Justin Bieber featuring Ludacris, [ 9 ] to July 10, 2017, when it was itself surpassed by the music video for “ See You Again “ by Wiz Khalifa featuring Charlie Puth. [ 10 ] Its dance was attempted by political leaders such as british Prime Minister David Cameron and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who hailed it as a force out for populace peace. [ 11 ] On May 7, 2013, at a bilateral confluence with South Korea ‘s President Park Geun-hye at the White House, US President Barack Obama cited the success of “ Gangnam Style ” as an exemplar of how people around the world are being “ swept up ” by the Korean Wave of culture. [ 12 ]

Background and release [edit ]

“ Gangnam Style ” is a south korean neologism that refers to a life style associated with the Gangnam District [ 13 ] of Seoul, [ 14 ] where people are trendy, hip, and exude a certain supposed “ class. ” The term was listed in Time’ sulfur weekly vocabulary tilt as a manner associated with lavish lifestyles in Seoul’s Gangnam district. [ 15 ] Psy likened the Gangnam District to Beverly Hills, California, and said in an interview that he intended in a twist common sense of humor by claiming himself to be “ Gangnam Style ” when everything about the song, dance, looks, and the music video is far from being such a high class : [ 16 ]

People who are actually from Gangnam never proclaim that they are—it’s only the posers and wannabes that put on these airs and say that they are “Gangnam Style”—so this song is actually poking fun at those kinds of people who are trying very hard to be something that they’re not. [ 17 ]

The song talks about “ the arrant girlfriend who knows when to be refined and when to get angry. ” [ 18 ] The song ‘s refrain “ 오빤 강남 스타일 ( Oppan Gangnam style ) ” has been translated as “ Big brother is Gangnam style, ” with Psy referring to himself. [ 19 ] [ 20 ] During an interview with The New York Times, Psy revealed that confederacy korean fans have huge expectations about his dance, so he felt a set of pressure. In order to keep up with expectations, he studied hard to find something new and stayed up late for about 30 nights to come up with the “ Gangnam Style ” dance. [ 21 ] Along the means, he had tested diverse “ bum ” animal-inspired dance moves with his choreographer Lee Ju-sun, [ 22 ] including lesser panda and kangaroo moves, [ 23 ] before settling for the horse pony, which involves pretending to ride a knight, alternately holding the reins and spinning a lasso, and moving into a legs-shuffling side gallop. [ 24 ] During an interview with Reuters, Psy said that “ Gangnam Style ” was in the first place produced only for local K-pop fans. [ 25 ] On July 11, 2012, Psy and his music label YG Entertainment started releasing several promotional teasers for “ Gangnam Style ” to their subscribers on YouTube. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] [ 28 ] On July 15, 2012, the full moon music video recording of “ Gangnam Style ” was uploaded onto YouTube and was immediately a ace, receiving about 500,000 views on its first base day. [ 29 ] however, at the time of its turn in Germany, a dispute between YouTube and the GEMA ( the country ‘s performance rights organization ) regarding copyright issues led to thousands of music video including “ Gangnam Style ” [ 30 ] being blocked in the state. [ 31 ] The music video recording, along with other music videos from GEMA-protected artists released on YouTube were unblocked in Germany on October 31, 2016, after YouTube reached an agreement with GEMA on copyrights and royalties. [ 32 ]

K-pop and the korean Wave [edit ]

search volume for K-pop since 2008 according to Google Trends According to the news agency Agence France-Presse, the success of “ Gangnam Style ” could be considered as separate of the Korean Wave, [ 33 ] a condition coined by chinese journalists to refer to the meaning increase in the popularity of south korean entertainment and culture since the belated 1990s. [ 34 ] korean popular music ( K-pop ), considered by some to be the most important expression of the Korean Wave, [ 35 ] is a music writing style that relies on cultural technology to adapt to the tastes of foreign audiences and has now grown into a popular subculture among teenagers and young adults in many places around the world. [ 36 ] Although it has spread to the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and parts of South America, [ 37 ] its reception in the western global has so far been halfhearted. [ 38 ] however, social media networks such as YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter have made it easier for K-pop musicians to reach a wide consultation in the West. [ 39 ] According to Mark James Russell from Foreign Policy, while the Korean Wave “ may not ( even ) turn heads in Los Angeles or London, ” this could soon change because of “ Gangnam Style, ” [ 37 ]

reception [edit ]

horse dancing

critical reception [edit ]

The song has received mix to positive ratings from music critics. music diarist Bill Lamb from praised the song for “ spread smiles and pure fun around the universe in criminal record time. ” He then writes, “ take one contribution LMFAO ‘s synth-based party music, another region Ricky Martin ‘s Latin dance party and the rest a powerfully charismatic South Korean showman and you have the first worldwide K-Pop smash hit. ” Billboard K-Town columnist Jeff Benjamin became one of the first music critics to review the birdcall when he published an article and reported that “ Gangnam Style ” has gone viral on the Internet. In his article, Benjamin introduced the lector to a match of popular K-pop songs and wrote that “ ‘ Gangnam Style ’ in detail, plays all the right moves sonically while “ borrowing from LMFAO along the manner. ” [ 14 ] Hallie Sekoff of The Huffington Post quoted from the television ‘s official YouTube video recording description that the birdcall is characterized by its “ strongly addictive beats, ” and wrote that this is not besides far-fetched, considering “ how haunted we ‘ve found ourselves. ” [ 40 ] London ‘s mayor Boris Johnson considered the birdcall to be the greatest cultural masterpiece of 2012. [ 41 ] Despite its popularity, a few music critics including Robert Copsey from Digital Spy criticized the song for being flat. Cospey wrote that “ you could slap an LMFAO tag on the report and few would know the dispute ” [ 42 ] and Paul Lester of The Guardian similarly labeled it as “ generic ravey Euro dance with guitars. ” Lester described the sung as “ Pump Up the Jam meets the Macarena with a dash of Cotton Eye Joe, ” [ 43 ] while Robert Myers of The Village Voice dismissed “ Gangnam Style ” as an “ inspire piece of giddiness. ” [ 44 ]

South Korea and Japan [edit ]

Cha Woo-jin, a south korean music critic, told The Chosun Ilbo that “ Gangnam Style ” ‘s advanced rendering and placement has made it very appealing to the general public. [ 45 ] Choe Kwang-shik, the south korean Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism, told reporters that “ Gangnam Style ” had played an significant character in introducing the korean acculturation, language, and life style to the rest of the world. [ 46 ] however, some have criticized the song for failing to accurately represent south korean culture. Oh Young-Jin, managing editor of The Korea Times, wrote that the dance has more to do with Americans than Koreans. [ 47 ] In Japan, the song was met with considerable criticism. When “ Gangnam Style ” first gear appeared in japanese television receiver shows in July, the reaction from viewers was negative. As a leave, Psy ‘s japanese record label YGEX canceled a previously planned japanese speech re-release of “ Gangnam Style. ” [ 48 ] According to The Dong-a Ilbo, a south korean newspaper, the song ‘s lukewarm reception in Japan could have been caused by a diplomatic conflict between the two countries [ 49 ] and the newspaper accused the japanese media of keeping its people “ in the dark. ” [ 49 ] however, Jun Takaku of the japanese casual newspaper Asahi Shimbun explained that “ Gangnam Style ” had caused “ barely a ripple in Japan ” because Psy does not conform to the image of other “ traditionally polished ” K-pop acts popular in Japan such as Girls ‘ Generation and TVXQ. [ 50 ] Erica Ho from Time magazine similarly noted that despite the K-pop musical genre being very popular in Japan, the nation seemed to be “ immune to PSY Mania ” and she advised her readers who dislike the sung to “ pack your bags for Japan. ” [ 51 ] immediately after its secrete, “ Gangnam Style ” was mentioned by respective English-language websites providing coverage of Korean dad culture for external fans, including Allkpop [ 52 ] and Soompi. [ 53 ] Simon and Martina Stawski, a canadian couple survive in Seoul who were among the first to parody “ Gangnam Style ” in late July, wrote that the song has the electric potential to become “ one of the biggest songs of the year. ” [ 54 ] however, during an interview with Al Jazeera a few weeks late, Martina Stawski claimed that the global popularity of “ Gangnam Style ” has been viewed negatively by some K-pop fans, because “ they [ the fans ] did n’t want K-pop being liked by early people who do n’t understand K-Pop. ” [ 55 ] [ 56 ] This position is besides supported by the british journalist and K-pop fan Promi Ferdousi, who wrote that the birdcall has managed to “ find its way into our clubs ” while the best K-pop songs are limited to niche groups on social media websites. [ 57 ]

music video [edit ]

Psy with the Gangnam Style logo

outline [edit ]

The video starts out with Psy, who is lounging at what looks like a arenaceous beach, under a sunlight umbrella and holding a cold drink, but the television camera zooms out to reveal he is actually at a playground. [ 58 ] The video then alternates between the resort area, where a boy ( Hwang Min-woo ) dances next to him ; and a quarrel of horses, who are in stalls, where Psy performs his signature “ inconspicuous knight dance. ” [ 59 ] As Psy ( and two women ) walk through a park garage, they are pelted by pieces of newspaper, folderol, and snow. [ 60 ] At a sauna, he rests his head on a man ‘s shoulder, dressed in blue, while another man covered in tattoo is stretching. He then sings in front of two men ( then labelmates under YG Entertainment, BIG BANG ‘s Daesung and Seungri, dressed as older men ) playing Janggi ( Korean chess ), dances with a woman at a tennis court, and bounces around on a go bus of seniors. The scenes alternate promptly until there is an explosion near the chess players, causing them to dive off the bench. Psy immediately walks toward the camera, pointing and shouting “ Oppa Gangnam Style. ” The choir starts as he and some dancers perform at a cavalry stable. He dances adenine two women walk backwards. He dances at the tennis woo, a carousel, and the tour bus. He shuffles into an outdoor yoga seance and on a boat. The camera zooms in on a charwoman ‘s border, then shows Psy “ yelling ” at it. [ 60 ] [ 61 ] The chorus ends and he is seen in a park garage, where Psy is approached by a man ( Yoo Jae-suk ) in a yellow suit who steps out of a crimson Mercedes-Benz SLK 200 ; they have a dance duel. Psy then appears in an elevator underneath a man ( Noh Hong-Chul ) who is straddling him and thrusting his pelvis. The man in the chicken become then gets in his cable car and leaves. The camera pans and it shows Psy in the metro station, where he boards the prepare and notices an attractive young charwoman ( Hyuna ) dance. At one of the string stops, he approaches the girl in slowly motion, and she approaches him. They start to embrace. He then tells the female child “ Oppa Gangnam Style, ” and they horse dance along with some early dancers at the train check, commencing the second chorus. He besides surfaces from a watering place hot tub. [ 60 ] [ 61 ] [ note 1 ] Psy sings to the womanhood at a cabaret as people in diverse costumes walk behind them. He raps in a unplayful tone in an insert distance, but when he says “ You know what I ‘m saying ” the television camera zooms out, and it is revealed that he is actually sitting on a toilet with his pants down. [ 60 ] Psy and a big group of dancers do the sawhorse dance and affect a final model. After a brief reprise of the dance duel, Psy says, “ Oppa Gangnam style, ” and the video recording finishes with a cartoon graphic .

production [edit ]

The music video recording is directed by Cho Soo-hyun, who besides directed the MV for Psy ‘s follow-up single “ Gentleman “ and the MV for “ This Love “ by Shinhwa. [ 62 ] It shows Psy performing a amusing horse-riding dance and appearing in unexpected locations around the Gangnam District, such as an outdoor yoga session and a hot tub. He wears several distinctive suits and black sunglasses with a mentality of “ dress classy and dance bum. ” [ 63 ] It features a “ skewer [ of ] the Gangnam visualize ” by the “ non-Gangnam Psy ” ; this spoof would be recognizable to viewers familiar with korean culture. [ 64 ] [ 65 ] Although there are more than ten different locations featured, entirely two of the scenes are actually filmed in the Gangnam district. The sauna scene, elevator scene, and bathroom picture were filmed elsewhere in the greater Seoul area, [ 66 ] and some shots were filmed in World Trade Center Seoul and the Songdo International Business District, which includes Songdo Central Park and International Business District Station. [ 67 ] The video was shot over 48 hours in July 2012. [ 60 ] [ 61 ] In K-pop, it is routine to have cameos by celebrities in a music video recording, such as in the dance scenes in the elevator and the park garage. [ 58 ] The guests in the music video include :
The music was composed by Psy and Yoo Gun-hyung, a manufacturer in South Korea who has besides collaborated with Psy in the past. Yoo besides arranged the song while Psy was responsible for the lyrics .

viral dispersed [edit ]

Following its July 15 release, “ Gangnam Style ” overtook Carly Rae Jepsen ‘s “ Call Me Maybe “ to reach the number one position on the YouTube Top 100 Music Videos during the week of August 28, 2012. [ 13 ] [ 70 ] On September 1, 2012, it overtook Girls ‘ Generation ‘s “ Gee “ to become the most view K-pop video on YouTube. [ 71 ] Although “ Call Me Maybe ” had unusually firm staying world power, averaging over 1.5 million views each day, “ Gangnam Style ” increased to an average of over nine million views per day within just two months. This was chiefly because “ Call Me Maybe ” remained largely a north american english vogue, whereas the popularity of “ Gangnam Style ” was not confined to the United States. [ 72 ] 61.6 percentage of viewers were male, and those aged between 13 and 17 represented the biggest group. [ 73 ] According to The Wall Street Journal, T-Pain was among the first to have “ sent [ the video ] to the stratosphere ” when he tweeted about it on July 29, 2012. [ 74 ] [ 75 ] It was then picked up by Neetzan Zimmerman from the social web log Gawker, who asked “ Did this metro Hip Hop artist from South Korea just release the Best music video of the year ? ” [ 76 ] on July 30. This was soon followed by Robbie Williams, [ 77 ] Britney Spears, [ 78 ] Katy Perry, [ 43 ] Tom Cruise, [ 79 ] Joseph Gordon-Levitt, [ 80 ] and William Gibson, [ 81 ] who either commented about or shared the video with their fans via Twitter. The earliest television to catch the care of media networks outside South Korea was “ Psy Gangnam Style MV Reaction, ” which was uploaded by Katie and Mindy Anderson on July 18, 2012. The Andersons were subsequently interviewed by Evan Ramstad from The Wall Street Journal a few weeks late. [ 82 ] In his article published on August 6, 2012, Ramstad besides included “ Kpop Music Mondays : PSY Gangnam Style, ” a reappraisal and parody of “ Gangnam Style ” uploaded on July 23 by K-pop television bloggers Simon and Martina Stawski, a canadian couple living in Seoul. This makes the Stawskis ‘ video recording the earliest spoof featured in an american english newspaper. [ 74 ] On August 8, 2012, Ramstad appeared on WSJ Live, and he mentioned the Andersons and the Stawskis again, before claiming that “ a distribute of Koreans are besides making their own parodies of ‘Gangnam Style. ‘ ” [ 83 ] On September 3, 2012, the number of daily views generated by “ Gangnam Style ” went past the 5-million scratch. [ 84 ] By the end of September, it had topped the iTunes charts in 31 countries. [ 85 ]
“ Gangnam Style ” reached the unprecedented milestone of 1 billion YouTube views on December 21, 2012. A parody documentary by videographer Simon Gosselin [ 94 ] was posted on YouTube and had promoted 2012 doom rumors across social media services such as Facebook and Twitter that linked “ Gangnam Style ” to a fudge Nostradamus prophecy. [ 95 ] On December 21, at around 15:50 UTC, the video ‘s YouTube page updated with 1,000,382,639 views. [ 96 ] YouTube particularly marked the video recording ‘s accomplishments with a cartoon dancing Psy animated picture, added first by the site logo, [ 97 ] and former next to the video ‘s see rejoinder when it exceeded 1 billion views. [ 98 ] On April 6, 2013, the video on YouTube reached 1.5 billion views. [ 99 ] On July 5, 2013, the view counter updated with 1,710,619,528 views, which was 15 million higher than same time the previous sidereal day. This increased the average number of views per day from 4,787,807 to 4,818,647 ( views divided by the number of days since unblock ). As of January 2021, the video recording is the eighth most see video recording on YouTube, [ 100 ] having reached 4 billion views. [ 101 ]

recapitulation [edit ]

The music video recording of “ Gangnam Style ” has been met with positive responses from the music industry and commentators, who drew attention to its tone and dance moves, though some found them common. [ 102 ] Another noteworthy aspect that helped popularise the video was its amusing dance moves that can be easily copied, such as the pelvic push during the elevator scene. [ 103 ] The United Nations hailed Psy as an “ external ace ” because of the popularity of his “ satirical ” video cartridge holder and its “ horse-riding-like dance moves. ” [ 104 ] As such, the music video has spawned a dance madden unobserved since the Macarena of the mid-1990s. [ 105 ] [ 106 ] The World Bank ‘s contribute economist David McKenzie remarked that some of Psy ‘s dance moves “ kind of look like a regression discontinuity, ” [ 107 ] while the space agency NASA called “ Gangnam Style ” a dance-filled music video that has constantly entered the hearts and minds of millions of people. [ 108 ] Melissa Locker of Time noted that “ it ‘s hard not to watch again … and again … and again, ” [ 109 ] while CNN reporter Shanon Cook told the hearing that she had watched “ Gangnam Style ” about 15 times. [ 110 ] The german news program magazine Der Spiegel attributed the popularity of “ Gangnam Style ” to its daring dance moves, [ 111 ] a sentiment similarly voiced by Maura Judkis of The Washington Post, who wrote, “ ‘Gangnam Style ‘ has made an inordinately stupid-looking dance move suddenly cool. ” [ 112 ] The television was besides positively reviewed by Steve Knopper from Rolling Stone, who called “ Gangnam Style ” an astoundingly great K-pop television that has all the best elements of hypnotically wyrd one-hit wonders and hopes that “ PSY gets cruddy deep from this. ” [ 113 ] Mesfin Fekadu of the Associated Press wrote that Psy ‘s dance moves are “ slightly bizarre ” but the music video recording is full of colorful, bouncy outfits. [ 114 ] Matt Buchanan and Scott Ellis of The Sydney Morning Herald wrote that the video “ makes no sense at all to most western eyes ” and it “ makes you wonder if you have by chance taken person else ‘s medicine ” [ 115 ] whereas Deborah Netburn of the Los Angeles Times called it “ one of the greatest video recording ever to be uploaded to YouTube. ” Kim Alessi from Common Sense Media considered the music video for “ Gangnam Style ” worth seeing for its caricature of contemporary asian and american urban lifestyles, but besides warned that “ Gangnam Style ” contains sexually implicative images and “ debasing messages ” which could be inappropriate for children and teenagers. [ 116 ]

cultural shock [edit ]

After the release of “ Gangnam Style, ” the american talent coach Scooter Braun, who discovered Justin Bieber on YouTube, asked on Twitter “ How did I not sign this guy [ Psy ] ? ” [ 117 ] Soon subsequently, it was reported that Psy had left for Los Angeles to meet with representatives of Justin Bieber, to explore collaboration opportunities. [ 13 ] On September 3, 2012, Braun made a public announcement that was late upload onto YouTube, saying that he and Psy have decided to “ make some history together. [ To ] be the first korean artist to break a big read in the United States. ” On September 4, it was confirmed that Psy was signed to Braun ‘s School Boy Records. [ 118 ] The music television for the song has gone viral and is an Internet meme. [ 119 ] Although Psy attributed the song ‘s popularity to YouTube and his fans while at the lapp time insisted that he is not responsible for the song ‘s success, [ 120 ] the south korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism recognized the singer for “ increasing the world ‘s sake in Korea ” and announced its decision to award Psy with a fourth class arrange of Cultural Merit. [ 121 ] The phrase “ Oppan Gangnam Style ” was entered into The Yale Book of Quotations as one of the most celebrated quotes of 2012. [ 122 ]

Social [edit ]

As the song ‘s popularity continued to rise, it caused the share price of the song ‘s music label YG Entertainment to gain a much as 50 % on the Korea Exchange. DI Corporation, whose administrator chair Park Won-Ho is Psy ‘s church father, saw its share monetary value addition by 568.8 % within a few months of the song ‘s release despite making a year-over-year loss. [ 123 ] [ 124 ] Soon, “ Gangnam Style ” began to attract the attention of respective commercial enterprise and political leaders, including UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon who recognized the song as a “ power for populace peace. ” [ 11 ] During his converge with Psy at the United Nations Headquarters, he commented, “ We have ruffianly negotiations in the United Nations. In such a case I was besides thinking of playing Gangnam Style-dance so that everybody would stop and dance. possibly you can bring UN style. ” [ 125 ] [ 126 ]
Through sociable networks like Facebook, many belittled, unofficial fan-organized flash mobs have been held in universities and colleges throughout the earth. The earliest news bulletin mobs were held in Pasadena, California, [ 127 ] and Sydney, Australia. [ 128 ] On September 12, 2012, Times Square in Manhattan was filled with a dance mob dancing to the music of “ Gangnam Style ” during ABC ‘s Good Morning America. [ 129 ] Major flash throng ( those with more than 1,000 participants ) were besides held in Seoul ( South Korea ), [ 130 ] South Sulawesi ( Indonesia ), [ 131 ] Palermo ( Italy ), Milan ( Italy ), [ 132 ] [ 133 ] and Paris ( France ). [ 134 ]
The sung has been mentioned in tweets by the United Nations, [ 136 ] the United Nations Children ‘s Fund, [ 137 ] and the american outer space representation NASA ; [ 138 ] by a reporter during a U.S. State Department brief ; [ 139 ] and referenced by the president of the International Criminal Court Song Sang-Hyun during his speech in front of the UN Security Council. [ 140 ] [ 141 ] [ 142 ] On October 9, the mayor of London Boris Johnson held a speech at the 2012 Conservative Party Conference where he told the audience that he and the british Prime Minister David Cameron have danced “ Gangnam Style. ” [ 143 ] During a Google Earnings call, Larry Page, the CEO and co-founder of Google, hailed the song as a glimpse of the future of cosmopolitan distribution through YouTube. [ 144 ] The american english Council on Exercise estimated that dancing “ Gangnam Style ” will burn 150–200 calories per half-hour. [ 145 ] Swype, an stimulation method acting for Android operating systems, included “ Gangnam Style ” in its list of recognized words and phrases. [ 146 ] U.S. President Barack Obama revealed possible plans to privately perform “ Gangnam Style ” for his spouse Michelle Obama. [ 147 ] [ 148 ] [ 149 ] [ 150 ] In November 2012, a Māori cultural group from Rotorua performed a version of the Gangnam Style dancing shuffle with a traditional Māori haka in Seoul, celebrating 50 years of diplomatic relations between South Korea and New Zealand. [ 151 ] In Thailand, officials from the Dan Sai municipality in Loei Province shot a video of people wearing masks and performing “ Gangnam Style ” during the Phi Ta Khon “ ghost ” festival. According to the Thai newspaper The Nation, villagers and spiritual leaders from Loei state felt “ anxious ” and besides “ greatly offended ” about this “ Gangnam Style ” performance which tarnishes the prototype of a 400-year-old custom. [ 152 ] Another controversial incident was sparked by a “ Gangnam Style ” spoof by officers from the Royal Thai Navy, which was not well received by some high-level commanders. Although Vice Admiral Tharathorn Kajitsuwan from the Third Naval Area Command insisted that “ we had no purpose to insult or make fun of navy officers in uniform, ” some elder officers called it “ improper. ” Kajitsuwan claimed that his subordinates had the right to upload the video recording to YouTube, although he did not expect them to do indeed. On October 1, 2012, he issued an apology to his colleagues. Commander Surasak Rounroengrom believed an investigation was unnecessary because the video caused no damage to the united states navy, but he admitted that there was some impropriety about military officers doing their “ illusion step in uniform. ” [ 153 ]

popular culture [edit ]

… it has taken over the worldly concern,
it has taken over the intrawebs ( sic ),
and nowadays it ‘s time for it
to take over Times Square .

— ABC News [ 154 ] during a “ Gangnam Style ” flare
throng in Manhattan, September 12, 2012 .

music [edit ]

  • In mid-September, the Brazilian singer Latino released the song “Despedida de solteiro” (“The Bachelor’s Party”), which is supposed to be a cover of “Gangnam Style”. Many people felt offended by his disrespectful lyrics,[155] and some have called it a plagiarized copy of “Gangnam Style.”[156] While Psy’s original lyrics talk about the lifestyle of the Gangnam people, Latino’s version is about a man who is enjoying his bachelor’s party in a club, wanting (and having) sex with many women, and is so drunk that he says he does not know if he is really going to get married the next day.[157] Latino had stated that it was an authorized version.[158]

Sports [edit ]

Since September 2012, the dance has been performed by athletes in external competitions. These people include :

television receiver [edit ]

early [edit ]

political and environmental activism [edit ]

On September 18, 2012, the north korean politics became the beginning to use “ Gangnam Style ” for political activism when it uploaded a parody with the title “ I’m Yushin style! “ onto the politics web site Uriminzokkiri. [ 170 ] The spoof mocks the south korean rule bourgeois party president-elect Park Geun-hye. It shows a Photoshopped effigy of the presidential campaigner performing the dance moves of “ Gangnam Style ” and labels her as a give admirer of the Yushin organization of autocratic rule set up by her founder, Park Chung-hee. [ 171 ] [ 172 ] A few weeks subsequently, “ 草泥马 stylus ” ( literally, “ Grass Mud Horse Style ” ), [ note 2 ] [ 173 ] was upload onto YouTube and early taiwanese websites by the political militant and dissentient Ai Weiwei. In his parody, Ai Weiwei dances “ Gangnam Style ” with a pair of handcuffs as a symbol of his halt by chinese authorities in 2011. According to the Associated Press, government authorities had removed the video from about all taiwanese websites the next day. [ 173 ] south korean President Park Geun-hye took position on February 25, 2013. At her inauguration, Psy performed “ Gangnam Style ” and “ Champion, ” one of his first hits in his native state. [ 174 ] In order to show his solidarity with Ai Weiwei and to advocate the exemption of formula, the british sculptor Anish Kapoor produced the television Gangnam for Freedom, which features other outstanding british artists arsenic well as homo rights activists from assorted international organisations including index on Censorship and Amnesty International. [ 175 ] A few days before, the global grassroots network Students for a free Tibet had uploaded a parody of “ Gangnam Style ” to show its support for the Tibetan independence movement. According to Max Fisher from The Washington Post, this parody of “ Gangnam Style ” was likely to be filmed in Dharamshala, the home of Tibet ‘s government-in-exile in the northern indian state of matter of Himachal Pradesh. [ 176 ] greenpeace announced that it was “ Going Gangnam, Greenpeace Style ” in order to raise public awareness about illegal and unsustainable fish practices off the coast of Mozambique. Activists from Greenpeace had parodied “ Gangnam Style ” on circuit board the organization ‘s excursion yacht Rainbow Warrior. [ 177 ]
Songdo, a omnipresent city 40 miles ( 65 kilometer ) west of Gangnam, was among five cities vying for the right to host the greens Climate Fund ( GCF ), a project developed by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to channel $ 100 billion a year from develop countries to help developing countries battle climate deepen. [ 178 ] During its campaign to win the right to host the GCF, the area ‘s Presidential Committee on Green Growth produced a promotional video recording entitled “ GCF Songdo Style by Psy ” in which Psy recommends Songdo as the server city for the GCF. He announces that a “ new substitution class “ will begin at Songdo with the GCF and the television heralds “ The begin of Songdo Style ” while “ Gangnam Style ” plays in the background. [ 179 ] [ 180 ] On October 20, 2012, the board of the GCF announced that Songdo had won the right to host the store. [ 181 ] In December 2012, the Department of Health in the Philippines launched a “ Gangnam Style ” dance campaign against the habit of firecrackers to celebrate the New Year. [ 182 ] Janine Tugonon, 2012 Miss Universe first runner-up, joined and danced on one of their campaign at Pandacan, Manila. [ 183 ] According to the department ‘s adjunct repository, Dr. Eric Tayag, the popularity of the song will attract people particularly children to use safer means of celebration such as dancing “ Gangnam Style. ” [ 182 ] In contrast, the Philippine National Police was confirming intelligence reports about a firecracker named “ Gangnam turkey, ” which purportedly produced by illegal firecracker makers in Bocaue, Bulacan and obviously riding on the popularity of the song. [ 184 ] According to Chief Superintendent Raul Petrasanta, conductor of the Firearms and Explosives Office of the Philippine National Police, he did not know what the possibly dangerous [ 185 ] “ Gangnam fail ” looks like. [ 184 ] Muhammad Rahim aluminum Afghani, a close associate of Osama bin Laden presently held at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, had besides used the song to demonstrate his ability to gain access to popular cultural trends despite being confined within a top clandestine prison. In a letter to his lawyer, Muhammad wrote, “ I like this modern song Gangnam Style. I want to do the dance for you but can not because of my shackles. ” [ 186 ]

other parodies and covers [edit ]

Reaction videos and parodies have been made for or with the music respectively. Some of these user generated videos have received external media recognition. “ Gangnam Style ” -related videos have besides been uploaded by the CPDRC Dancing Inmates, [ 188 ] [ 189 ] Cody Simpson, [ 190 ] Seungri, [ 191 ] Latino, [ 192 ] Fine Brothers, [ 193 ] Barely Political, [ 194 ] and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers Cheerleaders. [ 195 ] numerous parodies have been spawned on college campuses. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology ‘s version ( “ MIT Gangnam Style “ ) featured Donald Sadoway, recognized in Time Magazine as one of 2012 “ top 100 Most influential People in the World ” ; Eric Lander, who is co-chairman of President Barack Obama ‘s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology ; and linguistics pioneer Noam Chomsky. [ 196 ] [ 197 ] The Maccabeats, an a cappella group from Yeshiva University, parodied the song as “ What ‘s adjacent ? Sukkos Style ? ” with group members waving the four species. [ 198 ] In addition, there have been parodies from The Ohio University Marching 110, [ 199 ] York University, [ 200 ] McMaster University, [ 201 ] Cornell University, [ citation needed ] University of Oregon, [ citation needed ] University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, [ 202 ] Boston University, [ 203 ] Dartmouth College, [ 203 ] Stanford University [ 204 ] Eton College, [ 141 ] and the University of Michigan. [ 205 ] The american quad agency NASA uploaded an educational parody shoot by its students at its Mission Control Center in Houston, Texas. The television features cameo appearances by astronauts Tracy Caldwell Dyson, Mike Massimino, Michael Coats, Ellen Ochoa, and the International Space Station ‘s Expedition 15 flight engineer Clayton Anderson, who dances “ Gangnam Style ” center through the video recording. [ 206 ] [ 207 ] shortly after its upload, the spoof was retweeted by the european Space Agency [ 208 ] and the SETI Institute. [ 209 ] The song was besides parodied by cadets from the United States Military Academy, [ 210 ] [ 211 ] United States Merchant Marine Academy, [ 212 ] United States Naval Academy, [ 213 ] [ 214 ] United States Air Force Academy, [ 215 ] and the Royal Military College of Canada ; [ 216 ] soldiers from the 210th Fires Brigade, the 2nd Infantry Division, serve members from an undisclosed whole and location in Afghanistan, [ 217 ] and serve members from the China Coast Guard ‘s Jiangsu division, [ 218 ] adenine well as high-level officers from the Royal Thai Navy. [ 219 ] CollegeHumor uploaded “ Mitt Romney Style, ” while What ‘s Trending upload “ Obama Style. ” [ 220 ] During the two weeks before August 7, 2012, closely 1,000 videos with the word “ Gangnam ” in the title were upload onto YouTube. [ 29 ] The Portuguese public broadcaster RTP1 spoofed the song in its late-night show 5 Para A Meia-Noite as Gamar com Style, whistle by the comedian Pedro “ Pacheco ” Fernandes, criticizing the Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho, the European Union, the IMF, and the 2010–13 portuguese fiscal crisis. [ 221 ] There are many “ Gangnam Style ” parodies used for education. One such parody includes “ Conjugation Style, ” a parody used to teach students about the junction of -er verbs in the french speech. [ 222 ] These sorts of parodies were referred to in the 2014 book Princess Labelmaker to the Rescue! ( separate of Tom Angleberger ‘s Origami Yoda series ), where one of the video recording in the FunTime program purchased for McQuarrie Middle School involves Professor FunTime and his calculator buddy Gizmo performing a parody of “ Gangnam Style, ” entitled “ FunTime Style. ”

YouTube comedian cs188 uploaded a YouTube Poop of the song ‘s iconic video, called “ [ PSYTP ] OPPA GODDAMN STYLE. ” The television has received more than 15 million views since its upload on October 11, 2012. [ 223 ]

live performances [edit ]

asia [edit ]

Following the spill of “ Gangnam Style, ” Psy made several performances on television and at concerts in Korea. early performances included his appearance on the weekly South korean music plan, The Music Trend. [ 14 ] Psy besides performed at respective concerts anterior to his departure to the United States, including during “ The Heumbbeok Show ” [ 224 ] and the Summer Stand Concert in Seoul. [ 225 ] After returning to South Korea, Psy performed “ Gangnam Style ” during a free concert that he held outside the Seoul City Hall. More than 80,000 fans attended the consequence, leading to the closure of part of the city center and an increase in metro operations. [ 226 ] [ 227 ] While Psy was in the US, it was announced that he, as ambassador of the Formula One Korean Grand Prix, would perform “ Gangnam Style ” at the event during the 2012 version. [ 228 ] At the event Psy taught Formula One drivers Mark Webber and Sebastian Vettel how to perform the dancing. [ 229 ] On November 28, 2012, Psy visited Thailand and held his concert “ Gangnam Style Thailand Extra Live ” at the SCG Stadium in Muang Thong Thani, Bangkok. At the read, a region of celebration for the eighty-fifth birthday of Thai ‘s King Bhumibol Adulyadej, he performed the song along with his other hits. [ 230 ] [ 231 ] During the 2012 Mnet asian Music Awards held in Hong Kong on November 30, he performed the birdcall on stage, joined by the video recording ‘s co-star Hyuna and Yoo Jae-Seok look-alikes in yellow suits. [ 232 ] The track was one of three-song setlist on Psy ‘s free showcase, held at the Marina Bay Sands in Singapore on December 1, 2012. [ 233 ] On February 11, 2013, Psy arrived at the malaysian state of Penang and performed “ Gangnam Style ” at a concert in front of more than 100,000 guests, including the Prime Minister of Malaysia Mohd Najib Abdul Razak equally well as early high-level politicians from the area ‘s rule Barisan Nasional party. [ 234 ]

Australia [edit ]

In early October 2012, Psy travelled to Sydney, Australia, and performed “ Gangnam Style ” on The X Factor, a reality television music rival, where Melanie Brown joined him in performing the “ horse dance ” on stage. [ 235 ] The surveil day, he performed on breakfast television picture Sunrise in Martin Place, Sydney. [ 236 ]

Europe [edit ]

Psy ‘s first public performance in Europe was on November 5, 2012, in France, where he and 20,000 fans danced “ Gangnam Style ” in movement of the Eiffel Tower in Paris during a flashmob organized by NRJ Radio. [ 237 ] then, he traveled to Oxford and performed a unretentive rendition of “ Gangnam Style ” with students from the Oxford Union, before moving on to the Yalding House in London where he danced “ Gangnam Style ” with the BBC ‘s radio DJ Scott Mills. [ 238 ] Shortly subsequently, Psy left for Cologne and met up with the german comedian and television host Stefan Raab during the democratic late-night show TV total, where Psy gave an consultation and performed “ Gangnam Style ” for Raab. [ 239 ] During the 2012 MTV Europe Music Awards held in Frankfurt on November 11, Psy delivered a performance of “ Gangnam Style ” which featured a David Hasselhoff appearance and backup dancing of Psy look-alikes. [ 240 ] In early 2013, Psy returned to France for the 2013 NRJ Music Awards at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès in Cannes, where he began performing “ Gangnam Style ” on the crimson carpet before finishing the rest of the choreography on stage and leaving the ceremony with three awards. [ 241 ]

North America [edit ]

Following the viral success of his music video recording, Psy left for the United States and performed “ Gangnam Style ” in versatile locations. On August 20, 2012, Psy posted on Twitter “ Bringing # GangnamStyle to the Dodgers – Giants game this even. ” Dodger Stadium presented a segment called “ Psy Dance Cam ” where they showed clips of the music video, followed by live shots of baseball fans dancing, and then Psy, who waves and does the dancing. [ 242 ] Two days late, Psy appeared on VH1 ‘s Big Morning Buzz Live usher, and teach television hosts Carrie Keagan and Jason Dundas how to dance “ Gangnam Style. ” [ 93 ] [ 243 ] On September 6, Psy appeared at the 2012 MTV Video Music Awards performing his “ Gangnam Style ” dance aboard comedian Kevin Hart. [ 244 ] After the event, he made several more appearances on US television receiver programs. On September 10, he appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show in Burbank, California, introducing himself as “ Psy from Korea ” before teaching Britney Spears the dance. He described the dancing as “ pretending to bounce like riding on an inconspicuous horse ” [ 63 ] [ 245 ] [ 246 ] and when DeGeneres told Spears she would have to remove her high-heeled shoes to perform the dance, Psy protested that no, the bespeak was “ to dress classy, and dance bum. ” On September 14, he appeared on NBC ‘s dawn program Today in New York City for its Toyota Concert Series, where he performed the song and besides taught the anchors the dance. [ 247 ] [ 248 ] The September 15, 2012, temper premier sequence of Saturday Night Live featured a sketch based on the birdcall and its video. Bobby Moynihan portrayed Psy, but was joined mid-sketch by Psy himself. [ 249 ] He besides made his irregular appearance on The Ellen Show ‘s September 19 sequence to perform the birdcall along with his backing dancers. [ 250 ] On September 22, Psy made an appearance at the iHeartRadio Music Festival to perform “ Gangnam Style. ” [ 251 ] Psy, dressed in a black jacket, blue pants, two-tone shoes, and his signature shades, appeared on the US national television receiver show The View on October 25 and performed the song for Barbara Walters and the women of the show who donned sunglasses and got out of their seats. On November 13, he joined the american record artist Madonna on stage during her concert at Madison Square Garden in New York City and they performed a mashup of the song and her 2008 reach “ Give It 2 Me. ” Psy late told reporters that his gig with Madonna had “ topped his list of accomplishments. ” [ 252 ] [ 253 ] On November 18, Psy, who rocked out in traditional Hammer pants, closed out the fortieth american Music Awards show with a performance of “ Gangnam Style ” joined by storm guest MC Hammer, who brought in his own moves and Psy ‘s horse-riding dance as the song mashed into his 1990s shoot “ 2 Legit 2 Quit. ” [ 254 ] Jason Lipshutz of Billboard commented that “ Psy ‘s feverish rendition of ‘Gangnam Style ‘ accomplished what so few award show performances can : a palpable smell of agitation. The combination of the K-pop star and MC Hammer … was a stroke of flair that very few could have seen coming, ” and chose it as the best performance of the night. [ 255 ] The Tonight Show with Jay Leno did a limited Thanksgiving broadcast with an all-military audience on November 22, and Psy dropped by as the musical guest. The singer sang the birdcall and danced alongside the soldiers, going into the herd for separate of his operation. [ 256 ] Psy performed “ Gangnam Style ” during the second night of KIIS-FM Jingle Ball concert at Nokia Theatre L.A. Live on December 3, 2012. [ 257 ] Wearing an all-red kit including a sparkle, sequined exceed, he sang the birdcall at TNT ‘s Christmas in Washington special, attended by the US President Barack Obama and his family, and held at the National Building Museum On December 9. [ 258 ] On December 16, he performed the song at the halftime testify of the NFL game between the Buffalo Bills and Seattle Seahawks in Toronto. [ 259 ] During the Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve event at Times Square in Manhattan on December 31, 2012, more than 1 million people witnessed a live “ Gangnam Style ” performance by Psy as he was joined on stage by characters ( Yoo Jae-Seok, Noh Hong-chul ) from the birdcall ‘s television for the beginning part of the performance, before MC Hammer appeared to perform a mash-up of the sung and “ 2 Legit 2 Quit. ” [ 260 ] [ 261 ] [ 262 ]

South America [edit ]

During the five-day Carnival in Rio attended by more than 5 million people, Psy performed “ Gangnam Style ” with singers Claudia Leitte and Gilberto Gil to mark the fiftieth anniversary of korean immigration to Brazil. [ 263 ]

bequest [edit ]

The success of “ Gangnam Style ” is a result of the build-up of South Korea ‘s music industry that has been in the works for more than 20 years, [ 264 ] and it has led to other K-pop artists positioning themselves for like breakthroughs in the U.S. music industry. [ 265 ] Frances Moore, foreman executive of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, brought up Gangnam Style as an example of how South Korea became one of the “ most successful exporters of repertory. ” [ 266 ]

Increased concern in the korean Wave [edit ]

According to the news representation Agence France-Presse, the success of “ Gangnam Style ” has led to the farther lift and unfold of the Korean Wave to early countries. [ 33 ] As the song continued to attract worldwide media attention, it besides led to versatile broadcasting networks and national newspapers focusing its attention on K-pop and other aspects of korean culture. For example, The Daily Telegraph published an article recommending its readers to try out everything from K-Pop to “ K-Cars, ” “ K-Phones ” and “ K-Cuisine. ” [ 267 ] Kim Byoung-gi, the korean Ambassador to Lebanon, wrote that “ Gangnam Style ” had helped bridge Lebanese and Korean cultures. [ 268 ] The French-born political observer Tim Soutphommasane, a research colleague at Monash University, agreed that the “ Gangnam phenomenon ” was “ something worth studying. ” According to Soutphommasane, the populace was merely beginning to appreciate Gangnam Style as “ depart of a broader hallyu cultural wave coming out of the area [ South Korea ]. ” [ 269 ]

South Korea [edit ]

In 2012, the south korean government announced that “ Gangnam Style ” had brought in $ 13.4 million to the area ‘s audio sector, and it subsequently launched a campaign to far expand the K-Pop music industry abroad. [ 270 ] According to the Bank of Korea, the state ‘s services account recorded a excess of US $ 2.3 billion in the first nine months of this year, compared to a deficit of US $ 4.5 billion last year. This was chiefly due to the growing charm and popularity of K-pop songs such as “ Gangnam Style. ” [ 271 ] however, american journalist John Seabrook noted that by “ satirizing standard K-pop tropes in Gangnam Style, ” Psy may have subverted the music music genre ‘s chances of making it big in the West. [ 272 ]

music industry [edit ]

Record executives in the music industry believe that music charts will increasingly be filled with YouTube -driven globalised acts from foreign countries. Sean Carey, a research fellow in the School of Social Sciences at the University of Roehampton, wrote that the menstruation of democratic music will no retentive be a individual traffic route from North America and Europe to early parts of the earth, but will besides move the other way as well. [ 273 ] According to Adam Sherwin from The Independent, the ball-shaped web necessitate for Gangnam Style had short-circuited the “ traditional reluctance ” of radio receiver stations to play foreign-language songs. [ 274 ] The song is besides underlining a switch in how money is being made in the music business. [ 275 ] Although Psy earned more than US $ 60,000 from music sales of “ Gangnam Style ” in South Korea alone, he and his music tag YG Entertainment have raked in about US $ 1 million from advertisements which appear on YouTube videos identified for using “ Gangnam Style ” in its contentedness. The Harvard Business Review published an article written by Kevin Evers, who explained how “ Gangnam Style ” had changed Billboard ‘s ranking methodology of its music charts. alternatively of relying entirely on radio plays and give purchases, Billboard started to place a heavier emphasis on digital sales and YouTube views. [ 276 ] As a solution of the change, Gangnam Style moved up to the top place of Billboard ‘s Hot Rap Songs music chart. [ 277 ] According to the british Phonographic Industry ‘s report based on official Charts Company sales data, thanks to Psy ‘s birdcall and Carly Rae Jepsen ‘s “ Call Me Maybe, ” pop had become the UK ‘s darling musical genre of the year, taking the leo ‘s partake of the singles market ( 38.5 % ) in 2012. [ 278 ]

track list [edit ]

Digital download[279]
No. Title Length
1. “Gangnam Style (강남스타일)” 3:39
Digital download – 2 Legit 2 Quit Mashup[280]
No. Title Length
1. “Gangnam Style / 2 Legit 2 Quit Mashup” ( featuring MC Hammer 3:57
CD single
No. Title Length
1. “Gangnam Style (강남스타일)” 3:39
2. “Gangnam Style (강남스타일)” ( Music Video ) 4:13
entire length : 7:52

Credits and personnel [edit ]

Credits adapted from Psy 6 (Six Rules), Part 1 EP liner notes and YG Entertainment official web site .

Accolades and records [edit ]

Awards and nominations [edit ]

Records attained [edit ]

The sung and its accompanying music video presently hold, or have attained, the following records :

year-end media picks [edit ]

birdcall [edit ]

“ Gangnam Style ” was ranked No. 25 on the Rolling Stone ‘s 50 best songs of 2012 tilt [ 309 ] and No. 8 on SPIN ‘s 40 best songs of the year. [ 310 ] The birdcall besides took the No. 8 blemish on the 2012 Billboard 20 best K-Pop songs tilt by Jeff Benjamin and Jessica Oak, who commented “ [ the birdcall ] stands out not only for its slickness, electronic production but besides for its deep criticism on high-class club. ” [ 311 ] According to MTV ‘s number of the 2012 best songs, the sung was ranked No. 8 with MTV news staff James Montgomery ‘s comment : “ ‘Gangnam ‘ is either the track we, as a culture needed correct nowadays, or the track we, as a culture, deserved. ” [ 312 ] TIME magazine chose it as the second best song of 2012 after Usher ‘s “ Climax, ” writing “ The YouTube meme, a good-natured, mind-bendingly catchy satirize [ … ] turned into a ball-shaped obsession. ” [ 313 ] [ 314 ] The song was one of the best songs of the year on The New York Times start critics ‘ list [ 315 ] and E! Online ‘s No. 1 cream on the top 10 pop songs of 2012 number. [ 316 ] Digital Spy ranked the song No. 20 among the 20 best singles of the class. [ 317 ] It was voted the 12th best individual of 2012 by The Village Voice ‘s fortieth annual Pazz & Jop critics ‘ poll. [ 318 ] Music critic Robert Christgau placed “ Gangnam Style ” as the No. 2 single on his 2012 Dean ‘s List. [ 319 ]

television [edit ]

The music television for “ Gangnam Style ” was chosen as the best music video of 2012 by TIME. Melissa Locker of the cartridge holder wrote “ The attention-getting song paired with social sarcasm and facetiously vibration has spread thus cursorily it reminds us why videos are called viral. The video has sparked an International dance craze and catapulted Psy to international superintendent stardom. ” [ 320 ] Rolling Stone besides ranked the video recording No. 1 on its “ The Best music Videos of 2012 ” list, saying “ The korean auteur [ Psy ] conquered the world with his ‘dress classy, dance bum ‘ aesthetic, blurring the wrinkle between parody and celebration. ” [ 321 ] The video took No. 4 put on the Digital Spy ‘s list of 10 circus tent pop music video recording of the year. [ 322 ]

many-sided [edit ]

The music video came in first with 21 % rat in the 2012 ‘s readers poll, beating “ Where Have You Been “ by Rihanna ( 19 % ) and “ Beauty and a Beat “ by Justin Bieber featuring Nicki Minaj ( 11 % ). [ 323 ] The song was the most democratic birdcall played on New Year ‘s Eve and the most sing song on the day, leaving “ Auld Lang Syne “ in irregular place for the beginning time since 2005, on karaoke company Lucky Voice ‘s on-line service in the United Kingdom. [ 324 ] [ 325 ] CNN readers picked “ Gangnam Style ” as the eighth best song of 2012. [ 326 ] The Week ( US edition ) ranked the sung ‘s ball-shaped popularity at No. 6 with the strapline “ ‘Gangnam Style ‘ takes over the world ” on the 13 biggest pop culture moments of the year list. [ 327 ] The phenomenon of the song and the television was besides picked as one of the 2012 ‘s most viral moments in music by Wendy Geller of Yahoo ! Music, [ 328 ] and No. 2 on the 2012 top 20 music moments list after Whitney Houston ‘s death by Billboard, being written “ If there ‘s one meme, sung and side that has been in truth ineluctable in the moment half of 2012, it ‘s south korean rapper Psy and his hideous ‘Gangnam Style ‘. ” [ 329 ] On December 1, 2014, YouTube announced that “ Gangnam Style ” had exceeded the number of views that are possible to store using a 32-bit sign integer, that being 2,147,483,647 ( 231−1, or two billion ). As a result, YouTube was forced to upgrade to using 64-bit integers to store horizon numbers, with a maximum value of 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 ( 263−1, or nine quintillion ). “ We never thought a video recording would be watched in numbers greater than a 32-bit integer, but that was before we met Psy, ” stated a YouTube spokesperson. [ 330 ] [ 331 ] With 132 beats per moment, the birdcall was momentarily forbidden in gymnasium in South Korea during the Covid-19 pandemic. The country restricted music faster than 120 BPM to avoid Koreans feel energized by the tempo of music, breath more heavily or sweat more intensely. [ 332 ]

Chart performance [edit ]

South Korea [edit ]

Upon its liberation, “ Gangnam Style ” was an enormous hit. The song went straight to count one on the Gaon Singles Chart on the fourth workweek of July 2012, with 816,868 digital downloads, [ 333 ] [ 334 ] and exhausted five consecutive weeks at the clear place of the chart, tying it with IU ‘s “ good Day ” for the most weeks at issue one individual in the chart ‘s history. [ 335 ] In addition, the song became the first-place winner on versatile hebdomadally chart shows such as M Countdown ( three straightaway weeks ) [ 336 ] and Music Bank ( a total of 16 weeks including a phonograph record 10-consecutive-week ). [ 337 ] According to the Korea Music Content Industry Association, “ Gangnam Style ” became the best sell song of 2012 in South Korea with 3,842,109 download sales. [ 338 ] The song debuted at total six on the Billboard Korea K-Pop Hot 100 for the workweek of July 28, 2012. [ 339 ] It then topped the graph the week after and remained at the peak for five consecutive weeks, tying IU ‘s record with “ You and I “ for the longest running count one song on the graph. The record, however, was broken by Lee Seung-gi ‘s “ Return ” earned six weeks at the clear blot from December 2012 to January 2013. [ 340 ] [ 341 ] [ 342 ] “ Gangnam Style ” took phone number one spot on the 2012 Billboard K-Pop Hot 100 year-end graph. [ 343 ]

oceania [edit ]

In Oceania, “ Gangnam Style ” was a huge achiever. The single made its chart debut on the New Zealand Singles Chart at number 21 on September 3, 2012. [ 344 ] After two weeks, the birdcall reached in the top ten and the following week topped the chart, becoming the beginning K-pop song and the first alien language song in three decades to achieve that feat since german band Nena ‘s “ 99 Luftballons “ hit the top spot in March 1982. [ 345 ] The song remained atop the graph for two consecutive weeks before being deposed from the top touch by One Direction ‘s “ Live While We ‘re Young. ” After one week of the band ‘s predominate, “ Gangnam Style ” regained its number one position and stayed at the top spotlight for a further four weeks, tallying a full of six nonconsecutive weeks atop the graph. The path was ranked in the top ten of the chart for 17 consecutive weeks before it fell to number 11 on the January 14, 2013 chart. [ 344 ] The sung has been certified 4× Platinum with sales exceeding 60,000 by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand ( RIANZ ). [ 346 ] “ Gangnam Style ” was the moment biggest-selling single of 2012 in the country behind Carly Rae Jepsen ‘s “ Call Me Maybe. ” [ 347 ] In Australia, the birdcall debuted at number seven on the ARIA Singles Chart on September 17, 2012, becoming the highest introduction for the workweek. It reached issue one on the chart just three weeks after its release, overtaking “ Battle Scars “ by Guy Sebastian featuring Lupe Fiasco, and spent six consecutive weeks at the summit, making it the second-longest run chart-topper for 2012 behind Flo Rida ‘s “ Whistle “ remained at the pole position for seven weeks. [ 348 ] [ 349 ] As a result, Psy became the first artist to reach count one on the chart with a foreign-language song since Las Ketchup topped the chart with “ The Ketchup Song “ in September 2002, and the one-eighth overall. In addition, “ Gangnam Style ” was the inaugural korean song to enter the graph and to climb to the top spot in australian chart history. [ 350 ] After the single exhausted the first 14 weeks in the peak ten-spot of the chart since its chart debut, it dropped to number 11 in its 15th week. The birdcall, however, rebounded from the position to total three on the emergence date of December 31, 2012. It descended to number 14 in its 18th week, ending a 16-week in the top ten-spot, and out of the lead 20 the pursuit workweek, placed at number 23. [ 348 ] It has been certified 10× Platinum by the australian Recording Industry Association ( ARIA ), with sales exceeding 700,000 copies. [ 351 ] “ Gangnam Style ” was placed at numeral two on the 2012 ARIA Singles year-end chart behind Carly Rae Jepsen ‘s “ Call Me Maybe. ” [ 352 ] The song is presently the fourth best-selling individual in australian music history .

Europe [edit ]

In Europe, the song was successful a well, topping the charts in about all countries. “ Gangnam Style ” made its first european chart appearance, entering the danish Singles Chart at issue 40 on August 3, 2012. It reached the top ten in its one-fifth workweek, and climbed to number four in its one-sixth. [ 353 ] For the consequence dated September 14, 2012, the song became Psy ‘s first act one on the graph, ending the one-week reign of the Danish rock ‘n’ roll isthmus Nephew ‘s “ Hjertestarter. ” [ 353 ] The song remained at the circus tent position for seven consecutive weeks, tying it with “ person That I Used to Know “ performed by Gotye featuring Kimbra for the longest running number one single on the graph for 2012. In its 24th week, it climbed back to the top, giving it its 8th week in that put. The unmarried exhausted 22 straight weeks in the clear ten of the chart. [ 353 ] In January 2013, the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry ( IFPI Denmark ) certified the single 2× Platinum, denoting sales of 60,000 copies. [ 354 ] The song entered the UK Singles Chart at number 196 on September 1, 2012, and in its fourth week broke into the top 40 at act 37. [ 355 ] [ 356 ] In its fifth week, the song reached the top five on the chart and finally peaked at number one on the week of October 6, becoming the first-ever K-pop song to achieve that feat. While the track lone remained atop the chart for one week before being overtaken by Rihanna ‘s “ Diamonds “, it spent a further 17 back-to-back weeks in the top ten of the chart before it fell to total twelve on the January 26, 2013 chart. The song was the one-sixth biggest selling single of 2012 with 878,000 sales, [ 357 ] and ranked at number 24 among the top 40 most pour tracks of the class in the United Kingdom. [ 358 ] According to Official Charts Company sales data, “ Gangnam Style ” has become not entirely the 129th chase to sell more than 1 million copies in the history of the UK ‘s official Singles Chart, but besides the first million seller by an asian music leading. [ 359 ] On April 9, 2013, the sung became 13th most download single of all time in the UK. [ 360 ] elsewhere in Europe, the song besides peaked at number one on the german Singles Chart for two non-consecutive weeks in 2012. For the workweek of January 11, 2013, it returned to the acme, ending the ten-consecutive-week reign of “ Diamonds ” by Rihanna, and spent a workweek at the acme. Psy ‘s song remained in the crown ten on the chart for a 19th straight week including 15 in the top three position since October 2012. [ 361 ] It has been certified 5× gold by the Bundesverband Musikindustrie ( BVMI ), denoting sales of 750,000 copies. [ 362 ] In summation, the single remained number one in Austria for four nonconsecutive weeks, [ 363 ] Belgium ( Flanders ) for five consecutive weeks, [ 364 ] Belgium ( Wallonia ) for seven straight weeks, [ 365 ] Czech Republic for one week, [ 366 ] Finland for four straight weeks, [ 367 ] France for six non-consecutive weeks, [ 368 ] Italy for a week, [ 369 ] the Netherlands for two back-to-back weeks, [ 370 ] Norway for four straight weeks, [ 371 ] Scotland for a workweek, [ 372 ] Spain for 12 straight weeks, [ 373 ] and Switzerland for three nonconsecutive weeks. [ 374 ] It additionally placed top five positions in Iceland, Ireland, and Sweden, [ 375 ] [ 376 ] and top ten in Hungary and Slovakia. [ 377 ] [ 378 ]

North America [edit ]

In the United States, “ Gangnam Style ” debuted at number 64 the Billboard Hot 100 in the week of September 22, 2012, with 61,000 downloads sold, more than the total number of previous weeks ( 57,000 ), becoming the moment K-pop birdcall to enter the chart behind the Wonder Girls ‘ “ cipher, ” which spent a week at number 76 on the October 31, 2009, chart. [ 379 ] The following week, the song rocketed to total 11 on the chart with 188,000 downloads, seeing a sales addition of 210 % after Psy appeared on diverse television shows such as The Ellen DeGeneres Show and NBC ‘s Today. [ 380 ] In its third week, it rose to act two on the chart, topping the Hot Digital Songs chart with a 60 % increase to 301,000 downloads sold and climbing to number nine on On-Demand Songs graph. [ 381 ] After that, the birdcall peaked at the runner-up smudge for seven back-to-back weeks behind Maroon 5 ‘s “ One More night, ” failing to gain in adequate radio receiver audience to ascend to the acme, although it ruled Hot Digital Songs for a one-fourth workweek and On-Demand Songs for a fifth workweek during that period. [ 382 ] While “ One More night ” dominated the Radio Songs chart for eight weeks, “ Gangnam Style ” peaked at just count 12 on the chart. [ 383 ] For the week of November 24, the song dropped to phone number five on the Hot 100, despite leading in sales with 188,000 downloads. [ 384 ] In its 12th week, the single rebounded from count seven to numeral five with top Digital Gainer accolades, spurred by Psy ‘s show-closing operation of the song with MC Hammer at the AMA. The chase returned for a one-sixth workweek atop Hot Digital Songs with 229,000 downloads sold including 41,000 stemmed from the pas de deux interpretation, which mixed in Hammer ‘s 1992 No. 5 Hot 100 hit “ 2 Legit 2 Quit. ” [ 385 ] It was the first birdcall to spend six weeks at count one on the Digital Songs chart without reaching the circus tent point on the Hot 100 since Miley Cyrus ‘s “ Party in the U.S.A. “ in 2009. [ 386 ] After the birdcall stayed in the clear ten of the Hot 100 for 11 consecutive weeks, it dropped out of the top ten-spot on the December 22, 2012 chart, falling from number 10 to number 11. [ 387 ] The following workweek, “ Gangnam Style ” descended to issue 18 on the chart but achieved the milestone of 3 million downloads sold in the country, becoming the first and only K-pop song to reach the mark. [ 388 ] For the week of January 12, 2013, powered by consumers purchasing some of 2012 ‘s most buzzworthy hits and radio airplay recounting the like in year-end retrospectives, the song resurged from number 19 to number six with its best hebdomadally sum 400,000 downloads sold, returning to the Hot 100 ‘s top ten-spot after three weeks out of the top ten. [ 389 ] The cut dropped to number 14 in its 18th workweek, ending a 12-week in the top 10, and number 22 in its 19th week, despite staying in the top ten of Digital Songs chart with 192,000 and 105,000 copies sold, respectively. [ 390 ] [ 391 ] On February 20, 2013, Billboard and Nielsen announced the addition of U.S. YouTube video streaming data to its platforms, which includes an update to the methodology for the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Thanks to the change to reflect on-line video action, “ Gangnam Style ” rebounded from number 48 to number 26 on the Hot 100 for the week of March 2, 2013. [ 392 ] [ 393 ] On October 11, 2012, Billboard unveiled raw methodology for the Hot Rap Songs chart, including digital download sales and streaming data for the first time, along with radio receiver airplay audience impressions as measured by Nielsen BDS. Due to this, “ Gangnam Style ” soared from count 20 to number one on the October 20, 2012 chart. [ 394 ] The song spent eight straight weeks atop the chart before being overtaken by Flo Rida ‘s “ I Cry. ” After four weeks of his reign, “ Gangnam Style ” regained its number one status in the week of January 12, 2013. [ 395 ] The track besides peaked at number three on the Hot Dance/Club Play Songs chart in the workweek of November 17, 2012. [ 396 ] The birdcall was certified 4× Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America ( RIAA ) on April 19, 2013, denoting digital download sales of 4,000,000. [ 397 ] According to Nielsen SoundScan, “ Gangnam Style ” became the 9th best sell birdcall of 2012 in the United States with 3,592,000 download sales. [ 398 ] In deep January 2013, the song topped the 4 million mark in digital sales, becoming the third comic/novelty song to reach the mark, following LMFAO ‘s “ Sexy and I Know It “ and Cee Lo Green ‘s “ Fuck You !. ” [ 399 ] In Canada, “ Gangnam Style ” was a big hit just like the rest of the world. The song entered the Canadian Hot 100 graph at number 71 on the week of September 8, 2012. [ 400 ] In its fourthly week, it reached in the top ten of the graph, climbing to number three, and the follow week hit the pole position. [ 401 ] The single exhausted seven consecutive weeks atop the chart, making it the second longest running act one song of 2012 behind Maroon 5 ‘s “ Payphone “ remained at the top for eight uncoiled weeks. [ 402 ] On the workweek of September 12, 2012, the birdcall debuted at number seven on the top 20 Digital Tracks chart, based on Nielsen SoundScan data. [ 403 ] The following week it topped the graph and spent four weeks at the top spot before giving the summit to “ I Knew You Were trouble “ by Taylor Swift. [ 403 ] “ Gangnam Style, ” however, was back on top of the chart for the week of October 24, and grabbed the count one situation for another four straight weeks, tallying a entire of eight nonconsecutive weeks atop the graph. [ 403 ] On November 16, 2012, the lead was certified 4× Platinum by Music Canada, and as of January 2013 had sold more than 476,000 copies in the nation. [ 404 ]

music video [edit ]

On August 21, 2012, “ Gangnam Style ” charted act one on the iTunes Music Video Charts, overtaking Justin Bieber ‘s “ vitamin a long as You Love Me “ and Katy Perry ‘s “ Wide Awake “ ; this feat was the first for any south korean artist. [ 405 ] From September 8, 2012, to February 23, 2013, the song has besides peaked and stayed at issue one on Billboard’ randomness YouTube Chart for 22 weeks, until being surpassed by “ Stay “ by Rihanna for one week ; as of April 2013, it had reclaimed its top position for a thirtieth week. [ 406 ]

Charts and certifications [edit ]

Release history [edit ]

“ Oppa Is Just My Style ” [edit ]

Oppa Is Just My Style

오빤 딱 내 스타일

Revised Romanization Oppan Ttag Nae Seutail
McCune–Reischauer Oppan Ttak Nae Sŭt’ail

“ Gangnam Style ” was formally re-released on August 14, 2012, as “ Oppa Is Just My Style ” ( korean : 오빤 딱 내 스타일 ), featuring extra vocals provided by korean singer and 4Minute extremity Hyuna. Mallika Rao of The Huffington Post wrote that the video recording was “ apparently retrofitted here to work from a woman ‘s detail of view, but the main deviation we ‘re spotting is less inconspicuous sawhorse riding and more sensual side-eyeing. ” [ 515 ] As of January 2021, the accompanying music video recording had garnered more than 784 million views, 2.6 million likes, and 520 thousand dislikes on YouTube. [ 516 ]

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

  1. ^Rolling Stone interview, Psy says he copied the spa surfacing scene from In theinterview, Psy says he copied the health spa surfacing scene from Lady Gaga ‘s television ( “ Poker Face “ ) .
  2. ^ The chinese characters are a homonym for a common slur .

References [edit ]

source :
Category : music

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